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ⓘ The Hurricane (1999 film)




The Hurricane (1999 film)
                                     

ⓘ The Hurricane (1999 film)

The Hurricane is a 1999 American biographical sports drama film directed and produced by Norman Jewison. The film stars Denzel Washington as Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter, a former middleweight boxer who was wrongly convicted for a triple murder in a bar in Paterson, New Jersey. The script was adapted by Armyan Bernstein and Dan Gordon from Carters autobiography The Sixteenth Round: From Number 1 Contender To 45472 and the non-fiction work Lazarus and the Hurricane: The Freeing of Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter by Sam Chaiton and Terry Swinton.

The film depicts Carters arrest, his life in prison and how he was freed by the love and compassion of a teenager from Brooklyn named Lesra Martin and his Canadian foster family. The film received positive reviews, but has been criticized for inaccuracies by some media outlets and participants in Carters trials.

The film was released by Universal Pictures in the United States on December 29, 1999.

                                     

1. Plot

The film tells the story of middleweight boxer Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter, who was convicted of committing a triple murder in a bar in Paterson, New Jersey. His sentence was set aside after he had spent nearly 20 years in prison. The film concentrates on Rubin Carters life between 1966 and 1985. It describes his fight against the conviction for triple murder and how he copes with nearly 20 years in prison.

A parallel plot follows Lesra Martin, an underprivileged Afro-American youth from Brooklyn, now living in Toronto. In the 1980s, the child becomes interested in Carters life and circumstances after reading Carters autobiography. He convinces his Canadian foster family to commit themselves to Carters case. The story culminates with Carters legal teams successful pleas to Judge H. Lee Sarokin of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.

In 1966, Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter was a top-ranked middleweight boxer, expected by many fans to become the worlds greatest boxing champion. When three victims, specifically the clubs bartender and a male and a female customer, were shot to death in a bar in Paterson, New Jersey, Carter and his friend John Artis, driving home from another club in Paterson, were stopped and interrogated by the police.

Although the police asserted that Carter and Artis were innocent and thus, "were never suspects," a man named Alfred Bello, a suspect himself in the killings, claimed that Carter and Artis were present at the time of the murders. On the basis of Bellos testimony, Carter and Artis were convicted of the triple homicide in the club, Carter was given three consecutive life sentences.

Throughout the trial, Carter proclaimed his innocence, claiming that his race, his boxing career and status and his work as a civil rights activist were the real reasons for his conviction. Eight years later, Bello and a co-suspect, Arthur Bradley, who also claimed that Carter was present at the scene of the crimes, renounced and recanted their testimony. However, Carter and Artis were convicted once again.

Afterwards, the plot goes back to Lesra Martin, who works with a trio of Canadian activists to push the State of New Jersey to reexamine Carters case.

In 1985, a Federal District Court ruled that the prosecution in Carters second trial committed "grave constitutional violations" and that his conviction was based on racism rather than facts. As a result, Carter was finally freed, and he summed up his story by saying, "Hate got me into this place, love got me out."

                                     

2. Cast

  • Liev Schreiber as Sam Chaiton
  • Rod Steiger as Judge H. Lee Sarokin
  • Vicellous Reon Shannon as Lesra Martin
  • Dan Hedaya as Det. Sgt. Della Pesca, based on Vincent DeSimone
  • David Paymer as Myron Beldock
  • Beatrice Winde as Louise Cockersham
  • John Hannah as Terry Swinton
  • Deborah Kara Unger as Lisa Peters
  • Denzel Washington as Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter
  • Clancy Brown as Lt. Jimmy Williams
  • Vincent Pastore as Alfred Bello
  • George T. Odom as Big Ed
  • Debbi Morgan as Mae Thelma Carter
  • Harris Yulin as Leon Friedman
                                     

3. Production

Background

Norman Jewison got interested in a "Hurricane" Carter biopic in 1992. Armyan Bernstein purchased the filming rights through Beacon Pictures, and went on to write the first scripts while establishing a financing partnership with Irving Azoff. At first, Jewison felt the story was so extensive that it would fit better as a television miniseries. Once Denzel Washington signed to play the title character, he went through long boxing training, and worked closely with Rubin Carter. Washington said, "He went through pots and pots of coffee and packs of cigarettes. Id drink a little coffee. Its interesting and challenging when the person is there, alive and in the room." Filming began in November 1998, with locations in both New Jersey – East Jersey State Prison in Trenton and the cities of Avenel and Paterson – and Toronto.

                                     

4.1. Release Premiere

The Hurricane premiered on September 17, 1999, at the Toronto International Film Festival. It also was featured at the Berlin International Film Festival on February 17, 2000.

Two weeks prior to its opening in North America, a premiere for The Hurricane was held at the Mann Village Theater in Los Angeles. Many of the depicted people were in attendance. When asked about being portrayed by Denzel Washington, Rubin Carter replied that" I didn’t know I was that good-looking." The film was praised by Lesra Martin, who described it as "a stupendous depiction of accurate events", and John Artis, Carters friend who was convicted with him, said he" was in awe to see what unfolded and not have to feel the pressure I felt at the time.” An objection was held by H. Lee Sarokin, the federal judge who freed Carter, saying that unlike his portrayal by Rod Steiger" I’m a lower-key guy.”

