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ⓘ List of cultural icons of Russia




List of cultural icons of Russia
                                     

ⓘ List of cultural icons of Russia

This is a list of cultural icons of Russia. It contains the most important symbols of Russia, including its national symbols and symbols associated with various aspects of the Russian culture.

                                     

1. Animals

  • Moscow Watchdog, Moscow Water Dog
  • Orlov trotter
  • East-European Shepherd, East Siberian Laika
  • Samoyed dog, Siberian cat, Siberian Husky, South Russian Ovcharka
  • Peterbald
  • Russian Black Pied, Russian Blue, Russian Don, Russian Heavy Draft, Russian Spaniel, Russian Trotter, Russian Toy, Russo-European Laika
  • Central Asian Shepherd Dog
  • West Siberian Laika
  • Hortaya Borzaya
  • Donskoy cat
  • Kurilian Bobtail,
  • Black Russian Terrier, Borzoi
                                     

2. Army

  • T-34
  • Yak-9
  • Ka-50, Katyusha rocket launcher
  • Hero of the Soviet Union
  • MiG-15, MiG-29, Mi-24
  • Su-27
  • Cruiser Aurora
  • RPG-7, Soviet atom bomb
  • AK-47
  • Battleship Potemkin
                                     

3. Art, craft

  • Ilya Repin, Alexander Rodchenko, Nicholas Roerich, Andrei Rublev, Russian avant-garde
  • Kazimir Malevich, Vera Mukhina
  • Ivan Aivazovsky
  • Vladimir Tatlin
  • Marc Chagall, Constructivism art and architecture,
  • Chess
  • Peter Carl Faberge
  • Viktor Vasnetsov, Vasily Vereshchagin, Mikhail Vrubel
  • Isaac Levitan
  • Vasily Kandinsky, Ivan Kramskoi
  • Peredvizhniki, Vasily Perov, Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky
  • Valentin Serov, Ivan Shishkin, Socialist realism, Suprematism, Vasily Surikov
  • Leon Bakst, Karl Briullov

Crafts and handicraft technics: Gzhel, Dymkovo toys, Imperial porcelain, Khokhloma, Matryoshka doll, Palekh miniature, Vologda lace

                                     

4. Buildings and structures

  • Lenins Mausoleum
  • Saint Basils Cathedral, Saint Isaacs Cathedral, Saint Michaels Castle, Seven Sisters, Shukhov tower
  • Moscow Kremlin
  • Ivan the Great Bell Tower
  • Russky Bridge
  • Admiralty Board, VDNH
  • Peterhof Palace, Peter and Paul Cathedral
  • Kazan Kremlin
  • Trans-Siberian Railway, Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius
  • White House, Winter Palace
  • Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Catherine Palace, Church of the Savior on Blood
  • Red Square
  • Novodevichy Convent
                                     

5. Emblems and symbols

  • Flag of Russia, Flag of Soviet Union, Victory Banner
  • Russian Bear
  • Hammer and sickle
  • Slavsya
  • Double-headed eagle
  • Mother Motherland, Mother Russia
  • Coat of arms of Russia and the Soviet Union
  • Red star
  • National anthem of Russia, State Anthem of the Soviet Union
                                     

6. Folklore

  • Nightingale the Robber, Nikita the Furrier
  • Leshy
  • Zmey Gorynych
  • Dobrynya Nikitich, Domovoi
  • Sadko, Svyatogor
  • Kolobok
  • Ilya Muromets, Ivan Tsarevich, Ivan the Fool
  • Alyosha Popovich
  • Firebird
  • Baba Yaga, Byliny
                                     

7. Food and drink

  • Ukha
  • Zakuski, Zefir
  • Russian vodka
  • Caviar, Coulibiac
  • Beef Stroganoff, Blini, Borodinsky bread, Borscht
  • Paskha, Pastila, Pelmeni, Pirozhki
  • Mors
  • Veal Orloff
  • Dressed herring
  • Shashlik, Shchi, Stroganina, Solyanka, Sushki
  • Okroshka, Olivier salad
  • Kissel, Korovai, Kvass, Kulich
                                     

