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ⓘ 1921




1921
                                     

ⓘ 1921

1921 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

                                     

1.1. Events January

  • The first religious radio broadcast is heard over station KDKA AM in Pittsburgh.
  • The football club Cruzeiro Esporte Clube, from Belo Horizonte, is founded as Palestra Italia in Brazil.
  • January 1 – In American football, the University of California, Berkeley defeats Ohio State 28–0 in the Rose Bowl.
  • January 2
  • Spanish liner Santa Isabel sinks off Villa Garcia; 244 die.
  • The De Young Museum opens in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco.
  • Womens suffrage is attained in Sweden.
  • The Italian Communist Party is founded in Livorno.
  • January 20 – British K-class submarine HMS K5 sinks in the English Channel; all 56 on board die.
  • The Marxist Left in Slovakia and the Transcarpathian Ukraine holds its founding congress in Ľubochna.
  • January 21
  • The full-length silent comedy-drama film The Kid, written, produced, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin in his Tramp character, with Jackie Coogan, is released in the United States.
  • January 25 – The Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci is righted in Taranto Harbour.
                                     

1.2. Events February

  • February 21 – 1921 Persian coup detat: Rezā Khan and Ziaeddin Tabatabaee stage a coup detat in Iran.
  • February 20 – The Young Communist League of Czechoslovakia is founded.
  • February 23 – The moderately conservative public official Oscar von Sydow takes over the Swedish premiership, from Baron Louis De Geer the Younger.
  • February 12 – Red Army invasion of Georgia: The Democratic Republic of Georgia is invaded by forces of Bolshevist Russia.
  • February 28 – The Kronstadt rebellion is initiated by sailors of the Soviet Navys Baltic Fleet.
  • February 27 – The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is formed in Vienna.
  • February 25 – Red Army invasion of Georgia: The Red Army enters the Georgian capital Tbilisi, and installs a Moscow-directed communist government.
                                     

1.3. Events March

  • The Australia national cricket team, led by Warwick Armstrong, becomes the first to complete a whitewash in The Ashes, something that will not be repeated for 86 years.
  • March – The Group Settlement Scheme in Western Australia begins.
  • The city of Kiryū, located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan, is founded.
  • March 1
  • March 4 – Warren G. Harding is sworn in, as the 29th President of the United States.
  • Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato e Iradier is assassinated, while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.
  • March 6 – The Portuguese Communist Party is founded.
  • Allied forces occupy Dusseldorf, Ruhrort and Duisburg.
  • March 5 – Irish War of Independence: Clonbanin Ambush: The Irish Republican Army kills Brigadier General Cumming.
  • March 8
  • March 13 – Occupation of Mongolia: The Russian White Army captures Mongolia from China; Roman von Ungern-Sternberg declares himself ruler.
  • The Second Polish Republic adopts the March Constitution.
  • March 12 – The Istiklal Marsı Independence March, the Turkish national anthem, is officially adopted.
  • March 14 – Armenian Soghomon Tehlirian assassinates Mehmed Talaat, former Interior Minister of Turkey, in Charlottenburg, Berlin.
  • March 16 – Six Irish Republican Army men of the Forgotten Ten are hanged in Mountjoy Prison, Dublin.
  • March 17
  • The Red Army crushes the Kronstadt rebellion, and a number of sailors flee to Finland.
  • Dr. Marie Stopes opens the first birth control clinic in London, England.
  • The New Economic Policy starts in Soviet Russia.
  • March 18 – The second Peace of Riga ends the Polish–Soviet War. A permanent border is established between the Polish and Soviet states.
  • Irish War of Independence – Headford Ambush: The Irish Republican Army kills at least 9 British Army troops.
  • March 20 – Upper Silesia votes for re-annexation to Germany.
  • March 21
  • March 24 – The 1921 Womens Olympiad the first international womens sports event begins in Monte Carlo.
  • March 31 – Abkhazia becomes a republic Abkhazian SSR.


                                     

1.4. Events April

  • April 15 – BBC introduced in the UK.
  • April 27 – The Allied reparations commission announces that Germany has to pay 132 billion gold marks $33 trillion, in annual installments of 2.5 billion.
  • April 14 – In Britain, labour unions for mining, railway and transportation workers call for a strike; the government threatens to call in the army.
  • April 11 – The Emirate of Transjordan is created, with Abdullah I as emir.
  • April – The United States Figure Skating Association is formed.
  • April 20 – Ferenc Molnars play Liliom is first produced on Broadway, in English.
                                     

1.5. Events May

  • May 2–July 5 – Third Silesian Uprising: Poles in Upper Silesia rise against the Germans.
  • May 1–7 – Jaffa riots: Riots at Jaffa, Mandatory Palestine result in 47 Jewish and 48 Arab deaths.
  • May 5
  • May 3 – The province of Northern Ireland is created within the United Kingdom.
  • Only 13 paying spectators attend the football match between Leicester City and Stockport County F.C. in England, the lowest attendance in The Football Leagues history.
  • London Schedule of Payments sets out the German Weimar Republics obligation to pay World War I reparations.
  • May 14–15 – The major May 1921 geomagnetic storm occurs.
  • May 24 – 1921 Irish elections: In the first Northern Ireland general election for the new Parliament of Northern Ireland, Ulster Unionists win 40 out of 52 seats. The dominant-party system here will last for fifty years.
  • May 14–17 – Violent anti-European riots occur in Cairo and Alexandria, Egypt.
  • May 23–July 16 – The Leipzig War Crimes Trials are held in Germany.
  • May 31–June 1 – Tulsa Race Riot Greenwood Massacre: Mobs of white residents attack black residents and businesses in Greenwood District, Tulsa, Oklahoma. The official death toll is 36, but later investigations suggest an actual figure between 100 and 300. 1.250 homes are destroyed and roughly 6.000 African Americans imprisoned in one of the worst incidents of mass racial violence in the United States.
  • May 26 – A general strike begins in Norway.
  • May 25 – Irish War of Independence: The Irish Republican Army occupies and burns The Custom House in Dublin, the centre of local government in Ireland. Five IRA men are killed, and over 80 are captured by the British Army which surrounds the building.
  • May 22 – In the first golf international between the two countries, the United States beats the United Kingdom 9 rounds to 3.
  • May 19 – The Emergency Quota Act is passed by the United States Congress, establishing national quotas on immigration. Because this drastically limits immigration from Eastern Europe, Jews emigrating from there begin to prefer Palestine as a destination rather than the U.S.
  • May 16 – The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia is founded.
  • May 6 – The German-Russian Provisional Agreement is signed; Germany recognises the Soviet regime in Russia.
                                     

