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ⓘ Zapadnaya Litsa River




Zapadnaya Litsa River
                                     

ⓘ Zapadnaya Litsa River

Zapadnaya Litsa River is a river in the north of the Kola Peninsula in Murmansk Oblast, Russia. It is 107 km in length. The area of its basin is 1.190 km². The Zapadnaya Litsa River originates on the Kuchintundra and flows into the Barents Sea. Its biggest tributary is the Lebyazhka River.

From 1941 to 1944, the Litsa River formed the Arctic frontline between German and Finnish troops west of the river – trying to capture Murmansk – and Soviet troops on the east, defending the city. This frontier was of vital importance for both sides, as Murmansk was the only Soviet harbour left in Europe and the northern route to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk supplied the Soviet Union with approximately 25% of all lend-lease aid. During the stalemate that lasted four years, thousands perished in the tundras on both sides of the river. At the time the Litsa valley was called Death Valley Долина смерти, Dolina smerti by the Soviets; though later the expression Valley of Honor Долина славы, Dolina slavy became fashionable. The defense of Murmansk succeeded; the Germans never reached the city and the supply lines were not seriously interrupted, although the Germans bombed Murmansk to rubble from occupied Norway. See also: Operation Silver Fox and Operation Platinum Fox. The remains of the WW II fighting can be visited with some specialised travel agencies.

                                     
  • employed in the construction of four lines of fortifications between Zapadnaya Litsa and Kola Bay. Subsequently, the Soviets proceeded to launch a massive
  • May 1942, 7. Staffel took at 18: 00 to patrol the front along the Zapadnaya Litsa River Approximately 25 kilometres 16 miles east of Pechenga, the flight
  • Destiny, lost on the ocean floor since World War II. Infiltrating Zapadnaya Litsa she smuggles herself aboard a Russian Naval submarine commanded by
  • Stremitleny and Kuibishev delayed a German infantry advance near Zapadnaya Litsa River 20 July 1941: The Soviet destroyer Stremitleny was sunk in Kola
  • employed in the construction of four lines of fortifications, between Zapadnaya Litsa and Kola Bay. The Soviets proceeded to launch an air raid on 25 June
  • next day at 04: 30, a reconnaissance aircraft was reported over the Zapadnaya Litsa River Schuck and Leutnant Werner Gayko were scrambled and sighted a single
  • German Finnish force set out for Murmansk but could get no further than the Zapadnaya Litsa River where they settled down. Army Group South pushed down from the
  • The Times 48984 London. 22 July 1941. col D, p. 4. Zhitomir class river monitors, USSR Navypedia. Retrieved 8 July 2016. HMT Fertile Vale 1941
  • Union to provide Germany a naval base, Basis Nord, at then undeveloped Zapadnaya Litsa 120 kilometers from Murmansk from which they could stage raiding
  • 23, 1984 Homeport: Nerpichya, Zapadnaya Litsa Identification: Typhoon 7 USS Dallas registry Status: Hidden in a river in Maine officially sunk General

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