Back

ⓘ 1797




1797
                                     

ⓘ 1797

1797 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1797th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 797th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1797, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

                                     

1.1. Events January–March

  • February 18 – Invasion of Trinidad: Spanish Governor Jose Maria Chacon peacefully surrenders the colony of Trinidad to a British naval force, commanded by Sir Ralph Abercromby.
  • February 14 – French Revolutionary Wars – Battle of Cape St Vincent: The British Royal Navy under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats a larger Spanish fleet off Cape St. Vincent, Portugal.
  • February 4 – The Riobamba earthquake in Ecuador, estimated magnitude 8.3, causes up to 40.000 casualties.
  • January 7 – The parliament of the Cisalpine Republic adopts the Italian green-white-red tricolour as the official flag this is considered the birth of the flag of Italy.
  • March 13 – Medee, an opera by Luigi Cherubini, is premiered in Paris.
  • February 26 – Bank Restriction Act removes the requirement for the Bank of England the national bank of Great Britain to convert banknotes into gold - Restriction period lasts until 1821. The Bank of England issues the first one-pound and two-pound notes pound notes discontinued March 11, 1988.
  • March 5 – Protestant missionaries from the London Missionary Society land in Tahiti, from the Duff celebrated as Missionary Day in French Polynesia.
  • January 14 – Battle of Rivoli during the War of the First Coalition: French forces under General Napoleon Bonaparte defeat an Austrian army of 28.000 men, under Feldzeugmeister Jozsef Alvinczi, near Rivoli modern-day Italy, ending Austrias fourth and final attempt to relieve the fortress city of Mantua.
  • January 13 – Action of 13 January 1797, part of the War of the First Coalition: Two British Royal Navy frigates, HMS Indefatigable and HMS Amazon, drive the French 74-gun ship of the line Droits de lHomme aground on the coast of Brittany, with over 900 deaths.
  • February 12 – "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" is first performed, with the music composed in January by Joseph Haydn, which also becomes the tune to the Deutschlandlied, the German national anthem.
  • January 3 – The Treaty of Tripoli, a peace treaty between the United States and Ottoman Tripolitania, is signed at Algiers see also 1796.
  • February 3 – Battle of Faenza: A French corps 9.000 men under General Claude Victor-Perrin defeats the forces from the Papal States, at Castel Bolognese near Faenza, Italy.
  • February 19 – Treaty of Tolentino: Pope Pius VI signs a peace treaty with Revolutionary France. He is forced to deliver works of art, treasures, territory, the Comtat Venaissin and 30 million francs.
  • March 16 – Battle of Valvasone: The Austrian army, led by Archduke Charles, fights a rearguard action at the crossing of the Tagliamento River, but is defeated by Napoleon Bonaparte at Valvasone.
  • February 25 – William Tate surrenders to the British at Fishguard.
  • January 26 – The Treaty of the Third Partition of Poland is signed in St. Petersburg by the Russian Empire, Austria and the Kingdom of Prussia.
  • March 21 – Battle of Parramatta: Resistance leader Pemulwuy led a group of aboriginal warriors, estimated to be at least 100, in an attack on a government farm at Toongabbie in Sydney, Australia.
  • February 22 – The last invasion of Britain begins: French forces, under the command of American Colonel William Tate, land near Fishguard, Wales.
  • January 15 – John Hetherington causes a riot in London, by wearing his newly invented top hat in public for the first time.
  • March 4 – John Adams is sworn in as the second President of the United States, with an uneventful transition of power from the administration of George Washington.
  • February 2 – Siege of Mantua: Field marshal Dagobert von Wurmser surrenders the fortress city to the French; only 16.000 men of the garrison are capable of marching out as prisoners of war.
                                     

1.2. Events April–June

  • April 17
  • Battle of San Juan: Sir Ralph Abercromby unsuccessfully invades San Juan, Puerto Rico in what will be one of the largest British attacks on Spanish territories in the western hemisphere, and one of the worst defeats of the British Royal Navy for years to come.
  • Veronese Easter: Citizens of Verona, Italy, began an unsuccessful eight-day rebellion against the French occupying forces.
  • April 16 – The Spithead and Nore mutinies break out in the British Royal Navy.
  • June 29 – Napoleon Bonaparte decrees the birth of the Cisalpine Republic; he appoints ministers and establishes the first constitution.
  • June 28 – French troops disembark in Corfu, beginning the First period of French rule in the Ionian Islands.
  • April 18 – Armistice of Leoben: On behalf of the French Republic, a delegation under Napoleon Bonaparte signs a peace treaty with the Holy Roman Empire at Leoben.
  • May 12 – War of the First Coalition: Napoleon Bonaparte conquers Venice, ending the city and Republic of Venices 1.100 years of independence. The last doge of Venice, Ludovico Manin, steps down. The Venetian Ghetto is thrown open.
  • May 30 – English abolitionist William Wilberforce marries Barbara Ann Spooner about six weeks after their first meeting.
  • May 10 – The first ship of the United States Navy, the frigate USS United States, is commissioned.
                                     

1.3. Events July–September

  • September 5 – Frances new government decrees that citizens who left the country without authorization are subject to the death penalty if they return.
  • September 30 – Dominique-Vincent Ramel-Nogaret, French finance minister, repudiates two thirds of Frances debt.
  • September 4 – The Coup of 18 Fructidor is carried out in France as three of the five members of The Directory, Frances executive council, arrested royalist members of the Council of Five Hundred, the national legislature, and discard the results of the spring elections.
  • August 29 – Massacre of Tranent: British troops attack protestors against enforced recruitment into the militia at Tranent, Scotland, killing 12.
  • July 24 – Horatio Nelson is wounded at the Battle of Santa Cruz, losing an arm.
  • July 9 – U.S. Senator William Blount becomes the first federal legislator to be expelled from office, as his fellow Senators vote 25 to 1 to block him from his seat during an investigation against him on charges of criminal conspiracy.


                                     

1.4. Events October–December

  • October 17 – The Treaty of Campo Formio ends the War of the First Coalition.
  • November 16 – The Prussian heir apparent, Frederick William, becomes King of Prussia as Fredrick William III.
  • October 22 – Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes the first parachute descent, at Parc Monceau, Paris; he uses a silk parachute to descend approximately 3.000 feet 910 m from a hot air balloon.
  • October 21 – In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched to fight Barbary pirates off the coast of Tripoli; the ship will remain in commission in the 21st century.
  • October 11 – Battle of Camperdown: the British Royal Navy defeats the fleet of the Batavian Republic off the coast of Holland.
  • December 17 – Napoleon leads a successful French charge against Fort lAiguilette, to secure Toulon.
  • November – The students at Rugby School rebel against the headmaster, Henry Ingles, after he decrees that the damage to a tradesmans windows should be paid for by the students.
  • October 18 – The XYZ Affair inflames tensions between France and the United States when American negotiators Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, John Marshall, and Elbridge Gerry meet with French government representatives Jean-Conrad Hottinguer, Pierre Bellamy and Lucien Hauteval and are told that a treaty between France and the U.S. will require payment of a bribe to Frances Foreign Minister Charles Talleyrand and a large loan of American cash to France. Pinckney tells people later that his response was "No, no, not a sixpence!"; Hottinguer, Bellamy and Hauteval are referred to, respectively, as "X", "Y" and "Z" in U.S. government reports on the failed negotiations.
                                     

1.5. Events Undated

  • The secret Lautaro Lodge as the Logia de los Caballeros Racionales "Lodge of Rational Knights" is founded, perhaps in Cadiz; membership will include many leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence such as Francisco de Miranda, Bernardo OHiggins and Jose de San Martin.
  • Joseph-Louis Lagrange publishes his treatise on differential calculus, entitled Theorie des fonctions analytiques.
                                     

