ⓘ Cultural tourism

Cultural tourism

ⓘ Cultural tourism

Cultural tourism is the subset of tourism concerned with a travelers engagement with a country or regions culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those people, their art, architecture, religion, and other elements that helped shape their way of life.


1. Overview

Cultural tourism includes tourism in urban areas, particularly historic or large cities and their cultural facilities such as museums and theatres.

It is generally agreed that cultural tourists spend substantially more than standard tourists do. This form of tourism is also becoming generally more popular throughout the world, and a recent OECD report has highlighted the role that cultural tourism can play in regional development in different world regions.

Cultural tourism has been defined as the movement of persons to cultural attractions away from their normal place of residence, with the intention to gather new information and experiences to satisfy their cultural needs. These cultural needs can include the solidification of ones own cultural identity, by observing the exotic "others".


2. Destinations

One type of cultural tourism destination is living cultural areas. Visiting any culture other than ones own such as traveling to a foreign country. Other destinations include historical sites, modern urban districts, "ethnic pockets" of town, fairs/festivals, theme parks, and natural ecosystems. It has been shown that cultural attractions and events are particularly strong magnets for tourism. The term cultural tourism is used for journeys that include visits to cultural resources, regardless of whether it is tangible or intangible cultural resources, and regardless of the primary motivation. In order to understand properly the concept of cultural tourism, it is necessary to know the definitions of a number terms such as, for example, culture, tourism, cultural economy, cultural and tourism potentials, cultural and tourist offer, and others.


3.1. Key principles Destination planning

As the issue of globalization takes place in this modern time, the challenge of preserving the few remaining cultural communities around the world is becoming hard. In a tribal-based community, reaching economic advancement with minimal negative impacts is an essential objective to any destination planner. Since they are using the culture of the region as the main attraction, sustainable destination development of the area is vital for them to prevent the negative impacts i.e., destroying the authentic identity of the tribal community due to tourism.


3.2. Key principles Management issues

Certainly, the principle of "one size fits all” doesnt apply to destination planning. The needs, expectations, and anticipated benefits from tourism vary the money is good there. This is clearly exemplified as local communities living in regions with tourism potential destinations develop a vision for what kind of tourism they want to facilitate, depending on issues and concerns they want to be settled or satisfied.


3.3. Key principles Planning guides

Culture – the heart of development policy

It is important that the destination planner take into account the diverse definition of culture as the term is subjective. Satisfying tourists interests such as landscapes, seascapes, art, nature, traditions, ways of life and other products associated to them -which may be categorized cultural in the broadest sense of the word, is a prime consideration as it marks the initial phase of the development of a cultural destination.

The quality of service and destination, which does not solely depend on the cultural heritage but more importantly to the cultural environment, can further be developed by setting controls and policies which shall govern the community and its stakeholders. It is therefore safe to say that the planner should be on the ball with the varying meaning of culture itself as this fuels the formulation of development policies that shall entail efficient planning and monitored growth e.g. strict policy on the protection and preservation of the community.

Local community, tourists, the destination and sustainable tourism

While satisfying tourists interests and demands may be a top priority, it is also imperative to ruminate the subsystems of the destinations residents. Development pressures should be anticipated and set to their minimum level so as to conserve the areas resources and prevent a saturation of the destination as to not abuse the product and the residents correspondingly. The plan should incorporate the locals to its gain by training and employing them and in the process encourage them to participate to the travel business. Travellers should be not only aware about the destination but also concern on how to help it sustain its character while broadening their travelling experience.


3.4. Key principles Research on tourism

International tourism changes the world. The Centre for Tourism and Cultural Change CTCC is leading internationally in approaching Tourism for critical research relating to the relationships between tourism, tourists and culture.


3.5. Key principles Sources of data

The core of a planner’s job is to design an appropriate planning process and facilitate community decision. Ample information which is a crucial requirement is contributed through various technical researches and analyzes. Here are some of the helpful tools commonly used by planners to aid them:

  • Libraries, Internet, and Survey Research
  • Spatial Analysis with Geographical Information System GIS and Global Positioning System GPS technologies
  • Census and Statistical Analysis
  • Key Informant Interviews

3.6. Key principles Key institutions

Participating structures are primarily led by the government’s local authorities and the official tourism board or council, with the involvement of various NGOs, community and indigenous representatives, development organizations, and the academe of other countries. asd