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Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity

Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity is a satellite which forms part of ESAs Living Planet Programme. It is intended to provide new insights into Earths water cycle and climate. In addition, it is intended to provide improved weather forecasting and ...

                                               

Soil quality

Soil quality is a measure of the condition of soil relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose. According to the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service, "S ...

                                               

South African National Biodiversity Institute

The South African National Biodiversity Institute is an organisation under the South African Department of Environmental Affairs, tasked with research and dissemination of information on biodiversity.

                                               

Space Situational Awareness Programme

The Space Situational Awareness Programme is the European Space Agencys initiative designed to support Europes independent space access and utilization through the timely and accurate information delivery regarding the space environment, and part ...

                                               

Stabilized liquid membrane devices

A stabilized liquid membrane device or SLMD is a type of passive sampling device which allows for the in situ, integrative collection of waterborne, labile ionic metal contaminants. By capturing and sequestering metal ions onto its surface contin ...

                                               

Syngas fermentation

Syngas fermentation, also known as synthesis gas fermentation, is a microbial process. In this process, a mixture of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide, known as syngas, is used as carbon and energy sources, and then converted into fue ...

                                               

Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy

30.6565°N 84.20875°W  / 30.6565; -84.20875 Tall Timbers Research Station Land Conservancy is a research and learning facility located in northern Leon County, Florida, just off County Road 12 on the north side of Lake Iamonia. Tall Timbers resea ...

                                               

Triad (environmental science)

The Triad is an approach by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to decision-making for hazardous-waste site cleanup. During the late 1990s, technology advocates from the environmental sector in the United States developed the approa ...

                                               

Trickling filter

A trickling filter is a type of wastewater treatment system. It consists of a fixed bed of rocks, coke, gravel, slag, polyurethane foam, sphagnum peat moss, ceramic, or plastic media over which sewage or other wastewater flows downward and causes ...

                                               

Trophic state index

The Trophic State Index is a classification system designed to rate water bodies based on the amount of biological activity they sustain. Although the term "trophic index" is commonly applied to lakes, any surface water body may be indexed. The T ...

                                               

UC Berkeley College of Natural Resources

The Rausser College of Natural Resources, a college of the University of California, Berkeley, is the oldest college in the UC system and home to several internationally top-ranked programs. Raussers Department of Agriculture & Economics is consi ...

                                               

Water column

A water column is a conceptual column of water from the surface of a sea, river or lake to the bottom sediment. Descriptively, the deep sea water column is divided into five parts - pelagic zones, open sea) - from the surface to below the floor, ...

                                               

Water pollution

Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities. Water bodies include for example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater. Water pollution results when contaminants are introduced into the nat ...

                                               

Water quality

Water quality refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water. It is a measure of the condition of water relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species, or to any human need or purpose. It is mo ...

                                               

Water quality modelling

Water quality modeling involves the prediction of water pollution using mathematical simulation techniques. A typical water quality model consists of a collection of formulations representing physical mechanisms that determine position and moment ...

                                               

Water resource policy

Water resource policy encompasses the policy-making processes that affect the collection, preparation, use and disposal of water to support human uses and protect environmental quality. Water policy addresses provision, use, disposal and sustaina ...

                                               

WEPP

The Water Erosion Prediction Project Model is a physically based erosion simulation model built on the fundamentals of hydrology, plant science, hydraulics, and erosion mechanics. The model was developed by an interagency team of scientists to re ...

                                               

Wetted perimeter

The wetted perimeter is the perimeter of the cross sectional area that is "wet". The term wetted perimeter is common in civil engineering, environmental engineering, hydrology, geomorphology, and heat transfer applications; it is associated with ...

                                               

Wildlife observation

Wildlife observation is the practice of noting the occurrence or abundance of animal species at a specific location and time, either for research purposes or recreation. A common example of this type of activity is bird watching. The process of s ...

                                               

Worst case analysis

Worst case analysis was, from 1978 until 1986, a doctrine under 40 U.S.C. § 1502.22 which mandated that an environmental impact statement include such an analysis: It led to a 1989 SCOTUS decision, written by John Paul Stevens and reported in Rob ...

                                               

USC Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies

The USC Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies is an environmental research and education facility run by the University of Southern California. It is an organized research unit that encompasses a wide range of faculty and topics across the ...

                                               

Behavioral geography

Behavioral geography is an approach to human geography that examines human behavior using a disaggregate approach. Behavioral geographers focus on the cognitive processes underlying spatial reasoning, decision making, and behavior. In addition, b ...

                                               

Chemical safety

Chemical safety is the practice of minimizing risk of exposure to chemicals in any environment. Despite efforts to design in and maintain safety, accidents happen.

                                               

Cognitive geography

Cognitive geography is an interdisciplinary study of cognitive science and geography. It aims to understand how humans view space, place, and environment. It involves the formalization of factors that influence our spatial cognition to create a m ...

                                               

Communicative planning

Communicative planning is an approach to urban planning that gathers stakeholders and engages them in a process to make decisions together in a manner that respects the positions of all involved. It is also sometimes called collaborative planning ...