2.1. Births January–March

  • January 1
  • Robert Crittenden, American attorney, politician d. 1834
  • Utagawa Kuniyoshi, Japanese woodblock printer ukiyo-e d. 1861
  • William Greene, lieutenant governor of the state of Rhode Island d. 1883
  • Christopher Jacob Bostrom, Swedish philosopher d. 1866
  • January 2 – Eliakim Littell, American editor d. 1870
  • Wilhelm Beer, German banker, astronomer d. 1850
  • January 4
  • John Hampden Pleasants, American journalist, businessman d. 1846
  • January 3 – Frederick William Hope, English entomologist at the University of Oxford d. 1862
  • Timothy Gilbert, American piano manufacturer d. 1865
  • Eduard Vogel von Falckenstein, Prussian General der Infanterie d. 1885
  • January 5
  • James Kingsley, attorney and mayor of Ann Arbor 1855–1856 d. 1878
  • Edward Turner Bennett, English zoologist, writer d. 1836
  • January 6
  • Hazen Aldrich, early American leader in the Latter Day Saint movement d. 1873
  • January 8 – David Barker Jr., American politician, member of the United States House of Representatives d. 1834
  • January 7 – Henry Piddington, English merchant captain sailing in East India and China and later settling in Bengal d. 1858
  • Eugenio Kincaid, American Baptist missionary to Burma d. 1883
  • Annette von Droste-Hulshoff, German writer d. 1848
  • January 10
  • January 9 – Edmund Murray Dodd, Canadian lawyer d. 1876
  • Connop Thirlwall, English bishop in Wales, historian d. 1875
  • Carl Rottmann, German landscape painter, the most famous member of the Rottmann family of painters d. 1850
  • January 11
  • George Evans, American politician from the state of Maine d. 1867
  • January 12
  • Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician, writer d. 1873
  • January 16 – Richard Barnes Mason, career officer in the United States Army, governor of California d. 1850
  • January 15 – Vincenz Kollar, Austrian entomologist specializing in Diptera d. 1860
  • Cornelia Aletta van Hulst, Dutch painter d. 1870
  • Henri-Bernard Dabadie, French baritone d. 1853
  • January 19
  • January 14 – George Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover, British peer and man of letters d. 1833
  • January 17 – Joseph Barclay Pentland, Irish geographer d. 1873
  • Thomas Moore-Lane, Irish oculist, surgeon, physician to the Nawab d. 1844
  • January 21 – Joseph Mery, French writer d. 1866
  • January 22
  • Archduchess Maria Leopoldina of Austria d. 1826
  • Charlotte Lyon-Bowes, Lady Glamis, English noblewoman, daughter of Joseph Valentine Grimstead d. 1881
  • January 20 – Jonathan Leavitt, American bookbinder, co-founder of the New York City publishing firm of Leavitt & Trow d. 1852
  • Leo Dupont, Martinique-born Venerated French Catholic, who helped spread various Catholic devotions d. 1876
  • John Shaw-Lefevre, British barrister, Whig politician and civil servant d. 1879
  • January 24
  • January 25
  • John Stuart, 12th Earl of Moray d. 1867
  • Achille Remy Percheron, French entomologist d. 1869
  • January 28
  • Charles Gray Round, English barrister, Conservative Member of Parliament MP for North Essex 1837–47 d. 1867
  • Obadiah Bush, American prospector, businessman d. 1851
  • January 26 – Therese Albertine Luise Robinson, German-American author d. 1870
  • Felix Tanco, Colombian-born Cuban writer, poet, and novelist d. 1871
  • Narcisse Girard, French violinist d. 1860
  • Prince Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Prussian nobleman d. 1873
  • Marguerite Beaubien, Canadian nun, mother superior with the Sisters of Charity d. 1848
  • January 29
  • John Fairfield, U.S. politician from Maine d. 1847
  • Edwin Vose Sumner, career United States Army officer who became a Union Army general during the American Civil War d. 1863
  • January 30
  • Bertha Zuck, German-born treasurer of Queen Josephine of Sweden d. 1868
  • January 31 – Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist, composer d. 1828
  • February 1 – Frederick Sullivan, English first-class cricketer associated with Marylebone Cricket Club MCC d. 1873
  • February 2
  • Joseph Louis Corbin, French general who took command of the successful attack that lifted the Siege of Constantine in 1837 d. 1859
  • Lambert Blackwell Larking, English clergyman d. 1868
  • February 4
  • Frederick Henry Yates, English actor, theatre manager d. 1842
  • Armine Simcoe Henry Mountain, British Army officer, Adjutant-General in India d. 1854
  • F. W. P. Greenwood, Unitarian minister of Kings Chapel in Boston d. 1843
  • February 5
  • Robert Benson, English barrister and author, serving as recorder of Salisbury d. 1844
  • Gyorgy Andrassy, Hungarian nobleman d. 1872
  • Vaast Barthelemy Henry, French Catholic priest d. 1884
  • February 6
  • Joseph von Radowitz, conservative Prussian statesman, general d. 1853
  • Richard Hawes, United States Representative from Kentucky and the second Confederate Governor of Kentucky d. 1877
  • February 11
  • February 7 – François Chouteau, American pioneer fur trader d. 1838
  • February 10 – George Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall, British landowner, courtier and politician d. 1883
  • John Allen Wakefield, American historian d. 1873
  • Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, English Conservative politician d. 1861
  • February 14
  • Pierre Sylvain Dumon, French politician who was a deputy 1831-1848 d. 1870
  • John Capron, American military officer in the infantry d. 1878
  • February 13 – Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro of Novar, Scottish art collector d. 1864
  • February 12 – John Timon, first Roman Catholic Bishop of Buffalo d. 1867
  • Henry Engelhard Steinway, German-American piano manufacturer d. 1871
  • Elias Florence, member of the United States House of Representatives d. 1880
  • February 15
