ⓘ Automotive industry in Turkey

Automotive industry in Turkey

ⓘ Automotive industry in Turkey

The automotive industry in Turkey plays an important role in the manufacturing sector of the Turkish economy. The companies operating in the Turkish automotive sector are mainly located in the Marmara Region.

In 2012, Turkey produced more than 1 million motor vehicles. With a cluster of car-makers and parts suppliers, the Turkish automotive sector has become an integral part of the global network of production bases, exporting nearly $20 billion worth of motor vehicles and components. Global car manufacturers with production plants include Fiat/Tofas, Oyak-Renault, Hyundai, Toyota, Honda and Ford/Otosan.

The foundations of the industry were laid in the 1950s when TOE Turk Otomotiv Endustrileri A.s. started producing REO military truck and later trucks by International Harvester. A brief foray in car production was stopped short. In 1961 the first domestic car Devrim was made by a train manufacturer TULOMSAS. With the establishment of the Otosan assembly factory in 1959, mass production of the domestic car Anadol started in 1966.


1. History

In 1929 the first car ever assembled in Istanbul, Turkey was Ford with Ford Motor Company. 48 cars are produced daily. However, production ended by the affection of the economic crisis in the 1930s.

In 1954 Jeep factory was established for the production of Turkish Willys Overland in Tuzla, Turkey.

In 1959 the Otosan factory was established in Istanbul to produce the models of the Ford Motor Company under licence in Turkey.

In 1961 the Devrim sedan was manufactured at the Tulomsas factory in Eskisehir. It was the first indigenously designed and produced Turkish automobile.

In 1964 the Austin and Morris vehicles of the British Motor Corporation began to be produced under licence at the BMC factory in Izmir. The BMC brand was later fully acquired by Turkeys Çukurova Group in 1989, which currently produces all BMC models in the world.

In 1966 Anadol became the first mass-produced Turkish automobile brand. All Anadol models were produced by the Otosan factory in Istanbul.

In 1968 the Tofas factory was opened in Bursa for producing Fiat models under licence.

In 1969 the Oyak-Renault factory was established in Bursa for producing Renault models.

Other global automotive manufacturers such as Toyota, Honda, Opel, Hyundai, Mercedes-Benz and MAN Truck & Bus produce automobiles, vans, buses and trucks in their Turkish factories. There are also a number of Turkish bus and truck brands, such as BMC, Otokar and TEMSA.

By 2004, Turkey was exporting 518.000 vehicles a year, mostly to the European Union member states.

In 2006, the European Investment Bank loaned Tofas €175 million to jointly develop and produce with PSA Peugeot Citroen and Fiat Auto small commercial vehicles for the European market. The loan, part-financing for total investments estimated at €400 million, was intended to result in an important expansion of the companys production capabilities and create around 5.000 new jobs. The vehicles will be produced at the manufacturing plant of Tofas in Bursa with an additional, initial, annual capacity of 135.000 cars, due to roll off the assembly line in late 2007.

The first official introduction of Etox Zafer took place on 30 August 2007.

Like in many countries, the car manufacturing industry has been significantly affected by the global financial crisis. In March 2009, Turkeys Automotive Industry Association OSD said the automotive production fell by 63% on year in the first two months of 2009, as exports dropped by 61.6% in the same period.


2. Manufacturers


  • FNSS Defence Systems
  • Stylebus
  • Etox
  • Volkicar
  • Marti
  • Karsan
  • Altın Boğa
  • Oscar
  • Otokar
  • Honda
  • Ford Otosan
  • Erkunt
  • Hyundai
  • TOGG
  • Onuk
  • Imza
  • Toyota
  • Otoser
  • Oyak-Renault
  • BMC
  • Isuzu
  • Diardi
  • Tofas

3. Production

Turkey produced 1.124.982 motor vehicles in 2010, ranking as the 7th largest automotive producer in Europe; behind Germany 5.819.614, France 3.174.260, Spain 2.770.435, the United Kingdom 1.648.388, Russia 1.508.358 and Italy 1.211.594, respectively.

In 2008 Turkey produced 1.147.110 motor vehicles, ranking as the 6th largest producer in Europe behind the United Kingdom and above Italy and the 15th largest producer in the world.

The combined capacity of the 6 companies producing passenger cars stood at 726.000 units per year in 2002, reaching 991.621 units per year in 2006. In 2002, Fiat/Tofas had 34% of this capacity, Oyak/Renault 31%, Hyundai/Assan and Toyota 14% each, Honda 4%, and Ford/Otosan 3%.

With a cluster of car-makers and parts suppliers, the Turkish automotive sector has become an integral part of the global network of production bases, exporting over $22.944.000.000 worth of motor vehicles and components in 2008.


4. Domestic Turkish car

On November 2, 2017, Turkey announced that five Turkish companies, under coordination by Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey, will take part in the consortium for domestically-made car production. The expectation is that the first prototype will be released in 2019 and commercial sales by 2021.

The electric car will be produced in five models and 175.000 in a year.

The consortium includes following domestic automotive companies:

  • Turkcell
  • BMC
  • Anadolu Group
  • Kıraça Holding
  • Vestel
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