ⓘ Enrico Bombieri
Enrico Bombieri is an Italian mathematician, known for his work in analytic number theory, Diophantine geometry, complex analysis, and group theory. He won a Fields Medal in 1974. Bombieri is currently Professor Emeritus in the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.
1. Career
Bombieri published his first mathematical paper in 1957 when he was 16 years old. In 1963 at age 22 he earned his first degree Laurea in mathematics from the Università degli Studi di Milano under the supervision of Giovanni Ricci and then studied at Trinity College, Cambridge with Harold Davenport.
Bombieri was an assistant professor 1963–1965 and then a full professor 1965–1966 at the Università di Cagliari, at the Università di Pisa in 1966–1974, and then at the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa in 1974–1977. From Pisa he emigrated in 1977 to the USA, where he became a professor at the School of Mathematics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. In 2011 he became professor emeritus.
Bombieri is also known for his pro bono service on behalf of the mathematics profession, e.g. for serving on external review boards and for peerreviewing extraordinarily complicated manuscripts like the paper of Per Enflo on the invariant subspace problem.
2. Research
The Bombieri–Vinogradov theorem is one of the major applications of the large sieve method. It improves Dirichlets theorem on prime numbers in arithmetic progressions, by showing that by averaging over the modulus over a range, the mean error is much less than can be proved in a given case. This result can sometimes substitute for the stillunproved generalized Riemann hypothesis.
In 1969 Bombieri, De Giorgi, and Giusti solved Bernsteins problem.
In 1976, Bombieri developed the technique known as the "asymptotic sieve". In 1980 he supplied the completion of the proof of the uniqueness of finite groups of Ree type in characteristic 3; at the time of its publication it was one of the missing steps in the classification of finite simple groups.
3. Awards
Bombieris research in number theory, algebraic geometry, and mathematical analysis have earned him many international prizes  a Fields Medal in 1974 and the Balzan Prize in 1980. He was a plenary speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians in 1974 at Vancouver. He is a member, or foreign member, of several learned academies, including the French Academy of Sciences elected 1984, the United States National Academy of Sciences elected 1996, and the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei elected 1976. In 2002 he was made Cavaliere di Gran Croce al Merito della Repubblica Italiana. In 2010 he received the King Faisal International Prize jointly with Terence Tao. and in 2020 he was awarded the Crafoord Prize in Mathematics.
4. Other interests
Bombieri, accomplished also in the arts, explored for wild orchids and other plants as a hobby in the Alps when a young man.
With his powderblue shirt open at the neck, khaki pants and running shoes, he might pass for an Italian film director at Cannes. Married with a grown daughter, he is a gourmet cook and a serious painter: He carries his paints and brushes with him whenever he travels. Still, mathematics never seems far from his mind. In a recent painting, Bombieri, a onetime member of the Cambridge University chess team, depicts a giant chessboard by a lake. Hes placed the pieces to reflect a critical point in the historic match in which IBMs chessplaying computers, Deep Blue, beat Garry Kasparov.
 studied at the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa with Ph.D. supervised by Enrico Bombieri Zannier was from 1983 to 1987 a researcher at the University of Padua
 search for a proof of the Weil conjectures, Alexander Grothendieck and Enrico Bombieri formulated what are now known as the standard conjectures of algebraic
 Press, ISBN 978  0  521  49510  3, MR 1406314, ISBN 978  0  521  49842  5 Bombieri Enrico Mumford, David 1976 Enriques classification of surfaces in char
 Enrico Bombieri It is also around that time that the connection with the duality principle became better understood. In the mid  1960s, the Bombieri Vinogradov
 laureate in physics, Riccardo Giacconi, as well as one Fields medalist, Enrico Bombieri studied at the University. The University of Milan is a public teaching
 with 22 exceptional ones over some finite fields of orders up to 210. Bombieri Enrico 2002 Sastry automorphisms Journal of Algebra, 257 2 222 243
 to Diophantine problems. This work began with an early paper with Enrico Bombieri and developed through collaborations with Alex Wilkie and Umberto
 all. See, e.g., Sections 11.4 and 11.55 of the book by E. Bombieri W. Gubler. Bombieri Enrico Gubler, Walter 2008 A local Eisenstein theorem: Power
 years, the speakers included Lars Ahlfors, Robert Aumann, Lipman Bers, Enrico Bombieri Charles Fefferman, Samuel Karlin, David Kazhdan, Louis Nirenberg
 of mathematicians which included Aldo Andreotti, Jacopo Barsotti, Enrico Bombieri Gianfranco Capriz, Ennio De Giorgi, Giovanni Prodi, Edoardo Vesentini
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