  • February 18
  • John Davis Pierce, American Congregationalist minister d. 1882
  • John Day, Liberian politician and jurist, 2nd Chief Justice of Liberia 1854 until his death d. 1859
  • February 17 – Charles Alexandre, French Hellenist d. 1870
  • Jean-Baptiste Boucho, French-born Vicar Apostolic of Malacca-Singapore d. 1871
  • Giuseppe Avezzana, Italian soldier fighting in Europe and America d. 1879
  • February 19
  • Wincenty Smokowski, Polish-Lithuanian painter, illustrator Academic and Classical styles d. 1876
  • February 22
  • Jean Baptiste Hippolyte Dance, French pathologist remembered for Dances sign d. 1832
  • Yelizaveta Golitsyna, Russian noble, Catholic nun d. 1844
  • February 21 – João Mouzinho de Albuquerque, Portuguese writer, administrator d. 1881
  • February 24 – Samuel Lover, Irish songwriter d. 1868
  • Wilhelm Meinhold, Pomeranian priest, author d. 1851
  • February 23 – Heinrich Halfeld, German engineer d. 1873
  • February 25 – Maria Abdy, English poet d. 1867
  • February 27
  • Henry George Ward, English diplomat, politician, and colonial administrator d. 1860
  • John Henderson, Mississippi lawyer, United States Senator d. 1857
  • February 28
  • George Keats, businessman, civic leader in Louisville, Kentucky d. 1841
  • March 2
  • Etienne Mulsant, French entomologist, ornithologist d. 1880
  • Stephen Olin, American educator, minister d. 1851
  • March 3
  • Gotthilf Hagen, German civil engineer who made important contributions to fluid dynamics d. 1884
  • Emily Eden, English poet, novelist d. 1869
  • March 4
  • Thomas Thorp, English Anglican priest d. 1877
  • Charles Jackson, 18th Governor of Rhode Island 1845-1846 d. 1876
  • Jasper Ewing Brady, Whig member of the United States House of Representatives d. 1871
  • James Rider, American politician from New York d. 1876
  • March 5
  • Friedrich von Gerolt, Prussian Privy Councillor, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in the United States d. 1879
  • March 10
  • March 7 – Edouard Thibaudeau, Lower Canadian lawyer, political figure d. 1836
  • Henry Liddell, 1st Earl of Ravensworth, British peer, Member of Parliament for several constituencies d. 1878
  • George Julius Poulett Scrope, English geologist, political economist and magistrate d. 1876
  • Henry Acton, English Unitarian minister d. 1843
  • Selah R. Hobbie, United States Representative from New York d. 1854
  • March 6 – Gerrit Smith, American social reformer d. 1874
  • Charles de Remusat, French politician and writer d. 1875
  • March 13
  • March 12 – Benjamin Caesar, English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket 1824-1830 d. 1867
  • George Bacon Wood, American physician d. 1879
  • Eleazer Parmly, American dentist in New York City d. 1874
  • March 15 – Benjamin Guerard, French librarian, historian d. 1854
  • Alaric Alexander Watts, British poet, journalist d. 1864
  • March 16
  • Lavinia Ryves, British woman claiming to be a member of the British royal family d. 1871
  • Johann Adam Pupikofer, Swiss historian, curator of the Thurgau cantonal archive in Frauenfeld d. 1882
  • March 17
  • Andrew Fernando Holmes, Canadian physician d. 1860
  • March 18
  • Michel Goudchaux, French banker, politician who was twice Minister of Finance during the French Second Republic d. 1862
  • James Wilson II, United States Representative from New Hampshire d. 1881
  • March 19
  • John Braithwaite, English engineer, inventor of the first steam fire engine d. 1870
  • Addison Gardiner, American lawyer and politician, Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals 1854-1855 d. 1883
  • March 20 – John Roberton, Scottish physician, social reformer d. 1876
  • William K. Clowney, United States Representative from South Carolina d. 1851
  • Johann Andreas Wagner, German palaeontologist d. 1861
  • March 21
  • Jozef Zaliwski, Polish independence activist d. 1855
  • March 22
  • Eduard Gans, German jurist d. 1839
  • Pierre Bossier, Louisiana soldier, state senator d. 1844
  • Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany d. 1888
  • Jean-Bernard Rousseau, French Roman Catholic professed religious of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools d. 1867
  • March 24
  • Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, Italian Catholic priest, philosopher d. 1855
  • Abraham Hoagland, early American Mormon leader d. 1872
  • March 23 – Ernest Edgcumbe, 3rd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, English politician d. 1861
  • Sackville Lane-Fox, British Conservative Party politician d. 1874
  • Thomas B. Jackson, United States Representative from New York d. 1881
  • John Winebrenner, American founder of the Churches of God General Conference d. 1860
  • Auguste-Arthur, Comte de Beugnot, French historian, statesman d. 1865
  • J. G. M. Ramsey, American historian d. 1884
  • March 25
  • Fortunato Jose Barreiros, Portuguese colonial administrator, military architect d. 1885
  • Hedworth Lambton, Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom d. 1876
  • Joseph Fielding, early American leader of the Latter Day Saint movement d. 1863
  • March 26
  • Heinrich LXXII, Prince Reuss of Lobenstein and Ebersdorf d. 1853
  • Alfred de Vigny, French poet, early leader of French Romanticism d. 1863
  • John Dix Fisher, physician and founder of Perkins Institution for the Blind in Boston d. 1850
  • March 27
  • George Glyn, 1st Baron Wolverton, English banker with interests in the railways d. 1873
  • March 31
  • March 29 – Charles I. du Pont, American manufacturer, politician d. 1869
  • March 28 – George O. Belden, American politician, Representative from New York d. 1833
  • Walter Calverley Trevelyan, English naturalist, geologist d. 1879
  • William Ryerson, Methodist minister, political figure in western Canada d. 1872


