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ⓘ 1920




1920
                                     

ⓘ 1920

1920 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1920th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 920th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1920, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

                                     

1.1. Events January

  • January 7
  • January 1 – Polish–Soviet War in 1920: The Russian Red Army increases troops along the Polish border from 4 divisions to 20.
  • The worlds first peaceful establishment of a social democratic government takes place in Sweden, as Hjalmar Branting takes over as Prime Minister, when Nils Eden leaves office.
  • March 10
  • Russian Civil War: The forces of Russian White Admiral Alexander Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk; the Great Siberian Ice March ensues.
  • The New York State Assembly refuses to seat five duly elected independent, with Faisal I of Iraq as king.
  • January 2 – First Red Scare in the United States: The second of the Palmer Raids takes place with another 4.025 suspected communists and anarchists arrested and held without trial in several cities.
  • March 29 – Sir William Robertson is promoted to Field Marshal, the first man to rise from private enlisted 1877 to the highest rank in the British Army.
  • March 19 – The United States Senate refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles.
  • March 13–17 – Wolfgang Kapp and Walther von Luttwitzs Kapp Putsch an attempted coup in Germany briefly ousts the Weimar Republic government from Berlin, but fails due to public resistance and a general strike.
  • March 15 – The Ruhr Red Army, a communist army 60.000 men strong, is formed in Germany.
  • March 15–16 – Constantinople is occupied by British Empire forces, acting for the Allied Powers against the Turkish National Movement. Retrospectively, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey regards this as the dissolution of the Ottoman regime in Istanbul.
  • March 28 – The 1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak hits the Great Lakes region and Deep South of the United States.
  • March 26 – The German government asks France for permission to use its own troops against the rebellious Ruhr Red Army, in the French-occupied area.
  • March 23 – Admiral Miklos Horthy declares that Hungary is a monarchy, without anyone on the throne.
  • March 18 – Greece begins using the Gregorian calendar.
  • March 25 – Irish War of Independence: British recruits to the Royal Irish Constabulary begin to arrive in Ireland. They become known from their improvised uniforms as the "Black and Tans".
                                     

1.2. Events April

  • April 2 – The German army marches to the Ruhr, to fight the Ruhr Red Army.
  • April 4 – 1920 Palestine riots: Violence erupts between Arab and Jewish residents in Jerusalem; 9 are killed, 216 injured.
  • April 6 – The short-lived Far Eastern Republic is declared, in eastern Siberia.
  • April 19–26 – San Remo conference: Representatives of Italy, France, the United Kingdom and Japan meet to determine the League of Nations mandates for administration of territories, following the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.
  • April 11 – Mexican Revolution: Alvaro Obregon flees from Mexico City during a trial intended to ruin his reputation to Guerrero, where he joins Fortunato Maycotte.
  • April 19 – Germany and Soviet Russia agree to the exchange of prisoners of war.
  • The 1920 Summer Olympics open in Antwerp, Belgium. The Olympic symbols of five interlocking rings and the associated flag are first displayed at the games.
  • April 20
  • Mexican Revolution: Alvaro Obregon announces in Chilpancingo that he intends to fight against the rule of Venustiano Carranza.
  • April 28 – The Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic is officially created.
  • April 24 – Polish–Soviet War: Polish and anti-Soviet Ukrainian troops attack the Red Army in Soviet Ukraine.
  • April 23 – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey is founded by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, in Ankara. It denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • April 26 – The Khorezm Peoples Soviet Republic is officially created by Soviet Russia, as the successor to the Khanate of Khiva.
                                     

1.3. Events May

  • May 7
  • Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza leaves Mexico City in a large train.
  • May 2 – The first game of Negro National League baseball is played, in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • Treaty of Moscow 1920: Soviet Russia recognizes the independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, only to invade the country six months later.
  • May 3 – A Bolshevik coup fails, in the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
  • Polish–Soviet War: Polish troops occupy Kiev. The government of the Ukrainian Peoples Republic returns to the city.
  • May 15 – Russian Revolution: Russian White soldier Maria Bochkareva is executed in Soviet Russia.
  • Canonization of Joan of Arc: Over 30.000 people attend the ceremony in Rome, including 140 descendants of Joan of Arcs family. Pope Benedict XV presides over the rite, for which the interior of St. Peters Basilica in Rome is richly decorated.
  • A referendum in Switzerland favors joining the League of Nations.
  • May 16
  • The first flight of Dutch air company KLM, from Amsterdam to London, takes place.
  • French and Belgian troops leave the cities they have occupied in Germany.
  • May 17
  • May 24 – Venustiano Carranza is buried in Mexico City; all of his mourning allies are arrested. Adolfo de la Huerta is elected provisional president.
  • May 20 – Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza arrives in San Antonio Tlaxcalantongo; troops of Rodolfo Herrero attack him at night and shoot him.
  • May 29 – Floods at Louth, Lincolnshire in England kill 23.
  • May 19 – Mexican Revolution: Alvaro Obregons troops enter Mexico City.
  • May 27 – Tomas Garrigue Masaryk becomes president of Czechoslovakia.
  • May 26 – Ganja revolt: Anti-Soviet opposition in the Azerbaijan SSR launches an abortive revolt in Ganja.


                                     

1.4. Events June

  • The United States Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent via parcel post.
  • June 13
  • June 4 – Treaty of Trianon: Peace is restored between the Allied Powers and Hungary, which loses 72% of its territory.
  • June 5 – Bolshevik cavalry break through Polish and Ukrainian lines south of Kiev, precipitating eventual withdrawal.
  • Essad Pasha Toptani, nominal ruler of Albania, is assassinated by Avni Rustemi in Paris.
  • June 12 – Polish–Soviet War: The Red Army retakes Kiev.
  • The Estonian Constituent Assembly adopts the first constitution of Estonia, which will come into effect on December 21 the same year.
  • June 15
  • A new border treaty between Germany and Denmark gives northern Schleswig to Denmark.
  • June 22 – Greek Summer Offensive: Greece attacks Turkish troops.
                                     

1.5. Events July

  • July 31
  • July 19–August 7 – The Second Congress of the Communist International takes place in Saint Petersburg and Moscow; the notorious Twenty-one Conditions are adopted.
  • July 11 – The East Prussian plebiscite is held.
  • July 2 – Polish–Soviet War: The Red Army continues its offensive into Poland.
  • July 20 – The United Kingdom cedes its brief control of the key Black Sea port of Batum to the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
  • July 24 – Battle of Maysalun: The French defeat the Syrian army, whose leader Yusuf al-Azma is killed. French troops occupy Damascus and depose Faisal I of Syria as king.
  • July 7 – Arthur Meighen becomes Canadas ninth prime minister.
  • Representatives of British revolutionary socialist groups meet at the Cannon Street Hotel in London and agree to form the Communist Party of Great Britain.
  • July 1 – Germany declares its neutrality in the war between Poland and Soviet Russia.
  • July 22 – Polish–Soviet War: Poland sues for peace with Soviet Russia which refuses.
  • July 21 – The Interallied Mission to Poland takes place.
  • Irish-born Australian Catholic Bishop Daniel Mannix is detained onboard ship off Queenstown and prevented from landing in Ireland or from speaking in the main Irish Catholic communities elsewhere in the United Kingdom.
  • July 12 – Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty: The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic recognizes independent Lithuania.
  • July 30–August 8 – The 1st World Scout Jamboree is held at Olympia, London.
  • France prohibits the sale or prescription of contraceptives.
  • July 26 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes over Sabina and contacts Mexican President de la Huerta to offer his conditional surrender, which he signs on July 28.
  • July 29 – The United States Bureau of Reclamation begins construction of the Link River Dam, as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
                                     

