Back

ⓘ Tourism in Bangladesh




Tourism in Bangladesh
                                     

ⓘ Tourism in Bangladesh

Bangladeshs tourist attractions include historical monuments, resorts, beaches, picnic spots, forests and tribal people, wildlife of various species. Activities for tourists include angling, water skiing, river cruising, hiking, rowing, yachting, and sea bathing.

In the northern part, comprising the Rajshahi division, there are archaeological sites, including the temple city Puthia in Rajshahi; the largest and most ancient archaeological site, Mahasthangarh in Bogra; the single largest Buddhist monastery, Paharpur in Naogaon; the most ornamental terracota Hindu temple, Kantaji Temple, and many rajbaris or palaces of old zamindars.

In the south-eastern part, which is the Chittagong Division, there are natural and hilly areas like Chittagong Hill Tracts, along with sandy sea beaches. The most notable beach, in Coxs Bazar, is a contender for the title of longest unbroken sandy sea beach in the world.

In the south-western part, mainly the Khulna Division, there is the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest of the world with royal Bengal tiger and spotted deer. The historically and architecturally important sixty domed mosque in Bagerhat is a notable site. In the north-eastern part, Sylhet division, there is a green carpet of tea plants on small hillocks. Natural reserved forests are great attractions. Migratory birds in winter, particularly in the haor areas, are also very attractive in this area.

Ministry of Tourism and The Civil Aviation Ministry designs national policies for the development and promotion of tourism. The Ministry also maintains the Beautiful Bangladesh campaign. Bangladesh Government has formed Tourist Police unit to better protect local and foreign tourists as well as look after the nature and wildlife in the tourist spots.

                                     

1. Economic impact

The World Travel and Tourism Council WTTC reported in 2013 that the travel and tourism industry in Bangladesh directly generated 1.281.500 jobs in 2012 or 1.8 percent of the countrys total employment, which ranked Bangladesh 157 out of 178 countries worldwide. Direct and indirect employment in the industry totalled 2.714.500 jobs, or 3.7 percent of the countrys total employment. The WTTC predicted that by 2023, travel and tourism will directly generate 1.785.000 jobs and support an overall total of 3.891.000 jobs, or 4.2 percent of the countrys total employment. This would represent an annual growth rate in direct jobs of 2.9 percent. Domestic spending generated 97.7 percent of direct travel and tourism gross domestic product GDP in 2012. Bangladeshs world ranking in 2012 for travel and tourisms direct contribution to GDP, as a percentage of GDP, was 142 out of 176.

  • in 2014 125.000 tourists visited Bangladesh. This number is extremely low relative to total population. As of 22 May 2019 the total local population numbering 166.594.000 inhabitants. This gives a ratio of 1 tourist for every 1.333 locals.
                                     

2.1. Chittagong division Coxs Bazar

Coxs Bazar Bengali: কক্সবাজার Kaksbajar is a seaside town, a fishing port and district headquarters in Bangladesh. It is known for its wide and long sandy beach, which is considered by many as the worlds longest natural sandy sea beach. The beach in Coxs Bazar is an unbroken 125 kilometres 78 mi sandy sea beach with a gentle slope. It is located 152 kilometres 94 mi south of the Chittagong Seaport. Coxs Bazar is also known by the name Panowa, whose literal translation means "yellow flower". Its other old name was "Palongkee".

                                     

2.2. Chittagong division St. Martins Island

St. Martins Island Bengali: সেন্ট মার্টিন্স দ্বীপ is a small island area only 8 km2 in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal, about 9 km south of the tip of the Coxs Bazar-Teknaf peninsula, and forming the southernmost part of Bangladesh. There is a small adjoining island that is separated at high tide, called Chhera island. It is about 8 km west of the northwest coast of Myanmar, at the mouth of the Naf River. The first settlement started just 250 years ago by some Arabian sailors who named the island Zajira. During British occupation the island was named St. Martin Island. The local names of the island are "Narical Gingira", also spelled "Narikel Jinjira/Jinjera", which means Coconut Island in Bengali, and "Daruchini Dip". It is the only coral island in Bangladesh.