1.6. Events June

  • June 30 – The death penalty is abolished in Sweden.
  • June 21 – The International Hydrographic Bureau IHB is established as an agency of the League of Nations; it continues in this form until April 19, 1946.
  • June 27 – The first signings of Treaty 11, an agreement between George V, King of Canada, and various Canadian First Nations, are conducted at Fort Providence.
  • June 28 – The Constitutional Assembly of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes passes the Vidovdan Constitution, despite a boycott of the vote by the communists, and Croat and Slovene parties.
                                     

1.7. Events July

  • The Communist Party of China CPC is founded.
  • July 1
  • A coal strike ends in England.
  • The Red Army captures Mongolia from the White Army, and establishes the Mongolian Peoples Republic.
  • July 2 – U.S. President Warren Harding signs a joint congressional resolution, declaring an end to Americas state of war with Germany, Austria and Hungary.
  • July 4 – A new conservative government is formed in Italy, by Ivanoe Bonomi.
  • July 11
  • The Irish War of Independence aka the Anglo-Irish War comes to a halt, after a truce is signed between the belligerents.
  • July 14 – A Massachusetts jury finds Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti guilty of first degree murder, following a widely publicized trial.
  • July 21 – Rif War – Battle of Annual: Spanish troops are dealt a crushing defeat, at the hands of Abd el-Krim.
  • July 29 – Adolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer of the Nazi Party.
  • July 22 – The Anglo-Irish truce, agreed 10 days earlier, is officially declared in London.
  • July 27 – Researchers at the University of Toronto, led by biochemist Frederick Banting, announce the discovery of the hormone insulin.
  • July 18 – The first BCG vaccination against tuberculosis is given.
  • July 23 – The Communist Party of China CPC launches the first founding National Congress.
  • July 26 – U.S. President Warren G. Harding receives Princess Fatima of Afghanistan, and Stanley Clifford Weyman.
  • July 17 – The Republic of Mirdita is proclaimed near the Albanian-Serbian border, with Yugoslav support.


                                     

1.8. Events August

  • August 26
  • Rising prices cause major riots in Munich.
  • The assassination of German politician Matthias Erzberger causes the government to declare martial law.
  • August 23 – King Faisal I of Iraq is crowned in Baghdad.
  • August 11 – The temperature reaches 39 degrees Celsius in Breslau; the heat wave continues elsewhere in Europe as well.
  • August – The United States formally ends World War I.
  • August 25 – Franklin Roosevelt, 39, is diagnosed with poliomyelitis, following a two-week illness characterized by paralysis and fevers; he becomes permanently disabled after this illness.
  • August 24 – R38-class airship ZR-2 explodes on her fourth test flight near Kingston upon Hull, England, killing 44 of the 49 Anglo-American crew on board.
  • August 5 – The first radio baseball game is broadcast; Harold Arlin announces the Pirates-Phillies game from Forbes Field, over Westinghouse KDKA, in Pittsburgh.
                                     

1.9. Events September

  • September 7 – In Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first Miss America Pageant is held.
  • September 12 – The Lotta Svard womens paramilitary auxiliary is founded in Finland.
  • September 21 – The Oppau explosion occurs at BASFs nitrate factory in Oppau, Germany; 500–600 are killed.
  • September 8 – Margaret Gorman, 16, wins the Atlantic City Pageants Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dub her the first Miss America.
  • September 1 – Poplar Rates Rebellion: Nine members of the Poplar borough council are arrested.
  • September 13 – White Castle hamburger restaurant opens in Wichita, Kansas, the foundation of the worlds first fast food chain.
                                     

1.10. Events October

  • The Treaty of Kars is signed between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and the Soviet Socialist Republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, establishing the boundaries between Turkey and the states of the south Caucasus.
  • October 10 – Teaching at the University of Szeged begins, in the Kingdom of Hungary.
  • October 8 – The first Sweetest Day is staged in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • October 5 – The World Series game is first broadcast on the radio, by Newark, New Jersey station WJZ, Pittsburgh station KDKA, and a group of other commercial and amateur stations throughout the eastern United States.
  • Swedish Social Democratic party leader Hjalmar Branting becomes yet again Prime Minister, after strong general election gains for his party.
  • October 13
  • George Melfords wildly successful silent film The Sheik, which will propel its leading actor Rudolph Valentino to international stardom, premieres in Los Angeles.
  • October 21
  • October 19 – Bloody Night Noite Sangrenta: A massacre in Lisbon claims the lives of Portuguese Prime-Minister Antonio Granjo and other politicians.
  • A peace conference between Ireland and the United Kingdom begins in London.
  • Construction of the Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Project in Oregon, is completed.
  • October 29 – In the United States
  • Centre Colleges American football team, led by quarterback Bo McMillin, defeats Harvard University 6–0, to break Harvards five-year winning streak. For decades afterward, this is called "footballs upset of the century."
  • October 24 – The Spanish Army defeats rifkabyl rebels in Morocco.


                                     

1.11. Events November

  • After a speech by Adolf Hitler in the Hofbrauhaus in Munich Germany, members of the Sturmabteilung "brownshirts" physically assault his opposition.
  • November 4
  • Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.
  • November 9
  • Riots in Reykjavik injure most of the small police force.
  • The National Fascist Party Partito Nazionale Fascista or PNF is founded in Italy.
  • November 14 – The Spanish Communist Party is founded.
  • Undated – Hyperinflation is rampant in Germany, where 263 marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar, more than 20 times greater than the 12 marks needed in April 1919.
  • November 23 – The Sheppard–Towner Act is signed by President Harding, providing federal funding for maternity and child care.
  • November 11 – During an Armistice Day ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is dedicated by Warren G. Harding, President of the United States.
                                     

1.12. Events December

  • The Anglo-Irish Treaty establishing the Irish Free State, an independent nation incorporating 26 of Irelands 32 counties, is signed in London.
  • December 1 – Rising prices cause riots in Vienna.
  • Agnes Macphail becomes the first woman to be elected to the Canadian Parliament.
  • December 6
  • December 29 – William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes Canadas tenth prime minister.
  • December 23 – Visva-Bharati College is founded by Rabindranath Tagore in Santiniketan, Bengal Presidency, British India.
  • December 13 – In the Four-Power Treaty on Insular Possessions, Japan, the United States, United Kingdom, and France agree to recognize the status quo in the Pacific.
                                     

1.13. Events Date unknown

  • Edward Harper, the "father of broadcasting" in Ceylon, arrives in Colombo to take up his post as Chief Engineer of the Ceylon Telegraph Department.
  • The vibraphone in its original form is invented in the United States.
  • Early spring – Russian famine of 1921–22 begins; roughly 5.000.000 die.
  • E. W. Scripps and William Emerson Ritter found Science Service, later renamed Society for Science and the Public, in the United States, with the goal of keeping the public informed of scientific developments.
  • The Sauerlander Heimatbund is founded in Meschede, Germany.
                                     

