ⓘ 1990 in video gaming

1990 in video gaming

ⓘ 1990 in video gaming

1990 has seen many sequels and prequels in video games and several new titles such as Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Fire Emblem: Shadow Dragon and the Blade of Light, Dr. Mario, and Super Mario World.


1. Business

  • New companies: Eidos, Interactive Studios, Team17, Natsume, Revolution Software
  • Toy Headquarters merges with Trinity Acquisition Corporation forming THQ.
  • Nintendo v. Color Dreams lawsuit: Nintendo sues Color Dreams over unlicensed production of Nintendo video games.
  • Defunct: Tynesoft

2. Notable releases

  • Konami releases Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles The Arcade Game, on the Nintendo Entertainment System.
  • July 12, Nintendo of America publishes Final Fantasy for the Nintendo Entertainment System in North America. This game started Squares popular and long-running Final Fantasy series.
  • July 27, Nintendo releases Dr. Mario for 3 Nintendo platforms.
  • Bonks Adventure is released for NECs TurboGrafx-16 and is the first US appearance of Bonk, the mascot of the TurboGrafx-16.
  • December 14, Commander Keen is released as shareware, the first major platformer on a PC.
  • September 28 Capcom releases Mega Man 3 for NES in Japan, introducing the characters Rush and Proto Man, Mega Mans slide is introduced, and Capcoms character cameos.
  • Sid Meiers Railroad Tycoon, the first of the "Tycoon" games, is released by MicroProse.
  • November 1 – Mega Man 3 is released in the US.
  • Mindscape publishes Captive.
  • Infogrames releases Alpha Waves, the first 3D platform game.
  • September 26 Origin releases the first Wing Commander game.
  • November 9, Sierra On-Line releases Kings Quest V.
  • Namco releases Kyuukai Douchuuki, World Stadium 90, Final Lap 2, Pistol Daimyo no Bouken, which is a spin-off from Berabow Man, Souko Ban Deluxe, Dragon Saber, Rolling Thunder 2, Steel Gunner and Golly! Ghost!.
  • July 20, Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake for the MSX2 computer, is released exclusively in Japan. It is Konami s last major game for the hardware.
  • April, Williams releases Smash TV in arcades, a twin-stick shooter about an ultra-violent game show.
  • April 20, Nintendo releases Fire Emblem: Shadow Dragon and the Blade of Light in Japan, innovating the tactical role-playing genre.
  • August, Pit Fighter from Atari Games introduces digitized sprites to arcade fighting games.
  • November 21, Nintendo releases Super Mario World and F-Zero in Japan as launch titles for the Super Famicom. Super Mario World introduced Yoshi and F-Zero introduced Captain Falcon.
  • October 15 LucasArts releases The Secret of Monkey Island
  • February 12, Nintendo releases the NES game Super Mario Bros. 3 in North America. It sells 17.28 million copies, making it one of the best-selling stand-alone video games of all time.
  • April, Konami releases Snakes Revenge, a sequel to Metal Gear for the Nintendo Entertainment System in North America, developed without the involvement of Hideo Kojima.
  • June 1, Origin releases Ultima VI: The False Prophet
  • Sega releases the G-LOC: Air Battle R-360 arcade game, featuring the first 3D – 360° gameplay that physically rotated the real world player.

2.1. Notable releases Hardware

  • Camerica releases Codemasters Game Genie adapter in Canada and the UK In the US, it was released by Galoob.
  • November 30, Segas Mega Drive released in Europe.
  • October 6, Segas Game Gear color handheld is released in Japan. It is launched in North America in 1991 and Europe and Australia in 1992.
  • SNK releases the Neo Geo Advanced Entertainment System AES home console.
  • Nintendo releases the Super Famicom 16-bit console in Japan.
  • NEC releases the TurboExpress handheld console.
  • Amstrad introduces its only console, the Amstrad GX4000, which fails to garner interest and is discontinued the following year.
  • Amstrad halts production of the ZX Spectrum, ending that platforms 8-year dominance of the UK home computer market.
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