ⓘ Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (1982 video game)

Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (1982 video game)

ⓘ Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (1982 video game)

Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back is a scrolling shooter video game written by Rex Bradford for the Atari 2600 and published by Parker Brothers in 1982. It was the first licensed Star Wars video game. The game was released in 1983 for the Intellivision.


1. Gameplay

The player must control Luke Skywalker in a snowspeeder to battle against Imperial AT-AT walkers on the planet Hoth. The objective is to hold off the walkers as long as possible before they blow up the power generator at the Rebels Echo Base. The difficulty levels included several variables, including the initial speed of the walkers, whether or not the walkers were solid, and whether or not the walkers included a "smart bomb".

The player can destroy a walker by shooting it repeatedly in the head or torso; shots to the legs are ineffective. As the walker is damaged, it changes colors - transitioning from black undamaged through various shades of gray, red, and orange to yellow critically damaged. The player can also destroy the walkers by shooting a small flashing spot that randomly appears during gameplay. On the Intellivision, the walkers require thirty hits to take down, compared to forty-eight hits on the Atari.

The walkers shoot back at the player, whose speeder also changes colors as it receives damage. The player can land a damaged speeder to repair it. On some game levels, the walkers are solid, meaning that the player can crash into them, damaging them and destroying the player. Other levels include a smart bomb which periodically launches from the flashing port on a walker and follows the player for a time. If the player is hit by the smart bomb his speeder is destroyed. Occasionally, the player is granted the power of the Force. When this happens, the speeder flashes colorfully and becomes invulnerable for a short time.

The game ends when the players fifth speeder is destroyed or when the lead walker reaches Echo Base, destroying it. As the game progresses, the walkers move more rapidly, increasing the difficulty level.


2. Reception

Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back received mixed reviews. It was reviewed in Video magazine shortly after its release. Reviewers praised the games "zingy graphics" and noted that "the audio-visual effects are absolutely first-rate". Overall they characterized it as "an entertaining fast-paced contest that belongs in the cartridge libraries of most AtariVCS owners". That same month, rival publication Video Review magazine ran a review of the game written by science fiction author Harlan Ellison. Ellison blasted the game as a "shamelessly exploitative little toy", "the latest icon of the Imbecile Industry", and a "time-wasting enterprise" with "the potential to emerge as the most virulent electronic botulism of all". According to Ellison, the game has "extremely simple-minded parameters" and it "bore ass off"; however, the brunt of Ellisons criticism came from his dissatisfaction with the games ending. Because the games two end-conditions are both failure conditions either all of the players units are destroyed or the lead enemy reaches the players base, Ellison suggested that the game cannot be won and is thus "an analogue for the Myth of Sisyphus" providing "one dreadful life-lesson in those of a youthful intelligence who play it. You can only waste your life struggling and struggling".

Ed Driscoll reviewed The Empire Strikes Back in The Space Gamer No. 55. Driscoll commented that "Id have to say that the good points outweigh the bad, and it is fun to play. Id say that this is an excellent start for a company new to the VCS scene. May the Force be with you!"