                                               

Community studies

Community studies is an academic field drawing on both sociology and anthropology and the social research methods of ethnography and participant observation in the study of community. In academic settings around the world, community studies is va ...

                                               

Creative Energy Homes

The Creative Energy Homes project is a showcase of innovative state-of-the-art energy-efficient homes of the future. Seven homes constructed on the University Park Campus of the University of Nottingham are being designed and constructed to vario ...

                                               

Earth system governance

Earth system governance is a recently developed paradigm that builds on earlier notions of environmental policy and nature conservation, but puts these into the broader context of human-induced transformations of the entire earth system. The inte ...

                                               

Eco-anxiety

Eco-anxiety or climate anxiety has been described by the American Psychological Association in 2017 as "a chronic fear of environmental doom" but is not designated as a specific condition in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorde ...

                                               

Ecological design

Ecological design or ecodesign is an approach to designing products with special consideration for the environmental impacts of the product during its whole lifecycle. It was defined by Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan as "any form of design that ...

                                               

Ecological economics

Ecological economics, also known as bioeconomics of Georgescu-Roegen, ecolonomy, or eco-economics, is both a transdisciplinary and an interdisciplinary field of academic research addressing the interdependence and coevolution of human economies a ...

                                               

Engineering controls

Engineering controls are strategies designed to protect workers from hazardous conditions by placing a barrier between the worker and the hazard or by removing a hazardous substance through air ventilation. Engineering controls involve a physical ...

                                               

Environmental economics

Environmental economics is a sub-field of economics concerned with environmental issues. It has become a widely studied subject due to growing environmental concerns in the twenty-first century. Environmental Economics ".undertakes theoretical or ...

                                               

Environmental history

Environmental history is the study of human interaction with the natural world over time, emphasising the active role nature plays in influencing human affairs and vice versa. Environmental history emerged in the United States out of the environm ...

                                               

Environmental law

Environmental law is a collective term encompassing aspects of the law that provide protection to the environment. A related but distinct set of regulatory regimes, now strongly influenced by environmental legal principles, focus on the managemen ...

                                               

Environmental politics

Environmental politics designate both the politics about the environment and an academic field of study focused on three core components: The study of political theories and ideas related to the environment; The examination of the environmental s ...

                                               

Environmental psychology

Environmental psychology is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on the interplay between individuals and their surroundings. It examines the way in which the natural environment and our built environments shape us as individuals. The field de ...

                                               

Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution, patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It is a cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identi ...

                                               

Indian environmental law

Indian environmental law concerns the law and policy of India concerning the protection of the environment, measures taken to reverse climate change and achieve a zero carbon economy.

                                               

Integrated geography

Environmental geography is the branch of geography that describes and explains the spatial aspects of interactions between human individuals or societies and their natural environment, these interactions being called coupled human–environment sys ...

                                               

International Association of People-Environment Studies

The International Association of People-Environment Studies, has been promoting the interdisciplinary exchange of ideas between planning and social scientists for 35 years – above all between spatial planning, architecture, psychology, and sociol ...

                                               

International Society for Ecological Economics

The International Society for Ecological Economics was founded in 1989, based heavily on the work of Herman Daly to promote ecological economics and assist ecological economists and related societies. The society publishes a monthly journal Ecolo ...

                                               

International Society for Environmental Epidemiology

The International Society for Environmental Epidemiology is a scientific society with membership drawn from more than 60 countries, dedicated to the study of environmental epidemiology and exposure assessment. It provides a forum for the discussi ...

                                               

Landscape architecture

Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioural, or aesthetic outcomes. It involves the systematic investigation of existing social, ecological, and soil conditions and ...

                                               

Nexus Tools Platform

The Nexus Tools Platform or NTP is a web-based inventory platform that allows an interactive comparison of environmental models in a statistical way. Developed by the UNU Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources, th ...

                                               

Political economy of climate change

Political economy of climate change is an approach that applies the political economy thinking of collective or political processes to study the critical issues surrounding the decision-making on climate change. The ever-increasing awareness and ...

                                               

Sensitivity auditing

Sensitivity auditing is an extension of sensitivity analysis for use in policy-relevant modelling studies. Its use is recommended - e.g. in the European Commission Impact assessment guidelines and by the European Science Academies - when a sensit ...

                                               

Socioecology

Socioecology is the scientific study of how social structure and organization are influenced by an organisms environment. Socioecology is primarily related to anthropology, geography, sociology, and ecology. Specifically, the term is used in huma ...

                                               

Sustainability science

Sustainability science emerged in the 21st century as a new academic discipline. This new field of science was officially introduced with a "Birth Statement" at the World Congress "Challenges of a Changing Earth 2001" in Amsterdam organized by th ...

                                               

United Nations University Institute for Sustainability and Peace

The United Nations University Institute for Sustainability and Peace is an institute of the United Nations University, a think tank for the United Nations system which provides a bridge between the UN and the international academic and policy-mak ...