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ⓘ Smooth-billed ani




Smooth-billed ani
                                     

ⓘ Smooth-billed ani

The smooth-billed ani is a large near passerine bird in the cuckoo family. It is a resident breeding species from southern Florida, the Bahamas, the Caribbean, parts of Central America, south to western Ecuador, Brazil, and northern Argentina. It was introduced to Galapagos around the 1960s and is potentially impacting native and endemic species across the archipelago.

This ani is found in open and semi-open country and areas under cultivation. The nest, built communally by several pairs, is a deep cup lined with leaves and placed usually 2–6 m 6.6–19.7 ft high in a tree. A number of females lay their chalky blue eggs in the nest and then share incubation and feeding.

Each female is capable of laying up to seven eggs, and nests have been found containing up to 29 eggs, but it is rare for more than ten to hatch. Incubation is 13–15 days, with another 10 days to fledging. Up to three broods may be raised in a season, with the young of earlier broods helping to feed more recent chicks.

The smooth-billed ani is a mid-sized species, larger on average than the groove-billed ani but smaller than the greater ani. It measures 30–36 cm 12–14 in length and weighs 71–133 g 2.5–4.7 oz. The adult is mainly flat black, with a long tail, deep ridged black bill and a brown iris. The flight is weak and wobbly, but the bird runs well and usually feeds on the ground.

This is a very gregarious species, always found in noisy groups. The calls include a whining ooo-leeek. The smooth-billed ani feeds on termites, large insects and even lizards and frogs. They will occasionally remove ticks and other parasites from grazing animals.

This common and conspicuous species has greatly benefited from deforestation.

This species is called "el pijul" in Venezuelan folklore. It is mentioned in the popular Veracruz song "El Pijul".

                                     
  • cuckoos are brood parasites. Greater ani Crotophaga major A Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani A Yellow - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus A Mangrove
  • Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae Greater ani Crotophaga major A Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani Groove - billed ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Striped cuckoo
  • long tails, and strong legs. Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani Groove - billed ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Yellow - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus Mangrove
  • with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani Yellow - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus A Mangrove cuckoo, Coccyzus
  • strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites. Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani Yellow - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus A Pearly - breasted cuckoo
  • Carolina. Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani R Groove - billed ani Crotophaga sulcirostris P R Yellow - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus Black - billed cuckoo
  • size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani Dark - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus melacoryphus A Mangrove cuckoo, Coccyzus
  • brood parasites. Smooth - billed ani Crotophaga ani Yellow - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus A Mangrove cuckoo, Coccyzus minor Black - billed cuckoo, Coccyzus

Users also searched:

ani bird, crotophaga ani, smooth billed ani diet, smooth billed ani galapagos,

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