ⓘ Mountain range


Amour Range

The Amour Range is a mountain range in Algeria, which comprises part of the Saharan Atlas of the Atlas Mountain System.



The Baba Mountain range is the western extension of the Hindu Kush, and the origin of Afghanistans Kabul, Arghandab, Helmand, Farah, Hari, Murghab, Balkh, and Kunduz rivers. The mountain range is crowned by Foladi peak rising 4951 m; 16.244 ft. above sea level, and is located south of Bamyan. The Koh-i-Firoz plateau merges farther to the west by gentle gradients into the Paropamise, and which may be traced across the Hari River to Mashad. To the southwest of the culminating peaks, long spurs divide the upper tributaries of the Helmand River, and separate its basin from that of the Farah Ri ...


Darling Scarp

The Darling Scarp, also referred to as the Darling Range or Darling Ranges, is a low escarpment running north–south to the east of the Swan Coastal Plain and Perth, Western Australia. The escarpment extends generally north of Bindoon, to the south of Pemberton. The adjacent Darling Plateau goes easterly to include Mount Bakewell near York and Mount Saddleback near Boddington. It was named after the Governor of New South Wales Lieutenant-General Ralph Darling.


Kuskokwim Mountains

The Kuskokwim Mountains is a range of mountains in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States, west of the Alaska Range and southeast of the Yukon River. The Kuskokwim Mountains begin in the interior west of Fairbanks. The mountain range extend from Canyon Creek and Chikuminuk Lake in the southwest over a distance of about 400 km long to the Tanana River in the northeast and reach a width of up to 80 km. The southeast flank of the Kuskokwim Mountains borders the rivers Kantishna, Kuskokwim, Holitna and Kogrukluk. In the northwest lie the Kaiyuh, Russian and Kilbuck Mountains as w ...


Oquirrh Mountains

The Oquirrh Mountains is a mountain range that runs north-south for approximately 30 miles to form the west side of Utahs Salt Lake Valley, separating it from Tooele Valley. The range runs from northwestern Utah County–central & eastern Tooele County, to the south shore of the Great Salt Lake. The highest elevation is Flat Top Mountain at 10.620 ft. The name Oquirrh was taken from the Goshute word meaning "wood sitting." The Oquirrh Mountains have been mined for gold, silver, lead, and most famously for copper, as home of the porphyry copper deposit at Bingham Canyon Mine, one of the world ...


Serra da Estrela

Serra da Estrela ʃˈtɾelɐ", "Star Mountain Range") is the highest mountain range in Continental Portugal. Together with the Serra da Lousã it is the westernmost constituent range of the Sistema Central and also one of the highest in the system. It includes mainland Portugals highest point at 1.993 metres above mean sea level. This point is not a distinctive mountain summit, but rather the highest point in a plateau, being known as Torre. Torre is an unusual summit in that it is accessible by a paved road. The peak has a topographic prominence of 1.204 m and its parent peak is Pico Almanzor, ...

Mountain range

ⓘ Mountain range

A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny. Mountain ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth are the result of plate tectonics. Mountain ranges are also found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar System and are likely a feature of most terrestrial planets.

Mountain ranges are usually segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys. Individual mountains within the same mountain range do not necessarily have the same geologic structure or petrology. They may be a mix of different orogenic expressions and terranes, for example thrust sheets, uplifted blocks, fold mountains, and volcanic landforms resulting in a variety of rock types.


1. Major ranges

Most geologically young mountain ranges on the Earths land surface are associated with either the Pacific Ring of Fire or the Alpide Belt. The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand. The Andes is 7.000 kilometres 4.350 mi long and is often considered the worlds longest mountain system.

The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains. The belt also includes other European and Asian mountain ranges. The Himalayas contain the highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, which is 8.848 metres 29.029 ft high and traverses the border between China and Nepal.

Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains. If the definition of a mountain range is stretched to include underwater mountains, then the Ocean Ridges form the longest continuous mountain system on Earth, with a length of 65.000 kilometres 40.400 mi.