1.6. Events August

  • August 13–25 – Polish–Soviet War – Battle of Warsaw: The Red Army is defeated.
  • August 3 – Irish War of Independence: Catholics riot in Belfast, in protest at the continuing British Army presence.
  • August 28–September 2 – Bukhara operation: The Russian Red Army and Young Bukharians overthrow the Emirate of Bukhara, leading to the establishment of the Bukharan Peoples Soviet Republic.
  • August 26 – The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing womens suffrage.
  • August 13 – Irish War of Independence: The Restoration of Order in Ireland Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom receives Royal Assent, providing for Irish Republican Army activists to be tried by court-martial, rather than by jury in criminal courts.
  • August 19–25 – Second Silesian Uprising: The Poles in Upper Silesia rise up against the Germans.
  • August 11 – Bolshevik Russia recognizes independent Latvia.
  • August 10 – Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VIs representatives sign the Treaty of Sevres with the Allied Powers, confirming arrangements for the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.
  • August 20 – The first commercial radio station in the United States, 8MK WWJ, begins operations in Detroit. It is owned by the Detroit News, the first U.S. radio station owned by a newspaper.


                                     

1.7. Events September

  • September 27 – Polish–Soviet War: Soviet Russia sues for peace with Poland.
  • September 8 – Gabriele DAnnunzio proclaims the Italian Regency of Carnaro, in the city of Fiume.
  • September 22 – The London Metropolitan Police forms the Flying Squad, a motorised mobile detective patrol unit.
  • September 17 – The National Football League is established, as the American Professional Football Association.
  • Adolf Hitler makes his first public appearance in Austria, with speeches in Vienna, Innsbruck and Salzburg.
  • September 12 – The position of Patriarch of the Serbs is re-established as the authority over the Serbian Orthodox Church, almost 156 years to the day after it was abolished by the Ottoman Empire in 1766.
  • September 29
  • September 20 – The first soldier joins El Tercio de Extranjeros, the "Regiment of Foreigners", later the Spanish Legion. Under the command of Jose Millan Astray and Francisco Franco, its first duties are against Rif rebels, in the Spanish protectorate in Morocco.
  • September 21 – The Communist Party of Uruguay is founded.
  • September 5 – Presidential elections begin in Mexico.
  • September 16 – Wall Street bombing: A bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan building in New York City, killing 38 and injuring 400.
  • The first domestic radio sets come to stores in the United States; a Westinghouse radio costs $10.
  • September 16 – The Latvian Agrarian Reform Law of 1920 is adopted by the Constitutional Assembly of Latvia.
                                     

1.8. Events October

  • October 16 – Polish–Soviet War: After the Polish army captures Tarnopol, Dubno, Minsk and Dryssa, the ceasefire is enforced.
  • October 14 – A peace treaty between the Soviet and the Finnish governments is concluded at Tartu.
  • October 18 – Thousands of unemployed demonstrate in London; 50 are injured.
  • October 9 – Polish–Lithuanian War: Polish troops take Vilnius.
  • October 27
  • October 10 – Carinthian Plebiscite: A large part of Carinthia Province votes to become part of Austria, rather than Yugoslavia.
  • Baron Louis De Geer the Younger becomes the new Prime Minister of Sweden.
  • The League of Nations moves its headquarters to Geneva, Switzerland.
  • October 26 – Alvaro Obregon is announced the elected president of Mexico.
  • October 3 – The Prix de lArc de Triomphe horse race first runs in Paris.
  • October 30 – The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
                                     

1.9. Events November

  • Meiji Shrine, one of many landmark spots in Tokyo, is officially built in Japan.
  • November 2
  • In the United States, KDKA AM of Pittsburgh owned by Westinghouse starts broadcasting as a commercial radio station. The first broadcast is the results of the presidential election.
  • 1920 United States presidential election: Republican U. S. Senator Warren G. Harding defeats Democratic Governor of Ohio James M. Cox and Socialist Eugene V. Debs, in the first national U.S. election in which women have the right to vote.
  • November 17 – The council of the League of Nations accepts the constitution for the Free City of Danzig.
  • November 21 – Irish War of Independence: Bloody Sunday: The Irish Republican Army, on the instructions of Michael Collins, shoot dead the "Cairo gang", 14 British undercover agents in Dublin, most in their homes. Later that day in retaliation, the Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary open fire on a crowd at a Gaelic Athletic Association Football match in Croke Park, resulting in 14 deaths with 60 wounded. Three men are shot this night in Dublin Castle "while trying to escape".
  • November 13 – The White Armys last units and civilian refugees are evacuated from the Crimea on board 126 ships, the remnants of the Russian Imperial Navy, to Turkey, Tunisia and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, accompanied by wide-scale civilian massacres. The total number of evacuees amounts to approximately 150.000 people, of which 20% are civilians.
  • November 12 – Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes sign the Treaty of Rapallo.
  • November 20 – Prince Arthur of Connaught is appointed the 3rd Governor-General of the Union of South Africa.
  • November 16 – Queensland and Northern Territory Aviation Services Qantas is founded by Hudson Fysh and Paul McGinness.
  • November 14 – The Edmonton Symphony Orchestra holds its first concert.
  • November 15 – In Geneva, the first assembly of the League of Nations is held.
  • November 11 – The Unknown Warrior is buried in Westminster Abbey.
  • November 28 – Irish War of Independence – Kilmichael Ambush: The flying column of the 3rd Cork Brigade of the Irish Republican Army, led by Tom Barry, ambushes two lorries carrying men of the Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary at Kilmichael, County Cork, killing 17 with 3 of its men also dying, which leads to official reprisals.
                                     

1.10. Events December

  • December 3 – Following more than a month of the Turkish–Armenian War, the Turkish-dictated Treaty of Alexandropol is concluded.
  • December 1 – The Mexican Revolution ends with a new regime coming to power, which couples with the end of the Old West.
  • December 11 – The Burning of Cork in Ireland: British forces set fire to some 5 acres 20.000 m 2 of the centre of Cork, including the City Hall, in reprisal attacks, after a British auxiliary is killed in a guerilla ambush.
  • December 5 – A referendum in Greece is favorable to the reinstatement of the monarchy.
  • December 10 – Irish War of Independence: Martial law is declared in Counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick and Tipperary.
  • December 13 – Confectionery company Haribo is founded in Bonn, Germany.
  • December 16
  • An 8.6 Richter scale Haiyuan earthquake causes a landslide in Gansu Province, China, killing 180.000.
  • December 15–22 – The Brussels Conference establishes a timetable for German war reparations, intended to extend for over 42 years.
  • Finland joins the League of Nations.
  • The United Kingdom and France ratify the border between French-held Syria and British-held Palestine.
  • The Government of Ireland Act 1920, passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, receives Royal Assent from George V, providing for the partition of Ireland into Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland, with separate parliaments, granting a measure of home rule.
  • December 17 – South Africa is granted a League of Nations Class C mandate over South West Africa.
  • December 22 – The 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR adopts the GOELRO plan, the major plan of the economical development of the country.
  • December 23
  • December 25 – The Rosicrucian Fellowships spiritual healing temple The Ecclesia is dedicated at Mount Ecclesia, Oceanside, California.