The city of Chittagong has many high end, private hotels such as the Hotel Agrabad, the Hotel Well Park Residence, The Peninsula Chittagong, the Hotel Harbour View, the Hotel Meridian, and Avenue Hotels and Suites.

The JW Marriott, Westin and Radisson Blu are among the upcoming five-star hotels in Chittagong city.



                                     

2.3. Chittagong division Bandarban District

Bandarban Bengali: বান্দরবান is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, and a part of the Chittagong Division and Chittagong Hill Tracts. Bandarban is regarded by many tourists to be one of the most attractive travel destinations in Bangladesh. Bandarban meaning the dam of monkeys, or in Marma or Arakanese language as "Rwa-daw Mro" is also known as Arvumi or the Bohmong Circle. Bandarban town is the hometown of the Bohmong Circle Chief who is the head of the Marma population. It also is the administrative headquarters of Bandarban district, which has turned into one of the most exotic tourist attractions in Bangladesh.

                                     

2.4. Chittagong division Rangamati

Rangamati Bengali: রাঙ্গামাটি is the administrative headquarters of Rangamati Hill District in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Kaptai lake, the hanging bridge and Pablakhali reserve forest are some of the notable locations to visit in Rangamati.

                                     

2.5. Chittagong division Khagrachari District

Khagrachari Bengali: খাগড়াছড়ি is a district in south-eastern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Chittagong Division and the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Its local name is "Chengmi". Khagrachari is also known as Phalang Htaung ဖလံေထာင္ or the Mong Circle of the rest of the three hill districts Rangamati is the Chakma Circle သက္ေထာင္ and Bandarban ဗိုလ္မင္းေထာင္ is the Bohmong Circle). There are many tourist places in Khagrachari like Alutila Cave, Alutila Tourists spot, Richhang waterfall, Yonged Buddha Bihar, Dighinala Touduchhori Waterfall and others.

                                     

2.6. Chittagong division Patenga beach

Patenga Bengali: পতেঙ্গা is a sea beach located 14 kilometres south of the port city of Chittagong, Bangladesh. It is near the mouth of the Karnaphuli River. Patenga is a popular tourist spot. The beach is very close to the Bangladesh Naval Academy of the Bangladesh Navy and Shah Amanat International Airport. Its width is narrow and swimming in the seas is not recommended. Part of the seashore is built-up with concrete walls, and large blocks of stones have been laid to prevent erosion. During the 1990s, a host of restaurants and kiosks sprouted out around the beach area. Lighting of the area has enhanced the security aspect of visiting at night. It is guarded by large stones to protect it from tsunamis.

A tourist attraction near Patenga beach is the Butterfly Park.

                                     

2.7. Chittagong division Foys Lake

Foys Lake is a human-made lake in Chittagong, Bangladesh. The lake was once just a lake and spillway constructed by Assam-Bengal Railway engineer. It was dug in 1924 and was named after the English engineer Mr. Foy. The lake is next to Batali Hill, the highest hill in Chittagong Metropolitan area. An amusement park, managed by the Concord Group, is located here.

                                     

2.8. Chittagong division Heritage Park

There is a heritage park called Shaheed Zia Memorial Complex and Mini Bangladesh at Chandgaon which reflects the most notable structures and instances of Bangladesh. This 71-metre tower in Mini Bangladesh in Chittagong has a restaurant on the top that rotates once every 90 minutes. The museum includes a revolving restaurant. One can perceive of the countrys architectural beauty, ethnic traditions and archaeological inheritance through having a glimpse of the heritage park. Replicas of major structures of the country include Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban parliament building, National Memorial of Savar, Ahsan Manzil, Curzon Hall of Dhaka University, Paharpur Monastery, Kantajew Temple of Dinajpur, Lalbagh Fort and Sona Masjid. The park also has different rides for children.