                                     

2.2. Births April–June

  • Ludwig Titze, Austrian singer who gives a number of first public performances of Franz Schuberts songs d. 1850
  • Sir William Alexander, 3rd Baronet of England d. 1873
  • April 1
  • John Peter Gassiot, English businessman, amateur scientist d. 1877
  • Joseph-François Deblois, Lower Canadian lawyer d. 1860
  • April 2
  • David Robertson, 1st Baron Marjoribanks, Scottish stockbroker, politician d. 1873
  • Franz Graf von Wimpffen, Austrian general, admiral d. 1870
  • Dunning R. McNair, Sergeant at Arms of the United States Senate 1853-1861 d. 1875
  • Samuel Bogart, itinerant Methodist minister, militia captain from Ray County, Missouri d. 1861
  • Judson Allen, American businessman, politician d. 1880
  • Barthelemy Charles Joseph Dumortier, Belgian botanist, Member of Parliament d. 1878
  • Ebenezer Childs, American pioneer d. 1864
  • April 3
  • Asa Wentworth Jr., Vermont businessman and politician, President of the Vermont State Senate d. 1882
  • April 4
  • Joseph Dresser Wickham, American minister d. 1891
  • Henry Perrine, physician, horticulturist, United States Consul in Campeche, Mexico d. 1840
  • Karl August Devrient, German stage actor best known for performances of Schiller and Shakespeare d. 1872
  • Johann Fischbach, Austrian painter d. 1871
  • April 5
  • Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux, French anatomist, naturalist d. 1880
  • Pierre Leroux, French philosopher, political economist d. 1871
  • Theodore Anne, French playwright d. 1869
  • April 7
  • Joseph Young, early American convert to the Latter Day Saint movement, missionary, longtime general authority of the LDS Church d. 1881
  • April 8 – Jehiel Brooks, American soldier, territorial governor, and plantation owner d. 1886
  • Pierre Carmouche, French playwright, chansonnier d. 1868
  • John Hill, United States Representative from North Carolina d. 1861
  • April 9
  • April 12
  • Zina Pitcher, American physician d. 1872
  • Ernst August Hagen, Prussian art writer, novelist d. 1880
  • Philip Dorsheimer, politician, New York State Treasurer d. 1868
  • Adolphe Thiers, President of France and Prime Minister of France d. 1877
  • Michel Garicoïts, French Basque Roman Catholic priest, founder of the Congregation of the Sacred Heart of Jesus of Betharram d. 1863
  • April 15
  • April 13 – Stanislas Julien, French sinologist, Chair of Chinese at the College de France for over 40 years d. 1873
  • John Ogilvie, Scottish lexicographer, editor of the Imperial Dictionary of the English Language d. 1867
  • William Beresford, British Conservative politician d. 1883
  • April 17
  • Thomas J. Drake, American lawyer, Lieutenant Governor of Michigan d. 1875
  • April 18
  • Richard Ryan, British biographer of Irish descent d. 1849
  • Jeronis de Soysa, pioneering Ceylonese entrepreneur, philanthropist d. 1860
  • Carlo Emanuele Muzzarelli, Italian clergyman d. 1856
  • April 19
  • April 21 – George Stephen Benjamin Jarvis, Upper Canadian judge, political figure d. 1878
  • Giuseppe Ferlini, Italian combat medic turned explorer and treasure hunter d. 1870
  • Ernst Ferdinand Oehme, German Romantic painter, illustrator d. 1855
  • Penina Moise, United States poet d. 1880
  • Ranulph Dacre, New Zealand naval seaman d. 1884
  • April 23
  • Henry Bliss, author, lawyer and provincial agent for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia d. 1873
  • Peter I. Borst, American politician, United States Representative from New York d. 1848
  • April 24
  • Linus Yale Sr., American inventor, manufacturer of locks d. 1858
  • April 26 – Albert Seerig, German surgeon, anatomist d. 1862
  • Eliphaz Fay, fourth president of Colby College then called the Waterville College in Maine d. 1854
  • April 27
  • Jean Victoire Audouin, French naturalist, entomologist, herpetologist, ornithologist, and malacologist d. 1841
  • William B. Slaughter, United States politician d. 1879
  • May 1
  • April 29 – Gideon Hard, American lawyer, politician d. 1885
  • April 28 – John Richardson, Australian convict, accompanies several exploring expeditions as botanical collector d. 1882
  • Pierre Nicolas Gerdy, French physician, native of Loches-sur-Ource d. 1856
  • Johann Jakob Stahelin, Swiss theologian d. 1875
  • Abraham Pineo Gesner, Canadian geologist and inventor d. 1864
  • May 2
  • Heinrich Berghaus, German geographer d. 1884
  • George Webster, English architect practising in Kendal d. 1864
  • May 3
  • Walter Colton, Chaplain for the United States Navy d. 1851
  • May 7
  • Jose Antonio Saco, Cuban statesman, deputy to the Spanish Cortes, writer, social critic, publicist, essayist, anthropologist, historian d. 1879
  • Elizabeth Grant, British diarist d. 1885
  • May 6 – Joseph Brackett, American religious leader, composer d. 1882
  • Charles Frederick, Royal Navy officer, Third Naval Lord d. 1875
  • John Septimus Roe, first Surveyor-General of Western Australia d. 1878
  • Giacomo Luigi Brignole, Italian Catholic Cardinal, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals d. 1853
  • May 8
  • May 10 – Daniel Lynn Carroll, sixth President of Hampden–Sydney College 1835-1838 d. 1851
  • May 11
  • Ernst Meyer, German-born Danish genre painter of Jewish ancestry d. 1861
