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ⓘ Automotive industry in Brazil




Automotive industry in Brazil
                                     

ⓘ Automotive industry in Brazil

The Brazilian automotive industry competed with other Latin American ones comparably till 1960, but had two jumps then, making Brazil as a regional leader at first and one of the Worlds leaders moreover. Near the end of the 1970s new capacities were built by US and Germany. In addition to available and annual production, which exceeded one million and provided worlds 10th place for country. After some decrease near 1990, the new and more strong growth by help of same foreign players plus Japan and France allows Brazil to beat such old auto makers as Belgium, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Russia, Spain, France and annual production exceeded 3.7 million vehicles in 2013 seventh largest in the World, although they have fallen substantially more recently.

The Brazilian industry is regulated by the Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veiculos Automotores Anfavea, created in 1956, which includes automakers and agriculture machines with factories in Brazil. Anfavea is part of the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs dAutomobiles OICA, based in Paris.

Most of large global companies are present in Brazil; such as BYD, Fiat, Volkswagen Group, Ford, General Motors, Nissan Motors, Toyota, MAN SE, Mitsubishi, Mercedes-Benz, Renault, Honda, Hyundai, Kia, Volvo, BMW, Subaru, Chery, Geely, JAC Motors, Lifan, Peugeot, Porsche, Audi, Citroen, Jeep, Land Rover, Mini, Lexus, etc., and also the emerging national companies such as Troller, Marcopolo S.A., Agrale, Randon S.A., Excalibur etc., some of them traditionally produces the modern equipped replicas of oldtimers. In the past there were national brands such as FNMFabrica Nacional de Motores, DKW Vemag and Gurgel.

                                     

1. History

The Brazilian automotive industry began with a Chevrolet, which rolled off the assembly line in 1925.

In 1956, in the city of Santa Barbara dOeste São Paulo, the Romi-Isetta, an early Brazilian car, was first produced. In 1958, Toyota started to produce its famous Land Cruiser. In 1959, in the municipality of São Bernardo do Campo, the first Volkswagen factory was built. It started manufacturing the Kombi, which preceded the famous Beetle known in Brazil as Fusca. At the same time, a Brazilian entrepreneur, Mr. Sebastiao William Cardoso, started producing an electrical small jeep called Tupi. In 1967, Puma began selling sports cars.

Chevrolet and Ford started manufacturing trucks and work vehicles and automobiles in Brazil in the 1960s. The Italian giant Fiat established its first factory in Brazil in the 1960s, and Mercedes Benz started to produce trucks and buses during this time, and eventually opened an automobile factory in 1998.

These companies dominated the Brazilian market until the middle 1990s when the Brazilian market was finally opened to imports. In the 1990s, more auto companies settled and opened factories in Brazil, including: Nissan, Renault, Peugeot, Citroen, Honda, Hyundai, Mitsubishi, Chrysler and Audi.

Currently, the most successful genuine Brazilian auto company is Troller, with its T4 and Pantanal models. It sells all over Latin America and Africa. In the last few years, the Brazilian auto industry has grown quickly, attracting investments from the main global automakers. In 2007, Brazilian production grew 14% compared to 2006 figures, reaching more than 3 million vehicles.

Since 2008 Brazil has passed France and became highest achieved worlds sixth largest producer but then was beaten by India in 2011 and slightly down to 7th place.

In October 2012, the Inovar-Auto program was approved by decree with the theoretical goals of encouraging automakers to produce more fuel efficient vehicles and investing in the national automotive industry, by managing taxation exceptions IPI = tax over industrialized product. However, the program has received criticism, especially of protectionism. Recently, Brazil lost a WTO dispute against tax advantages and illegal practices of protectionism.

                                     

2. Manufacturers

Current

Local owned

  • Troller
  • Agrale
  • TAC

Foreign owned

  • BMW
  • Mini
  • Caterpillar
  • BYD
  • Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
  • Jeep do Brasil
  • CAOA Chery
  • Fiat Automoveis Brasil
  • Effa Motors
  • Troller
  • Ford do Brasil
  • Chevrolet
  • GMC
  • General Motors do Brasil
  • PSA
  • Nissan
  • JAC Motors do Brasil
  • Citroen
  • Iveco
  • John Deere
  • Honda
  • Mahindra
  • Lifan
  • Komatsu
  • Mitsubishi
  • Peugeot
  • Hyundai CAOA do Brasil
  • Karmann-Ghia
  • Mercedes-Benz
  • Toyota
  • Renault do Brasil
  • Lexus
  • Suzuki
  • MAN SE
  • Scania
  • Valtra
  • Volkswagen do Brasil
  • Audi Brasil Distribuidora de Veiculos
  • Subaru
  • Yamaha
  • Volvo

Heres a link to a map containing all plants currently in Brazil:

Former

  • Simca do Brasil
  • Puma
  • Dacon
  • Lobini
  • Bernardini
  • Aero Willys
  • AutoLatina
  • Miura
  • Fabrica Nacional de Motores
  • Santa Matilde
  • Hofstetter
  • Engesa
  • Dardo
  • Mafersa
  • Busscar
  • Gurgel
                                     
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