                                     

2.9. Chittagong division Ethnological Museum of Chittagong

The Ethnological Museum of Chittagong located in Agrabad, established in 1965, is the only ethnological museum in the country, and presents the lifestyles and heritage of various ethnic groups of the country. The museum authority collected rare elements used in everyday lives of different ethnic groups, of which some had already become extinct while others were on the verge of extinction. The museum contains four galleries and a small hall. Three galleries of the museum feature diverse elements of twenty nine ethnic groups in Bangladesh, while the rest of the gallery displays the lifestyles of some ethnic groups of India, Pakistan and Australia.

                                     

2.10. Chittagong division WWII cemetery and Circuit House

The War Cemetery on Badshah Mia Road contains the graves of 755 soldiers, and is protected and maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. There are a number of museums in Chittagong. The most prominent is the Zia Memorial Museum which is housed in the old circuit house building. President Ziaur Rahman was assassinated there on 30 May 1981. This commemorative museum houses the late President Ziaur Rahmans mementos and personal belongings. It was established in 1993 with 12 galleries.

                                     

3. Sylhet Division

Bichnakandi

Bichnakandi Bengali: বিছানাকান্দি is a village in Rustompur Union in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District. In recent years there has been an influx of tourists to its river.

Madhobpur Lake

Madhobpur Lake is a lake of Srimangal in Maulvi Bazar District of Bangladesh. It is one of the popular tourist spot in Bangladesh.

                                     

3.1. Sylhet Division Bichnakandi

Bichnakandi Bengali: বিছানাকান্দি is a village in Rustompur Union in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District. In recent years there has been an influx of tourists to its river.

                                     

3.2. Sylhet Division Jaflong

Jaflong Bengali: জাফলং is a hill station and popular tourist destination in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh. It is located in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District and situated at the border between Bangladesh and the Indian state of Meghalaya, overshadowed by subtropical mountains and rainforests. Jaflong is famous for its stone collections and is home of the Khasi tribe.

                                     

3.3. Sylhet Division Ratargul Swamp Forest

Ratargul Swamp Forest is a freshwater swamp forest located in Gowainghat, Sylhet. It is the only swamp forest located in Bangladesh and one of the few freshwater swamp forest in the world. The forest is naturally conserved under the Department of Forestry, Govt. of Bangladesh.

The evergreen forest is situated by the river Goain and linked with the channel Chengir Khal. Most of the trees growing here are the Millettia pinnata করচ গাছ "Koroch tree". The forest is submerged under 20–30 feet water in the rainy season. For the rest of the year, the water level is about 10 feet deep.

                                     

4. Dhaka division

Dhaka Division is an administrative division in Bangladesh. Dhaka formerly "Dacca" Bengali: ঢাকা is the largest and capital city of Bangladesh.

Tourist attractions in Dhaka

  • Ahsan Manzil
  • Liberation War Museum
  • Lalbagh Fort
  • Dhakeshwari Temple
  • Bashundhara City
  • Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban
  • Rickshaw art and rickshaw-riding
  • Shaheed Minar
  • Baitul Mukarram
                                     

4.1. Dhaka division Lalbagh Fort

Lalbagh Fort is an incomplete 17th century Mughal fort complex in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This fort also known as Fort Aurangabadstands proudly before the Buriganga River in the southwestern part of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The construction was started in 1678 AD by Mughal Subahdar Muhammad Azam Shah. For long the fort was considered to be a combination of three buildings the mosque, the tomb of Bibi Pari and the Diwan-i-Aam, with two gateways and a portion of the partly damaged fortification wall. Recent excavations carried out by the Department of Archaeology have revealed the existence of other structures.

                                     

4.2. Dhaka division Ahsan Manzil

Ahsan Manzil Bengali: আহসান মঞ্জিল, Ahsan Manzil is a wonderful ancient building, located on the bank of the river Buriganga, in old Dhaka at Kumartoli, Islampur area. It was a residential palace for Dhaka Nawab Family. The structure of this palace was started in the year 1859 and was finished in 1869. It is constructed in the Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture. To preserve the cultural and history of the area, the palace became the Bangladesh National Museum on 20 September 1992.