  • Clement Finley, 10th Surgeon General of the United States Army d. 1879
  • Jose Mariano Salas, Mexican general and politician, twice interim president of Mexico 1846 and 1859 d. 1867
  • May 9 – Lansdown Guilding, St. Vincent-born English theologian, early naturalist d. 1831
  • May 12 – Johann Hermann Kufferath, German composer d. 1864
  • Ulrik Frederik Cappelen, Norwegian jurist, politician d. 1864
  • Sir William Miles, 1st Baronet, English politician d. 1878
  • William Chapman, British surgeon, Director of the Kew Botanical Gardens, emigrates to New Zealand d. 1867
  • May 13
  • May 15
  • Auguste Bottee de Toulmon, 19th-century French composer, musicologist d. 1850
  • George Dromgoole, Virginia politician, lawyer d. 1847
  • May 14 – Carl Georg Christian Schumacher, German painter d. 1869
  • Lydia Irving, British philanthropist, prison visitor d. 1893
  • Pascual Echague, Argentine soldier, politician d. 1867
  • Pierre-Cheri Lafont, French actor d. 1873
  • May 16
  • Stoddard Judd, American physician, politician d. 1873
  • Frederick Augustus II of Saxony d. 1854
  • May 18
  • May 19
  • Richard Pakenham, British diplomat, Ambassador to the United States d. 1868
  • Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery, French physician and anatomist, native of Orleans d. 1849
  • Maria Isabel of Portugal, Queen of Spain d. 1818
  • Claus Winter Hjelm, Norwegian legal scholar, judge d. 1871
  • Nathan Ryno Smith, American surgeon, medical school professor d. 1877
  • May 21
  • May 20 – Alexis-François Rio, French writer on art d. 1874
  • Lars Rasch, Norwegian jurist, politician d. 1864
  • Archibald Randall, United States federal judge d. 1846
  • May 24
  • James Turner Morehead, United States Senator and the 12th Governor of Kentucky d. 1854
  • Henry Thynne, 3rd Marquess of Bath, England d. 1837
  • May 26 – Ralph Randolph Gurley, American clergyman d. 1872
  • Nicolas Roret, French editor, publisher known for an important series of manuals Manuels and encyclopedias d. 1860
  • Edwin Croswell, American journalist, politician d. 1871
  • May 29
  • May 27 – Sir Thomas Bazley, 1st Baronet of England d. 1883
  • Johann Christian Lobe, German composer, music theorist d. 1881
  • May 30
  • Georg Amadeus Carl Friedrich Naumann, German mineralogist d. 1873
  • June 6 – Rehuel Lobatto, Dutch mathematician d. 1866
  • Richard Samuel Guinness, Irish lawyer and a Member of Parliament d. 1857
  • June 7
  • June 1 – Abby Hadassah Smith, early American suffragist, campaigner for property and voting rights from Glastonbury d. 1879
  • Manuel Alves Branco, 2nd Viscount of Caravelas, Brazilian politician d. 1855
  • June 2 – Joseph Blake, 3rd Baron Wallscourt, Irish nobleman and pioneering socialist d. 1849
  • June 11
  • June 8 – Henry William-Powlett, 3rd Baron Bayning, English peer and clergyman d. 1866
  • Jose Trinidad Reyes, Honduran Father, National Hero, and founder of Autonomous National University of Honduras d. 1855
  • Francis Conyngham, 2nd Marquess Conyngham, English soldier, courtier and politician d. 1876
  • Henry Lascelles, 3rd Earl of Harewood, English peer and Member of Parliament d. 1857
  • June 12 – Thomas Ainslie Young, official and political figure in Lower Canada d. 1860
  • June 13 – Richard Ely Selden, American politician and author d. 1868
  • Jules Lefevre-Deumier, French author and poet d. 1857
  • Calvin Pollard, New York City architect d. 1850
  • June 14
  • John Beard, American politician d. 1876
  • June 15
  • Samuel Brassai, centenarian, linguist, teacher, "The Last Transylvanian Polymath" d. 1897
  • Honoratus Bonnevie, Norwegian politician d. 1848
  • Sophie Fremiet, French painter d. 1867
  • Alexander Kazarsky, Russian Navy officer, hero of the Russo-Turkish War d. 1833
  • June 16
  • June 21
  • Christoffel Brand, South African jurist d. 1875
  • June 19 – Hamilton Hume, early explorer of the present-day Australian states of New South Wales and Victoria d. 1873
  • William Jessup, Pennsylvania judge and father of the missionary Henry Harris Jessup d. 1868
  • June 17 – Alexandre Vinet, Swiss critic and theologian d. 1847
  • June 20 – Karolina Gerhardinger, German Roman Catholic professed religious, established the School Sisters of Notre Dame d. 1879
  • Benson Leavitt, Boston businessman d. 1869
  • Mary Ann Aldersey, English nonconformist, first Christian missionary woman to serve in China d. 1868
  • June 24
  • June 23 – Theophile Bra, French Romantic sculptor and exact contemporary of Eugene Delacroix d. 1863
  • Ann Freeman, British Bible Christian preacher d. 1826
  • Francisco Freire Allemão e Cysneiro, Brazilian botanist who collected in northeast Brazil and along the Rio de Janeiro d. 1874
  • Johan Coenraad van Hasselt, Dutch physician, zoologist d. 1823
  • John Hughes, Irish-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States d. 1864
  • Andrew W. Loomis, United States Representative from Ohio d. 1873
  • June 26 – Imam Shamil, Avar political and religious leader of the Muslim tribes of the Northern Caucasus d. 1871
  • June 27
  • Henry Noble Shipton, British junior officer who served in the Royal Marines and the Army d. 1821
  • June 29 – Frederic Baraga, Slovenian Catholic missionary to the United States, grammarian of Native American languages d. 1868
                                     