2.1. Births January

  • Helen Yate, English swimmer
  • Cesar Baldaccini, French sculptor d. 1998
  • Cliff Bourland, American athlete d. 2018
  • January 1
  • Jean-Louis Koszul, French mathematician d. 2018
  • Cecil Souders, American football player
  • John Russell, American actor d. 1991
  • January 3
  • Claude Vigee, French poet
  • Pedro Richter Prada, 115th Prime Minister of Peru d. 2017
  • Leo Sarkisian, American musicologist, broadcaster d. 2018
  • January 4
  • January 5
  • Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg d. 2019
  • Friedrich Durrenmatt, Swiss writer d. 1990
  • Fraser Barron, New Zealand bomber pilot during WWII d. 1944
  • Lister Sinclair, Canadian broadcaster, playwright d. 2006
  • January 6 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer d. 1998
  • Agnes Keleti, Hungarian artistic gymnast
  • January 9
  • January 10 – Rodger Ward, American race car driver d. 2004
  • Juanita M. Kreps, American government official and businesswoman d. 2010
  • January 11
  • Gory Guerrero, American wrestler, father of Eddie Guerrero d. 1990
  • Judith Leiber, Hungarian-American fashion designer, businesswoman d. 2018
  • January 16
  • Henry Sayler, American politician
  • George Thomson, Baron Thomson of Monifieth, British politician, journalist d. 2008
  • January 14 – Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist d. 2006
  • January 17
  • Asghar Khan, Pakistani politician, military officer d. 2018
  • Epaminondas Stassinopoulos, Greek astrophysicist
  • Dan Tolkowsky, Israeli Air Force commander
  • Herb Ellis, American actor d. 2018
  • January 21
  • Howard Unruh, American spree killer d. 2009
  • January 19 – Patricia Highsmith, American author d. 1995
  • Jaswant Singh Marwah, Indian journalist and author
  • William Pulgram, Austrian-American architect
  • January 18 – Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-American Nobel physicist d. 2015
  • January 23
  • Marija Gimbutas, Lithuanian archaeologist d.1994
  • Hermann Baumann, Swiss Olympic freestyle wrestler
  • Donna Reed, American actress d. 1986
  • January 26 – Elisabeth Kirkby, English-Australian actress, writer and politician
  • Raymond E. Peet, American admiral
  • January 27
  • January 24 – Beatrice Mintz, American biologist
  • January 29
  • A. Hunter Dupree, American historian d. 2019
  • Mustafa Ben Halim, Former Prime Minister of Libya
  • Mario Lanza, American tenor, actor d. 1959
  • Anthony Lazzaro, American academic
  • Carol Channing, American actress d. 2019
  • Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, 2nd President of Bangladesh d. 1987
  • January 31
                                     

2.2. Births February

  • Kocheril R. Narayanan, Indian politician, 10th President of India d. 2005
  • Betty Friedan, American feminist d. 2006
  • February 1 – Peter Sallis, English actor d. 2017
  • February 3 – George E. Felton, English computer scientist d. 2019
  • February 4
  • Guy Natusch, New Zealand architect
  • February 5 – Zbigniew Czajkowski, Polish fencer d. 2019
  • February 7
  • Jesse Freitas Sr., American football player
  • February 8
  • Lana Turner, American actress d. 1995
  • Nexhmije Hoxha, widow of Albanian communist leader Enver Hoxha d. 2020
  • Hans Albert, German philosopher
  • Hugh Downs, American game show host, journalist
  • John Henry Waddell, American artist d. 2019
  • February 11 – Lloyd Bentsen, American politician d. 2006
  • February 14
  • Hazel McCallion, Canadian politician and businesswoman
  • February 15
  • Martha Farkas Glaser, Hungarian-American civil rights activist, manager of jazz musician Erroll Garner d. 2014
  • Jefferson J. DeBlanc, World War II United States Marine Corps fighter ace d. 2007
  • Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, Premier of China d. 2008
  • Vera-Ellen, American actress, dancer d. 1981
  • February 16
  • Muriel Coben, Canadian professional baseball, curling player d. 1979
  • Herbert Kofer, German actor
  • February 17
  • Ken Casanega, American football player
  • February 18
  • Brian Faulkner, 6th Prime Minister of Northern Ireland d. 1977
  • John Rawls, American liberal moral and political philosopher d. 2002
  • February 21
  • Leroy J. Manor, American Air Force general
  • February 20 – "Nature Boy" Rogers, American professional wrestler d. 1992
  • Giulietta Masina, Italian actress d. 1994
  • Jean-Bedel Bokassa, 2nd President of the Central African Republic 1966-1976, Emperor of Central Africa 1976-1979 d. 1996
  • February 22
  • Wayne C. Booth, American literary critic d. 2005
  • Marshall Teague, American race car driver d. 1959
  • Dick Van Orden, American admiral d. 2018
  • Abe Vigoda, American actor d. 2016
  • February 24
  • February 25 – Pierre Laporte, Canadian statesman d. 1970
  • Jacob W. Gruber, American anthropologist, archaeologist, historian and educator d. 2019
  • Betty Hutton, American actress d. 2007
  • Louis Roney, American opera singer d. 2017
  • February 26
  • Eka Tjipta Widjaja, Chinese-Indonesian billionaire and businessman d. 2019
  • Michael Fox, American actor d. 1996
  • February 27
  • February 28 – Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot d. 2006
                                     

2.3. Births March

  • Jack Clayton, British film director d. 1995
  • Terence Cardinal Cooke, American Roman Catholic prelate d. 1983
  • March 1
  • Richard Wilbur, American poet d. 2017
  • Diana Barrymore, American actress d. 1960
  • March 3
  • March 2 – Cornelius Edward Gallagher, American politician d. 2018
  • Paul Guimard, French writer d. 2004
  • Robert F. Ruth, American politician d. 2018
  • March 4
  • Halim El-Dabh, Egyptian-born U.S. composer, performer, ethnomusicologist and educator d. 2017
  • Elmer Valo, Czechoslovakia-born Major League Baseball player d. 1998
  • Berkley Bedell, American politician and businessman d. 2019
  • March 5
  • March 10 – Cec Linder, Polish-born Canadian actor d. 1992
  • March 8 – Alan Hale, Jr., American actor Gilligans Island d. 1990
  • March 7 – Syed Nasir Ismail, Malaysian politician d. 1982
  • Frank Harary, American mathematician d. 2005
  • Astor Piazzolla, Argentine tango composer, bandoneon player and arranger d. 1992
  • March 11
  • March 12
  • Gordon MacRae, American singer, actor d. 1986
  • Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive d. 2003
  • Donald M. Kendall, American businessman
  • King Faud of Saudi Arabia d. 2005
  • March 13 – Al Jaffee, American cartoonist MAD Magazine
  • March 16
  • Jens Bjerre, Danish author, filmmaker and explorer d. 2020
  • Amadou-Mahtar MBow, Senegalese educator
  • March 20
  • Alfred Renyi, Hungarian mathematician d. 1970
  • March 14 – Lis Hartel, Danish equestrian athlete d. 2009
  • March 17 – Meir Amit, Israeli politician, general d. 2009
  • Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist d. 1986
  • Xu Zuyao, Chinese expert in materials science d. 2017
  • March 21
  • Vasily Stalin, Soviet general d. 1962
  • Abdul Salam Arif, President of Iraq d. 1966
  • March 24
  • Wilson Harris, Guyanese writer d. 2018
  • Vasily Smyslov, Soviet chess player d. 2010
  • March 22 – Jean Bruce, French writer d. 1963
  • Simone Signoret, French actress d. 1985
  • March 25
  • Alexandra of Yugoslavia d. 1993
  • March 27 – Helene Berr, French writer d. 1945
  • Clemens Kalischer, American photojournalist, art photographer d. 2018
  • Elizabeth Sutherland, 24th Countess of Sutherland, Scottish noblewoman d. 2019
  • March 28 – Dirk Bogarde, English actor d. 1999
  • March 30
                                     