                                     

4.3. Dhaka division Shaheed Minar

The Shaheed Minar English: Martyr Monument is a national monument in Dhaka, Bangladesh, established to commemorate those killed during the Bengali Language Movement demonstrations of 1952. On 21 February 1952, dozens of students and political activists were killed when the Pakistani police force opened fire on Bengali protesters who were demanding equal status for their native tongue, Bengali. The massacre occurred near Dhaka Medical College and Ramna Park in Dhaka. A makeshift monument was erected on 23 February by students of University of Dhaka and other educational institutions, but demolished on 26 February by the Pakistani police force. The Language Movement gained momentum, and after a long struggle, Bengali was given equal status with Urdu. To commemorate the dead, the Shaheed Minar was designed and built by Hamidur Rahman, a Bangladeshi sculptor. The monument stood until the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, when it was demolished completely during Operation Searchlight. After Bangladesh gained independence, it was rebuilt. At present, all national, mourning, cultural and other activities held each year, regarding 21 February, have been centred around the Shaheed Minar.



                                     

4.4. Dhaka division Jatiya Sangshad

Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban English: National Parliament ; Bengali: জাতীয় সংসদ ভবন was created by American architect Louis Kahn. Construction was started in 1961 and completed on 28 January 1982 with the total cost was about 32 million dollars. It is situated at Shre-e-Bangla Nagar in Dhaka. Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban was used for the first time on 15 February 1982 as the venue for the eighth last session of the second parliament of Bangladesh. Since then, it has been used for the Bangladesh National Assembly.

                                     

4.5. Dhaka division Tourist attractions in Dhaka

  • Ahsan Manzil
  • Liberation War Museum
  • Lalbagh Fort
  • Dhakeshwari Temple
  • Bashundhara City
  • Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban
  • Rickshaw art and rickshaw-riding
  • Shaheed Minar
  • Baitul Mukarram
                                     

5.1. Rajshahi and Rangpur Division Somapura Mahavihara

Somapura Mahavihara Bengali: সোমপুর মহাবিহার Shompur Mohabihar in Paharpur, Badalgachhi Upazila, Naogaon District 25°151.83"N, 88°5837.15"E is among the best known Buddhist viharas in the Indian Subcontinent and is one of the most important archaeological sites in the country. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

                                     

5.2. Rajshahi and Rangpur Division Mahastangar

Mahasthangarh Bengali: মহাস্থানগড় Mohasthangor is one of the earliest urban archaeological sites so far discovered in Bangladesh. The village Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District contains the remains of an ancient city which was called Pundranagara or Paundravardhanapura in the territory of Pundravardhana. A limestone slab bearing six lines in Prakrit in Brahmi script, discovered in 1931, dates Mahasthangarh to at least the 3rd century BC. The fortified area was in use till the 18th century AD.

                                     

5.3. Rajshahi and Rangpur Division Behula Lakshindar Basor Ghor

Behula Bengali: বেহুলা is the protagonist in the Manasamangal genre of Bengali medieval epics. A number of works belonging to this genre were written between the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries. Though the religious purpose of these works is to eulogise the Hindu goddess Manasa, these works are more well known for depicting the love story of Behula and her husband Lakhindar.

                                     

5.4. Rajshahi and Rangpur Division Kantajew Temple

Kantajew Temple Bengali: কান্তজীউ মন্দির at Kantanagar, is a late-medieval Hindu temple in Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Built by Maharaja Pran Nath, its construction started in 1704 CE and ended in the reign of his son Raja Ramnath 1722 CE. It is regarded as one of the greatest examples on Terracotta architecture in Bangladesh and once had nine spires, but all were destroyed during the 1897 Assam earthquake.

