ⓘ 1894 United States House of Representatives elections

1894 New Yorks 14th congressional district special election

ⓘ 1894 New Yorks 14th congressional district special election

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1894 comprised a significant realigning election - a major Republican landslide that set the stage for the decisive election of 1896. The elections of members of the United States House of Representatives in 1894 came in the middle of President Grover Clevelands second term. The nation was in its deepest economic depression ever following the Panic of 1893, so economic issues were at the forefront. In the spring, a major coal strike damaged the economy of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic. It was accompanied by violence, the miners lost and many moved toward the Populist party. Immediately after the coal strike concluded, Eugene V. Debs led a nationwide railroad strike, called the Pullman Strike. It shut down the nations transportation system west of Detroit for weeks, until President Clevelands use of federal troops ended the strike. Debs went to prison. Illinoiss Governor John Peter Altgeld, a Democrat, broke bitterly with Cleveland.

Fragmented and disoriented Democratic party was crushed everywhere outside the South, losing more than half their seats in the Republican party. Even in the South, the Democrats lost seats to Republican-populist electoral fusion in the state of Alabama, Texas, Tennessee and North Carolina. The Democrats ultimately lost 127 seats in the elections while the Republicans gained 130 seats after the resolution of several disputed elections. It is the largest swing in the history of the house of representatives and on elections of 1894 midterm elections, the biggest victory in the history of the United States. A political party will not suffer triple-digit losses again until 1932.

Key questions were related to the severe economic depression that the Republicans accuse the conservative Bourbon Democrats led by Cleveland. Cleveland supporters lost heavily, weakening their hold on the party and create conditions for accession 1896 silverist wing of the party. The populist party ran candidates in the South and Midwest, but generally lost ground, outside of Alabama, North Carolina, Tennessee and Texas, where the state level of fusion with the Republicans were successful, despite the populist and Republican antagonism at the national level. The Democrats tried to raise a religious issue, claiming the GOP was in cahoots with the American Association for the protection of. The charges seem to have fallen, as Catholics moved to the GOP.