Throughout its history, BMW cars and motorcycles have been successful in various Motorsport events. Apart from the factory efforts, many privateer teams enter BMW road cars in touring car racing. BMW also entered cars or provided engines in Formula one, and formula two racing sports cars. BMW is currently in the alms championship, world touring car, Isle of man TT North West 200, Superbike world championship and the Deutsche Tourenwagen masters. Outstanding role played of 1.500 CC BMW M10 engine. The four-cylinder started with modest 75 HP 56 kW in 1961, became a successful visit to the ca ...
BMW Zauber F1.06 was the car with which team BMW Zauber competed in the 2006 Formula one season. It was driven by Nick Heidfeld, who joined from BMW Williams, and Jacques Villeneuve, who spent one season with the team before it was bought by BMW. However, the canadian was replaced by third driver Robert Kubica before the end of the season. Year for the first time, it was noted that BMW competed in full force, she used to only supply engines. The 2006 season was seen as a very transitional year team, so the level of competitiveness was a pleasant surprise. F1.06 was a contender for points t ...
BMW Zauber F1.07 Formula One single-seater racing car built by BMW Sauber for the 2007 Formula one season. The car was first fully developed by BMW, following their purchase of the former Sauber team. The initial pre-season tests were very positive, many assumed that BMW might surprise some of the best teams with their performances when the season started.
For the 2008 season, BMW Zauber kept the white and Navy livery used on their cars in 2006 and 2007. However, O2 was replaced by T-systems, and Cadence design systems also became an official equipment supplier. The teams continued funded and supported by Petronas, Intel models, Dell and Credit Suisse.
BMW Zauber F1.09 was BMW Saubers Formula one motor racing car for the 2009 Formula one season. The car was launched on 20 January 2009, at the circuit in Valencia is located in Valencia, Spain. He was called Robert Kubica and Nick Heidfeld, as maintained since 2008. After the teams impressive performance in 2008, winning his first race and is third in the League, much was expected of them. BMW made a promising start to the season, with Kubica running second at Melbourne, and lapping faster than the leader before retiring in a collision, and Heidfeld finished second in a chaotic GP of Malay ...
★ BMW in Formula One
BMW is already involved in Formula one in some capacity after the inauguration of the world drivers championship in 1950. The company entered the casual racing in the 1950-ies and 1960-ies, before building the BMW M12 / 13 inline-four turbocharged in 1980-ies. This engine was the result of a deal between BMW and Brabham, which resulted in the teams chassis were fitted with BMW engines from 1982 to 1987, the period during which Nelson Piquet won the 1983 championship driving a Brabham BT52 website-BMW. BMW also supplied the M12 / 13 on the basis of support to the ATS, arrows, Benetton and Ligier in command during this period, with varying degrees of success. In 1988, Brabham temporarily withdrew from the sport and BMW withdrew its official support from the engines, which were still in use command arrow under the sign of Megatron. Turbo engines were banned the revised formula one technical regulations 1989, the provision M12 / 13 outdated.
BMW decided to return to Formula one in the late 1990-ies, by signing an exclusive contract with the team Williams, which needs a new long term supplier of the engine after the withdrawal of Renault in 1997. The program resulted in the creation of a new V10 engine, which made its debut race in the Williams FW22 in 2000. The following year saw the partnership move from the midfield to challenging for victories, but the desired championship remained unfulfilled because of the dominance of Michael Schumacher and Ferrari in the first half of 2000-ies. By 2005, the relationship between BMW and Williams have deteriorated, and BMW decided to part ways and buy a rival team Sauber outright.
Project BMW Zauber lasted from 2006 to 2009, and led to a substantial increase in competitiveness for the Swiss former privateer team. Two podium finishes in its first year, held the third place in the constructors championship in 2007, which became second when McLaren was disqualified. In 2008 Robert Kubica won the teams only race in 2008, the canadian Grand Prix, and led the drivers championship by one point, but the team decided to focus on developing their 2009 car and got back in the standings by the end of the season. The 2009 season was a major disappointment as the F1.09 chassis proved uncompetitive. Combined with the global financial-economic crisis and public frustration about the limitations of the contemporary technical regulations in developing technology relevant to road cars, BMW has decided to retire from the sport, selling in command to its founder, Peter Zauber.