                                     

1.11. Events Date unknown

  • Hydrocodone, a narcotic analgesic closely related to codeine, is first synthesized in Germany, by Carl Mannich and Helene Lowenheim.
  • Approximate date – The HIV pandemic almost certainly originates in Leopoldville, modern-day Kinshasa, the capital of the Belgian Congo.
                                     

2.1. Births January

  • Jose Antonio Bottiroli, Argentinean composer, poet d. 1990
  • Elisabeth Andersen, Dutch actress d. 2018
  • Pete Turnham, American politician d. 2019
  • January 1
  • Ivan Ustinov, Russian intelligence officer d. 2020
  • Heinz Zemanek, Austrian computer pioneer d. 2014
  • George Herbig, American astronomer d. 2013
  • January 2
  • Isaac Asimov, American author d. 1992
  • Anne-Sofie Ostvedt, Norwegian resistance leader d. 2009
  • January 3
  • Renato Carosone, Italian musician, singer d. 2001
  • Abbas Ali, Indian freedom fighter, politician d. 2014
  • John Maynard Smith, English biologist d. 2004
  • January 6
  • January 5 – Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Italian pianist d. 1995
  • Early Wynn, American baseball player d. 1999
  • January 4 – David Musuguri, Tanzanian soldier and military officer
  • Sun Myung Moon, Korean evangelist, founder of the Unification Church d. 2012
  • Vincent Gardenia, American actor d. 1992
  • Dorothy Maclean, Canadian writer and educator d. 2020
  • January 7
  • Gordon Kahl, American tax protester, cop-killer d. 1983
  • Abbey Simon, American classical pianist d. 2019
  • January 8
  • Clive Dunn, British actor d. 2012
  • Stefan Zywotko, Polish association football coach
  • Hakim Said, Pakistani scholar, philanthropist d. 1998
  • January 9
  • January 10
  • Roberto M. Levingston, Argentinian general, politician and 36th President of Argentina d. 2015
  • Raymond Cauchetier, French photographer
  • Bill Reid, Canadian artist d. 1998
  • James Farmer, American civil rights leader d. 1999
  • January 12
  • January 11 – Jarbas Passarinho, Brazilian military officer, politician d. 2016
  • January 14
  • January 13 – Jahangir Amuzegar, Iranian economist, academic and politician d. 2018
  • Salvador Flores Rivera, Mexican composer and singer d. 1987
  • Vahe Danielyan, Soviet soldier and concentration camp survivor
  • John OConnor, American Catholic cardinal d. 2000
  • Trevor Dannatt, English architect
  • Bob Davies, American baskeball player and coach d. 1990
  • January 15
  • Joseph Mendenhall, American ambassador
  • Al Morgan, American novelist, television producer d. 2011
  • Elliott Reid, American actor d. 2013
  • Claude Abadie, French jazz clarinetist
  • January 16
  • Walter Frederick Morrison, American entrepreneur, inventor d. 2010
  • January 19
  • Buddy OGrady, American basketball player, coach d. 1992
  • Javier Perez de Cuellar, Peruvian Secretary-General of the United Nations, 135th Prime Minister of Peru d. 2020
  • DeForest Kelley, American actor Star Trek d. 1999
  • January 20
  • Federico Fellini, Italian film director, screenwriter d. 1993
  • Fabian Ver, Filipino general d. 1998
  • Theodore H. Geballe, American physicist
  • January 21 – Errol Barrow, 1st Prime Minister of Barbados d. 1987
  • Charles Njonjo, Kenyan attorney and politician
  • January 22 – Alf Ramsey, English footballer, manager d. 1999
  • Gottfried Bohm, German architect
  • January 23
  • January 24
  • Jerry Maren, American actor d. 2018
  • Manuel Yan, Filipino general d. 2008
  • Vasant Raiji, Indian cricketer
  • January 25 – Alicia Montoya, Mexican actress d. 2002
  • January 26
  • Heinz Kessler, German politician, military officer d. 2017
  • January 27
  • Helmut Zacharias, German violinist d. 2002
  • Hiroyoshi Nishizawa, Japanese fighter ace d. 1944
  • Michael Anderson, English film director d. 2018
  • January 29 – Balantrapu Rajanikanta Rao, Indian writer d. 2018
  • January 30
  • Delbert Mann, American television, film director d. 2007
  • January 31 – James Yimm Lee, American martial arts pioneer, teacher, author and publisher d. 1972
                                     

2.2. Births February

  • February 2
  • Heikki Suolahti, Finnish composer d. 1936
  • John Russell, American Olympic equestrian
  • Russell Arms, American actor and singer d. 2012
  • February 3
  • Henry Heimlich, American physician, medical researcher d. 2016
  • February 6 – Gordon Van Wylen, American physicist and author
  • Oscar Brand, Canadian-born American folk singer, songwriter and author d. 2016
  • An Wang, Chinese-born computer pioneer d. 1990
  • February 7
  • Jacqueline Diffring, German-born English sculptor
  • February 4 – Giriraj Kishore, Indian activist, politician d. 2014
  • February 5 – Frank Muir, British actor, comedy writer and raconteur d. 1998
  • February 8
  • Tony Murray, French-English billionaire and businessman
  • Bengt Ekerot, Swedish actor, director d. 1971
  • Farouk I, King of Egypt d. 1965
  • February 11
  • Billy Halop, American actor d. 1976
  • George Mandel, American author
  • William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian d. 2000
  • Yoshiko Yamaguchi, Chinese-Japanese actress, singer d. 2014
  • Bill Pitman, American musician
  • Heleno de Freitas, Brazilian footballer d. 1959
  • February 12
  • Annæus Schjodt, Jr., Norwegian barrister d. 2014
  • February 13
  • Seneka Bibile, Sri Lankan pharmacologist d. 1977
  • February 16 – Anna Mae Hays, American general d. 2018
  • Annie Castor, American disability, communication disorder activist
  • Ivo Caprino, Norwegian film director d. 2001
  • February 17
  • Eddie Slovik, U.S. Army private executed d. 1945
  • Bill Cullen, American radio and television personality d. 1990
  • February 18
  • Tony Randall, American actor d. 2004
  • February 23 – Paul Gerin-Lajoie, Canadian lawyer and politician d. 2018
  • February 26
  • February 22 – Burt L. Talcott, American politician d. 2016
  • Hilmar Baunsgaard, Danish politician d. 1989
  • February 20 – Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington d. 1948
  • February 24 – Fortune FitzRoy, Duchess of Grafton, English noble
  • Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveler d. 2006
  • Alf Kjellin, Swedish film actor and director d. 1988
  • Zaim Topcic, Bosnian writer d. 1990
  • February 28
  • Jadwiga Pilsudska, Polish pilot d. 2014
  • February 29
  • Howard Nemerov, American poet d. 1991
  • Michele Morgan, French actress d. 2016
                                     

