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ⓘ Hans Fischer




Hans Fischer
                                     

ⓘ Hans Fischer

Hans Fischer was a German organic chemist and the recipient of the 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry "for his researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin."

                                     

1.1. Biography Career

He worked first at a Medical Clinic in Munich and then at the First Berlin Chemical Institute under Emil Fischer. He returned to Munich in 1911 and qualified as lecturer on internal medicine one year later. In 1913 he became a lecturer in physiology at the Physiological Institute in Munich. In 1916 he became Professor of Medical Chemistry at the University of Innsbruck and from there he went to the University of Vienna in 1918.

From 1921 until his death he held the position of Professor of Organic Chemistry at the Technical University of Munich.

Fischers scientific work was mostly concerned with the investigation of the pigments in blood, bile, and also chlorophyll in leaves, as well as with the chemistry of pyrrole from which these pigments are derived. Of special importance was his synthesis of bilirubin and haemin. He received many honours for this work, and received the Nobel Prize in 1930. The lunar crater Fischer was named after him and Hermann Emil Fischer in 1976.

                                     

1.2. Biography Personal life

Fischer married Wiltrud Haufe in 1935. He committed suicide in Munich in despair over the destruction of his institute and his work during the last days of World War II.

                                     

2. Honours

  • Honorary doctorate, Harvard University 1936
  • Fellow of the Academy of Sciences Leopoldina 1919
  • Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930
  • Davy Medal of the Royal Society of London 1937
  • Privy Councillor 1925
  • Liebig Memorial Medal 1929
                                     

3. Literature

  • Kammerer, H 1961, "Hans Fischer 1881–1945. A reminiscence on the 80th anniversary of his birth", Munchener Medizinische Wochenschrift 1950 published Nov 3, 1961, 103, pp. 2164–6, PMID 14036988
  • Stern, A J 1973, "Hans Fischer 1881–1945", Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 206 1, pp. 752–61, Bibcode:1973NYASA.206.752S, doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb43252.x, PMID 4584221
  • Watson, C J 1965, "Reminiscences of Hans Fischer and his laboratory", Perspect. Biol. Med., 8 4, pp. 419–35, doi:10.1353/pbm.1965.0052, PMID 5323649
  • Heinrich Wieland 1950, "Hans Fischer und Otto Honigschmid zum Gedachtniss", Angewandte Chemie, 62 1: 1–4, doi:10.1002/ange.19500620102.
  • Bickel, M H 2001, ", Gesnerus, 58 3–4, pp. 215–9, PMID 11810971