1. Recording in the 1950-ies and 1960-ies. (Запись в 1950-х и 1960-х годов)
The first postwar world championship of drivers saw a private BMW racing cars, based on pre-war BMW 328 chassis, entered in the 1952 and 1953 German Grand Prix. BMW-derived cars were also entered by the Alex von Falkenhausen Motorenbau of AFM and Veritas companies in random races from 1951 to 1953. The record occurred during this period because the championship was effectively running two rules a formula BMW to participate. Among the modified 328s was one driven from the engine in the rear of the car known as "hell", the German automotive term for "Back" or "rear", a design feature which became standard in Formula one in the early 1960s after the success of the Cooper team.
In the 1960-ies one of the German Formula one Grand Prix was often held in conjunction with the Formula two races at the same circuit, allowing BMW F2 cars to take part. In 1967, BMW entered Hubert hahne in a Lola F2 chassis powered by a BMW engine increased it meant that it is consistent with the Formula one rules, while David Hobbs was entered Lola in the same combination with the standard BMW small engines. For the 1968 race, hahne returned from previous years combination and finished tenth, BMWs best result up to this point in their formula one history. Then BMW entered three own chassis 269 F2 race in 1969, the trio of hahne, Gerhard Mitter and Dieter Quester, but Mitter was mortally wounded in an accident practices and the rest of the team out of the race.
2.1. Supplier of engine. Brabham, ATS, arrows, Benetton and Ligier in 1982-1988. (Брэбэм, АЦ, стрелы, Benetton и Ligier в 1982-1988)
After the beginning in 1977 of Renaults formula one project with a turbocharged engine and great success in the future, the BMW group decided to develop its own turbo engine for sport program which was announced in the media in April 1980. The engine was based on the M10 block, four-cylinder, 1.5-liter, naturally aspirated engine that was originally developed in the late 1950-ies. Its racing derivative, the M12 was also used in races throughout the intervening period, winning races in Formula two and other categories. In 1979 and 1980, BMW introduced a fleet of identical M1 cars for Formula One and other professional drivers to race in the BMW M1 Procar championship, the rounds of which were held during Grand Prix race weekends, thereby strengthening Marquez ties with the sport. At the same time, Jochen Neerpasch oversaw the development of the floor of the grove prototype 1.4-liter turbo engine, which soon developed 600 HP at a pressure of 2.8 bar. It was equipped with one Kuhnle, Kopp & Kausch KKK turbocharger and Bosch electronics, including the fuel injection system. This engine was the basis of the M12 / 13 Design, the race unit that BMW, in the end, comes in one of five teams from 1982 to 1988.
Initial negotiations were carried out with two-time world champion Niki Lauda and McLaren on the subject of campaign 1980, but BMW Board rejected the request Neerpaschs for the program. Then Neerpasch left his post to join the French Marche Talbot, who also plans to enter formula one, in this case, with the Ligier team. Neerpasch agreed to sell Rosches M12 / 13 engine for Talbot, but the grove and Neerpaschs succeeded by Dieter Stappert, successfully protested against their rule that such an undertaking deserves the complete works of obligations, in particular that the M12 / 13 was derived from a production road car engine means that the potential success could be very valuable for BMW from marketing and sales point of view. Thus, the BMW group has concluded an exclusive supply of engine M12 / 13 in the team Brabham.
Testing the M12 / 13 was started in the late 1980-ies with the Brabham BT49 chassis converted to accept the engine. Designer of the team, Gordon Murray designed a new car, BT50 engine, but it has not been completed before the season 1981. On BT50 presented a longer wheelbase and a larger fuel cell than the BT49 to take into account the needs of a more powerful turbocharged engine, and was one of the first Formula One to show on-Board telemetry as a means of monitoring the fuel injection system. Team driver, Nelson Piquet, tested the BT50 throughout 1981, but the car proved chronically unreliable until Bosch introduced a digital electronic management system at the end of the year, which immediately improved the situation. For BT50 is made of a single kind of race weekend Grand Prix of great Britain in 1981, where Piquet set a qualifying time by 0.7 seconds slower than his effort in Cosworth industry organizes powered BT49. On the BT50 handled poorly but recorded 192 km / h 309 km / h through the speed trap about 15 mph 24 km / h faster than the BT49. Meanwhile, Brabham won the drivers championship with Piquet, who drove BT49 throughout the season.