2.4. Births April

  • Beau Jack, American boxer d. 2000
  • Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith, American musician and songwriter d. 2014
  • April 1
  • Arieh Elias, Israeli actor d. 2015
  • April 8
  • April 3 – Dario Moreno, Turkish singer d. 1968
  • Franco Corelli, Italian opera singer d. 2003
  • April 6 – Wilbur Thompson, American Olympic champion shot putter d. 2013
  • Phyllis Latour, English-French Legion of Honour recipient
  • William G. Callow, American judge d. 2018
  • April 9
  • Frankie Thomas, American actor d. 2006
  • Mary Jackson, African-American mathematician and engineer d. 2005
  • Yitzhak Navon, Israeli politician d. 2015
  • Roger Bocquet, Swiss footballer d. 1994
  • Chuck Connors, American basketball and baseball player turned actor d. 1992
  • Sheb Wooley, American actor, singer d. 2003
  • April 10
  • Leo Mogus, American basketball player d. 1971
  • Dona Ivone Lara, Brazilian singer, composer d. 2018
  • April 13
  • April 11 – Maura McNiel, American feminist
  • Louis Witten, American theoretical physicist
  • April 16 – Peter Ustinov, English actor, director d. 2004
  • April 17 – Sergio Sollima, Italian director d. 2015
  • April 15 – Georgy Beregovoy, Soviet cosmonaut d. 1995
  • Roberto Tucci, Italian cardinal, theologian d. 2015
  • Robert Maxwell, American songwriter and harpist d. 2012
  • April 19
  • April 14 – Thomas Schelling, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2016
  • Warren Spahn, American baseball player d. 2003
  • Judy Agnew, Second Lady of the United States d. 2012
  • Janet Blair, American actress d. 2007
  • April 23
  • April 20 – Kenneth O. Chilstrom, American Air Force officer
  • April 22 – Vivian Dandridge, African-American actress d. 1991
  • April 25 – Karel Appel, Dutch painter d. 2006
  • Nelson Dalzell, New Zealand rugby union player d. 1989
  • Jimmy Giuffre, American jazz musician d. 2008
  • April 26
  • April 27
  • Hans-Joachim Kulenkampff, German television host, entertainer d. 1998
  • Abdelmalek Benhabyles, Algerian politician d. 2018
  • April 29
  • Pavel Vransky, Czech brigadier general and RAF radio operator d. 2018
  • Bert Lundin, Swedish union leader d. 2018
  • Dottie Green, American professional baseball player d. 1992
  • Tove Maes, Danish actress d. 2010
  • April 30
                                     

2.5. Births May

  • May 2
  • Satyajit Ray, Indian filmmaker d. 1992
  • B. B. Lal, Indian archaeologist
  • May 3 – Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer d. 1989
  • May 5
  • Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1999
  • Jim Conacher, Canadian ice hockey player
  • May 4 – Harry Daghlian, American physicist d. 1945
  • Elizabeth Sellars, Scottish actress d. 2019
  • Erich Fried, Austrian author d. 1988
  • May 6
  • May 11 – Hildegard Hamm-Brucher, German politician d. 2016
  • Farley Mowat, Canadian writer, naturalist d. 2014
  • May 12
  • May 9 – Sophie Scholl, German student, anti-Nazi resistance fighter executed d. 1943
  • Joseph Beuys, German artist d. 1986
  • May 18 – Michael A. Epstein, English pathologist and academic
  • May 14 – Richard Deacon, American actor d. 1984
  • May 17 – Dennis Brain, English musician d. 1957
  • May 16 – Harry Carey, Jr., American actor d. 2012
  • Yuri Kochiyama, Japanese-American civil rights activist d. 2014
  • Karel van het Reve, Dutch writer d. 1999
  • May 19
  • May 15 – Baron Vaea, Prime Minister of Tonga d. 2009
  • Wolfgang Borchert, German writer d. 1947
  • Hal Newhouser, American baseball player d. 1998
  • May 20
  • Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian philosopher, author of the socio-economic Progressive Utilization Theory d. 1990
  • Andrei Sakharov, Soviet physicist, human rights activist, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize which he declined d. 1989
  • May 21
  • Laurin L. Henry, American researcher
  • May 23
  • James Blish, American science fiction author d. 1975
  • Humphrey Lyttelton, British jazz musician, radio personality d. 2008
  • Georgy Natanson, Russian director, screenwriter and playwright d. 2017
  • Jack Steinberger, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • Kitty Kallen, American singer d. 2016
  • James C. Quayle, American newspaper publisher d. 2000
  • Hal David, American songwriter, lyricist d. 2012
  • May 25
  • Stan Mortensen, English footballer d. 1991
  • Anatoly Chernyaev, Russian historian, writer d. 2017
  • May 26
  • Inge Borkh, German soprano some sources say she was born 1917 d. 2018
  • Harry G. Haskell Jr., American politician d. 2020
  • Cyril Tamplin, Welsh cricketer
  • May 27
  • Tom Uren, Australian soldier, politician d. 2015
  • Heinz G. Konsalik, German author d. 1999
  • May 28
  • May 29
  • Norman Hetherington, Australian puppeteer, artist d. 2010
  • Jamie Uys, South African actor, film director d. 1996
  • Branko Mamula, Yugoslav politician
  • May 30
                                     

