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ⓘ Vorlage




Vorlage
                                     

ⓘ Vorlage

A Vorlage is a prior version or manifestation of a text under consideration. It may refer to such a version of a text itself, a particular manuscript of the text, or a more complex manifestation of the text. Thus, the original-language version of a text which a translator then works into a translation is called the Vorlage of that translation. For example, the Luther Bible is a translation of the Textus Receptus, so the Textus Receptus is the Vorlage of the Luther Bible.

Sometimes the Vorlage of a translation may be lost to history. In some of these cases the Vorlage may be reconstructed from the translation. Such a reconstructed Vorlage may be called a retroversion, and it invariably is made with some amount of uncertainty. Nevertheless, the Vorlage may still be reconstructed in some parts at such a level of confidence that the translation and its retroversion can be used as a witness for the purposes of textual criticism. This reconstructed Vorlage may stand on its own as the sole witness of the original-language text, or it may be compared and used along with other witnesses. Thus, for example, scholars use the reconstructed Vorlage of the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible at parts to correct the Hebrew Masoretic version when trying to determine oldest version of the Hebrew Bible that they can infer. Or, as another example, the Coptic fragments of Platos Republic included among the Nag Hammadi library are used to help attest to the original Greek text which Plato himself wrote. For the bulk of the Gospel of Thomas, the Vorlage exists only as a retroversion of the Coptic translation, as no other witness to the original Greek text for most of the sayings recorded therein is known.

                                     
  • Vorlage is a ski hill located at the village of Wakefield, within the municipality of La Pêche, Quebec, in the Gatineau Hills north of Ottawa, Ontario
  • ISBN 9783761805718 pp. 52 53 Reinhard Breymayer: Der endlich gefundene Autor einer Vorlage von Schillers Taucher Christian Gottlieb Goz 1746 1803 Pfarrer in
  • including Camp Fortune, Mont Cascades, Mont Ste. Marie, Edelweiss, and Vorlage The hills are small compared to the ski areas in the northeast, such as
  • historischen Dekor und im Dialog verfehlt der Film die Problematik der Vorlage Verkurzungen und Straffungen fuhren bisweilen zur Unverstandlichkeit des
  • ג ר ז ים An Unknown Dead Sea Scroll and Speculations Focused on the Vorlage of Deuteronomy 27: 4 In Frey, J. Popkes, E. E. eds. Jesus, Paulus
  • restored and operated as the Wakefield Mill Hotel and Spa Two ski hills: Vorlage and Sommet Edelweiss Canada s highest bungee jump at Great Canadian Bungee
  • Arabic vorlage On the other hand, the numerous quotations in the text from the Bible were not translated from this hypothetical Arabic vorlage but were
  • Aren, Gustav. 1978. Evangelical Pioneers in Ethiopia. Stockholm: EFS Vorlage Fighting Against the Injustice of the State and Globalization: Comparing
  • SWR - Orchester beschlossen: Rundfunkrat stimmte mit groSer Mehrheit fur die Vorlage des SWR Sudwestrundfunk. 2012 - 09 - 28. Archived from the original on 5
  • allitterirenden Gedichtes William of Palerne zu seiner franzosischen Vorlage diss. Breslau, Englische Studien 4, Heilbronn 1881 Translators difficulties
  • SWR - Orchester beschlossen: Rundfunkrat stimmte mit groSer Mehrheit fur die Vorlage des SWR Sudwestrundfunk. 2012 - 09 - 28. Retrieved 2016 - 11 - 26. Jurgen Kanold