Brabham began the 1982 season with two BMW-powered BT50 chassis at the Grand Prix of South Africa, where Piquet and Patrese qualified second and fourth respectively, but retired early in the race. Basic commands Bernie Ecclestone came under pressure from the teams title sponsor, Parmalat, to protect the Piquets of the championship, and decided to race with the Cosworth-powered BT49 chassis at the Brazilian Grand Prix that Piquet won but was later disqualified for hitting the minimum weight limit by running the "water cooled brakes". Both drivers also raced BT49 Grand Prix of long beach, and teams boycotted the Grand Prix of San Marino in the ongoing FISA–Foca war. For the next race, the Belgian Grand Prix, Piquet and Patrese switched back to the BT50, but the Peak finished three laps behind the winner and Patrese retired. As the relationship between Brabham, BMW and Parmalat were tense, Ecclestone was forced to compromise with the Peak of the further development of the BT50 while Patrese raced chassis with Cosworth. The Monaco Grand Prix, Patrese won, and the Peak was more than two seconds slower in qualifying and retired from the race. Until now, the Nadir of BMWs formula one involvement came at the Grand Prix of Detroit, where problems with the reliability of the engine prevented the picket from qualification.
BMW condition suddenly improved, however at the next race in Canada, where the cool conditions suited the turbocharged engines and allowed Piquet to lead home Patrese back in the BT49 to record BMWs first formula one victory. For the remainder of the season, both drivers raced with the BT50, and used in the "Murrays" radical strategy planned pit stop to refuel halfway through the race to start in front of the field in many cases. The car was still unreliable, although limiting Piquet and Patrese just another four will be completed by the end of the season. The competitiveness of the BMW engines was demonstrated by the fact that the peak left of the leading British, French and German Grand Prix and Patrese retired from the lead of the Austrian Grand Prix. Patrese also secured BMWs first fastest lap at the Grand Prix of France, while the Peak took Marquezs maiden pole position at the Austrian race.
In 1983 to improve the reliability of the engine in the new BMW BT52 allowed Piquet to win the drivers championship, after an overhaul Alain Prost Renault in the standings points. Brabham also took third place in the Cup of designers, although Patreses the lack of consistency in the second car prevented the team from fighting for the title. Piquet won three races and Patrese won the season finale. BMW has also started deliveries of its engines for the German team this season ATS, but the only driver Manfred Winkelhock was not able to score any points.
In 1984, the BMW group was expanded to three teams also supplied the M12 / 13 to arrows. Team chassis A7 was not ready in the beginning of the season and the drivers Marc Surer and Thierry Boutsen drove the Cosworth engine A6 on ten of the 32 entries, but scored three points with BMW engines later this year. ATS again failed to score with Winkelhock or Gerhard Berger, and retired from the sport at the end of the season. In the front of the field, Piquet was unable to defend his title, which was dominated by two pilots McLaren, Niki Lauda and simple. Piquet took nine pole positions during the season, but left the same number of races, and generally faster in terms of racing, and although he won the Grand Prix of Canada Grand Prix of Detroit. The second Brabham was filled in most of the races, teo Fabi, who tried to compete throughout the season, IndyCars, but is committed to F1 full-time part-through the year. Because of his American commitments he missed three races in which he was replaced by his brother, Corrado. Winkelhock also raced for the team in the final race of the season after Fabis father died shortly before the event.
In 1985, Brabham switched to Pirelli tires, which were not very competitive against the established vendors Goodyear and Michelin, in the hope that the Italian company can provide tyres that would especially suit the new BT54 chassis. It turned out to be a miscalculation, as the Peak has won only one race - the Grand Prix of France - and the team dropped from fourth to fifth place in the constructors championship. The team had a clear number-one driver policy, with second place again divided, this time between Francois Hesnault and surer. Arrows, by contrast, was much improved season, scoring 17 points with Berger and Boutsen, including the podium for the last Grand Prix of San Marino.
To the 1986 season, Murray has developed a radical low-line BT55 chassis, whose purpose was to significantly reduce the cars drag and to lower its center of gravity. BMW has released the M12 / 13 / 1 engine, which was tilted sideways to fit in the small space allocated to the engine. Despite the theoretical advantages, BT55 proved uncompetitive, suffering from weak traction and numerous mechanical damage caused by the problems of waste oil in the tilt motor. In addition, the team suffered the death of Elio de Angelis in the accident on the tests after four races, his replacement Derek Warwick and a group of returnees Patrese scored two points between them all season. Team arrow also slipped, scoring just one point with Boutsen, surer and Christian Danner, and also lost insurers stay in the middle of the season when the Swiss driver was seriously injured in a rally crash. Thus, most BMWs successful partnership in 1986 with a new team, "Benetton", who scored 19 points, won the Mexican Grand Prix and took two pole positions with Berger and teo Fabi. Arrows and Benetton continued to use the original "vertical" engine, M12 / 13.