2.6. Births June

  • June 1 – Nelson Riddle, American bandleader d. 1985
  • June 3
  • Forbes Carlile, Australian athlete d. 2016
  • John Shelton Wilder, American politician, former Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee d. 2010
  • June 7
  • June 4 – Bobby Wanzer, American basketball player and coach d. 2006
  • Brian Talboys, New Zealand politician, 7th Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand d. 2012
  • June 6 – Mikheil Tumanishvili, Georgian theater director, teacher d. 1996
  • Bernard Lown, American medical innovator, Nobel Peace Prize recipient
  • Myrtle Edwards, Australian cricketer, softball player d. 2010
  • Alexis Smith, Canadian-born American actress d. 1993
  • June 8
  • Suharto, President of Indonesia d. 2008
  • June 10
  • Oskar Groning, German SS officer, war criminal d. 2018
  • June 9 – Margaret Danhauser, American female professional baseball player d. 1987
  • Sergio Arellano Stark, Chilean military officer d. 2016
  • Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, consort of Elizabeth II
  • Luis Garcia Berlanga, Spanish film director and screenwriter d. 2010
  • Johan Witteveen, Dutch politician, economist and 5th Managing Director of the IMF d. 2019
  • June 12
  • Doris Sands Johnson, Bahamian teacher, suffragette, and politician d. 1983
  • Louis Jourdan, French actor d. 2015
  • June 13 – Nancy Warren, American female professional baseball player d. 2001
  • June 17 – Aydın Boysan, Turkish architect d. 2018
  • June 19
  • Jane Russell, American actress d. 2011
  • June 21
  • Fernando Hoyos, Colombian sports shooter
  • Thomas Morrow Reavley, American judge
  • Gebhard Buchel, Liechtenstein decathlete
  • June 22
  • Ralph K. Hofer, American fighter pilot d. 1942
  • Barbara Perry, American actress and singer d. 2019
  • Jose Agdamag, Filipino sports shooter d. 2011
  • Marius Mora, French cross-country skier
  • Colin Pinch, Australian cricketer d. 2006
  • June 23
  • Paul Findley, American politician d. 2019
  • June 24 – Gerhard Sommer, German soldier
  • June 26
  • Violette Szabo, French World War II heroine d. 1945
  • Robert Everett, American computer scientist d. 2018
  • Princess Vimolchatra of Thailand d. 2009
  • Muriel Pavlow, English actress d. 2019
  • June 27
  • Reinhard Mohn, German businessman d. 2009
  • June 28 – P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India d. 2004
  • June 29
  • Jean Kent, English actress d. 2013
  • Bob Kennedy, American football player d. 2010
  • Washington SyCip, Filipino accountant d. 2017
  • Jules Amez-Droz, Swiss fencer d. 2012
  • Oswaldo Lopez Arellano, 42nd and 44th President of Honduras d. 2010
  • June 30
  • Unknown – Dennis Wilson, English poet
                                     

2.7. Births July

  • July 1 – Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana d. 1980
  • William Proctor Wilson, American businessman, philanthropist d. 2010
  • Joseph Zhu Baoyu, Chinese Roman Catholic bishop
  • July 2
  • July 3
  • Levi Yitzchak Horowitz, American-born Hasidic rebbe d. 2009
  • Flor Maria Chalbaud, former First Lady of Venezuela d. 2013
  • July 4
  • Tibor Varga, Hungarian violinist, conductor d. 2003
  • Gerard Debreu, French economist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2004
  • Nanos Valaoritis, Greek writer d. 2019
  • Vito Ortelli, Italian racing cyclist d. 2017
  • July 5
  • Al Kozar, American second baseman d. 2007
  • Allan MacEachen, Canadian politician d. 2017
  • Billy and Bobby Mauch, American actors d. 2006 and d. 2007
  • July 6
  • Nancy Reagan, American actress, First Lady of the United States d. 2016
  • Ed Erban, American professional basketball player d. 2008
  • Johnny Van Cuyk, American relief pitcher d. 2010
  • Dragomir Felba, Serbian actor d. 2006
  • July 7
  • July 8
  • Edgar Morin, French philosopher, sociologist
  • John Money, New Zealand psychologist, sexologist and author d. 2006
  • Don Ray, American basketball player d. 1998
  • Frank Prihoda, Australian alpine skier
  • July 9 – David C. Jones, U.S General d. 2013
  • July 10
  • John K. Singlaub, U.S Army Major General
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver, daughter of American politician Joseph P. Kennedy d. 2009
  • Harvey Ball, American designer d. 2001
  • July 11
  • Claude Bonin-Pissarro, French painter, graphic designer
  • Ilse Werner, German actress d. 2005
  • Petter Hugsted, Norwegian Olympic ski jumper d. 2000
  • Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 1996
  • Sixto Duran Ballen, President of Ecuador d. 2016
  • July 14
  • Leon Garfield, English writer d. 1996
  • July 12 – Brother Blue, African-American educator, storyteller, actor, musician and street performer d. 2009
  • Armand Gaudreault, Canadian ice hockey player d. 2013
  • July 13 – Friedrich Peter, Austrian politician d. 2005
  • Madge Meredith, American actress d. 2017
  • Barrie Dexter, Australian senior diplomat d. 2018
  • Carl Richardson, American football coach
  • Jean Heywood, English actress d. 2019
  • Robert Bruce Merrifield, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2006
  • Jordan Cekov, Macedonian journalist d. 2019
  • Patricia Wright, American actress
  • July 15
  • Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general d. 2008
  • Nilo Floody, Chilean modern pentathlete d. 2013
  • Boscoe Holder, Trinidadian artist d. 2007
  • July 16
  • Acquanetta, American actress d. 2004
  • Pio Corcuera, Argentine football striker d. 2011
  • Richard Jeranian, Armenian painter, draftsman and lithographer d. 2019
  • Hannah Szenes, Hungarian World War II heroine d. 1944
  • July 17
  • Frantisek Zvarik, Slovakian actor d. 2008
  • July 18
  • Aaron T. Beck, American psychiatrist
  • Heinz Bennent, German actor d. 2011
  • Richard Leacock, British-born documentary filmmaker, pioneer of Cinema Verite d. 2011
  • Gerry Mays, Scottish football player, manager d. 2006
  • John Glenn, American astronaut, U.S. Senator d. 2016
  • Bertil Antonsson, Swedish heavyweight wrestler d. 2006
  • Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine d. 2011
  • July 19
  • Elizabeth Spencer, American writer d. 2019
  • Al LaMacchia, American professional baseball player, scout d. 2010
  • William Roth, U.S. Senator d. 2003
  • Tandy Little, American politician d. 2015
  • Jim Rivera, American former Major League Baseball MLB outfielder d. 2017
  • July 22
  • July 21 – Vusamazulu Credo Mutwa, Zulu sangoma, author
  • July 24 – Billy Taylor, American jazz musician d. 2010
  • July 25 – Marv Rackley, American baseball player d. 2018
  • July 28 – Melba Hernandez, Cuban politician, diplomat d. 2014
  • Gustav Victor Rudolf Born, German-British pharmacologist d. 2018
  • Richard Egan, American actor d. 1987
  • July 26 – Jean Shepherd, American storyteller, radio and television personality d. 1999
  • July 29
  • July 31
  • July 30 – Grant Johannesen, American concert pianist d. 2005
  • Mel Hirsch, American basketball player d. 1968
  • Whitney Young, American civil rights leader d. 1971
                                     

