Back

ⓘ Travelling menagerie




Travelling menagerie
                                     

ⓘ Travelling menagerie

A travelling menagerie was a touring group of showmen and animal handlers who visited towns and cities with common and exotic animals. The term "menagerie", first used in seventeenth century France, was primarily used to refer to aristocratic or royal animal collections. Most visitors to travelling menageries would never have the opportunity to see such animals under other circumstances and their arrival in a town would cause great excitement. The shows were both entertaining and educational; in 1872 The Scotsman described George Wombwells travelling menagerie as done more to familiarise the minds of the masses of our people with the denizens of the forest than all the books of natural history ever printed during its wandering existence."

                                     

1. Europe

In England travelling menageries had first appeared at the turn of the eighteenth century. In contrast to the aristocratic menageries, these travelling animal collections were run by showmen who met the craving for sensation of the ordinary population. These animal shows ranged in size but the largest was George Wombwells which, by 1839, totalled fifteen wagons. By 1880 Bostock and Wombwells Royal National Menagerie had eighteen ″huge and spacious carriages″ and over six hundred beasts to take on the annual tour.

                                     

2. North America

The first exotic animal known to have been exhibited in America was a lion, in Boston in 1710, followed five years later in the same city by a camel. A sailor arrived in Philadelphia in August 1727 with another lion, which he exhibited in the city and surrounding towns for eight years. The first elephant was imported from India to America by a ship’s captain, Jacob Crowninshield, in 1796. It was first displayed in New York City and travelled extensively up and down the East Coast. In 1834 James and William Howes’ New York Menagerie toured New England with an elephant, a rhinoceros, a camel, a zebra, a gnu, two tigers, a polar bear, and several parrots and monkeys.

Americas touring menageries slowed to a crawl under the weight of the depression of the 1840s and then to a halt with the outbreak of the Civil War. Only one travelling menagerie of any size existed after the war: Isaac A. Van Amburghs menagerie travelled the United States for nearly forty years. Unlike their European counterparts, Americas menageries and circuses had combined as single travelling shows, with one ticket to see both. This increased the size and the diversity of their collections. Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus advertised their shows as the "Worlds Greatest Menagerie".

                                     
  • for Radnorshire meets in Presteigne. June A lion escapes from a travelling menagerie at Llandrindod Wells. 18 July Opening of the first dock basin at
  • Snodgrass Family Glass snodgrass.net. Retrieved 2017 - 07 - 28. The Glass Menagerie Archived from the original on 2018 - 02 - 01. Retrieved 2018 - 01 - 31. Vankin
  • more formally known as the Sells Brothers Quadruple Alliance, Museum, Menagerie Caravan and Circus, ran from 1862 to 1863 and again from 1871 to 1895
  • obscurity, at age 33 he became suddenly famous with the success of The Glass Menagerie 1944 in New York City. This play closely reflected his own unhappy family
  • later purchased a series of large paintings of animals from Louis XV s menagerie at Versailles. Oudry s initial motive for painting these works is obscure
  • T. Barnum and William Cameron Coup, who launched the travelling P. T. Barnum s Museum, Menagerie Circus, the first freak show. Coup also introduced
  • 2014 A Student Handbook to the Plays of Tennessee Williams: The Glass Menagerie A Streetcar Named Desire Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Sweet Bird of Youth
  • Purchase 1912 2006 The Purchase family had a long history of travelling menageries and Rose had a lion act herself. The two shows amalgamated about
  • northeastern city for several years Late 1930s: Ishmael lives in a traveling menagerie for three or four years 1939 or 1940: Ishmael is sold to Walter
  • James T. Kirk William Shatner The subsequent Star Trek episode The Menagerie uses footage from The Cage within a framing story, featuring Sean Kenney

Users also searched:

menagerie middle ages,

...
...
...