2. Divisions and categories

The mountain systems of the earth are characterized by a tree structure, where mountain ranges can contain sub-ranges. The sub-range relationship is often expressed as a parent-child relationship. For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains. Equivalently, the Appalachians are the parent of the White Mountains and Blue Ridge Mountains, and the White Mountains and the Blue Ridge Mountains are children of the Appalachians.

The parent-child expression extends to the sub-ranges themselves: the Sandwich Range and the Presidential Range are children of the White Mountains, while the Presidential Range is parent to the Northern Presidential Range and Southern Presidential Range.


3. Climate

The position of mountains influences climate, such as rain or snow. When air masses move up and over mountains, the air cools producing orographic precipitation rain or snow. As the air descends on the leeward side, it warms again in accordance with the adiabatic lapse rate and is drier, having been stripped of much of its moisture. Often, a rain shadow will affect the leeward side of a range.


4. Erosion

Mountain ranges are constantly subjected to erosional forces which work to tear them down. The basins adjacent to an eroding mountain range are then filled with sediments which are buried and turned into sedimentary rock. Erosion is at work while the mountains are being uplifted until the mountains are reduced to low hills and plains.

The early Cenozoic uplift of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado provides an example. As the uplift was occurring some 10.000 feet 3.000 m of mostly Mesozoic sedimentary strata were removed by erosion over the core of the mountain range and spread as sand and clays across the Great Plains to the east. This mass of rock was removed as the range was actively undergoing uplift. The removal of such a mass from the core of the range most likely caused further uplift as the region adjusted isostatically in response to the removed weight.

Rivers are traditionally believed to be the principal cause of mountain range erosion, by cutting into bedrock and transporting sediment. Computer simulation has shown that as mountain belts change from tectonically active to inactive, the rate of erosion drops because there are fewer abrasive particles in the water and fewer landslides.


5. Extraterrestrial "Montes"

Mountains on other planets and natural satellites of the Solar System are often isolated and formed mainly by processes such as impacts, though there are examples of mountain ranges or "Montes" somewhat similar to those on Earth. Saturns moon Titan and Pluto, in particular exhibit large mountain ranges in chains composed mainly of ices rather than rock. Examples include the Mithrim Montes and Doom Mons on Titan, and Tenzing Montes and Hillary Montes on Pluto. Some terrestrial planets other than Earth also exhibit rocky mountain ranges, such as Maxwell Montes on Venus taller than any on Earth and Tartarus Montes on Mars, Jupiters moon Io has mountain ranges formed from tectonic processes including Boosaule Montes, Dorian Montes, Hiiaka Montes and Euboea Montes.

  • The Black Mountain Welsh: Y Mynydd Du is a mountain range in South and West Wales, straddling the county boundary between Carmarthenshire and Brecknockshire
  • The Huaytapallana mountain range possibly from Quechua wayta wild flower, a little bunch of flowers, pallay to collect, pallana an instrument to collect
  • The Wasatch Range ˈwɑːsætʃ WAH - satch is a mountain range in the western United States that runs about 160 miles 260 km from the Utah - Idaho border
  • The Central Mountain Range Albanian: Krahina Malore Qendrore is a physiogeographical region encompassing the central and eastern edge of Albania. It
  • The Teton Range is a mountain range of the Rocky Mountains in North America. It extends for approximately 40 miles 64 km in a north south direction through
  • The Gros Ventre Range ˌɡroʊ ˈvɑːnt groh - VAHNT is part of the Central Rocky Mountains and is located west of the Continental Divide in U.S. state of
  • Maloti Mountains are a mountain range of the highlands of the Kingdom of Lesotho. They extend for about 100 km into the Free State. The Maloti Range is part
  • Raura possibly from Quechua rawra gravel is a mountain range located in the Andes of Peru, on the boundaries of the regions of Huanuco, Lima and Pasco
  • The Huanzo mountain range possibly from in the Quechua spelling Wansu lies in the Andes of Peru. It extends between 14 30 and 15 01 S and 72 10 and 73 15W
  • Laramie Mountains are a range of moderately high peaks on the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S states of Wyoming and Colorado. The range is the

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