ⓘ Thallophyte


ⓘ Thallophyte

Thallophytes are a polyphyletic group of non-motile organisms traditionally described as "thalloid plants", "relatively simple plants" or ". They form an abandoned division of kingdom Plantae that include fungi, lichens and algae and occasionally bryophytes, bacteria and slime moulds. Thallophytes have a hidden reproductive system and hence they are also incorporated into the similarly abandoned Cryptogamae, as opposed to Phanerogamae. Thallophytes are defined by having undifferentiated bodies, as opposed to cormophytes with roots and stems. Various groups of thallophytes are major contributors to marine ecosystems.


1. Definitions

Several different definitions of the group have been used. Thallophytes Thallophyta or Thallobionta are a polyphyletic group of non-mobile organisms traditionally described as "thalloid plants", "relatively simple plants" or ". Stephan Endlicher, a 19th-century "Auand thus being equivalent to Embryophyta in this case) in 1836. This definition of Thallophyta is approximately equivalent to Protophyta, which has always been a loosely defined group.

In the Lindley system 1830–1839, Endlichers cormophytes were divided into the thallogens including the bryophytes, and cormogens "non-flowering" plants with roots, as well as the six other classes. Cormogens were a much smaller group than Endlichers cormophytes, including just the ferns and Equisetopsida and the plants now known as lycopodiophytes.

Thallophyta is a division of the plant kingdom including primitive forms of plant life showing a simple plant body. Including unicellular to large algae, fungi, lichens.

The first ten phyla are referred to as thallophytes. They are simple plants without roots stems or leaves.

They are non-embryophyta. These plants grow mainly in water.


2. Subdivisions

The Thallophyta have been divided into two subdivisions:

  • Myxothallophyta myxomycetes
  • Euthallophyta

The term Euthallophyta was originally used by Adolf Engler.

  • angiosperms contain two classes, Monocotyledones and Dicotyledones Thallophytes Muscinees mosses Cryptogames vasculaires Phanerogames Gymnospermes
  • flora is extremely high, nonetheless: over 400 different lower plant thallophytes species have been cataloged in the area, which reportedly is a record
  • also taught botany at Senckenberg Institute. Fresenius was an expert on thallophytes In 1848, de Bary graduated from a Gymnasium at Frankfurt, and began
  • vascular flora, without taking into account species of Mosses and Thallophyte From Thallophyte are identified 44 species of high fungus Macromycete where
  • biota now includes phosphatized microfossils of algae, multicellular thallophytes seaweeds acritarchs, ciliates, and cyanophytes, besides adult sponges
  • the remains of coralline red algae, date to the terminal Proterozoic. Thallophytes resembling coralline red algae are known from the late Proterozoic Doushantuo
  • Tropical forest Marine Oceanic plankton and nekton Balanoid - gastropod - thallophyte Pelecypod - annelid Coral reef Whittaker classified biomes using two abiotic
  • Viridiplantae An assortment of thallophyte Viridiplantae in a rock pool, Taiwan Scientific classification Domain: Eukaryota unranked Diaphoretickes
  • Plants of Pinaceae, Taxodioideae, Araucariaceae, Taxaceae, Cycas and Thallophyte have been found in Georgia and South Carolina. List of Appalachian dinosaurs
  • Sarcodina Amoeboids Testate Heliozoa Infusoria Ciliates Sporozoa Algae Cryptogams Thallophytes Fungus - like organisms Slime molds Ambiregnal protists Morphology Ecology
  • Tsuyoshi Komiya Ran Zhao Yue Wang 2017 Dendroid multicellular thallophytes preserved in a Neoproterozoic black phosphorite in southern China Alcheringa:

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