2.3. Births July–September

  • Maria Antonia Kohary de Csabrag, Hungarian noblewoman, ancestor of several European monarchs d. 1862
  • Pierre Joseph Michel Lorquin, French entomologist specializing in Coleoptera and Lepidoptera d. 1873
  • July 2
  • Jacquette Lowenhielm, Swedish noble and lady-in-waiting d. 1839
  • July 4
  • James W. Parker, American pioneer, uncle of Cynthia Ann Parker and the great uncle of Comanche Quanah Parker d. 1864
  • July 12
  • July 11 – Francis Close, Anglican rector of Cheltenham 1826–1856 and Dean of Carlisle 1856–1881 d. 1882
  • Adele Schopenhauer, German author d. 1849
  • July 6 – Henry Paget, 2nd Marquess of Anglesey, England d. 1869
  • July 7 – George Meads, English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket 1825-1836 d. 1881
  • John Gaylord, early American Mormon leader d. 1874
  • Pier Alessandro Paravia, Venetian writer, scholar, philanthropist, professor of Italian eloquence d. 1857
  • July 15
  • July 14 – James Scott Bowerbank, British naturalist, palaeontologist d. 1877
  • Kloka Anna, Swedish cunning woman, medium d. 1860
  • Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar I, attorney, jurist in his native Georgia d. 1834
  • John Hodgetts-Foley, British Member of Parliament d. 1861
  • July 17
  • William Matthew Harries, influential member of both houses of the Parliament of the Cape of Good Hope d. 1865
  • July 16 – Daniel D. Barnard, American politician, Representative from New York d. 1861
  • Paul Delaroche, French painter d. 1856
  • July 18 – Robert Christison, Scottish toxicologist, physician d. 1882
  • Gotthard Fritzsche, Prussian-Australian pastor d. 1863
  • Sir Pawel Strzelecki, Polish explorer, geologist d. 1873
  • Eli Kirk Price, Philadelphia lawyer d. 1884
  • July 20
  • Nicholas Marcellus Hentz, French American educator, arachnologist d. 1856
  • Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel d. 1889
  • July 21 – John M. Read, American lawyer d. 1874
  • July 24 – Maria Foote, English actress, peeress d. 1867
  • July 25
  • Nehemiah Platt, American politician from New York d. 1851
  • William Gore Ouseley, British diplomat serving in various roles in Washington d. 1866
  • William Ranwell, English marine painter d. 1861
  • William Bulkeley Hughes, Welsh politician d. 1882
  • July 26
  • Beverly R. Wellford, American physician d. 1870
  • Daniel Drew, American businessman d. 1879
  • July 29
  • François Bourdon, French engineer, inventor d. 1865
  • July 31 – Alonzo C. Paige, American lawyer, politician from New York d. 1868
  • William Thomas Knollys, British Army General d. 1883
  • July 30 – Harriet Windsor-Clive, 13th Baroness Windsor of England d. 1869
  • Joseph Gensoul, French surgeon d. 1858
  • August 1
  • Amedee Thierry, French journalist, historian d. 1873
  • William Gibson-Craig, Scottish advocate, politician d. 1878
  • John Brown, English geographer d. 1861
  • August 2
  • August 4
  • Benjamin F. H. Witherell, Michigan jurist d. 1867
  • William S. Hamilton, American politician, miner d. 1850
  • August 5
  • Friedrich August Kummer, German violoncellist, pedagogue and composer d. 1879
  • Cayetano Heredia, Peruvian physician d. 1861
  • August 7
  • Justin von Linde, German jurist, statesman from the Grand Duchy of Hesse d. 1870
  • August 6 – August Wilhelm Stiehler, German government official, paleobotanist d. 1878
  • James Kānehoa, member of the court of King Kamehameha II and Kamehameha III during the Kingdom of Hawaii d. 1851
  • William Walker, Quebec lawyer, political figure d. 1844
  • Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury, French painter d. 1890
  • George Rykert, Upper Canada businessman, surveyor and political figure d. 1857
  • George Peck, American Methodist clergyman d. 1876
  • August 8
  • Charles Allen, United States Representative from Massachusetts d. 1869
  • Christian Wilhelm Niedner, German church historian, theologian d. 1865
  • Archibald Yell, American politician, Representative from Arkansas d. 1847
  • Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer d. 1855
  • August 9
  • Guillaume Louis Cottrau, French composer, music publisher d. 1847
  • Carl Gustaf Mannerheim, Finnish entomologist, governor of the Viipuri province in the Grand Duchy of Finland d. 1854
  • Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini, German botanist d. 1848
  • August 10
  • John M. Patton, Virginia politician, lawyer d. 1858
  • Johan Frederik Moller, Danish painter, photographer d. 1882
  • August 12 – Manuel Aguilar Chacon, Costa Rican head of state d. 1846
  • Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian priest, physicist d. 1873
  • August 13 – Horatio Chriesman, American surveyor, politician in Mexican Texas and participant in the Texas Revolution d. 1878
  • John Sinclair, Archdeacon of Middlesex d. 1875
  • August 20
  • August 17 – Peter Broun, first Colonial Secretary of Western Australia d. 1846
  • August 14 – Robert Radcliffe, English first-class cricketer associated with Cambridge University d. 1832
  • August 11 – George Shillibeer, English coachbuilder d. 1866
  • August 15 – James Black, Scottish-born Canadian clergyman d. 1886
  • August 18 – Antoine Claudet, French photographer, artist who produced daguerreotypes d. 1867
  • August 21
  • Chauncey J. Fox, American politician from New York d. 1883
  • John Iltyd Nicholl, Welsh Member of Parliament d. 1853
  • John Montagu, Indian-born Tasmanian colonial secretary d. 1853
  • Thomas Dale, British priest in the Church of England, Dean of Rochester d. 1870
  • August 22
  • Augustin-Magloire Blanchet, French Canadian Catholic prelate in the Pacific Northwest d. 1887
  • John Cobbold, British brewer, railway developer and Conservative Party politician d. 1882
  • August 24
  • August 23 – Adhemar Jean Claude Barre de Saint-Venant, French mechanic, mathematician d. 1886
  • Laufilitonga, 39th and last Tuokinai of Tonga d. 1865
  • August 25
  • John P. Bigelow, American politician d. 1872
  • Henrik Hertz, Danish poet d. 1870
  • Sheldon Peck, American folk artist d. 1869
  • August 26
  • Innocent of Alaska, Russian Orthodox missionary priest d. 1879
  • Henry Wilson, Suffolk politician d. 1866
  • Edwin James, American botanist d. 1861
  • August 27
  • John Bathurst Deane, South African-born English clergyman, schoolmaster, antiquary and author d. 1887
  • Ferenc Duschek, Hungarian politician d. 1872
  • August 28
  • Karl Otfried Muller, German scholar, Philodorian d. 1840
  • Philipp von Brunnow, Russian diplomat d. 1875
  • Ramon Castilla, Peruvian caudillo who served as President of Peru three times d. 1867
  • James Ferguson, Scottish-born American astronomer and engineer d. 1867
  • August 31
  • August 30 – Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English novelist, dramatist, essayist, biographer and travel writer d. 1851
  • Raynold Kaufgetz, Swiss soldier d. 1869
  • September 4
  • September 2 – William Stephenson, English Geordie printer, publisher, auctioneer, poet and songwriter d. 1838
  • Alvan Cullom, American politician, Representative from Tennessee d. 1877
  • September 1 – William FitzGerald-de Ros, 23rd Baron de Ros of England d. 1874
  • September 3 – Benjamin Nottingham Webster, English actor-manager and dramatist d. 1882
  • September 5
  • William Ruggles, professor at George Washington University d. 1877
  • Francis H. Cone, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Georgia U d. 1859
  • John Blennerhassett Martin, American painter d. 1857
  • Jenny Vertpre, French stage actress d. 1865
  • September 6
  • William Smith, lawyer, congressman, Governor of Virginia, Major General during the American Civil War d. 1887
  • Per Erik Wallqvist, Swedish ballet dancer, ballet master d. 1855
  • September 7
  • Louis Vulliemin, Swiss theologian, historian d. 1897
  • Franz Kruger, German Prussian painter, lithographer d. 1857
  • Piotr Wysocki, Polish lieutenant, leader of the Polish conspiracy against Russian Tsar Nicolas I d. 1875
  • Carl Gustaf Mosander, Swedish chemist d. 1858
  • Daniel Parkhurst Leadbetter, United States Representative from Ohio d. 1870
  • September 10
  • Benjamin Nicolas Marie Appert, French philanthropist d. 1847
  • Samuel Joseph May, American reformer d. 1871
  • Samuel McLean, United States Consul for Trinidad d. 1881
  • Jacob Barit, Russian Talmudist, communal worker d. 1883
  • George Barrell Emerson, American educator, pioneer of womens education d. 1881
  • September 12
  • September 11 – George Strange Boulton, Upper Canada lawyer, political figure d. 1869
  • September 14 – Joseph-Desire Court, French painter of historical subjects and portraits d. 1865
  • September 16
  • September 15 – Andrew Trumbo, United States Representative from Kentucky d. 1871
  • Anthony Panizzi, Italian-born British librarian, head of the British Museum d. 1879
  • Samuel Milford, English-born Australian barrister, judge d. 1865
  • Johann Friedrich Ludwig Wohlert, German businessman d. 1877
  • Levi Silliman Ives, American theologian, bishop d. 1867
  • September 13 – Joseph Stannard, English marine and landscape painter d. 1830
  • Eugene Defacqz, Belgian liberal politician, magistrate d. 1871
  • September 17
  • Heinrich Kuhl, German naturalist, zoologist d. 1821
  • George Hamilton Seymour, British diplomat d. 1880
  • John Talbot, Irish-born Canadian schoolmaster d. 1874
  • September 21
  • September 18 – Camille-Melchior Gibert, French dermatologist d. 1866
  • September 19 – January Suchodolski, Polish painter, Army officer d. 1875
  • Charles Brown, Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania d. 1883
  • Johannes Henrik Berg, Norwegian politician d. 1886
  • September 23
  • Thomas H. Rochester, 6th son of Colonel Nathaniel Rochester, 6th mayor of Rochester d. 1874
  • September 25 – John J. Allen, Virginia lawyer d. 1871
  • September 24 – Carl Peter Wilhelm Gramberg, German theologian, biblical scholar d. 1830
  • Jacob von der Lippe, Norwegian politician, Bishop of the Diocese of Christianssand d. 1878
  • September 26 – Olry Terquem, French pharmacist, paleontologist d. 1887
  • September 27
  • Edouard Frere, French bookseller d. 1874
  • Aimee Caroillon des Tillieres, wealthy French heiress, saloniste during the July Monarchy d. 1862
  • Caroline LeRoy, second wife of American author Daniel Webster d. 1882
  • Sophie von Knorring, Swedish novelist, noble d. 1848
  • September 28
  • September 29
  • Percy Nugent, Irish politician d. 1874
  • Joseph Thompson, early settler of Atlanta, Georgia d. 1885
                                     