2.3. Births March

  • March 3
  • Ronald Searle, British cartoonist d. 2011
  • James Doohan, Canadian actor Star Trek d. 2005
  • Jean Lecanuet, French politician d. 1993
  • March 4
  • Alan MacNaughtan, Scottish actor d. 2002
  • George W. Landau, American diplomat d. 2018
  • Del Latta, American politician d. 2016
  • March 5
  • Rachel Gurney, British actress d. 2001
  • Lewis Gilbert, British film director, producer and screenwriter d. 2018
  • Celina Seghi, Italian alpine skier
  • March 6
  • Erwin Schild, Canadian rabbi and author
  • March 8 – Ingemar Hedberg, Swedish canoeist d. 2019
  • Franjo Mihalic, Croatian-Serbian athlete d. 2015
  • March 9
  • Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur, founder of Peets Coffee & Tea d. 2007
  • Boris Vian, French writer, poet, singer and musician d. 1959
  • Robert Cardenas, American Air Force general
  • March 10
  • March 11
  • Nicolaas Bloembergen, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2017
  • Ben Ferencz, Hungarian-American lawyer
  • Sid Hartman, American sports journalist
  • Lawrence Sanders, American novelist d. 1998
  • E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 2012
  • March 14 – Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist d. 2001
  • March 15
  • March 17 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, founder, 2-time President & 2nd Prime Minister of Bangladesh d. 1975
  • Paul Hagen, Danish actor d. 2003
  • Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian poet, artist d. 2002
  • March 16 – Leo McKern, Australian actor d. 2002
  • March 19
  • Pamela Harriman, English-born American diplomat, socialite d. 1997
  • Rosemary Timperley, British author d. 1988
  • Vickie Panos, Greek-Canadian female professional baseball player d. 1986
  • Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician d. 1942
  • Edwin Hunt, English waterman
  • March 20
  • Werner Klemperer, German actor Hogans Heroes d. 2000
  • Josip Manolic, Prime Minister of Croatia
  • Fanny Waterman, English pianist, educator
  • Ross Martin, Polish-American actor d. 1981
  • March 22
  • March 23
  • Neal Edward Smith, American pilot, lawyer and politician
  • Tetsuharu Kawakami, Japanese baseball player, coach d. 2013
  • March 27
  • William Moncrief, American businessman
  • Robin Jacques, English illustrator d. 1995
  • March 25 – Patrick Troughton, English actor d. 1987
  • March 24 – Corbin Harney, elder and spiritual leader of the Newe Western Shoshone people d. 2007
  • Marion Mann, American physician and pathologist
  • March 29
  • Gottfried Weilenmann, Swiss racing cyclist d. 2018
  • Deborah Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire d. 2014
  • Marga Minco, Dutch journalist, writer
  • March 31
                                     

2.4. Births April

  • April 1
  • Toshiro Mifune, Japanese actor d. 1997
  • Yosh Uchida, American businessman, entrepreneur and educator
  • April 3 – Ehsan Yarshater, Iranian scholar d. 2018
  • Barend Biesheuvel, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1971 until 1973 d. 2001
  • April 2 – Jack Webb, American actor, director and producer d. 1982
  • Arthur Hailey, American writer d. 2004
  • April 5
  • April 4 – Eric Rohmer, French film director d. 2010
  • April 8 – Carmen McRae, American jazz singer d. 1994
  • April 7 – Ravi Shankar, Indian sitar player d. 2012
  • Emilio Colombo, 40th Prime Minister of Italy d. 2013
  • April 11
  • April 6 – Edmond H. Fischer, Swiss American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Peter ODonnell, British author, comic strip writer d. 2010
  • April 12
  • Anita Ellis, Canadian-American singer, actress d. 2015
  • Buck Young, American actor d. 2000
  • Roberto Calvi, Italian banker d. 1982
  • Jack Lambert, American actor d. 2002
  • Marthe Cohn, French author and Holocaust survivor
  • April 13
  • Theodore L. Thomas, American chemical engineer, Patent attorney and writer d. 2005
  • Liam Cosgrave, sixth Taoiseach of Ireland d. 2017
  • Stanley Stutz, American basketball player d. 1975
  • April 14
  • Ivor Forbes Guest, English lawyer, historian and author d. 2018
  • Antonio Afonso de Miranda, Brazilian Roman Catholic bishop
  • Richard von Weizsacker, German politician, President of Germany 1984–1994 d. 2015
  • Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-born psychiatrist, writer d. 2012
  • April 15
  • April 19
  • Gene Leis, American jazz guitarist, educator d. 1993
  • April 16 – Prince George Valdemar of Denmark d. 1986
  • Ragnar Ulstein, Norwegian journalist and writer d. 2019
  • April 20 – John Paul Stevens, American judge, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court d. 2019
  • April 22 – Valeri Petrov, Bulgarian poet d. 2014
  • April 21 – Edmund Adamkiewicz, German footballer d. 1991
  • April 25 – Robert Q. Lewis, American radio and television personality d. 1991
  • April 26 – Padu del Caribe, Aruban musician and songwriter d. 2019
  • April 29 – Harold Shapero, American composer d. 2013
  • April 23 – Eric Yarrow, English businessman d. 2018
  • April 30 – Diet Eman, Dutch author and resistance worker d. 2019
  • April 27 – Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor d. 1956
                                     

2.5. Births May

  • Jean-Marie Auberson, Swiss conductor d. 2004
  • May 2
  • Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian-born writer, ecological activist d. 2000
  • Preben Neergaard, Danish actor d. 1990
  • May 7 – Rendra Karno, Indonesian actor d. 1985
  • May 8 – Touko Laaksonen, Finnish artist pseudonym Tom of Finland d. 1991
  • May 9
  • May 6 – Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, first Prime Minister of Fiji and President of Fiji d. 2004
  • Mitsuko Mori, Japanese actress d. 2012
  • Richard Adams, English novelist d. 2016
  • May 5 – Jon Naar, British-American author, photographer d. 2017
  • Michael Dauncey, British Army brigadier d. 2017
  • May 8 – Saul Bass, American graphic designer d. 1996
  • Denver Pyle, American actor d. 1997
  • May 11
  • Gene Hermanski, American baseball player d. 2010
  • John Tyler Bonner, American biologist d. 2019
  • Gerald Stapleton, South African Battle of Britain fighter pilot d. 2010
  • May 12
  • Louis Siminovitch, Canadian molecular biologist
  • May 13 – Gareth Morris, British flautist d. 2007
  • Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir, Lebanese cardinal d. 2019
  • May 15
  • Pope John Paul II d. 2005
  • May 18
  • May 17 – Lydia Wideman, Finnish Olympic cross-country skier d. 2019
  • Lucia Mannucci, Italian singer Quartetto Cetra d. 2012
  • May 19 – Tina Strobos, Dutch psychiatrist known for rescuing Jews during World War II d. 2012
  • John Cruickshank, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient
  • Betty Driver, British singer and actress d. 2011
  • May 20
  • Domenico Leccisi, Italian politician d. 2008
  • John Dall, American actor d. 1971
  • May 23 – Helen OConnell, American singer d. 1993
  • May 25 – Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner d. 1992
  • Peggy Lee, American singer d. 2002
  • May 26
  • May 22 – Helen Andelin, American author d. 2009
  • Ted Knap, American journalist
  • Jim Russell, English racing driver d. 2019
  • May 28
  • Gene Levitt, American television writer, producer and director d. 1999
  • John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2000
  • Clifton James, American actor d. 2017
  • May 29
  • James F. Leonard, American diplomat
  • Frederick M. Nicholas, American lawyer
  • Franklin Schaffner, American film, television director d. 1989
  • Godfrey Binaisa, President of Uganda d. 2010
  • Shōtarō Yasuoka, Japanese writer d. 2013
  • May 30
                                     

