ⓘ History of modern Western subcultures


ⓘ History of modern Western subcultures

The term Generation X or Gen X, popularized by Douglas Couplands novel Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, was used to describe the generation that followed the Baby Boom Generation, or those who came to adulthood in the late 1980s and early 1990s. In the UK, the Britpop scene arose in the 1990s, influenced by the 1960s mods, the 1970s/1980s mod revival, and other British rock music and subcultural styles. On the West Coast of the United States became popular a style of alternative rock known as Grunge, pioneered by bands like Nirvana, Soundgarden and Mudhoney, which developed his associated subculture. One of the main technological developments of the 1990s was the World Wide Web. Running on the older infrastructure of the Internet, the web allowed small subcultures to grow into large global online communities. Online game communities, forums, chat rooms and Internet cafes became popular. The 1990s saw the rise of the anti-globalization movement. This was a response to the increased impact of globalisation and global capitalism. The anti-globalisation protest movement was accompanied by the fair trade movement.


1. 21st century

Named in relation to Generation X, Generation Y or "Echo Boomers" a reference to the fact that many of the parents of this generation had belonged to the Baby boomer generation consisted of individuals that had come to adulthood during the 2000s. Subcultures that emerged or became popular in the first decade of the 21st century included Emo, Scene and Chav. The Emo subculture, rooted in the Post Hardcore genre of hardcore punk, changed over the years becoming more mainstream, following the commercial success in early 2000s. The contemporary hipster became prominent in the 2010s. On March 20, 2014, Alexis Petridis, a journalist for the British newspaper The Guardian, claimed that subcultures were rapidly declining, with only Emos and metalheads having any visual significance.

Throughout the 2010s, subcultures have split into smaller subcultures that grow into the mainstream. This is possible due to the widespread accessibility of the internet and social media platforms. Some of the newer groups of the late 2010s include: Twitter Stans, koreaboos, art hoes, edgelords, niche memers, E-Girls, IG baddies, hypebeasts and thousands of others. The 2010s also saw revivals of many past subcultures, particularly from the 80s and 90s following the release of many television shows set in that era.

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  • History of anime can be traced back to the start of the 20th century, with the earliest verifiable films dating from 1906 The first generation of animators

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