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ⓘ Valiha




Valiha
                                     

ⓘ Valiha

The valiha is a tube zither from Madagascar made from a species of local bamboo; it is considered the "national instrument" of Madagascar. The term is also used to describe a number of related zithers of differing shapes and materials.

Aside from recreational music, the valiha is also used for ritual music to summon spirits.

                                     

1. Construction

The valiha generally has 21-24 strings. Historically these were formed of strips of the bamboo body, prised up and raised by small bridges, but in the modern day the strings are often made of unwound bicycle brake cable, though serious players may use standard guitar or piano strings.

Historically the instrument was made of the bamboo Valiha diffusa, but in the modern day "bamboo species with longer internodes" are used.

A variant instrument, the marovany, is similar in concept but boxlike rather than tubular, and made of wood or sheet metal.

                                     

2. Players

One of the most celebrated valiha players of the twentieth century is Rakotozafy born 1938. The majority of Rakotozafys few recorded performances were made live at the central studio of Malagasy Radio. Sylvestre Randafison is another celebrated valiha artist considered a cultural icon in Madagascar.

                                     

3. Bibliography

  • Adams, Rashid Epstein. "The Making of a National Instrument: Imagery, Symbolism and the Social Function of the Malagasy Valiha", Music in Art: International Journal for Music Iconography XLIII/1-2 2018, 141-157.
                                     
  • Cyrtochloa, a New Genus of Bamboo Gramineae - Bambusoideae from the Philippines Valiha and Cathariostachys, Two New Bamboo Genera Gramineae - Bambusoideae from
  • World. Archived from the original on 2008 - 10 - 07. Retrieved 2009 - 08 - 19. Valiha and Cathariostachys, Two New Bamboo Genera Gramineae - Bambusoideae from
  • Man and Joy - Giving girl until his unprecedented talent for playing the valiha a traditional bamboo tube zither and fanorona a traditional game played
  • the leaves to direct the sound. karaniing kolitong kong ring krem kulibit valiha Musical Instruments from Oceania The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2013
  • the musical bow, tube zithers with a tube as the resonator such as the valiha board zithers including clavichord and piano and dulcimer, and long zithers
  • Paddy Bush vocals 3, 7, 9 valiha singing bowls and fujara 6 musical bow, whistle and mandola 7 Justin Vali valiha 3, 7 kabosy and vocals 3
  • Ajavindu among the Suviras, Rushardhik among the Surashtras, Arkaja among the Valihas Dhautamulaka among the Chinas, Hayagriva among the Videhas, Varayu among
  • bass Tiple Colombian tiple Torban Tremoloa Tres Cuba Ukulele Hawaii Valiha Madagascar Veena India Vichitra veena India Vihuela Spain Viola
  • inserting sticks to serve as bridges. Such bamboo idiochords include the valiha of Madagascar, the kulibit in the Philippines and Indonesia, and the karaniing

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