ⓘ Fluency


ⓘ Fluency

The process of learning a second language or "L2," among older learners differs from younger learners because of their working memory. Working memory, also connected to fluency because it deals with automatic responses, is vital to language acquisition. This happens when information is stored and manipulated temporarily. During working memory, words are filtered, processed, and rehearsed, and information is stored while focusing on the next piece of interaction. These false starts, pauses or repetitions found in fluency assessments, can also be found within ones working memory as part of communication.

Those with education at or below a high school level are least likely to take language classes. It has also been found that women and young immigrants are more likely to take language classes. Further, highly educated immigrants who are searching for skilled jobs – which require interpersonal and intercultural skills that are difficult to learn – are the most affected by lower fluency in the L2.


1. Speech-language pathology

Fluency is a speech language pathology term that means the smoothness or flow with which sounds, syllables, words and phrases are joined together when speaking quickly. "Fluency disorders" is used as a collective term for cluttering and stuttering. Both disorders have breaks in the fluidity of speech, and both have the fluency breakdown of repetition of parts of speech.


2. In creativity

Studies in the assessment of creativity list fluency as one of the four primary elements in creative thinking, the others being flexibility, originality and elaboration. Fluency in creative thinking is seen as the ability to think of many diverse ideas quickly.

  • Processing fluency is the ease with which information is processed. Perceptual fluency is the ease of processing stimuli based on manipulations to perceptual
  • Fluency Test, also known as the Chicago Word Fluency Test CWFT was developed by Louis Thurstone in 1938. This test became the first word fluency psychometrically
  • Verbal fluency tests are a kind of psychological test in which participants have to produce as many words as possible from a category in a given time
  • improve the fluency of persons who stutter. Most electronic fluency devices change the sound of the user s voice in his or her ear. Electronic fluency devices
  • In psychology, a fluency heuristic is a mental heuristic in which, if one object is processed more fluently, faster, or more smoothly than another, the
  • Fluency Voice Technology was a company that developed and sold packaged speech recognition solutions for use in call centers. Fluency s Speech Recognition
  • Social fluency is the concept of demonstrating proficiency in social situations and or inter - personal relations. Social Fluency is frequently discussed
  • processing fluency theory of aesthetic pleasure is a theory in psychological aesthetics on how people experience beauty. Processing fluency is the ease
  • Passive fluency is where a person can fluently read and audibly understand a language whilst not having the ability to fluently speak or write the language
  • Oslo. Rolf Reber is known for his research on processing fluency especially the processing fluency theory of aesthetic pleasure he developed together with
  • consideration. This is usually referred to as verbal intelligence or verbal fluency and is commonly a reflection of an individual s overall linguistic intelligence