ⓘ Dutar


ⓘ Dutar

The dutar is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Iran and Central Asia. Its name comes from the Persian word for "two strings", دوتار do tār, although the Herati dutar of Afghanistan has fourteen strings. When played, the strings are usually plucked by the Uyghurs of Western China and strummed and plucked by the Tajiks, Turkmen, Uzbeks. Related instruments include the Kazakh dombra. The Dutar is also an important instrument among the Kurds of Khorasan amongst whom Haj Ghorban Soleimani of Quchan was a noted virtuoso. In Kormanji one who plays the dutar is known as a bakci, while in Azeri the term is ashiq. Khorasan bakhshi music is recognized on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

At the time of the Dutars humble origins in the 15th century as a shepherds instrument its strings were made from gut. However, with the opening up of the Silk Road, catgut gave way to strings made from twisted silk imported from China. To this day some instruments still feature silk strings, although nylon strings are also commonly used.

The dutar has a warm, dulcet tone. Typical sizes for the pear-shaped instrument range from one to two meters.


1. Notable players

  • Haj Mohammad Hossein Yeganeh Khorasani
  • Saied Tehranizadeh
  • Osman Mohammadparast Khaf, Iran
  • Alireza Soleimani Aliabad, Khorasan
  • Abd Allah Amini Khorasani
  • Haj Ghorban Soleimani 1920 – 2008
  • Gholam Ali Poor Ataa Khorasani
  • Turgun Alimatov 1922–2008
  • Abdollah Alijani Ardeshir Tehran, Iran
  • Zolfaghar Askarian Khorasani
  • Sultan Reza Bakci Geliani Khorasani
  • Aliia Gholi Yeganeh Turkmen
  • Abdurahim Hamidov 1952–2013
  • Abdurehim Heyit Uyghur
  • in Berdakh s life. For a long time Berdakh had to earn money playing the dutar at weddings. He sang his songs at weddings and different festive occasions
  • typically accompanied by the traditional two - stringed instrument known as the dutar Bagshys have enjoyed great respect in Turkmen society as guardians of the
  • 2002 Concerto for Dutar and Orachestra of Folk Instruments 2004 Vocal cycles Songs of Motherhood 1984 Songs of My Dutar 1987 Ornaments
  • accompaniment to Kazakh jyrau bards and singers of bel canto lyrical song Dutar a variety of two - stringed long - necked fretted lutes among Uzbeks, Uyghurs
  • Noteworthy is the great similarity of colascione with instruments such as the dutar or the saz. Nevertheless, there is a large variations, which is given by
  • instrument. The dombyra shares certain characteristics with the komuz and dutar such as its long, thin neck and oblong body shape. It is a popular instrument
  • with his ensemble. Typically the group use local instruments such as the dutar two stringed lute the tanbur 3 - stinged lute a gidjak spike fiddle
  • alto saxophone, oboe, piccolo flute, strings Ronnie Boykins bass, viola, dutar Robert Cummings strings Danny Davis alto saxophone, clarinet, strings
  • of Uzbekistan masters the long - necked lutes tanbur, qashqari rubab and dutar In 1934 he was born in Bukhara into a Jewish family which can look back

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