ⓘ 1837 generation

1837 generation

ⓘ 1837 generation

The 1837 generation was an Argentine intellectual movement named after the date a literary hall with most of its members was established. Influenced by the new romantic ideas, they rejected the cultural Spanish heritage of the country. They did not acknowledge any national roots in the indigenous peoples or the period of European colonization, focusing instead on the Revolution as the birth of the country, as it gave them freedom, the possibility to behave as free people. They considered themselves "sons of the May Revolution", they were born shortly after it, and wrote some of the earliest Argentine literary works.

The group established a literary hall in 1837 in Buenos Aires, hence the name. This Salon Literario closed six months after it was created because of the reiterated warnings from the government. Initially, they claimed to be neutral in the Argentine Civil Wars, they wrote works biased against the federal governor Juan Manuel de Rosas such as El Matadero by Esteban Echeverria or Facundo by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento because Rosas was the Buenos Aires government of that time, but they were also against the former Unitarian governments, with whom they didnt agree in their absolutist manners that were considered by them as a mere restoration of the manners of the Spanish colony. Their efforts to install a full democratic Republic and guarantee civil rights by means of a peaceful propaganda were vain and shortly after that they ended up exiled or assassinated. After Rosas was overthrown in 1852, their writings inspired the first Argentine Constitution in 1853, and their persons promoters of the Organizacion Nacional, the articulation and organization of the political divisions, infrastructure and institutions of the country, that in its final form didnt was federal nor unitarian but a balance of both.

They were called "unitarians" in a loose sense and by Rosas propaganda.

Some notable members of this generation were Esteban Echeverria, Juan Bautista Alberdi, Juan Maria Gutierrez, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento who was president between 1868 and 1874, Miguel Cane senior, Bartolome Mitre, Andres Lamas, Antonio Somellera, Vicente Fidel Lopez, Carlos Tejedor, Juan Bautista Peña, Florencio Varela, Juan Cruz Varela, Jose Marmol, Jose Rivera Indarte Buenos Aires, Quiroga Rosas, Antonino Aberastain, Santiago Cortinez San Juan, Benjamin Villafañe, Felix Frias Tucuman, Francisco Alvarez, Paulino Paz, Enrique Rodriguez, Avelino Ferreyra, Ramon Ferreyra Cordoba, Juan Thompson Corrientes.

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