2.6. Births June

  • June 1 – Amos Yarkoni, Israeli soldier d. 1991
  • Johnny Speight, British television scriptwriter d. 1998
  • Marcel Reich-Ranicki, German literary critic, member of the literary Gruppe 47 d. 2013
  • Tex Schramm, American football executive d. 2003
  • June 2
  • June 11 – King Mahendra of Nepal d. 1972
  • June 5 – Marion Motley, American football player d. 1999
  • Dave Berg, American cartoonist d. 2002
  • Jim Siedow, American actor d. 2003
  • June 10 – Ruth Graham, American evangelist, wife of Billy Graham d. 2007
  • June 12
  • June 6 – Jan Rubes, Czech-Canadian bass opera singer, actor d. 2009
  • June 4 – Lynda Adams, Canadian diver d. 1997
  • Rex Everhart, American actor d. 2000
  • Rolf Huisgen, German chemist and academic
  • June 13
  • Eva Estrada-Kalaw, Filipino politician d. 2017
  • June 16
  • Jose Lopez Portillo, 51st President of Mexico d. 2004
  • June 15 – Alberto Sordi, Italian actor d. 2003
  • Peter Le Cheminant, Guernesiase air force commander d. 2018
  • Patrick Duffy, English economist and president of the NATO Assembly
  • June 17
  • John Waddy, English author and army officer
  • Setsuko Hara, Japanese actress d. 2015
  • François Jacob, French biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 2013
  • Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician d. 1981
  • Utta Danella, German writer d. 2015
  • Lode Van Den Bergh, Belgian author and academic
  • June 18
  • June 19
  • Thomas Jefferson, American musician d. 1986
  • Eliana Navarro, Chilean poet d. 2006
  • Amos Tutuola, Nigerian writer d. 1997
  • June 20
  • Danny Cedrone, American guitarist, bandleader d. 1954
  • Paul Frees, American voice actor d. 1986
  • Jack Karwales, American football player d. 2004
  • Jovito Salonga, Filipino statesman d. 2016
  • Lester Wunderman, American executive d. 2019
  • June 22
  • Walt Masterson, American right-handed baseball pitcher d. 2008
  • June 21 – Hans Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skater d. 2017
  • June 25
  • Jeanne Tomasini, Corsican writer
  • Ozan Marsh, American pianist d. 1992
  • June 23 – Saleh Ajeery, Kuwaiti astronomer
  • Lassie Lou Ahern, American actress d. 2018
  • June 27 – Fernando Riera, Chilean football player, manager d. 2010
  • Armin Hofmann, Swiss graphic designer
  • Ray Harryhausen, American animator d. 2013
  • June 29
  • Eloi, Portuguese footballer
  • June 28 – Clarissa Eden, wife of British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
  • June 26 – Jean-Pierre Roy, Canadian Major League Baseball pitcher d. 2014
  • Eleanor Ross Taylor, American poet d. 2011
  • Zeno Colo, Italian Olympic alpine skier d. 1993
  • June 30
                                     

2.7. Births July

  • Joseph G. Williams, American musician
  • George I. Fujimoto, American chemist of Japanese descent
  • July 1
  • Lucidio Sentimenti, Italian footballer d. 2014
  • Aziz Sedky, Egyptian politician, engineer d. 2008
  • Leona Helmsley, American hotel operator, real estate investor d. 2007
  • Anthony Barber, British Conservative politician d. 2005
  • July 4
  • Mary Louise Hancock, American politician d. 2017
  • Rosemarie Springer, German equestrian d. 2019
  • July 5
  • Henry Williams Hise, U.S. General d. 2010
  • William Thaddeus Coleman Jr., American attorney, politician d. 2017
  • July 7
  • Sandy Tatum, American golfer d. 2017
  • July 10
  • Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2006
  • J. T. White, American college football assistant coach d. 2005
  • Milo Anstadt, Dutch-Jewish writer, journalist d. 2011
  • Yul Brynner, Russian-born American actor d. 1985
  • Zecharia Sitchin, Soviet-born American author d. 2010
  • July 11
  • Hudson William Edison Ntsanwisi, South African Politician, Gazankulu Chief Minister d. 1993
  • Keith Andes, American actor d. 2005
  • Bob Fillion, Canadian professional ice hockey player d. 2015
  • Randolph Quirk, British linguist, life peer d. 2017
  • July 12
  • Bill Towers, English footballer d. 2000
  • July 13
  • Don Ralke, American music arranger d. 2000
  • Anna Halprin, American dancer
  • Marijohn Wilkin, American songwriter d. 2006
  • Tom Neil, English Royal Air Force pilot d. 2018
  • July 14
  • July 15
  • Theresa Kobuszewski, American professional baseball player, World War II veteran d. 2005
  • Prince Michael Andreevich of Russia d. 2008
  • Ulysses S. Washington, American college football player, coach d. 2018
  • Larry Jansen, American right-handed pitcher, coach d. 2009
  • Henry Williams Hise, United States Marine Corps Brigadier General d. 2010
  • Phillip Pine, American actor d. 2006
  • July 16
  • June Vincent, American actress d. 2008
  • Juan Antonio Samaranch, Spanish International Olympic Committee president d. 2010
  • July 17
  • Gordon Gould, American physicist d. 2005
  • George Dawkes, English cricketer d. 2006
  • Emile Idee, French professional road bicycle racer
  • Frank Maznicki, American football player d. 2013
  • Robert Mann, American violinist d. 2018
  • July 19
  • July 18 – Dolph Sweet, American actor d. 1985
  • Byron Krieger, American foil, sabre and epee fencer d. 2015
  • July 20
  • Jasper Blackall, British sailor
  • Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist d. 2001
  • Gunnar Thoresen, Norwegian footballer d. 2017
  • Constant Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter d. 2005
  • July 21
  • Jean Daniel, Algerian-born French-Jewish journalist and author d. 2020
  • July 24 – Bella Abzug, American feminist politician d. 1998
  • Rosalind Franklin, British crystallographer d. 1958
  • David P. Buckson, American lawyer, politician d. 2017
  • July 25
  • July 27 – Howard Hibbett, American translator d. 2019
  • July 31 – Ndabaningi Sithole, Zimbabwean politician d. 2000
  • July 30 – Lady Brigid Guinness of the United Kingdom d. 1995
  • July 28 – Lea Padovani, Italian film actress d. 1991
                                     