2.8. Births August

  • August 3
  • August 1 – George Buchi, American chemist d. 1998
  • Richard Adler, American Broadway composer d. 2012
  • Edward Tipper, American World War II veteran d. 2017
  • August 2 – Mable Lee, American tap dancer, singer, and entertainer d. 2019
  • Charles H. Coolidge, American Medal of Honour recipient
  • August 4
  • Maurice Richard, Canadian hockey player d. 2000
  • Ernest Angley, American evangelist, author and station owner
  • August 8 – Esther Williams, American swimmer, actress d. 2013
  • August 9
  • Patricia Marmont, English actress
  • August 10
  • Jack B. Weinstein, American federal judge
  • Ion Negoițescu, Romanian literary historian, critic, poet, novelist and memoirist d. 1993
  • August 11
  • Henry Graff, American historian
  • Alex Haley, American author d. 1992
  • Julia Hartwig, Polish author d. 2017
  • August 14
  • Sidney Rittenberg, American journalist, consultant and author d. 2019
  • Vittorio Caprioli, Italian actor, director and screenwriter d. 1989
  • August 15
  • K. Kailasanatha Kurukkal, Sri Lankan researcher, writer and professor d. 2000
  • August 18
  • August 17 – Betty Cody, Canadian-born country music singer d. 2014
  • Zdzislaw Zygulski, Jr., Polish art historian d. 2015
  • Frederic Jacques Temple, French poet and writer
  • Babbis Friis-Baastad, Norwegian childrens writer d. 1970
  • Victor Szebehely, Hungarian-American astronomer d. 1997
  • Lawrence Lindemer, American politician
  • August 21
  • August 19 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer Star Trek d. 1991
  • John Osteen, American televangelist d. 1999
  • August 23
  • August 22 – Lee Loy Seng, Malaysian businessman d. 1993
  • Kenneth Arrow, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate d. 2017
  • Franco Ossola, Italian footballer d. 1949
  • Brian Moore, Northern Irish-born Canadian writer d. 1999
  • Monty Hall, Canadian-born American game show host d. 2017
  • August 24 – George W. Blair, American politician
  • Henry Abraham, American academic d. 2020
  • August 25
  • Shimshon Amitsur, Israeli mathematician, Israel Prize recipient d. 1994
  • Benjamin Bradlee, American journalist, executive editor of The Washington Post d. 2014
  • August 26
  • Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz d. 1996
  • Leo Penn, American actor and director d. 1998
  • August 27
  • Nancy Kulp, American actress d. 1991
  • Lidia Gueiler Tejada, President of Bolivia d. 2011
  • John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist d. 1979
  • August 28
  • August 29
  • Wendell Scott, American race car driver d. 1990
  • Iris Apfel, American interior designer, fashion designer
  • August 31 – Raymond Williams, Welsh academic, novelist and critic d. 1988
                                     

2.9. Births September

  • Josephine Lenard, American professional baseball player d. 2007
  • September 2
  • Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo, 34th President of El Salvador d. 1973
  • Arthur Ferrante, American pianist Ferrante & Teicher d. 2009
  • September 6 – Andree Geulen-Herscovici, member of the Comite de Defense des Juifs
  • Antonio Gelabert, Spanish road bicycle racer d. 1956
  • Linus Nirmal Gomes, Indian Roman Catholic bishop
  • September 5 – Queen Consort Farida of Egypt d. 1988
  • September 3 – Harry Landers, American actor d. 2017
  • September 7
  • September 8
  • Dinko Sakic, Croatian concentration camp commander d. 2008
  • Harry Secombe, Welsh entertainer d. 2001
  • Mosie Lister, American singer d. 2015
  • George Joseph, American businessman
  • Francis Quinn, American Roman Catholic bishop d. 2019
  • September 11
  • Stanislaw Lem, Polish science fiction writer d. 2006
  • September 12
  • Frank McGee, American television personality d. 1974
  • Cyrille Adoula, Congolese trade unionist and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Zaire d. 1978
  • Sergey Nepobedimy, Soviet rocket weaponry designer d. 2014
  • September 13
  • Gunnar Eriksson, Swedish Olympic cross-country skier d. 1982
  • Odore Joseph Gendron, American Roman Catholic, bishop
  • September 14
  • Dario Vittori, Argentine actor d. 2001
  • A. Jean de Grandpre, Canadian lawyer and businessman
  • Nils Rydstrom, Swedish fencer d. 2018
  • Norma MacMillan, Canadian voice actress d. 2001
  • Joseph Ileo, Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo d. 1994
  • September 15
  • September 16 – Mohamed Talbi, Tunisian historian d. 2017
  • Roger H. Zion, American politician d. 2019
  • September 17
  • Virgilio Barco Vargas, 27th President of Colombia d. 1997
  • Paulo Freire, Brazilian educator, philosopher d. 1997
  • September 18 – Kamal Hassan Aly, Egyptian politician, 43rd Prime Minister of Egypt d. 1993
  • Conway Berners-Lee, English mathematician and computer scientist d. 2019
  • September 19
  • September 24
  • September 20 – Leon Comber, English author and military officer
  • Andre Lacroix, French pentathlete
  • Charlene Pryer, American professional baseball player d. 1999
  • Jim McKay, American sportscaster d. 2008
  • September 25 – Robert Muldoon, 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand d. 1992
  • September 27
  • Miklos Jancso, Hungarian film director d. 2014
  • John Malcolm Patterson, American politician
  • Grigory Svirsky, Russian-Canadian writer
  • James Cross, Irish-English diplomat
  • September 29
  • Jorge Loring Miro, Spanish Jesuit priest, public speaker and author d. 2013
  • Deborah Kerr, Scottish actress d. 2007
  • September 30
                                     