BMW lowered its full commitment to the construction to the only source of Brabham in 1987, the group produced more conservative BT56 chassis and scored ten points with Patrese, Andrea de Cesaris and Stefano Modena. At the end of the year, team owner Bernie Ecclestone, who is increasingly involved in the management of the commercial side of the sport, decided not to compete next year, ending a BMW as the provider works with turbo engines. Team shooter, however, was still trying to use the vertical version M12 / 13, and arranged for its title sponsor, USF& g, to purchase the remaining shares. The engines were rebadged as "Megatron", and was used to power the arrows cars in 1987 and 1988, and the Ligier team in 1987 only. The arrow took the fifth place in the constructors championship in the last two seasons, which is the best in the teams 25-year history.
In 1989, technical regulations were changed to ban turbocharged engines, prohibiting engine M12 / 13. In his time in F1, the engine won the 1983 drivers championship, and nine Grand Prix. He also took 14 pole positions and set 13 fastest laps.
2.2. Supplier of engine. Williams 2000-2005. (Уильямс 2000-2005)
After a decade-long absence from Formula one, BMW has started to measure to return to the sport in the late 1990-ies. In 1998, mark signed a contract to supply the Williams team with engines. Williams won in 1992, 1993, 1996 and 1997 Championships, drivers and constructors championship in all these years, and in 1994 the successful partnership with Renault, but the French company left the sport at the end of 1997, leaving team owner Frank Williams, technical Director Patrick head needs a new engine partnership to remain competitive. As BMW spent 18 months in the Assembly and testing of the atmospheric, three-litre V10 engine to comply with the technical regulations changed significantly in the 1980-ies, the team used the old Renault engines rebadged as the first Mecachrome, supertec and then.
The BMW E41 engine was ready to compete in the 2000 season, fitted in the FW22 and driven by button and Ralf Schumacher and Jenson button. Schumacher scored a podium in the first race engines, and added two more during the season. A number of consecutive points-scoring finishes meant that Williams ended a low third place in the constructors championship, some distance behind the dominant Ferrari and McLaren, but before the engine manufacturers with more recent experience.
After a relatively conservative E41, BMW developed a more aggressive P80 engine of 2001, the basic number type, which is saved for the rest of the companys participation in Formula one. The engine immediately proved a significant improvement in power and propelled Schumacher and new teammate Juan Pablo Montoya in the fight for victory. In General, two drivers scored four wins, but lost other opportunities due to unreliability and racing incidents. FW23 chassis also lacked the maximum downforce to compete with the Ferrari and McLaren drivers on each chain, although it was a field class on the "power circuits" such as Hockenheim and Monza.
In 2002, the reliability and consistency of the chassis FW24 has been greatly improved, but Ferrari made a more significant step forward with its own F2002 chassis and dominated both Championships. The team scored twelve points than in the previous year, and beat McLaren to second place in the constructors championship, but only won one race with Schumacher at the Malaysian Grand Prix. In addition, Montoya failed to win a single race, despite taking seven pole positions.
The Williams team was more competitive in 2003, as both drivers have won twice, and Montoya remains in the approval for the drivers Championship until the penultimate race of the season. However, he ultimately did not meet as a team in the constructors championship, and although the FW25 was often the car to beat in the second half of the season, it took too long to reach this point.
In 2004, the band released FW26 chassis, which showed a radical nose section, designed by Antonia Terzi. This design proved ineffective, however, in another year of Ferrari dominance, and Williams slipped to fourth place in the constructors championship, with Montoyas victory in the Brazilian Grand Prix-his only victory in the 2004 season. To this result, the team had the embarrassment of a double disqualification in the canadian Grand Prix due to brake duct irregularities, and then Schumacher sustaining spinal injuries in the accident at high speed on the United States Grand Prix, which forced him to miss six races while he recovered. Both drivers left the team at the end of the season.
Last year BMWs Association with Williams, 2005, saw the team decline in competitiveness continue, dropping to fifth place in the constructors championship. None of the teams three drivers - mark Webber, Nick Heidfeld and Antonio Pizzonia - managed to win the race, the teams best result was a double podium at the Monaco Grand Prix. By this time, the crews relationship with engine supplier has deteriorated, with BMW believing that its engines were capable of winning Championships, but failed chassis Williams they were the power. BMW offered to buy the team outright in the hope of getting full control of its formula one endeavours, but Frank Williams refused, as a result, BMW decided to buy the team Sauber, but not for 2006 and cease to struggle against Williams.