2.8. Births August

  • Jack Briggs, American actor d. 1998
  • Thomas McGuire, American World War II fighter ace d. 1945
  • August 1
  • Sammy Lee, Korean-American diver d. 2016
  • Ken Bald, American comic book artist d. 2019
  • Norman Dewis, English test driver and development engineer d. 2019
  • P. D. James, English mystery novelist d. 2014
  • August 3
  • August 2 – Hugh Hickling, English lawyer, colonial civil servant, law academic and author d. 2007
  • Helen Thomas, American author, news service reporter, member of the White House press corps and columnist d. 2013
  • Warren Plunkett, American football player d. 2018
  • John Figueroa, Jamaican poet d. 1999
  • August 4
  • Bill Grayden, Australian politician
  • August 5
  • Mickey Shaughnessy, Irish-American character actor, comedian d. 1985
  • Selma Diamond, Canadian-American comedic actress d. 1985
  • August 6
  • Ella Raines, American actress d. 1988
  • Mario Astorri, Italian football player, coach d. 1989
  • August 7
  • Glauco Della Porta, Italian politician, economist d. 1976
  • Françoise Adret, French ballet dancer, choreographer d. 2018
  • August 8
  • Jimmy Witherspoon, American singer d. 1997
  • Leo Chiosso, Italian poet d. 2006
  • Red Holzman, American basketball coach d. 1998
  • August 9 – Milton G. Henschel, American member of the Governing Body of Jehovahs Witnesses, 5th President of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society d. 2003
  • Ann Harnett, American female baseball player d. 2006
  • August 10
  • August 12 – Aidan Maloney, Canadian politician, executive d. 2018
  • August 16 – Charles Bukowski, American writer d. 1994
  • August 17 – Maureen OHara, Irish-American actress d. 2015
  • Bob Kennedy, American baseball player, manager d. 2005
  • August 18
  • August 15 – Prince Konstantin of Bavaria d. 1969
  • August 11 – Florence Bjelke-Petersen, Australian politician, writer d. 2017
  • Mervyn Lee, Australian politician d. 2009
  • Shelley Winters, American actress d. 2006
  • August 13 – Neville Brand, American actor, highly decorated World War II combat soldier d. 1992
  • David Lacy-Scott, English cricketer d. 2020
  • Richard E. Bellman, American mathematician d. 1984
  • August 21 – Christopher Robin Milne, English author, bookseller d. 1996
  • August 26
  • Mauri Faven, Finnish painter d. 2006
  • August 20 – Boris Braun, Croatian university professor and Holocaust survivor d. 2018
  • Prem Tinsulanonda, Thai politician, 16th Prime Minister of Thailand d. 2019
  • August 22 – Ray Bradbury, American science fiction writer d. 2012
  • Emil Cadkin, American film composer
  • August 24 – Herbert Haft, American owner of Dart Drugs Chain d. 2004
  • August 23 – Jim Leavelle, American detective d. 2019
  • August 28 – Jaime de Almeida, Brazilian football player, manager d. 1973
  • Charlie Parker, African-American saxophonist, composer d. 1955
  • Herb Simpson, American baseball player d. 2015
  • August 27 – Baptiste Manzini, American football player d. 2008
  • August 29
  • August 30 – Ali Sabri, Egyptian politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Egypt d. 1991
                                     

2.9. Births September

  • Rayson Huang, Hong Kong chemist d. 2015
  • September 1
  • Richard Farnsworth, American actor, stuntman d. 2000
  • September 3
  • Chabuca Granda, Peruvian singer and composer d. 1983
  • September 2 – Monica Echeverria, Chilean journalist, writer, actress and a Literature professor d. 2020
  • Les Medley, English footballer d. 2001
  • September 10
  • Fabio Taglioni, Italian motorcycle engineer d. 2001
  • September 4 – Catherine Bennett, Canadian female professional baseball player
  • September 6 – Lawrence LeShan, American psychologist, educator and author
  • September 7 – Al Caiola, American guitarist, composer, arranger d. 2016
  • September 9 – Joan Neiman, Canadian senator
  • Robert F. Inger, American herpetologist d. 2019
  • September 12
  • Lore Lorentz, German cabaret artist, standup comedian d. 1994
  • Darussalam, Indonesian actor d. 1993
  • Cascarita, Cuban music singer d. 1975
  • September 14
  • Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer d. 2009
  • September 13 – Alan Sagner, American public servant, political fundraiser d. 2018
  • Lawrence Klein, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2013
  • Fuad Stephens, Malaysian politician d. 1976
  • Don Johnson, American football player
  • September 15 – Dave Garcia, American baseball coach, manager d. 2018
  • September 17 – Marjorie Holt, American politician d. 2018
  • September 18 – Jack Warden, American actor d. 2006
  • Kenneth McAlpine, English racing driver
  • September 21
  • Kim Yong-ju, North Korean politician, younger brother of Kim Il-Sung
  • September 19 – Roger Angell, American journalist and author
  • Nathaniel Fiennes, 21st Baron Saye and Sele, English peer and businessman
  • William H. Riker, American political scientist d. 1993
  • September 22
  • Alexander Arutiunian, Armenian composer d. 2012
  • September 23
  • Mickey Rooney, American actor, dancer and entertainer d. 2014
  • Ovadia Yosef, Israeli Chief Rabbi d. 2013
  • September 24
  • Harber H. Hall, American politician d. 2020
  • Dick Bong, American fighter ace d. 1945
  • Unknown – Wu Ningkun, Chinese academic d. 2019
  • September 25 – Anne Triola, American actress, singer and musician
  • September 30 – Milton P. Rice, American politician d. 2018
  • September 27 – William Conrad, American actor, film director and producer d. 1994
  • September 29 – Peter D. Mitchell, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1992
                                     

2.10. Births October

  • Charles Daudelin, Canadian sculptor d. 2001
  • October 1
  • Walter Matthau, American actor d. 2000
  • October 4
  • October 2 – Tun Tin, 6th Prime Minister of Burma
  • Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor d. 2005
  • Charles Burrell, American musician
  • Vincent DeRosa, American musician
  • Ralph Turlington, American politician
  • October 5
  • Yusef Lateef, American jazz musician, composer d. 2013
  • Michael Shaw, Baron Shaw of Northstead, English politician
  • Jason Wingreen, American actor d. 2015
  • October 9
  • October 8 – Frank Herbert, American author d. 1986
  • Jens Bjorneboe, Norwegian author d. 1976
  • October 10
  • Gail Halvorsen, retired American Air Force pilot
  • Noah Keen, American actor d. 2019
  • Donald Russell, English author d. 2020
  • Laraine Day, American actress d. 2007
  • October 13
  • Claire Barry, American singer The Barry Sisters d. 2014
  • October 17
  • October 15 – Mario Puzo, American author d. 1999
  • Montgomery Clift, American actor d. 1966
  • Miguel Delibes, Spanish novelist d. 2010
  • Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Indian politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal d. 2010
  • October 19 – Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian founder of the Swadhyay Movement d. 2003
  • October 20
  • Janet Jagan, 6th President of Guyana d. 2009
  • Robert D. Maxwell, American Medal of Honour recipient d. 2019
  • October 21 – Ruth Terry, American singer, actress d. 2016
  • October 25 – J. Denis Summers-Smith, English ornithologist and mechanical engineer
  • October 23 – Vern Stephens, American baseball player d. 1968
  • October 26
  • October 22 – Timothy Leary, American psychologist, author and proponent of LSD d. 1996
  • Sarah Lee Lippincott, American astronomer d. 2019
  • Nanette Fabray, American actress, dancer and singer d. 2018
  • October 27
  • K. R. Narayanan, President of India d. 2005
  • Hilda Bernard, Argentine actress
  • Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-born immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 2011
  • October 29
  • October 31
  • Dick Francis, British jockey-turned-novelist d. 2010
  • Fritz Walter, German footballer d. 2002
  • Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan revolutionary leader d. 1957
  • Joseph Gelineau, French composer d. 2008
                                     