2.10. Births October

  • October 3 – Ray Lindwall, Australian cricketer d. 1996
  • Francisco Morales-Bermudez, President of Peru
  • October 1 – James Whitmore, American actor d. 2009
  • Shin Kyuk-ho, South Korean businessman d. 2020
  • October 2 – Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury d. 2000
  • October 4
  • October 8 – Abraham Sarmiento, Filipino Supreme Court jurist d. 2010
  • Yves Montand, French singer, actor d. 1991
  • Enrico Cocozza, Scottish filmmaker d. 2009
  • October 6 – Joseph Lowery, American minister and civil rights activist
  • October 13
  • October 10 – James Clavell, British novelist d. 1994
  • October 7 – Richard L. Duchossois, American businessman
  • October 12 – Logie Bruce Lockhart, Scottish journalist and rugby player
  • October 5 – Bill Willis, American football player d. 2007
  • October 14
  • Zizinho, Brazilian football player d. 2002
  • Jose Arraño Acevedo, Chilean historian d. 2009
  • Jeffrey G. Smith, American general
  • October 16 – Sita Ram Goel, Indian historian, publisher and author d. 2003
  • Jerry Cooke, American photographer d. 2005
  • October 18
  • Jesse Helms, U.S. Senator from North Carolina d. 2008
  • October 17 – Maria Gorokhovskaya, Soviet gymnast d. 2001
  • October 19 – Gunnar Nordahl, Swedish footballer d. 1995
  • October 21
  • Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld, Dutch astronomer d. 2015
  • Mohammad Mohammadullah, 3rd President of Bangladesh d. 1999
  • Zorawar Chand Bakhshi, Indian Army General d. 2018
  • Pedro Marcos Ribeiro da Costa, Angolan bishop d. 2010
  • Malcolm Arnold, British music composer d. 2006
  • October 23
  • Andre Turcat, French aviator, first pilot of Concorde d. 2016
  • October 22 – Georges Brassens, French singer-songwriter d. 1981
  • Archie Lamb, English ambassador and writer
  • October 25 – King Michael I of Romania d. 2017
  • Joe Fulks, American basketball player d. 1976
  • Frances Scott Fitzgerald, American writer, daughter of F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald d. 1986
  • October 24 – Sena Jurinac, Bosnian operatic soprano d. 2011
  • October 26
  • Warren Allen Smith, American gay rights activist, writer and humanities humanist d. 2017
  • October 27
  • Eugene Chelyshev, Russian indologist and academician
  • October 31 – Wendell Nedderman, American engineering educator d. 2019
                                     

2.11. Births November

  • Walter Mirisch, American film producer
  • Gene Saks, American actor, film director d. 2015
  • Peter Spoden, German night fighter ace
  • November 5 – Princess Fawzia Fuad of Egypt d. 2013
  • November 3 – Charles Bronson, American actor d. 2003
  • November 6 – James Jones, American writer d. 1977
  • November 2 – Wanda Poltawska, Polish physician and author
  • November 8
  • November 7 – Janos Horvath, Hungarian politician d. 2019
  • November 11
  • Molly Dodd, American actress d. 1981
  • November 10 – Owen Bush, American actor d. 2001
  • Ron Greenwood, English football manager d. 2006
  • November 13 – Joonas Kokkonen, Finnish composer d. 1996
  • November 14 – Brian Keith, American actor d. 1997
  • November 12 – Gerson Leiber, American painter, lithographer and sculptor d. 2018
  • Alexander Jefferson, American Air Force officer
  • Jimmy Fitzmorris, American politician
  • November 15
  • November 19
  • November 17 – Albert Bertelsen, Danish artist d. 2019
  • Michel Bonnevie, French Olympic basketball player d. 2018
  • Roy Campanella, American baseball player Brooklyn Dodgers, member of the MLB Hall of Fame d. 1993
  • November 20 – Allen Dines, American politician
  • November 22
  • Rodney Dangerfield, American actor, comedian d. 2004
  • November 21 – Billie Mae Richards, Canadian actress, singer d. 2010
  • Max Ward, Canadian aviator
  • John P. Yates, American politician d. 2017
  • November 24
  • November 23 – Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer, actor d. 1960
  • John Lindsay, American lawyer, politician and Mayor of New York City d. 2000
  • November 30 – Herman Ferdinandus Maria Munninghoff, Dutch Roman Catholic prelate d. 2018
  • November 26 – Françoise Gilot, French painter, critic and author
  • November 25 – Johnny Johnson, English RAF officer
  • November 29 – Jackie Stallone, American astrologer, mother of Sylvester Stallone
  • November 27 – Alexander Dubcek, Slovak politician, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia d. 1992
                                     

2.12. Births December

  • December 3
  • Madiha Yousri, Egyptian actress d. 2018
  • December 2 – Carlo Furno, Italian cardinal d. 2015
  • Phyllis Curtin, American soprano d. 2016
  • December 4
  • Sanford K. Moats, American Air Force general
  • Deanna Durbin, Canadian singer d. 2013
  • Peter Hansen, American actor d. 2017
  • December 5
  • Alvy Moore, American actor d. 1997
  • Carl Corley, American author and illustrator d. 2016
  • Eddie Platt, American saxophonist d. 2010
  • December 8
  • December 6 – Otto Graham, American football player d. 2003
  • December 7 – Eric Blackwood, Canadian-English aviator
  • Valeria Valeri, Italian actress and voice actress d. 2019
  • December 10
  • James Foort, Canadian inventor and artist
  • John P. Fullam, American judge d. 2018
  • Liz Smith, English actress d. 2016
  • December 11
  • Yang Side, Chinese general d. 2018
  • Seymour Topping, American writer and professor
  • Ira Neimark, American businessman and author d. 2019
  • December 12
  • John Papworth, English clergyman, writer and activist
  • December 14
  • Simon Towneley, English author and politician
  • Mike McCormack, American politician
  • Charley Trippi, American football player
  • Alan Freed, American disc jockey, known for introducing rock and roll to mainstream radio d. 1965
  • Nikolai Lebedev, Soviet-Russian actor
  • December 15
  • December 18
  • Yuri Nikulin, Soviet/Russian actor, clown d. 1997
  • December 17 – Anne Golon, French writer d. 2017
  • Renato Baldini, Italian actor d. 1995
  • Gayraud Wilmore, American historian, theologian and educator
  • December 20
  • December 19 – Blaze Koneski, Macedonian poet, linguist d. 1993
  • Ali Kandil, Egyptian football referee
  • Steve Allen, American actor, composer, comedian, and author d. 2000
  • December 22 – Maurice Girardot, French Olympic basketball player d. 2016
  • John Severin, American comics artist d. 2012
  • December 23 – Marge Callaghan, Canadian female professional baseball player d. 2019
  • December 21 – Luigi Creatore, American songwriter, record producer d. 2015
  • December 26
  • December 24 – Allan Edwards, Australian cricketer d. 2019
  • December 28
  • Philippe de Gaulle, French admiral and senator
  • E. S. Campbell, American marine and author
  • December 31 – Maurice Yameogo, President of Upper Volta d. 1993
  • December 30 – Rashid Karami, 8-time Prime Minister of Lebanon d. 1987
                                     