3. BMW Zauber. (БМВ Заубер)
BMW bought Swiss team Sauber in June 2005 to form the BMW teams Zauber F1. The takeover came after BMWs relationship with Williams had deteriorated in the previous months, the partnership ending at the end of the 2005 season. The team was founded in the headquarters of the Saubers in Hinwil, Switzerland and the headquarters of BMW in Munich, Germany.
The team scored two podium finishes and came fifth in 2006, his first season in Formula one. After that, it was second place in 2007 after the McLaren team had been excluded from the championship. Polish driver Robert Kubica took the teams only Grand victory Grand Prix canadian Grand Prix 2008. After a poor 2009 season, BMW withdrew from Formula One and sold the team founder Peter Zauber.
3.1. BMW Zauber. Two thousand six. (Две тысячи шесть)
In the season 2006, BMW Zauber signed Nick Heidfeld from Williams to the main role of the driver, while the world champion 1997 Jacques Villeneuve had his existing two-year contract with Sauber honor. Robert Kubica was signed as the teams third driver. The team continued to use Saubers hall, mostly for chassis construction and wind-tunnel tests, while BMWs headquarters in Munich was responsible for the construction of a new 2.4-liter V8 engine p86 chips, revised technical regulations are forcing them to change from 3-litre V10 Formula. It replaced the Petronas badged Ferrari engines that the team used since 1997. In Zauber groups of existing major sponsors, "Petronas" and "Credit Suisse", have extended their contracts with BMW. The team also announced a technical partnership with technology company Intel. The teams new livery, which was stored throughout his work in Formula one, consisted of the traditional BMW blue and white color tinged with red.
Villeneuve scored the teams first points with a seventh place at the Malaysian Grand Prix, after Heidfeld retired from Fifth with an engine failure at the end of the race. For the first two thirds of the season, the drivers picked up points with a succession of seventh and eighth-place finishes, plus a fourth-the place to Heidfeld at the Grand Prix of Australia. The team conducted a radical "twin towers" improving Aero on the front of the car for the Grand Prix of France, which was intended to improve the flow of air over the top of the hull. The details were quickly banned Federation international de lAutomobile FIA, because they were regarded as obstructing the vision of drivers, and thereby endanger the safety.
Heidfeld scored the teams first podium at the Hungarian Grand Prix from tenth on the grid. This race also saw the debut of Robert Kubica, who replaced Villeneuve after he crashed heavily at the previous German Grand Prix. Kubica finished seventh, although he was later disqualified after his car was underweight. The official reason for the lack Villeneuves was that he recovered from his previous accident, but the team later announced that the driver change was permanent. Kubica scored BMW Saubers second podium of the season at the Italian Grand Prix, after starting in third place for much of the race and leading briefly during the first round of pit stops, while Heidfeld finished in eighth. The team scored a total of 36 points to finish in fifth place in the constructors championship, an improvement on the Saubers eighth place with 20 points in 2005.
3.2. BMW Zauber. Two thousand and seven. (Две тысячи семь)
19 October 2006, BMW announced that Robert Kubica would partner nick Heidfeld in the 2007 Formula one season Sebastian Vettel test the role of backup pilot. Timo Glock was later signed as the teams second test driver. The team launched its 2007 car of the Formula-1.07, January 16, 2007.
The new car showed promising form throughout winter testing, topping the times sheets on occasions. However, team principal Mario Theissen declared some reliability issues before the season opening race in Australia. Kubica retired from fourth place with problems with the transmission, but Heidfeld took the position and held it to the end of the race. In the first races of the season, Heidfeld and Kubica scored a series of finishes and established at BMW Sauber as the third-fastest team behind Ferrari and McLaren. Theissen also noted that the performance gap between BMW Sauber and the top two teams was less than the gap between BMW Sauber and the teams behind it.
The canadian Grand Prix brought mixed for the team. While Heidfeld scored BMW Saubers best result so far with a second place, Kubica suffered a serious accident, which led to a lengthy safety car period. The media was initially told Kubica had broken his leg, but later it turned out that he escaped with only a sprained ankle and a concussion. Vettel took his place in the United States Grand Prix, finishing in eighth place and therefore becoming the youngest driver to score a formula one point of the world Cup. Later in the season, Vettel has switched teams to take a pilot of the team Toro Rosso.