2.4. Births October–December

  • October 1 – Lewis Ruffner, salt manufacturer from Malden, West Virginia d. 1883
  • Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany d. 1870
  • Knud Ibsen, father of Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen d. 1877
  • Hopkins L. Turney, Democratic United States Representative from Tennessee d. 1857
  • October 3
  • October 2 – Jonathan Pitney, American physician, promoter of Absecon Island as healing seashore resort d. 1889
  • Charles-Seraphin Rodier, Canadian merchant d. 1876
  • Jeremias Gotthelf, Swiss novelist d. 1854
  • October 4
  • October 5 – John Gardner Wilkinson, English traveller, writer and pioneer Egyptologist d. 1875
  • Charles Panet, lawyer and political figure in Quebec d. 1877
  • October 6
  • Albrecht Elof Ihre, Swedish diplomat, Swedish-Norwegian prime minister of foreign affairs d. 1877
  • Joseph Othmar Rauscher, Austrian Prince-Archbishop of Vienna and cardinal d. 1875
  • Peter Georg Bang, Danish politician, jurist d. 1861
  • October 7
  • John Wedderburn Dunbar Moodie, Scottish-born army officer d. 1869
  • William Thomasson, United States Representative from Kentucky d. 1882
  • Ludwig Forster, German-born Austrian architect d. 1863
  • October 8
  • William H. DeLancey, American Episcopal bishop d. 1865
  • Charles Knapp, United States Representative from New York d. 1880
  • Philippe Suchard, Swiss chocolatier, industrialist d. 1884
  • October 9
  • Henry Collen, English miniature portrait painter to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and the Duchess of Kent d. 1879
  • Thomas Boutillier, Quebec doctor, political figure d. 1861
  • Thomas Drummond, British army officer, civil engineer, senior public official d. 1840
  • October 10
  • August Heinrich Hermann von Donhoff, Prussian diplomat d. 1874
  • John H. McHenry, United States House of Representatives d. 1871
  • George Anson, British military officer, Whig politician d. 1857
  • October 12 – Gaspard Themistocle Lestiboudois, French naturalist d. 1876
  • Dong Haichuan, Chinese martial artist, credited to be the founder of Baguazhang d. 1882
  • October 13
  • Thomas Haynes Bayly, English poet d. 1839
  • William Motherwell, Scottish poet, antiquary and journalist d. 1835
  • Ida Laura Pfeiffer, Austrian traveler and travel book author d. 1858
  • Jean Crespon, French zoologist and naturalist d. 1857
  • October 14
  • William Siborne, British officer and military historian whose most notable work was a history of the Waterloo Campaign d. 1849
  • October 15
  • Johann Gottlieb Fleischer, German botanist and ornithologist d. 1838
  • Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Heyse, German philologist d. 1855
  • Mario Aspa, Italian composer d. 1868
  • Juan Lavalle, Argentine military and political figure d. 1841
  • October 16 – James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan d. 1868
  • October 17
  • Gallus Jacob Baumgartner, Swiss statesman and prominent federalist d. 1869
  • Alexandre Jacques François Briere de Boismont, French physician and psychiatrist d. 1881
  • October 18
  • Thomas M. Allen, clergyman who played a prominent role in establishing the Christian Church in Missouri d. 1871
  • William Hale, British inventor d. 1870
  • October 21
  • October 20 – Jose Bernardo Escobar, interim President of Guatemala d. 1849
  • October 19 – Littleton Kirkpatrick, American Whig Party politician d. 1859
  • October 25
  • October 24 – Stefan Moyses, Slovak bishop, teacher, patriot, co-founder and first chairman of Matica slovenska d. 1869
  • Crispino Agostinucci, Italian Catholic bishop d. 1856
  • Thomas Shuldham OHalloran, first Police Commissioner and first Police Magistrate of South Australia d. 1870
  • October 26
  • Antoine-Charles Taschereau, Quebec official, political figure d. 1862
  • Johann Adam Philipp Hepp, German physician, lichenologist d. 1867
  • Luther Severance, United States Representative, diplomat from Maine d. 1855
  • October 28 – James C. Curtis, American lawyer, politician d. 1881
  • Lott Warren, United States Representative from Georgia U d. 1861
  • October 30
  • October 27 – Andrew Combe, Scottish physician, phrenologist d. 1847
  • Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg d. 1829
  • Jacob Bailey Moore, American journalist, historical writer d. 1853
  • Benjamin H. Smith, American politician from Virginia d. 1887
  • October 31
  • November 1
  • Michael Loam, British Cornish engineer, introduced the first man engine to carry men up and down a mine shaft into the UK d. 1871
  • Sir Hedworth Williamson, 7th Baronet of England d. 1861
  • Maria Santos Corrales, inspiration of Perus famous poet and patriot soldier d. 1881
  • November 3 – Thomas Icely, early colonial New South Wales landholder, stockbreeder d. 1874
  • November 6 – Gabriel Andral, French pathologist, professor at the University of Paris d. 1876
  • Jacob Astley, 16th Baron Hastings of England d. 1859
  • November 2 – Baltazar Mathias Keilhau, Norwegian geologist, mountain pioneer d. 1858
  • November 13
  • November 5 – Elisha H. Groves, mid-level American LDS Church leader d. 1867
  • Niklas Westring, Swedish entomologist, arachnologist d. 1882
  • November 4 – Carlo Blasis, Italian dancer d. 1878
  • November 14
  • Justus Radius, German pathologist, ophthalmologist d. 1884
  • Tilghman Howard, U.S. Representative from Indiana d. 1844
  • Charles Lyell, British geologist d. 1875
  • Moses M. Haarbleicher, German-Jewish poet, critic d. 1869
  • Thurlow Weed, New York newspaper publisher, Whig and Republican politician d. 1882
  • Leopold von Sonnleithner, Austrian lawyer d. 1873
  • November 15
  • Saint-Amand, French playwright d. 1885
  • Isaac Funk, American rancher and, politician d. 1865
  • November 17
  • Charles Anthon, American classical scholar d. 1867
  • November 19
  • John Crenshaw, American landowner d. 1871
  • Jesse Crowell, pioneer settler in Michigan d. 1872
  • November 18 – Carl Reinhold Roth, Swedish businessman, ironmaster d. 1858
  • November 20
  • Maria de los Remedios de Escalada, wife of the leader of the Argentine War of Independence d. 1823
  • Mary Buckland, English palaeontologist, marine biologist and scientific illustrator d. 1857
  • November 21 – Anders Josef Europaeus, Finnish priest, vicar d. 1870
  • November 23
  • Bertram Ashburnham, 4th Earl of Ashburnham, British peer d. 1878
  • Benjamin Hale, American educator, clergyman d. 1863
  • November 22 – David Salomons, leading figure in the struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom d. 1873
  • November 29
  • Albert Day, American politician, 27th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut d. 1876
  • Gaetano Donizetti, Italian composer d. 1848
  • November 27 – Jose Xavier de Cerveira e Sousa, Portuguese prelate d. 1862
  • November 30
  • Pierre-Martial Bardy, Lower Canada teacher, doctor and political figure d. 1860
  • Otto Vincent Lange, Norwegian politician d. 1870
  • December 2 – Benjamin F. Hallett, Massachusetts lawyer, Democratic Party activist d. 1862
  • Andrew Smith, Scottish surgeon, explorer, ethnologist and zoologist d. 1872
  • Margaretta Morris, American entomologist d. 1867
  • December 3
  • Thomas Patterson Brockman, member of South Carolina Senate and House of Representatives d. 1859
  • George Tupou I, King of Tonga d. 1893
  • December 4
  • December 5
  • Eugene Soubeiran, French scientist d. 1859
  • Steen Andersen Bille, Danish vice-admiral and minister for the navy d. 1883
  • December 6
  • Karoly Nagy, Hungarian astronomer d. 1868
  • Antoinette Henriette Clemence Robert, French writer of historical fiction d. 1872
  • December 7 – Charles J. McCurdy, American lawyer d. 1891
  • December 9
  • Michael Aikman, Lower Canada businessman, political figure d. 1881
  • Thomas Davee, United States Representative from Maine d. 1841
  • December 8 – Martin Martens, Belgian botanist, chemist d. 1863
  • December 11
  • Alfred Dockery, American Representative from North Carolina d. 1875
  • Hiram Paulding, Rear Admiral in the United States Navy d. 1878
  • December 10 – Raffaele Fidanza, Italian painter d. 1846
  • Pierre Leonard Vander Linden, Belgian entomologist d. 1831
  • December 12
  • Lucy Anderson, English pianist d. 1878
  • December 13 – Heinrich Heine, German poet d. 1856
  • Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo, Catholic Cardinal, holder of significant legal positions in the church d. 1867
  • December 14
  • Emil Huschke, German anatomist, embryologist d. 1858
  • Erik Roring Moinichen, Norwegian politician d. 1875
  • December 15
  • Karl Friedrich Theodor Krause, German anatomist d. 1868
  • Andrew Tracy, American politician d. 1868
  • Joseph Lecompte, United States Representative from Kentucky d. 1851
  • December 17
  • Richard Cheslyn, English amateur cricketer who played first-class cricket 1825-1846 d. 1858
  • Joseph Henry, American scientist d. 1878
  • Dirk van Hogendorp, Dutch jurist d. 1845
  • December 18
  • August Friedrich Wilhelm Forchhammer, jurist, historian from the Duchy of Schleswig d. 1870
  • Charles Fox, English Quaker scientist d. 1878
  • William Benjamin Robinson, Upper Canada fur trader and political figure d. 1873
  • December 22
  • Thomas Manders, English actor-manager and low comedian d. 1859
  • December 19 – Antoine Louis Duges, French obstetrician, naturalist d. 1838
  • Robert Irwin Jr., American pioneer, territorial legislator d. 1833
  • Lewis Jones, British Royal Navy officer d. 1895
  • December 24
  • December 23 – Adrien-Henri de Jussieu, French botanist d. 1853
  • Bernard Donald Macdonald, second Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island d. 1859
  • December 25
  • Joseph-Marie Querard, French bibliographer d. 1865
  • Thomas M. Pettit, United States lawyer d. 1853
  • December 26
  • Enoch Cobb, Massachusetts farmer, businessman, philanthropist d. 1876
  • Johann Gustav Heckscher, German politician d. 1865
  • Hans Skramstad, Norwegian pianist, composer d. 1839
  • December 27
  • Charles Hodge, Presbyterian theologian, principal of Princeton Theological Seminary 1851-1878 d. 1878
  • Domitila de Castro, Marchioness of Santos d. 1867
  • Manuela Saenz, Colombian national heroine d. 1856
  • December 28
  • John Marshall, English politician d. 1836
  • Rodolphus Dickinson, United States Representative from Ohio d. 1849
  • December 31 – North Ludlow Beamish, Irish military writer, antiquary d. 1872
  • approximate date – Sojourner Truth, African-American abolitionist, womens rights activist d. 1883
  • December 29 – François Leuret, French anatomist, psychiatrist d. 1851
                                     