8. History and legend

  • Bolsheviks
  • Great Northern War
  • French invasion of Russia
  • Alexander I, Alexander II, Alexander Nevsky, Grand Duchess Anastasia
  • Ivan the Terrible
  • House of Romanov, Rurik, Russian Civil War, Russian Republic, Russian Revolution
  • Perestroika, Peter the Great
  • Catherine the Great, Christianization of Kievan Rus
  • Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin
  • Dmitry Donskoy
  • Vladimir Lenin
  • Time of Troubles
  • Kievan Rus
  • Minin and Pozharsky, Mongol invasion of Rus
                                     

9. Literature

  • Nikolay Karamzin, Daniil Kharms, Peter Kropotkin, Ivan Krylov
  • Aleksandr Griboyedov, Nikolai Gogol, Ivan Goncharov, Maxim Gorky, The Gulag Archipelago
  • Anna Akhmatova, Anna Karenina
  • Boris Pasternak, Alexander Pushkin
  • Mikhail Bakunin, Andrei Bely, Alexander Blok, Joseph Brodsky, The Brothers Karamazov, Valery Bryusov, Mikhail Bulgakov, Ivan Bunin
  • Dead Souls, Gavrila Derzhavin, Doctor Zhivago, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  • Ilf and Petrov
  • Mikhail Lermontov, Nikolai Leskov, Lolita
  • Fyodor Dostoevsky
  • The Master and Margarita, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Osip Mandelstam, Dmitry Merezhkovsky
  • Alexander Ostrovsky
  • Eugene Onegin
  • *Anton Chekhov, Crime and Punishment
  • Sergei Yesenin
  • Samizdat, Mikhail Sholokhov, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Strugatsky brothers
  • War & Peace
  • Vasily Zhukovsky
  • Leo Tolstoy, Marina Tsvetaeva, Ivan Turgenev, Fyodor Tyutchev
  • Vladimir Nabokov

Russian literature movements: Acmeism, Ego-Futurism, Imaginism, Russian futurism, Russian symbolism

Russian literature groups: Arzamas Society, LEF, Serapion Brothers



                                     

10. Music

  • Eduard Artemyev
  • Cesar Cui
  • Sergey Rakhmaninov, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Mstislav Rostropovich, Anton Rubinstein
  • Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
  • Vladimir Vysotsky
  • Alfred Schnittke, Alexander Scriabin, Igor Stravinsky, Fyodor Shalyapin, Dmitri Shostakovich
  • Aram Khachaturian
  • Mily Balakirev Alexander Borodin
  • Sergei Prokofiev
  • Modest Mussorgsky
  • Alexander Dargomyzhsky
  • Alexandrov Ensemble
  • Alexander Glazunov, Mikhail Glinka

Russian music instruments: Balalaika, Bayan, Domra, Garmon, Gusli, Russian guitar, Treshchotka, Svirel

                                     

11. People

  • Ilya Mechnikov, Dmitry Medvedev, Dmitry Mendeleev, Alexander Menshikov, Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay
  • Yermak Timofeyevich
  • Nikolai Vavilov
  • Nestor the Chronicler
  • Leonid Brezhnev, Aleksei Brusilov
  • Georgy Zhukov
  • Boris Yeltsin
  • Alexey Pajitnov, Ivan Pavlov, Vladimir Putin
  • Sergey Ilyushin
  • Vladimir Shukhov, Igor Sikorsky, Pitirim Sorokin, Pavel Sukhoi, Ivan Susanin, Alexander Suvorov
  • Pyotr Kapitsa, Nikita Khrushchev Sergei Korolyov, Sofia Kovalevskaya, Mikhail Kutuzov
  • Leon Trotsky, Andrei Tupolev
  • Lev Landau, Nikolai Lobachevsky, Mikhail Lomonosov
  • Mikhail Gorbachev
                                     