                                     

5.5. Rajshahi and Rangpur Division Bagha Mosque

According to an inscription on the mosques central entrance, bagha Mosque was Built by Sultan Nusrat Shah in 1523. Bagha Mosque is a richly decorated monument originally roofed over with ten domes which collapsed long ago. It is built of bricks with stone plinth, lintels and pillars. Recently this mosque was rebuilt carefully to its original form. The inscription is now preserved in Karachi, Pakistan.

                                     

6. Barisal Division

Kuakata Beach

Kuakata Bengali: কুয়াকাটা is a sea beach on the southernmost tip of Bangladesh. Located in Patuakhali District, Kuakata has a wide sandy beach about 320 kilometres 200 mi south of Dhaka, and about 70 kilometres 43 mi from the district headquarters. Kuakata beach is 30 kilometres 19 mi long and 6 kilometres 3.7 mi wide. On the eastern end of the beach is Gongamati Reserved Forest, an evergreen mangrove forest and snippet of the original Kuakata. When the Rakhines settled in the area in 1784, Kuakata was part of the larger Sundarbans forest. Sundarbans is now at a distance of one-hour by speed boat. As a mangrove forest, Gongamati, like the Sundarbans, offers some protection against tidal surges, however it too is threatened by logging and deforestation. The forest can be reached by foot or bike along the beach.

                                     

7.1. Khulna Division Sundarbans

The Sundarbans Bengali: সুন্দরবন, Shundorbon is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The Sunderbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, most of which is situated in Bangladesh with the remainder in India. Sundarbans South, East and West are three protected forests in Bangladesh. This region is densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger.

                                     

7.2. Khulna Division Mosque City of Bagerhat

The Mosque City of Bagerhat Bengali: মসজিদের শহর বাগেরহাট is a formerly lost city, located in the suburbs of Bagerhat city in Bagerhat District, in the Khulna Division of southwest of Bangladesh. Bagerhat is about 24 kilometres 15 mi southeast of Khulna and 320 km 200 mi southwest of Dhaka.

Originally known as Khalifatabad and nicknamed the "mint town of the Bengal Sultanate", the city was founded in the 15th century by the warrior saint Turkish general Ulugh Khan Jahan.

The historic city, listed by Forbes as one of the 15 lost cities of the world, has more than 50 Islamic monuments which have been found after removing the vegetation that had obscured them from view for many centuries. The site has been recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 under criteria iv, "as an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble which illustrates a significant stage in human history", of which the Sixty Pillar Mosque Shat Gombuj Masjid in Bengali, constructed with 60 pillars and 77 domes, is the most well known. Apart from these monuments, UNESCO also includes the mausoleum of Khan Jahan, the mosques of Singar, Bibi Begni, Reza Khoda, Zindavir among the unique monuments.



                                     

8.1. Architecture Religious

Bangladesh has many places of worship. Capital Dhaka is known as the city of mosques.

Some famous Religious Place of Worships and visitor attractions are:

  • Baitul Mukarram is the national mosque of Bangladesh. Located at the centre of Dhaka, the mosque was completed in 1968. The mosque has a capacity of 30.000, and it is worlds tenth largest mosque.
  • Sixty Dome Mosque is a mosque in Bangladesh, the largest in that country from the Sultanate period. It has been described as "the most impressive Muslim monuments in the whole of the Indian subcontinent."
  • Dhakeshwari Temple built in the twelfth century, the national temple of Bangladesh.
  • Hoseni Dalan a Shia shrine built in the seventeenth century.
  • Kantojiu Temple built between 1702 and 1752, a nava-ratna nine-spired style Hindu temple.
  • Mosque City of Bagerhat is a formerly lost city, located in the suburbs of Bagerhat city in Bagerhat District, in the Khulna Division. The historic city, listed by Forbes as one of the 15 lost cities of the world, has more than 50 Islamic monuments.
                                     

