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ⓘ Wojsko komputowe




                                     

ⓘ Wojsko komputowe

Wojsko komputowe is a type of military unit used in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 17th century and the 18th century.

Until the mid-17th century, Polish troops were defeated in the permanent Polish: kwarciane army and additional units Polish: komputowe army or army suplementowe that were created during the war effort. In 1652, This distinction ceased, and both types of troops were United to the army komputowe.

Name etymology-from the Latin: accounts computatio, calculation, and old Polish komput - an army budget which was passed by Parliament, the Sejm.

Kwarciane army was made up of different parts, both Commonwealth-born soldiers and foreign mercenaries. The diet voted to pay for a certain number of infantry and cavalry.

The number of staff which was kept a state secret varies, because often the commanders of the Hetman paid for additional manpower from their own wallets. In peacetime, the komput army of the Commonwealth had about 12.000 for the crown of Poland proper and 6.000 for the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. During the war it was increased by approximately 24.000–40.000 for the crown and 8.000-22.000 Lithuania.

In addition, kwarciane army was supplemented by peasant conscripts infantry wybraniecka and 1653, lanowa infantry, of the registered Cossacks to 1699, pospolite ruszenie, the Royal guard, the army of magnates and cities, and the army ordynackie.

In 1717, the silent Sejm introduced under Russian pressure komput values of over 18.000 6.200 crown and for Lithuania. This marked the beginning of Russian control over the armies of the Commonwealth, which will last until the Constitution of Poland.

                                     
  • totally discontinued late 17th early 18th century in exchange of tax for the army. Piechota dymowa Piechota lanowa Wojsko komputowe Wojsko kwarciane
  • comprised: Wojsko kwarciane: Regular units with wages paid from taxes these units were later merged with the wojsko komputowe Wojsko komputowe Semi - regular
  • century, the numbers of wojsko zaciezne and kwarciane proved to be insufficient, which led to the creation of wojsko komputowe named after komput, a document
  • cavalry 4, 500 infantry 400 dragoons 40 artillery pieces 6, 000 cavalry Wojsko komputowe 900 - 1, 500 dragoons and reiters 3, 000 - 4, 000 pospolite ruszenie levee

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