12. Places

  • Kazan, Kizhi
  • Novgorod
  • Tobolsk, Tula
  • Ural Mountains
  • Garden Ring, Golden Ring of Russia
  • Red Square, Rostov
  • World Heritage Sites in Russia
  • Veliky Novgorod, Vladimir, Volga, Vologda
  • Sergiyev Posad, Siberia, Smolensk, Sochi, Solovetsky Islands, Suzdal
                                     

13. Religion

  • Peter and Paul Cathedral
  • Old Believers
  • Cathedral of the Archangel, Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Church of the Intercession on the Nerl, Church of the Savior on Blood
  • John of Kronstadt
  • Kazan Cathedral, Saint Petersburg
  • Most Holy Synod
  • Dormition Cathedral, Moscow
  • Novodevichy Convent
  • Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius
  • Raskol
  • Alexander Nevsky Lavra, Avvakum
  • Saint Basils Cathedral, Saint Isaacs Cathedral, Seraphim of Sarov, Sergius of Radonezh, Smolny Convent
                                     

14. Sport

  • Russian Football Premier League, Russia National Football Team
  • FC Dynamo Moscow
  • Yelena Isinbayeva
  • Aleksandr Karelin, Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov, KHL
  • Vladimir Chagin, CSKA Moscow: football, hockey, basketball
  • Maria Sharapova, FC Spartak Moscow
  • Lev Yashin
  • Alexander Ovechkin
  • Fedor Emelianenko
  • Evgeni Plushenko
  • Lokomotiv Yaroslavl, Luzhniki Stadium
  • 1980 Summer Olympics, 2014 Winter Olympics, 2018 FIFA World Cup
                                     

15. Television, radio, film, animation

  • Lyubov Orlova
  • Vasily Shukshin, Alexander Sokurov
  • Yevgeny Leonov, Yuri Levitan, Vasily Livanov, Pavel Lungin
  • Battleship Potemkin, Sergei Bodrov, Jr., Sergei Bondarchuk
  • Armen Dzhigarkhanyan
  • Cheburashka
  • Oleg Tabakov, Andrei Tarkovsky, Tetris
  • Hedgehog in the Fog
  • Leonid Gaidai, Aleksei German
  • Sergei Eisenstein, Vladimir Etush
  • Yuri Nikulin, Yuriy Norshteyn
  • Mikhail Romm, Eldar Ryazanov
  • Roman Kachanov, Chulpan Khamatova, Andrei Konchalovsky
  • Aleksandr Petrov
  • Vladimir Menshov, Nikita Mikhalkov, Andrei Mironov
                                     

16. Theatre, circus

  • Anna Netrebko, Yuri Nikulin, Vaslav Nijinsky, Rudolf Nureyev
  • Galina Vishnevskaya
  • Sergei Diaghilev
  • Valery Gergiev, Alexander Godunov
  • Karandash
  • Constantin Stanislavski
  • Arkady Raikin, Ida Rubinstein
  • Dmitri Hvorostovsky
  • Anna Pavlova, Petrushka, Maya Plisetskaya, Slava Polunin, Oleg Popov
  • George Balanchine, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Ballets Russes, Bolshoi Theatre
  • Mariinsky Theatre, Vsevolod Meyerhold, Mikhaylovsky Theatre
                                     

17. Transport

  • Trans-Siberian Railway, Tupolev Tu-154
  • GAZ-M20, GAZ-21, GAZ-69
  • Volga–Don Canal
  • ZiL
  • Sheremetyevo
  • UAZ-452, UAZ-469
  • Mil MHP, Moscow Metro, Metro-2
  • KamAZ, Kukuruznik
  • Lada Niva
  • Russo-Balt
  • Ilyushin
                                     
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