8.2. Architecture Ancient ruins

  • Mainamati is an isolated ridge of low hills in the eastern margins of deltaic Bangladesh, about 8 kilometres 5.0 mi to the west of Comilla town. A landmark of ancient history, it represents a small mass of quasi-lateritic old alluvium. The ridge, set in the vast expanse of the fertile lower Meghna basin, extends for about 17 kilometres 11 mi north–south from Mainamati village on the Gumti River to Chandi Mura near the Lalmai railway station.
  • Somapura Mahavihara is a Buddhist monastery situated in the Rajshahi District in the north of Bangladesh. Covering almost 27 acres of land, Somapura Mahavira is one of the largest monasteries south of the Himalayas. The design is considered to be greatly influenced by Buddhist architecture found in Java and Cambodia.
  • Wari-Bateshwar ruins, built in 450 BC, 2500-year-old ancient fort city
  • The oldest archaeological site in Bangladesh is outside Bogra, at Mahasthangarh.
                                     

8.3. Architecture Middle Age

  • Lalbagh Fort Lalbagh Fort or Fort Aurangabad, an incomplete Mughal palace fortress at Dhaka on the river Buriganga in the southwestern part of the old city. The fort was considered to be a combination of three buildings the mosque, the tomb of Bibi Pari and the Diwan-i-Aam, two gateways and a portion of the partly damaged fortification wall.
  • Sonargaon was the administrative centre of medieval Muslim rulers in East Bengal.
  • Bara Katra an architectural relic of Dhaka city. It is situated to the south of Chawk Bazar close to the bank of the river buriganga. The Katra enclosed a quadrangular courtyard with 22 rooms on all of its four sides.
  • Ahsan Manzil was previously the official palace of the Dhaka Nawab family and is currently a museum preserving the culture and history of the area. Ahsan Manzil is considered to be one of the most noteworthy architectural monuments in Bangladesh.
                                     

8.4. Architecture British architecture

  • Curzon Hall a hundred years old British style town hall.
  • Northbrook Hall a hundred and fifty years old British style town hall.
                                     

8.5. Architecture Modern

  • Bangladesh National Museum Located in the suburb of Shahbag, in the city of Dhaka, is the biggest museum in Bangladesh. It has a collection of over eighty five thousand pieces. The four-storey building is home not only to large exhibition halls, but to a conservatory laboratory, library, three auditoriums, photographic gallery, temporary exhibition hall, and an audio-visual division.
  • Taj Mahal Bangladesh is a Bangladeshi artictecture inspired from original Taj Mahal
  • Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban Parliamentary Building of Bangladesh, located in Dhaka. It was created by architect Louis Kahn and is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. It houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh.
                                     

9. Historic monuments

  • Suhrawardy Udyan formerly known as Ramna Race Course ground is a national memorial located in Dhaka. It is named after Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy.
  • Ahsan Manzil was the official residential palace and seat of the Dhaka Nawab Family. This building is situated at Kumartoli along the banks of the Buriganga River in Dhaka.
  • Martyred Intellectuals Memorial is a memorial built in memory of the martyred intellectuals of the Bangladesh Liberation War.
  • Greek Memorial is an ancient monument, built in around AD 1900, looks like ancient Greek temples, a small yellow structure on land owned by the Greek Community, which flourished in Dhaka in the 19th century.
  • Mosque City of Bagerhat is a formerly lost city, located in the suburbs of Bagerhat city in Bagerhat District, in the Khulna Division of southwest of Bangladesh and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • National Martyrs Memorial is the national monument for the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971
  • Zia Memorial Museum is housed in an interesting mock-Tudor mansion. Among its collection is the microphone and transmitter with which President Shaheed Ziaur Rahman proclaimed the countrys independence in 1971, and you can see the blood-stained and bullet-damaged wall at the foot of the stairs where Zia was shot.
  • Shiva Temple in Puthia consists of a cluster of notable old Hindu temples in Puthia Upazila, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh.
  • Lalbagh Fort is an incomplete seventeenth century Mughal fort complex in Dhaka. The construction was started in 1678 AD by Mughal Subahdar Muhammad Azam Shah.