2.11. Births November

  • November 2 – Kim Chol-man, North Korean politician and military official d. 2018
  • November 3 – Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian political activist, artist, and educator d. 1993
  • John H. Land, American politician, mayor of Apopka, Florida d. 2014
  • November 4 – Val Heim, American Major League Baseball player d. 2019
  • Douglass North, American economist d. 2015
  • November 5
  • Sitara Devi, Indian dancer d. 2014
  • Esther Rolle, American actress d. 1998
  • November 8
  • Wally Westlake, American Major League Baseball player d. 2019
  • Paul Robert Ignatius, American government official
  • Walter Krupinski, German World War II fighter ace, postwar general d. 2000
  • November 11
  • November 10 – Ted Luscombe, Bishop of Brechin
  • Georg Olden, African-American graphic designer d. 1975
  • November 13
  • November 12 – Josip Boljkovac, Croatian politician d. 2014
  • Jack Elam, American actor d. 2003
  • Wayne Thiebaud, American painter
  • Colin Collindridge, English footballer d. 2019
  • November 15
  • November 14 – Mary Greyeyes, First Nations woman to join the Canadian Armed Forces d. 2011
  • Jose Lewgoy, Brazilian actor d. 2003
  • November 16
  • Eric P. Hamp, American linguist d. 2019
  • November 21
  • Stan Musial, American baseball player d. 2013
  • November 17 – George Dunning, Canadian-born cartoon director, animator d. 1979
  • November 19 – Gene Tierney, American actress d. 1991
  • November 18 – Mustafa Khalil, 40th Prime Minister of Egypt d. 2008
  • Ralph Meeker, American actor d. 1988
  • November 22 – Anne Crawford, British actress d. 1956
  • Paik Sun-yup, South Korean military officer
  • Enrico De Angelis, Italian singer and entrepreneur d. 2018
  • November 23
  • Putra of Perlis, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia d. 2000
  • Noel Neill, American actress d. 2016
  • November 24 – Jorge Mistral, Spanish-Mexican actor d. 1972
  • November 25
  • Ricardo Montalban, Mexican actor d. 2009
  • November 29
  • Bob Wolff, American sportscaster d. 2017
  • November 27 – Buster Merryfield, British actor d. 1999
  • Yegor Ligachyov, Soviet politician
  • November 28 – Patrick Campbell Rodger, Scottish Anglican bishop d. 2002
  • November 30 – Virginia Mayo, American actress d. 2005
                                     

2.12. Births December

  • Peter Baptist Tadamaro Ishigami, Japanese Roman Catholic prelate d. 2014
  • Lê Dức Anh, 4th President of Vietnam d. 2019
  • December 1
  • December 6
  • Dave Brubeck, American jazz pianist, composer d. 2012
  • George Porter, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2002
  • December 5 – Poldine Carlo, American author d. 2018
  • December 9 – Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, 49th Prime Minister of Italy, 10th President of Italy d. 2016
  • Margot Duhalde, Chilean pilot d. 2018
  • December 8 – Ivar Martinsen, Norwegian speed skater d. 2018
  • Jorge Doria, Brazilian actor and humorist d. 2013
  • December 12
  • December 10 – Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician d. 1996
  • Kaysone Phomvihane, 2nd President, 11th Prime Minister of Laos d. 1992
  • George P. Shultz, American economist, politician and 60th United States Secretary of State
  • Sally Mansfield, American actress d. 2001
  • December 13
  • Clark Terry, American musician, composer d. 2015
  • December 14
  • Frank T. Cary, American executive, businessman d. 2006
  • Eddie Robinson, American Major League Baseball player
  • December 15
  • Bernice Falk Haydu, American aviator
  • Peter Lloyd, Australian aviator
  • December 18 – Gianni Di Venanzo, Italian cinematographer d. 1966
  • David Susskind, American producer, talk show host d. 1987
  • Little Jimmy Dickens, American country music singer-songwriter d. 2015
  • December 16 – John Hale Stutesman, American politician
  • December 17 – Ewa Paradies, German Nazi war criminal d. 1946
  • December 19
  • December 21
  • Iris Cummings, American Olympic swimmer and aviator
  • J. Roderick MacArthur, American businessman, philanthropist d. 1984
  • Alicia Alonso, Cuban ballerina d. 2019
  • Adele Goldstine, American mathematician d. 1964
  • Harold Lang, American dancer and actor d. 1985
  • Yevgeniya Rudneva, Soviet World War II heroine d. 1944
  • December 23 – Tim Elkington, English Royal Air Force pilot d. 2019
  • December 24
  • Edy Reinalter, Swiss alpine skier d. 1962
  • Loretta Ford, American nurse and academic
  • December 28
  • Princess Antoinette, Baroness of Massy d. 2011
  • Josefa Iloilo, 3rd President of Fiji d. 2011
  • Viveca Lindfors, Swedish-American actress d. 1995
  • December 29
  • December 31 – Rex Allen, American actor, singer, songwriter d. 1999
  • December 30 – Jack Lord, American actor d. 1998
                                     

3.1. Deaths January

  • January 4
  • Benito Perez Galdos, Spanish novelist b. 1843
  • January 3 – Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician b. 1888
  • January 2 – Paul Adam, French writer b. 1862
  • January 1 – Zygmunt Gorazdowski, Polish Roman Catholic priest and saint b. 1845
  • Manuel de la Camara, Spanish admiral b. 1835
  • Hieronymus Georg Zeuthen, Danish mathematician b. 1839
  • Walter Cunliffe, English banker b. 1856
  • January 6
  • Heinrich Lammasch, Austrian statesman, last minister-president of Austria as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918 b. 1853
  • January 7 – Sir Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia b. 1849
  • January 14 – John Francis Dodge, American automobile manufacturer b. 1864
  • Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter, sculptor tuberculosis b. 1884
  • January 9 – Ella Maria Dietz Clymer, American actress and author b. 1847
  • January 18 – Giovanni Capurro, Italian poet b. 1859
  • William Percy French, Irish songwriter, entertainer b. 1854
  • January 8 – Josef Josephi, Polish-born singer and actor b. 1852
  • January 22 – Georg Lurich, Estonian Greco-Roman wrestler, strongman b. 1876
  • January 24
  • January 25 – Jeanne Hebuterne, French artist and model, common-law wife of Amedeo Modigliani b. 1898
                                     

3.2. Deaths February

  • February 6 – Augustus F. Goodridge, Canadian merchant, politician b. 1839
  • February 8 – Richard Dehmel, German poet, writer b. 1863
  • Aleksander Aberg, Estonian professional wrestler, strongman b. 1881
  • February 2 – Field E. Kindley, American World War I aviator b. 1896
  • February 11 – Gaby Deslys, French dancer, actress & spy b. 1881
  • Joseph Burton Sumner, American founder of Sumner, Mississippi b. 1837
  • February 3 – Frank Brown, 42nd Governor of Maryland b. 1846
  • February 15
  • February 7 – Alexander Kolchak, Russian naval commander b. 1874
  • February 20
  • Jacinta Marto, beatified, witnessed apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1917 at Fatima, Portugal b. 1910
  • Robert Peary, American Arctic explorer b. 1856
  • February 27 – William Sherman Jennings, Governor of Florida b. 1863
                                     

3.3. Deaths March

  • William A. Stone, Governor of Pennsylvania b. 1846
  • Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist b. 1880
  • March 1
  • John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama b. 1842
  • March 3 – Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter b. 1840
  • March 7 – Jaan Poska, Estonian barrister, politician b. 1866
  • March 21 – Evelina Haverfield British suffragette b. 1867
  • William Chester Minor, American surgeon b. 1834
  • March 26
  • March 11 – Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer b. 1865
  • March 15 – Rudolf Berthold, German World War I fighter ace b. 1891
  • Mary Augusta Ward, Tasmanian novelist b. 1851
  • March 4 – Roswell P. Bishop, U.S. Congressman from Michigan b. 1843
  • Edwin Warfield, Governor of Maryland b. 1848
  • Lothar von Trotha, German military commander b. 1848
  • March 31
  • Paul Bachmann, German mathematician b. 1837
                                     

