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ⓘ The Candidate (1972 film)




The Candidate (1972 film)
                                     

ⓘ The Candidate (1972 film)

The Candidate is a 1972 American political comedy-drama film starring Robert Redford and Peter Boyle, and directed by Michael Ritchie. The Academy Award–winning screenplay, which examines the various facets and machinations involved in political campaigns, was written by Jeremy Larner, a speechwriter for Senator Eugene J. McCarthy during McCarthys campaign for the 1968 Democratic presidential nomination.

                                     

1. Plot

Marvin Lucas Peter Boyle, a political election specialist, must find a Democratic candidate to oppose California Senator Crocker Jarmon Don Porter, a popular Republican. With no big-name Democrat eager to enter the unwinnable race, Lucas seeks out Bill McKay Robert Redford, the idealistic, handsome, and charismatic son of former California governor John J. McKay Melvyn Douglas.

Lucas gives McKay a proposition: since Jarmon cannot lose and the race is already decided, McKay is free to campaign saying exactly what he wants. McKay accepts in order to have the chance to spread his values, and hits the trail. With no serious Democratic opposition, McKay cruises to the nomination on his name alone. Lucas then has distressing news: according to the latest election projections, McKay will be defeated by an overwhelming margin. Lucas says the party expected McKay to lose but not to be humiliated, so he moderates his message to appeal to a broader range of voters.

McKay campaigns across the state, his message growing more generic each day. This approach lifts him in the opinion polls, but he has a new problem: because McKays father has stayed out of the race, the media interpret his silence as an endorsement of Jarmon. McKay grudgingly meets his father and tells him the problem, and the elder McKay tells the media he is simply honoring his sons wishes to stay out of the race.

With McKay only nine points down in the polls, Jarmon proposes a debate. McKay agrees to give answers tailored by Lucas, but just as the debate is ending, McKay has a pang of conscience and blurts out that the debate has not addressed real issues such as poverty and race relations. Lucas is furious, as this will hurt the campaign. The media try to confront McKay backstage, but arrive as his father congratulates him on the debate; instead of reporting on McKays outburst, the story becomes the reemergence of the former governor to help his son. The positive story, coupled with McKays fathers help on the trail, further closes the polling gap.

With the election a few days away, Lucas and McKays father set up a meet-and-greet with a labor union representative to discuss another possible endorsement. During the meeting, the union representative tells McKay that he feels that they can do a lot of good for each other if they work together. McKay ostensibly tells him that he is not interested in associating with him, but the tension is quelled with uncomfortable yet unanimous laughter. After a publicized endorsement with the union rep, and with Californian workers now behind him, McKay pulls into a virtual tie.

McKay wins the election. In the final scene, he escapes the victory party and pulls Lucas into a room while throngs of journalists clamor outside. McKay asks Lucas, "What do we do now?" The media throng arrives to drag them out, and McKay never receives an answer.

                                     

2. Production

The character of McKay is based on US Senator John V. Tunney. Director Michael Ritchie worked for Tunneys campaign in the 1970 Senate election. In the campaign, Tunneys media adviser had "bulls-eyed the young/old contrast" between Tunney and incumbent opponent George Murphy.

Ritchie, Redford and writer Jeremy Larner spent the whole summer of 1971 putting together the script. The scene where McKay is berated in a mens room is based on an incident that happened to presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy. In the original script, there was a dialogue planned for McKays mistress, however was cut by Redfords request. Larner, stunned by Redfords concept of his personal image, stated that told me his public would not accept the mistress as a personality."

Redford was reunited with Natalie Wood who made a cameo appearance as herself, after she had semi-retired in 1970. The two had co-starred in the 1965 film Inside Daisy Clover, as well as the 1966 film This Property Is Condemned.

                                     

3. Reception

The New York Times reviewer Vincent Canby called the film "one of the few good, truly funny American political comedies ever made," and commented that The Candidate is serious, but its tone is coldly comic, as if it had been put together by people who had given up hope." Variety called it "an excellent, topical drama" that was "directed and paced superbly," adding, "the entire film often seems like a documentary special in the best sense of the word." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film 3.5 stars out of 4 and praised Redford for a "winning performance." Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times wrote that "Redford and Ritchie have teamed again to deliver what I think is nothing less than the best movie yet done about politics in coaxial America. It has a right-now urgency that is strong and compelling." Roger Ebert later said Ritchie brought a sharply observant, almost documentary realism" to the film.

Among negative reviews, Gary Arnold of The Washington Post panned the film as "a remarkably shallow, hypocritical attempt to satirize the American political process. The problem with the filmmakers is that their disillusion is neither honestly felt nor dramatically demonstrated and earned. On the contrary, it seems merely a professional pose, a phony mask of invulnerability and moral superiority." Penelope Gilliatt of The New Yorker called it a "dire film" with a "crass" script, and found Redfords resemblance to a Kennedy brother "merciless to watchers and unbelievably opportunistic on the part of the filmmakers; it is one of the most vulgar pieces of casting I can remember." Robert Chappetta in Film Quarterly wrote that a serious flaw was that "Redford does poorly with the central dramatic element in the film: the changeover from being a reluctant candidate to wanting so badly to win that he is willing to compromise himself. Redford never conveys any real desire to win." Richard Combs of The Monthly Film Bulletin wrote that "little definition or sympathy is lent McKay who remains as much a cipher in the films mechanics as he does in the hands of the political movers, and little interest generated in the workings of a system that is only conjured up in a gallery of intermittently familiar names and faces."

Christopher Null, from filmcritic.com, gave the film 4.5/5, and said that "this satire on an American institution continues to gain relevance instead of lose it."

The film holds a fresh score of 87% on review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes, based on 30 critical reviews with the consensus: The Candidate may not get all the details right when it comes to modern campaigning, but it captures political absurdity perfectly -- and boasts typically stellar work from Robert Redford to boot."



                                     

3.1. Reception Awards

The film won a Best Writing Oscar for Larner and was also nominated for Best Sound Richard Portman and Gene Cantamessa.

                                     
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