3.1. Deaths January–March

  • January 19 – David Graeme, British Army general b. 1716
  • February 8 – Princess Josephine of Lorraine b. 1753
  • February 21 – John Parkhurst, English academic b. 1728
  • January 26 – Antão de Almada, 12th Count of Avranches b. 1718
  • March 2 – Horace Walpole, English politician and writer b. 1717
  • Johann Heinrich Samuel Formey, German writer b. 1711
  • February 13 – Sir Robert Burdett, 4th Baronet, British politician and member of the English gentry b. 1716
  • March 5 – Empress Xiaoshurui, first Empress Consort of the Jiaqing Emperor of the Qing Dynasty b. 1760
  • January 13 – Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel-Bevern, queen consort of Prussia b. 1715
  • March 7
  • February 17 – Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, daughter of King Augustus III of Poland b. 1728
  • February 22 – Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Munchhausen, German officer and adventurer b. 1720
  • January 30 – John Glover, American military general, fisherman and merchant b. 1732
  • John Gabriel Stedman, British–Dutch colonial soldier and author b. 1744
  • January 11 – Francis Lightfoot Lee, member of the House of Burgesses in the Colony of Virginia b. 1734
  • February 1 – James Duane, American lawyer b. 1733
  • February 11 – Antoine Dauvergne, French composer b. 1713
  • Betty Washington Lewis, younger sister of George Washington, the only sister to live to adulthood b. 1733
  • March 26 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist b. 1726
  • Olaudah Equiano, Nigerian ex-slave, abolitionist b. c. 1746
  • March 16 – Cristina Roccati, Italian scholar in physics b. 1732
  • March 31
  • March 17 – Daniel Dulany the Younger, Maryland Loyalist politician b. 1722
  • March 30 – Pierre Jean Van Stabel, French rear-admiral b. 1744


                                     

3.2. Deaths April–June

  • April 27 – Henry Louis, Prince of Nassau-Saarbrucken, titular prince of Nassau-Saarbrucken b. 1768
  • May 25
  • April 17 – Susanna Boylston, prominent early-American socialite b. 1708
  • Andrew Elliot, acting colonial governor of the Province of New York b. 1728
  • May 17 – Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist b. 1719
  • April 4 – Pierre-François Berruer, French sculptor b. 1733
  • April 29 – Elizabeth Ryves, Irish writer, translator b. 1750
  • John Griffin, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal b. 1719
  • May 7 – Jedediah Strutt, English hosier and cotton spinner from Belper b. 1726
  • May 14 – Giovanni Fagnano, Italian churchman and mathematician b. 1715
  • François-Noel Babeuf, French revolutionary leader executed b. 1760
  • May 27
  • Augustin Alexandre Darthe, French revolutionary leader executed b. 1769
  • Mohammad Khan Qajar, Iranian king b. 1742
  • June 15 – Christen Friis Rottboll, Danish physician, botanist and pupil of Carolus Linnaeus b. 1727
  • Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, founder of the Qajar dynasty of Iran b. 1742
  • June 17
  • Welbore Ellis Doyle, third Military Governor of British Ceylon b. 1758
  • Richard Parker, English sailor executed for his role as president of the so-called "Floating Republic" b. 1767
  • June 24 – Bahadur Shah of Nepal, younger son of King Prithvi Narayan Shah 1723–1775 of modern Nepal b. 1757
  • June 21 – Andreas Peter Bernstorff, Danish statesman, politician b. 1735
  • June 30
                                     

3.3. Deaths July–September

  • July 9 – Edmund Burke, Irish philosopher b. 1723
  • July 11 – Ienachița Vacarescu, Wallachian writer b. 1740
  • Richard Bowen, officer of the Royal Navy during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars b. 1761
  • July 14 – Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc, member of the wealthy and influential Rohan family of France b. 1725
  • George Thorp, officer of the British Royal Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars b. 1777
  • July 25
  • July 12 – Peter Bonnevaux, fourth Military Governor of British Ceylon, third General Officer Commanding b. 1752
  • July 29 – John Weatherhead, officer of the British Royal Navy b. 1775
  • August 3
  • August 3 – Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst, British soldier and conqueror of Quebec b. 1717
  • James Davenport, American lawyer b. 1758
  • September 4 – Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet, Church of England clergyman, baronet b. 1710
  • Samuel Enderby, English whale oil merchant known for sponsoring Arctic exploration b. 1719
  • August 22 – Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Alsatian-born Austrian general b. 1724
  • September 19
  • August 25 – Thomas Chittenden, first governor of the state of Vermont b. 1730
  • September 10 – Mary Wollstonecraft, English feminist author b. 1759
  • August 29 – Joseph Wright of Derby, English landscape and portrait painter b. 1734
  • September 12 – David Forman, brigadier general of New Jersey militia b. 1745
  • Lazare Hoche, French soldier who rose to be general of the Revolutionary army b. 1768
  • August 10 – Alexei Senyavin, Russian admiral b. 1716
  • August 6 – James Pettit Andrews, English historian, antiquary b. 1737
  • September 21
  • Hugh Pigot, British Royal Navy officer b. 1769
  • Asaf-ud-Daula, nawab wazir of Oudh b. 1748
  • September 30 – Gunning Bedford Sr., American lawyer and politician from New Castle b. 1742
  • September 25 – John Baughan, English carpenter, thief and transportee to Australia b. 1754
                                     

3.4. Deaths October–December

  • October 10
  • Carter Braxton, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, merchant, planter, Virginia politician b. 1736
  • October 9 – Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi b. 1720
  • Agui, Manchu noble general for the Qing dynasty b. 1717
  • December 13 – Louis Legendre, French politician of the Revolution period b. 1752
  • Solomon Southwick, Newport, Rhode Island printer, newspaper publisher b. 1731
  • December 23
  • November 26 – Andrew Adams, American lawyer b. 1736
  • Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Wurttemberg b. 1732
  • November 27 – Johann Baptist Wendling, Alsatian-born flute player, composer of the Mannheim School b. 1723
  • October 14 – William Orr, member of the United Irishmen executed b. 1766
  • November 29 – Samuel Langdon, American Congregational clergyman, President of Harvard University b. 1723
  • December 1 – Oliver Wolcott, American politician b. 1726
  • October 20 – William Cooke, English cleric, academic b. 1711
  • December 11 – Richard Brocklesby, English physician b. 1722
  • November 14 – Ivan Shuvalov, founder of Moscow University b. 1727
  • November 18 – Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder, merchant b. 1719
  • November 16 – King Frederick William II of Prussia b. 1744
  • October 17 – Jean-François Hubert, bishop of Quebec b. 1739
  • December 26 – John Wilkes, English radical b. 1725
  • December 30 – David Martin, British painter, engraver b. 1737
  • date unknown – Wang Zhenyi, Chinese astronomer
                                     
  • Ganges was a large, three - decker East Indiaman, launched in 1797 She made three complete voyages between Britain and China for the British East India
  • The Panic of 1796 1797 was a series of downturns in Atlantic credit markets that led to broader commercial downturns in both Great Britain and the United
  • Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1797 George Aust d. c.1829 Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs William Battine 1765 1836 Barrister
  • Events from the year 1797 in Russia Monarch Paul I April 5 Manifesto of three - day corvee Office of the Institutions of Empress Maria Herzen University
  • The following lists events that have happened in 1797 in the Qajar dynasty, Iran. Monarch: Mohammad Khan Qajar until June 17 Fat h - Ali Shah Qajar starting
  • Events from the year 1797 in Ireland. May Henry Grattan retires from the Irish House of Commons. Lord Castlereagh is appointed Keeper of the King s Signet
  • John Parry 22 September 1724 26 October 1797 was a Welsh lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1780 to 1790. Parry was the second
  • 1797 was the eleventh season of cricket in England since the foundation of Marylebone Cricket Club MCC It also marked the completion of 200 years since
  • notizie ed avvisi diversi was a newspaper published in Genoa from 1777 to 1797 It mainly was composed by classified advertising, reports of local events

Users also searched:

what happened in 1800,

...
...
...