3.4. Deaths April

  • John Brashear, American astronomer b. 1840
  • Charles Tomlinson Griffes, American composer b. 1884
  • April 1 – Walter Simon, German philanthropist b. 1857
  • April 8
  • April 12 – Walter Edwards, American film director b. 1870
  • April 10 – Moritz Cantor, German mathematical historian b. 1829
  • April 21 – Maria L. Sanford, American educator b. 1836
  • April 26 – Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician b. 1887
                                     

3.5. Deaths May

  • May 1 – Princess Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden b. 1882
  • May 8 – Johan Reinhold Sahlberg, Finnish entomologist
  • May 10 – John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor b. 1837
  • May 11
  • James Colosimo, Italian-born American gangster b. 1878
  • William Dean Howells, American writer b. 1837
  • Maria Bochkareva, Russian White soldier b. 1889
  • May 15
  • Owen Morgan Edwards, Welsh writer, educator b. 1858
  • Joselito, Spanish bullfighter b. 1895
  • May 16
  • Levi P. Morton, 22nd Vice President of the United States b. 1824
  • Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico b. 1859
  • May 21
  • Eleanor H. Porter, American novelist b. 1868
  • May 28 – Hardwicke Rawnsley, English clergyman, poet, writer of hymns and conservationist b. 1851
  • May 30 – George Ernest Morrison, Australian adventurer b. 1862
  • May 23 – Svetozar Boroevic, Austro-Hungarian field marshal b. 1856
                                     

3.6. Deaths June

  • June 2 – Francisco Plancarte y Navarrete, Mexican archaeologist and Archbishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Monterrey b. October 21, 1856
  • June 5
  • Rhoda Broughton, Welsh writer b. 1840
  • Julia A. Moore, American poet b. 1847
  • Max Weber, German political economist b. 1864
  • June 14
  • Gabrielle Rejane, French actress b. 1856
  • Anna Maria Mozzoni, Italian feminist b. 1837
  • June 13 – Essad Pasha, Prime Minister of Albania b. 1863
  • June 6 – James Dunsmuir, Canadian politician b. 1851
  • John Macoun, Irish-born naturalist b. 1831
  • June 18
  • Jewett W. Adams, Governor of Nevada b. 1835
  • June 20
  • Marie-Adolphe Carnot, French chemist, mining engineer and politician b. 1839
  • John Grigg, New Zealand astronomer b. 1838
  • June 27 – Adolphe-Basile Routhier, Canadian judge, author and lyricist b. 1839
                                     

3.7. Deaths July

  • February 13 – João Maria Correia Ayres de Campos, 1st Count of Ameal, Portuguese politician and antiquarian b. 1847
  • July 1 – Delfim Moreira, 10th President of Brazil b. 1868
  • July 3 – William Crawford Gorgas, American Army surgeon b. 1854
  • July 17
  • July 10 – John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, British admiral b. 1841
  • July 5 – Max Klinger, German painter, sculptor b. 1857
  • July 11 – Empress Eugenie of France b. 1826
  • Charles E. Courtney, American rower, rowing coach b. 1849
  • Sir Edmund Elton, 8th Baronet, English potter b. 1846
  • July 2 – William Louis Marshall, American general, engineer b. 1846
  • July 14 – Albert Keller, German painter b. 1844
  • July 18 – Prince Joachim of Prussia b. 1890
  • July 22 – William Kissam Vanderbilt, American heir b. 1849
                                     

3.8. Deaths August

  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian nationalist b. 1856
  • Frank Hanly, Governor of Indiana b. 1863
  • August 1
  • August 9 – Sir Samuel Griffith, Australian politician and judge b. 1845
  • August 10
  • August 2 – Ormer Locklear, American stunt pilot, film actor b. 1891
  • Adam Politzer, Austrian otologist b. 1835
  • August 8 – Eduard Birnbaum, Polish-born German cantor b. 1855
  • James ONeill, American actor b. 1847
  • August 16
  • August 12 – Hermann Struve, Russian-born astronomer b. 1854
  • Sir Norman Lockyer, English astronomer b. 1836
  • Henry Daglish, Premier of Western Australia b. 1866
  • August 26 – James Wilson, Scottish-born American politician b. 1835
  • August 31 – Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist b. 1832
  • August 21 – Paul W. Abt, American businessman and politician
  • August 22 – Anders Zorn, Swedish painter b. 1860
  • August 17 – Ray Chapman, American baseball player b. 1891
                                     

3.9. Deaths September

  • September 25 – Jacob Schiff, German-born banker, philanthropist b. 1847
  • September 30 – William Wilfred Sullivan, Canadian journalist, politician and jurist b. 1843
  • September 7 – Simon-Napoleon Parent, Premier of Quebec b. 1855
  • September 10 – Olive Thomas, American actress b. 1894
  • September 24 – Peter Carl Faberge, Russian jeweler b. 1846
  • September 18 – Robert Beaven, Canadian politician b. 1836
                                     

3.10. Deaths October

  • October 2
  • Winthrop M. Crane, Governor of Massachusetts and Senator b. 1853
  • Max Bruch, German composer b. 1838
  • John Reed, American journalist b. 1887
  • October 17
  • Reginald Farrer, English botanist b. 1880
  • October 5 – William Heinemann, English publisher b. 1863
  • October 7 – Yves Delage, French zoologist b. 1854
  • October 10 – Hudson Stuck, English mountaineer b. 1865
  • October 25 – Alexander of Greece, Greek king b. 1893
  • October 24 – Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia b. 1853
                                     

3.11. Deaths November

  • Louise Imogen Guiney, American poet and essayist b. 1861
  • November 2
  • James Daly, Irish mutineer firing squad
  • November 1 – Kevin Barry, Irish republican hanged b. 1902
  • November 21 – Michael Hogan, Irish Gaelic footballer and activist, one of 14 men killed in the Croke Park Massacre by British paramilitary forces b. 1896
  • November 23 – George Callaghan, British admiral b. 1852
  • November 9 – Alberto Blest Gana, Chilean novelist, diplomat b. 1830
  • November 13 – Luc-Olivier Merson, French painter, illustrator b. 1846
  • November 25
  • November 3 – Warren Terhune, United States Navy Commander and 13th Governor of American Samoa b. 1869
  • Madeline McDowell Breckinridge, American leader of the womens suffrage movement, one of Kentuckys leading progressive reformers b. 1872
  • Gaston Chevrolet, Swiss-born race car driver and manufacturer b. 1892
  • November 22 – Manuel Perez y Curis, Uruguayan poet b. 1884
  • November 4 – Ludwig Struve, Russian astronomer b. 1858
  • November 30 – Eugene W. Chafin, American politician b. 1852
  • November 27 – Alexius Meinong, Austrian philosopher b. 1853
                                     

3.12. Deaths December

  • December 12 – Edward Gawler Prior, Canadian mining engineer and politician b. 1854
  • December 11 – Olive Schreiner, South African writer b. 1855
  • December 14 – George Gipp, American football player b. 1895
  • December 23 – Cayetano Arellano, first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines under the American Civil Government b. 1847
                                     

4. Nobel Prizes

  • Peace – Leon Victor Auguste Bourgeois
  • Literature – Knut Hamsun
  • Chemistry – Walther Nernst
  • Medicine – Schack August Steenberg Krogh
  • Physics – Charles Edouard Guillaume