Kubica returned to racing at the Grand Prix of France and proved his recovery by finishing in fourth position. For the remainder of the season, he and Heidfeld continued his form to score a total of 101 points, which secured the team second place in the constructors championship after the disqualification of the Mclarens. Heidfeld scored another podium at the Grand Prix of Hungary and scored 61 points in 39 Kubicas and the only Vettels appearance an extra point.
3.3. BMW Zauber. Two thousand eight. (Две тысячи восемь)
August 21, 2007, BMW confirmed its driver line of Heidfeld and Kubica for the 2008 season. Their car of 2008 Formula-1.08 was officially launched in Munich at the BMW Welt in 14 January 2008. He made his track debut at Valencia the next day, with Robert Kubica driving. Team principal Mario Theissen tasked the teams first victory.
BMW Zauber began the season with Kubica almost on pole after a mistake in his main qualifying lap in Melbourne. He later resigned after being hit by Kazuki Nakajima, but Heidfeld finished second. Kubica took second in Malaysia, Heidfeld in 6th setting the fastest lap of the race. The teams points total of 11 was the highest score until that time. In Bahrain, Kubica scored his and the teams first pole position, beating Felipe Massa by just three hundredths of a second. The team went on the finish 3rd and 4th in the race, equalling his highest round of points and promoting them to first place in the constructors championship for the first time.
The team also reached second place in the Monaco Grand Prix Robert Kubica, beating both Ferraris and only trailing the McLaren of Lewis Hamilton by three seconds.
The BMW Saubers first win in the race Grand Prix of Canada 2008, the team achieving a one-two finish with Robert Kubicas first race win and Nick Heidfeld took second place. The victory came after Lewis Hamilton collided with Kimi Raikkonen in the pitlane, ending the race for both drivers. Kubica was on a different refueling strategy from Heidfeld, who also briefly led the race before securing a one-two finish for BMW Sauber in comfortable fashion.
After the teams breakthrough win, development was transferred to the 2009 season, where new rules to the game. This greatly annoyed Kubica, who was leading the championship after the canadian Grand Prix, as he felt that they could have a real chance to take at least one title. The lack of development was reflected by a drop of form during the second half of the season, BMW to be ahead of Renault, Toyota and even Toro Rosso, who started the season as one of the slowest teams in the season. Despite this, Kubica was left with an outside chance to take the drivers championship before the Grand Prix of China, in the 17th round out of 18.
In October the team confirmed that they would stick with Robert Kubica and Nick Heidfeld as their drivers for the 2009 season.
3.4. BMW Zauber. Two thousand nine. (Две тысячи девять)
Although BMW Zauber target of the 2009 season they will fight for the title, their start to the season was a disappointment. Kubica was running in 3rd place in the first round when he collided with Vettel while fighting for 2nd place and was forced to resign. Heidfeld then secured the teams first podium this year in Malaysia, but after 6 races BMW Zauber were collected only 6 points and occupies the 8th place in the constructors championship out of 10 teams. A raft of upgrades were set for Turkey, including an improved regenerative braking system KERS and the double diffuser. While the new diffuser was implemented, KERSEY cannot be made to fit the new car and both drivers raced without the device. After the qualifying session for the British Grand Prix Mario Theissen said that the team has decided to suspend further development of the KERS, of which BMW was one of the strongest supporters, and instead focus on improving aerodynamics of the car. This left Ferrari and McLaren as the only remaining users of the KERS system. In the European Grand Prix at Valencia Robert Kubica scored the teams first points after the race in Turkey.
Following the meeting of the BMW Board on July 28, the company held a press conference the following morning in which he reiterated commands exit from Formula One at the end of 2009. Chairman Norbert Reithofer described the decision as strategic. The formula one teams Association has released a statement in response, promising their support, to help the team to stay in F1.
15 Sep 2009 it was announced that BMW Sauber had secured a buyer, Qadbak investments Limited which represents European and middle Eastern interests. However, Lotus was granted the 13th and final slot in the 2010 championship. The teams were awarded the so-called 14th entry, which hinged on another team dropping out or all the other teams agreeing to allow 28 cars to enter the championship 2010.
November 22, in the Swiss newspaper SonntagsZeitung showed that Qadbaks trying to buy the group failed, because it does not have the necessary funds. Qadbak turned out to be a shell company with no assets and no investors behind it. November 27, 2009, it was announced that Peter Zauber would buy the team depends on the team, received a FIA entry for the 2010 season. FIA was subsequently granted Sauber an entry on December 3rd. The team used Ferrari engines in 2010.
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!online intellectual game →