3.1. Deaths January–June

  • January 1 – Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, 5th Chancellor of Germany b. 1856
  • January 29 – H. G. Haugan, Norwegian-born American railroad, banking executive b. 1840
  • Andrea Carlo Ferrari, Italian Catholic cardinal and blessed b. 1850
  • Antonio Jacobsen, American maritime artist b. 1850
  • January 27 – Justiniano Borgoño, 37th Prime Minister of Peru b. 1836
  • January 12 – Gervase Elwes, English tenor b. 1866
  • January 23 – Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried von Waldeyer-Hartz, German anatomist b. 1836
  • February 2
  • January 18 – Adolf von Hildebrand, German sculptor b. 1847
  • February 8
  • George Formby Sr, English entertainer b. 1876
  • Peter Kropotkin, Russian anarchist b. 1842
  • March 15 – Talaat Pasha, Ottoman Turkish ruler, initiator of the Armenian Genocide b. 1874 assassinated
  • May 5 – Alfred Hermann Fried, Austrian writer, pacifist and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize b. 1864
  • April 2 – Charles Blackader, British general b. 1869
  • April 27 – Arthur Mold, English cricketer b. 1863
  • April 1 – Sir Edmund Poe, British admiral b. 1849
  • March 1 – King Nicholas I of Montenegro b. 1841
  • Emilia Pardo Bazan, Spanish writer b. 1851
  • February 22 – Ernst Gunther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein b. 1863
  • Sir Melville Macnaghten, British police officer b. 1853
  • May 9 – William Henry Chamberlin, American philosopher b. 1870
  • February 26 – Carl Menger, Austrian economist b. 1840
  • April 4 – Warington Baden-Powell, British admiralty lawyer b. 1847
  • March 3 – Auguste Mercier, French general, politician b. 1833
  • April 11 – Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, last German Empress, wife of Wilhelm II, German Emperor b. 1858
  • April 17 – Manwel Dimech, Maltese philosopher, social reformer b. 1860
  • May 12
  • April 21 – Tom OBrien, American Major League Baseball player b. 1860
  • February 27 – Schofield Haigh, English cricketer b. 1871
  • March 29 – John Burroughs, American naturalist, essayist b. 1837
  • March 8 – Eduardo Dato, Spanish politician, 3-time Prime Minister of Spain b. 1856 assassinated
  • Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States b. 1845
  • Michael Llewelyn Davies, one of the Lost Boys for the Peter Pan book b. 1900
  • May 19
  • Emile Combes, French statesman, 69th Prime Minister of France b. 1835
  • May 25
  • Sir Arthur Wilson, British admiral of the fleet b. 1842
  • Otto Seeck, German classical historian b. 1850
  • June 29
  • June 28 – Gyorche Petrov, Macedonian, Bulgarian revolutionary b. 1865 assassinated
  • June 26 – Alfred Percy Sinnett, British writer b. 1840
  • June 11 – Patriarch Leonid of Georgia b. 1860
  • May 29 –Euthymios Agritellis, Greek Orthodox bishop and saint. b. 1876
  • Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Winston Churchill b. 1854
  • June 5 – Georges Feydeau, French playwright b. 1862
  • June 18 – Eduardo Acevedo Diaz, Uruguayan writer b. 1851
                                     

3.2. Deaths July–December

  • September 7 – Alfred William Rich, English watercolour painter b. 1856
  • July 3 – Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha b. 1844
  • William Campbell, British missionary in Taiwan b. 1841
  • August 8 – Juhani Aho, Finnish author, journalist b. 1861
  • August 19 – Georges Darien, French writer b. 1862
  • September 9
  • July 13 – Gabriel Lippmann, Luxembourger-French physicist, academic and Nobel Prize laureate b. 1845
  • August 31 – Karl von Bulow, German field marshal b. 1846
  • August 26 – Sandor Wekerle, 3-time Prime Minister of Hungary b. 1848
  • July 1 – Maurice Bailloud, French general b. 1847
  • August 7 – Alexander Blok, Russian poet b. 1880
  • July 26 – Howard Vernon, Australian actor b. 1848
  • September 2 – Henry Austin Dobson, English poet b. 1840
  • Virginia Rappe, American model, actress b. 1895
  • August 16 – Peter I of Serbia, King of Yugoslavia b. 1844
  • August 2 – Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor b. 1873
  • September 11
  • September 10 – John Tengo Jabavu, editor of South Africas first newspaper in Xhosa b. 1859
  • Subramania Bharati, Tamil poet b. 1882
  • Prince Louis of Battenberg, British naval officer, German prince b. 1854
  • October 15 – Haydar Khan Amo-oghli, Iranian revolutionary b. 1860
  • September 17 – Philipp, Prince of Eulenburg, German diplomat b. 1847
  • October 1 – Julius von Hann, Austrian meteorologist b. 1839
  • November 26
  • Charles W. Whittlesey, United States Army officer, commander of the "Lost Battalion" in World War I suicide b. 1884
  • October 18 – Ludwig III of Bavaria, last king of Bavaria b. 1845
  • October 21 – William Wallace Wotherspoon, American general b. 1850
  • October 23 – John Boyd Dunlop, British-born Irish inventor, veterinary surgeon b. 1840
  • October 25 – Bat Masterson, American gunfighter b. 1853
  • October 2 – King William II of Wurttemberg b. 1848
  • September 27 – Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer b. 1854
  • October 31 – William Egan, American gangster b. 1884
  • November 8 – Charles, 6th Prince of Lowenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, German nobleman b. 1834
  • Emile Cartailhac, French prehistorian b. 1845
  • November 20 – Christina Nilsson, Swedish operatic soprano b. 1843
  • November 12 – Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter b. 1858
  • November 4 – Hara Takashi, Japanese politician, 10th Prime Minister of Japan b. 1856 assassinated
  • October 17 – Yaa Asantewaa, Asante warrior queen b. c. 1840
  • October 12 – Philander C. Knox, American politician b. 1853
  • November 14 – Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, daughter of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil b. 1846
  • November 29 – George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen, Canadian businessman b. 1829
  • November 28 – `Abdul-Baha, Head of Bahai Faith b. 1844
  • November 27 – Sir Douglas Cameron, Canadian politician b. 1854
  • Hermann Schwarz, German mathematician b. 1843
  • November 30
  • Madeleine Bres, French physician b. 1842
  • December 20
  • Julius Richard Petri, German microbiologist b. 1852
  • December 16 – Camille Saint-Saens, French composer b. 1835
  • December 10 – George Ashlin, Irish architect b. 1837
  • December 13 – Max Noether, German mathematician b. 1844
  • Dmitri Parsky, Russian general b. 1866
  • December 12 – Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer b. 1868
  • December 31 – Boies Penrose, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania b. 1860
                                     

4. Nobel Prizes

  • Physics – Albert Einstein
  • Chemistry – Frederick Soddy
  • Peace – Karl Hjalmar Branting, Christian Lous Lange
  • Medicine – not awarded
  • Literature – Anatole France