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ⓘ La Marañosa




                                     

ⓘ La Marañosa

La Marañosa is a locality of Madrid, Spain. Its hills overlook both banks of the Jarama river.

The locality is famous for being home to the "Fabrica Nacional de productos Quimicos website" the National factory of chemical products, which supplied the Spanish army of Africa with chemical warfare agents during the RIF rebellion between 1923 and 1927.

5 Feb 1937 during the Spanish Civil war, the town was the scene of the battle of Jarama. The nationalist offensive began with assaults on the Republican positions on the West Bank of the Jarama river. The opening attacks of the Republicans by surprise. Nationalists, was the fashion of the army of Africa, advanced in mobile columns and overwhelmed the unprepared Republicans. Escamez General Garcia ordered their right flank to the South, General Rada commanded the left, or Northern wing, while General Asensio commanded the center. Escamez February 6 appeared at Ciempozuelos and overran the XVIII brigade, which lost 1.800 men. Radas men took La Marañosa hill, 700 metres, which came out on both banks of the Jarama. Two Republican battalions atop La Marañosa vainly stuck on the cliff-top defenses and died there to the last. With this top of the hill position, the nationalists could dominate the crossings with artillery and machine gun fire.

                                     
  • Manuel Gasset y Mercader 1867 1868: Juan de la Pezuela 1868: Manuel Pavia y Lacy 1868: Joaquin Bassols y de Marañosa 1868 1869: Ramon de Nouviles y de Rafols
  • refused to continue the attack and was placed in defensive positions at La Maranosa nearby. These were the only two incidents the brigade was involved in

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