ⓘ List of political parties in Germany


German Progress Party

The German Progress Party was the first modern political party in Germany, founded by liberal members of the Prussian House of Representatives in 1861 in opposition to Minister President Otto von Bismarck.


Pirate Party Germany

The Pirate Party Germany, commonly known as Pirates, is a political party in Germany founded in September 2006 at c-base. It states general agreement with the Swedish Piratpartiet as a party of the information society; it is part of the international movement of pirate parties and a member of the Pirate Parties International. In 2011-12, the party succeeded in attaining a high enough vote share to enter four state parliaments and the European Parliament. However, their popularity rapidly declined and by 2017 they had no representation in any of the German state parliaments. Their one Europ ...


Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany

The Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany is an anti-revisionist Marxist–Leninist political party in Germany. It was founded in 1982 by members of the Communist Workers Union of Germany. The MLPD advocates for the establishment of a dictatorship of the proletariat, overthrowing current capitalist relations of production and replacing them with a new social order of socialist orientation. It sees this as a transitional stage to the creation of a classless, communist society. In doing so, it refers to the theory and practice of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin and Mao Z ...


Party of Reason

The Party of Reason is a libertarian political party in Germany founded in 2009 by the journalist and author Oliver Janich. The partys policies are based on the Austrian School of economics. It campaigns for a minimal state, free markets, free banking and currency competition, decentralization of political power, subsidiarity and direct democracy. It rejects nationalism, racism and any kind of anti-democratic politics, whether from left or right, and censorship of the internet. In September 2013, the PDV, together with libertarian parties from Spain Party of Individual Freedom, France Libe ...


Centre Party (Germany)

The German Centre Party is a lay Catholic political party in Germany, primarily influential during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic. In English it is often called the Catholic Centre Party. Formed in 1870, it successfully battled the Kulturkampf which Chancellor Otto von Bismarck against the Catholic Church. It soon won a quarter of the seats in the Reichstag, and its middle position on most issues allowed it to play a decisive role in the formation of majorities. For most of the Weimar Republic, the Centre Party was the third-largest party in the Reichstag. Following Adolf Hitlers ...

List of political parties in Germany

ⓘ List of political parties in Germany

This is a list of political parties in Germany.

The Federal Republic of Germany has a plural multi-party system. The largest by members and parliament seats are the Christian Democratic Union CDU, with its sister party, the Christian Social Union CSU and Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD.

Germany also has a number of other parties, in recent history most importantly the Free Democratic Party FDP, Alliance 90/The Greens, The Left, and more recently the Alternative for Germany AfD, founded in 2013. The federal government of Germany often consisted of a coalition of a major and a minor party, specifically CDU/CSU and FDP or SPD and FDP, and from 1998 to 2005 SPD and Greens. From 1966 to 1969, from 2005 to 2009 and again since 2013, the federal government consisted of a coalition of the two major parties, called Grand Coalition. Coalitions in the Bundestag and state legislators are often described by party colors. Party colors are red for the Social Democratic Party, green for Alliance 90/The Greens, yellow for the Free Democratic Party, purple officially red, which is customarily used for the SPD for the Left, light blue for the AfD, and black and blue for the CDU and CSU respectively.


1. The parties

Parties represented in the Bundestag and/or the European Parliament

One German MEP is independent, member of the GUE-NGL-group in the European Parliament and was elected as a candidate of the Human Environment Animal Protection -party better known as Tierschutzpartei.


2.1. Historical parties Parties in Weimar Republic

  • Christian Social Peoples Service CSVD
  • Communist Party of Germany KPD
  • Conservative Peoples Party KVP
  • Communist Party of Germany Opposition KPO
  • German Democratic Party DDP
  • German Peoples Party DVP
  • Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany USPD
  • National Socialist German Workers Party NSDAP
  • German National Peoples Party DNVP
  • Centre Party Zentrum
  • Socialist Workers Party of Germany SAPD
  • German Workers Party DAP
  • German State Party DStP
  • German Racialist Freedom Party DVFP
  • Bavarian Peoples Party BVP

2.2. Historical parties Parties banned by the Constitutional Court

  • Socialist Reich Party SRP, banned in 1952
  • Communist Party of Germany KPD, banned in 1956

2.3. Historical parties Bloc parties in the socialist state 1949–1989

  • National Democratic Party of Germany NDPD
  • Socialist Unity Party of Germany SED, "Leading Role" per 1968 Constitution
  • Liberal Democratic Party of Germany LDPD
  • Christian Democratic Union of Germany CDUD
  • Democratic Farmers Party of Germany DBD

2.4. Historical parties During transition 1989–90

  • Initiative for Peace and Human Rights IFM
  • Democracy Now
  • Alliance 90
  • New Forum
  • German Social Union DSU
  • Alliance for Germany
  • Democratic Awakening DA
  • Christian Democratic Union CDU
  • Free Democratic Party FDP
  • Liberal Democratic Party LDP
  • German Forum Party DFP
  • Association of Free Democrats BFD
  • Socialist Unity Party of Germany - Party of Democratic Socialism SED-PDS
  • Democratic Farmers Party of Germany DBD
  • Green Party Greens
  • Social Democratic Party in the GDR SDP
  • National Democratic Party of Germany NDPD
  • United Left VL

2.5. Historical parties Parties founded from 1989

  • The Freedom - Civil rights Party for more Freedom and Democracy
  • Statt Party
  • The Grays – Gray Panthers GRAUE
  • Party for a Rule of Law Offensive D
  • Citizens for Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
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