                                     

4.2. Release Box office

The film opened in North American limited release on December 29, 1999. The first weeks gross was $384.640 11 screens and the total receipts for the run were $50.668.906. In its widest release the film was featured in 2.148 theaters. It closed the week of April 14, 2000. The motion picture was in circulation sixteen weeks.

                                     

4.3. Release Critical response

Reviews were positive, with much praise to Denzel Washingtons performance. The film has an 83% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes based on 113 reviews. The consensus reads: "Thanks in large part to one of Denzel Washingtons most powerful on-screen performances, The Hurricane is a moving, inspirational sports drama, even if it takes few risks in telling its story." Roger Ebert, film critic for the Chicago Sun Times, liked the film and the acting, and wrote, "This is one of Denzel Washingtons great performances, on a par with his work in Malcolm X. Washington as Hurricane Carter is spare, focused, filled with anger and pride. This is strong stuff, and I was amazed, after feeling some impatience in the earlier reaches of the film, to find myself so deeply absorbed in its second and third acts, until at the end I was blinking at tears. What affects me emotionally at the movies is never sadness, but goodness." Metacritic gave the score a film of 74 based on 30 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".

Regarding the "fictionalized" aspects of the film, Ebert discussed why that is often the case in films: "Several people have told me dubiously that they heard the movie was fictionalized. Well, of course it was. Those who seek the truth about a man from the film of his life might as well seek it from his loving grandmother. Most biopics, like most grandmothers, see the good in a man and demonize his enemies. They pass silently over his imprudent romances. In dramatizing his victories, they simplify them. And they provide the best roles to the most interesting characters. If they didnt, we wouldnt pay to see them." He added, The Hurricane is not a documentary but a parable, in which two lives are saved by the power of the written word."

Film critic Stephen Holden, writing for The New York Times, had mixed views of the film but did like the acting. He wrote, "In telling the story of Mr. Carters protracted and ultimately successful fight for freedom and justice, The Hurricane rides to glory on an astonishing performance by Denzel Washington. That is to say, Mr. Washington leans into an otherwise schlocky movie and slams it out of the ballpark. If his Hurricane is an inspiring portrait of nobility, it is because the actor never conceals the demons of fury and despair gnawing beneath his characters forcefully articulate surface."

Holden was forthright about the veracity of the film, writing, "The film is so eager to stir us up that it thinks little of bending the facts for dramatic effect. Among its most egregious distortions is its depiction of Mr. Carters 1964 middleweight title match with Joey Giardello. The movie which has fine, naturalistic boxing sequences inaccurately portrays the fight as lost by Carter solely because of the judges racism. The taking of such license, of course, adds an extra jolt of drama. But when these and other distortions and exaggerations are added up, its worth wondering if that self-congratulatory glow the movie leaves us with has been gotten far too easily and at what cost."

Jewison considers The Hurricane his best work.



                                     

4.4. Release Wins

  • Golden Globes: Golden Globe; Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture, Drama; Denzel Washington; 2000.
  • Berlin International Film Festival: Prize of the Guild of German rt House Cinemas, Norman Jewison; Silver Berlin Bear, Best Actor, Denzel Washington 2000.
  • Black Reel Awards: Black Reel; Theatrical, Best Actor; Denzel Washington; 2000.
  • Image Awards: Image Award; Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture, Denzel Washington; 2000.
                                     

4.5. Release Nominations

  • Academy Awards: Oscar; Best Actor in a Leading Role; Denzel Washington; 2000.
  • Berlin International Film Festival: Golden Berlin Bear, Norman Jewison; 2000.
  • Blockbuster Entertainment Awards: Blockbuster Entertainment Award, Favorite Actor, Drama, Denzel Washington; 2000.
  • Image Awards: Image Award; Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture Debbi Morgan, Outstanding Motion Picture; 2000.
  • Chicago Film Critics Association Awards: CFCA Award; Best Actor; Denzel Washington; 2000.
  • Political Film Society: PFS Award; Democracy, Expose, Human Rights; 2001
  • Golden Globes: Golden Globe; Best Director, Motion Picture, Norman Jewison; Best Motion Picture – Drama; 2000.
                                     

5.1. Controversy Film accuracy

The film was criticized for misrepresenting many of the facts of Carters life and the case itself, as documented in both his criminal and military records, and police reports and court documentation. Such critics include: Herald-News reporter Cal Deal; Larry Elder; Thomas Clough; Barbara Burns, the daughter of victim Hazel Tanis; George Kimball of The Irish Times ; Milan Simonich of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette ; Lona Manning; The New York Times reporter Robert Lipsyte; Paul Mulshine of The Star-Ledger ; and Jack Newfield of the New York Post, who stated, "I knew Rubin Carter, attended his fights, covered his retrial and I didnt see much reality on the screen." The New Yorker film critic David Denby called it: "False, evasive and factually very thin – a liberal fairytale."

                                     

5.2. Controversy Lawsuit

Former middleweight World Champion Joey Giardello sued the films producers for libel over the depiction of his fight with Carter as a "racist fix." "This is a joke, he never hit me that much in 15 rounds. Virtually every boxing expert then and now will tell you I won the fight." Referee Robert Polis who scored the fight 72–66 in Giardellos favor stated: "They portrayed Joey Giardello as an incompetent fighter. I thought it was ludicrous." Even Carter himself agreed that Giardello was the rightful victor.

Eventually, the case was settled out of court, with the producers paying the retired champion damages and with Jewison agreeing to make a statement on the DVD version that "Giardello no doubt was a great fighter."

                                     
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