Bangladesh Last House, the last house of Bangladesh located in the Bangladesh–India border at Jointa Hill Resort, this is a popular tourist destination.

                                     

10. Nature tourism

Bangladesh has geographical diversity, which resulted in varieties of nature tourism.

  • The Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world and has also been enlisted among the top 14 finalists in the New7Wonders of Nature. Though cant enter into 7 wonders.
                                     

10.1. Nature tourism Wildlife in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is home to several well-known mammals including the Bengal tiger, the Asian elephant, the hoolock gibbon and the Asian black bear. The saltwater crocodile found in Sunderban is the largest of all living reptiles, The king cobra is the worlds longest venomous snake and the reticulated python is the longest among all snakes. The country has roughly 53 species of amphibian, 19 species of marine reptiles, 139 species of reptiles, 380 species of birds, 116 species of mammals, and 5 species of marine mammals. In addition to the large bird count, a further 310 species of migratory birds swell bird numbers each year. The vast majority of these creatures currently dwell in an area of land that is approximately 150.000 square kilometres 58.000 sq mi in size. The dhole, also called the Asiatic wild dog, is now endangered by habitat, prey-species loss, and human persecution. Notable animal species that have disappeared from Bangladesh are the one- and two-horned rhinoceros, the gaur, the banteng, swamp deer, nilgai, Indian wolf, wild water buffalo, marsh crocodile and common peafowl.

The worlds largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in Southwestern Bangladesh. Sundarbans National Parks are UNESCO World Heritage Site.

                                     

10.2. Nature tourism Hill stations

  • Sripur, Sylhet
  • Rangamati Hill District
  • Khagrachori, Chittagong
  • Jaflong, Sylhet
  • Srimangal county, Sylhet
  • Netrakona, Dhaka
  • Bandarban, Chittagong
                                     

10.3. Nature tourism Lakes

  • Madhobpur Lake
  • Mohamaya lake
  • Dhanmondi Lake
  • Foys Lake
  • Kaptai Lake
                                     

11. Beaches

Bangladesh offers a wide range of tropical beaches. Coxs Bazar is known for its wide and long sandy beach which is considered as the worlds longest natural sandy sea beach. Some of the other famous tourist beaches are:

  • Kuakata sea beach
  • St. Martin Island
  • Patenga sea beach
  • Nijhum Dwip

Islands

The islands of Bangladesh are scattered along the Bay of Bengal and the river mouth of the Padma. There are more than 30 islands in Bangladesh. Some famous tourist attractions are:

  • Sonadia Island, Chattogram
  • St. Martins Island, St. Martin
  • Bhola Island, Bhola
  • Sandwip Island, Chattogram
  • Chhera Island, St. Martin
  • Manpura Island
  • Nijhum Dwip, Hatiya, Noakhali
                                     

12. Tourism campaign films

In January 2011, two short films titled Beautiful Bangladesh: School of Life were produced by Bangladesh Tourism Board partner of ICC World Cup Cricket 2011. Both films show a tourists journey through Bangladesh. The durations of the films were 10 and 3 minutes. The 10-minute-long film was directed by Moinul Hossain Mukul and the 3-minute-long film was directed by Gazi Ahmed Shubhro. Concept and script by Syed Gousul Alam Shaon.

                                     

13. Shopping

While muslin of ancient Dhaka has gone into history, other products such as contemporary paintings, wood works, shital pati mats that feel cool, bamboo decoration pieces, cane and conch shell products, gold and silver ornament, cotton, silk, gold, silver, jute, reed, brass ware, traditional dolls and leather goods also receive deep appreciation of the lovers of arts and crafts now and over the past centuries. In addition, Bangladesh is famous for pink pearl.

Jamuna Future Park is the 12th largest shopping mall in the world. Bashudhara City inaugurated in 2004 is one of the largest shopping malls in sub-continent.