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ⓘ 1792




1792
                                     

ⓘ 1792

1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1792nd year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 792nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1792, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

                                     

1.1. Events January–March

  • February 20 – The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by President George Washington.
  • March 1 – Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, the last emperor, takes office.
  • March 16 – King Gustav III of Sweden is shot in the back by Jacob Johan Anckarstrom, at a midnight masquerade at the Royal Opera in Stockholm; he lives until March 29, and is then succeeded by his 14-year-old son, Gustav IV Adolf.
  • February 20 – The Parliament House in Dublin catches fire during a legislative session. "Although in imminent danger of the roof falling in," it is noted later, "the House did not adjourn until a proper motion had been put and carried in the affirmative.
  • January 9 – The Treaty of Jassy ends the Russian Empires war with the Ottoman Empire over Crimea.
  • March 20 – A new capital of North Carolina, and seat of the newly formed Wake County, is established after North Carolina State senator and surveyor William Christmas submits his design for the city. A few months later, the capital is officially named Raleigh, in honor of Sir Walter Raleigh.
                                     

1.2. Events April–June

  • April 21 – Tiradentes, a leading figure in the Inconfidência Mineira conspiracy, is executed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • April 25
  • Highwayman Nicolas Pelletier becomes the first person executed by guillotine in France.
  • April 2 – The Coinage Act is passed, establishing the United States Mint.
  • La Marseillaise, the French national anthem, is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
  • April 20 – France declares war against Austria, beginning the War of the First Coalition.
  • April 5 – United States President George Washington vetoes a bill designed to apportion representatives among U.S. states. This is the first time the presidential veto is used in the United States.
  • June 4 – Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Great Britain.
  • Prussia declares war against France.
  • June 13
  • June 1 – Kentucky becomes the 15th state of the United States of America.
  • May 17 – The Buttonwood Agreement is signed, beginning the New York Stock Exchange.
  • Vancouver becomes the first European to enter Burrard Inlet.
  • May 11 – Robert Grays Columbia River expedition: Captain Robert Gray, on the Columbia Rediviva, becomes the first white man to discover the mouth of the Columbia River.
  • May 18 – War in Defence of the Constitution: Russia invades Poland.
  • May 21 – An old lava dome collapses in Kyūshū, Japan, due to activity of Mount Unzen volcano; the resulting avalanche and tsunami kills about 14.300 people.
                                     

1.3. Events July–September

  • August 10 – French Revolution: The Tuileries Palace is stormed, and Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody.
  • September 14 – Thomas Paine flees from England to France, after being indicted for treason. He is tried in absentia during December and outlawed.
  • July 18 – Polish–Russian War – Battle of Dubienka: Soldiers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, led by Tadeusz Kosciuszko, resist an attack from Imperial Russian Army forces five times their size.
  • September – Macartney Embassy: George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, sails from Portsmouth in HMS Lion, as the first official envoy from Great Britain to China.
  • September 2–7 – French Revolution – September Massacres: Rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic bishops and more than 200 priests, together with at least 1.000 criminals.
  • September 11 – Six men steal some of the former French Crown Jewels from a warehouse, where the revolutionary government had stored them.
  • September 20 – French Revolution – Battle of Valmy: The French revolutionary army defeats the Prussians under the Duke of Brunswick, after a 7-hour artillery duel.
  • September 21 – French Revolution: A Proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy by the French Convention goes into effect, and the French First Republic is established, effective the following day.
  • September 22 – French Revolution: The Era of the historical French Republican Calendar begins.


                                     

1.4. Events October–December

  • October 13 – Foundation of Washington, D.C.: The cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion known as the White House after 1818 is laid.
  • October 12 – The first Columbus Day celebration in the United States is held in New York City, 300 years after his arrival in the New World.
  • October 29 – Mount Hood Oregon is named after British Admiral Lord Hood by Lt. William Broughton of the Vancouver Expedition, who spots the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • At the Battle of Jemappes, Austrian armies under the command of Duke Albert of Saxe-Teschen, are defeated in Belgium at the time, part of the Austrian Netherlands by the French Army, led by General Charles François Dumouriez.
  • November 6 –
  • The second United States presidential election is held. Incumbent President George Washington receives all 132 electoral votes for President, and incumbent Vice-President John Adams is re-elected with 77 of 132 votes, with George Clinton receiving 50.
  • December 26 – The trial of Louis XVI of France begins.
  • November 19 – Frances National Convention passes a resolution pledging French support for the overthrow of the governments of other nations.
  • December 3 – George Washington is re-elected President of the United States.
                                     

1.5. Events Date unknown

  • Denmark-Norway is the first country in the world to outlaw slavery.
  • The State Street Corporation is founded, in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • The first written examinations in Europe are held at Cambridge University, England.
  • Johann Georg Albrechtsberger becomes Kapellmeister in Vienna.
  • Claude Chappe successfully demonstrates the first semaphore line, between Paris and Lille.
  • The Baptist Missionary Society is founded in Kettering, England.
  • Hungarian astronomer Franz Xaver von Zach publishes The Tables of the Sun, an essential early work for navigation.
  • Shiloh Meeting House, predecessor of Shiloh United Methodist Church in Lynchburg, Virginia, is founded.
  • Barthelemy Catherine Joubert, future French general, becomes sub-lieutenant.
  • Scottish engineer William Murdoch begins experimenting with gas lighting.
  • George Anschutz constructs the first blast furnace, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman is published.
  • Tipu Sultan invades Kerala, India, but is repulsed.
  • The Insurance Company of North America later Chubb is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Thomas Holcroft produces the play Road to Ruin in London.
                                     

2.1. Births January–June

  • March 4
  • February 15 – Floride Calhoun, Second Lady of the United States d. 1866
  • Isaac Lea, American conchologist, geologist and publisher d. 1886
  • February 29 – Gioachino Rossini, Italian composer d. 1868
  • March 3 – Johann Karl Ludwig Gieseler, German church historian d. 1854
  • Samuel Slocum, American inventor d. 1861
  • January 12 – Johann Arfvedson, Swedish chemist d. 1841
  • February 17 – Karl Ernst von Baer, German naturalist d. 1876
  • March 7 – John Herschel, English mathematician, astronomer d. 1871
  • April 1 – Karl Gottlob Zumpt, German scholar d. 1849
  • May 15 – James Mayer de Rothschild, German-born banker d. 1868
  • May 10 – Willie Person Mangum, American politician d. 1861
  • May 21 – Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French engineer, scientist d. 1843
  • June 16 – John Linnell, English painter d. 1882
  • May 13 – Pope Pius IX b. Giovanni Mastai-Ferretti, Italian churchman d. 1878
  • June 21 – Ferdinand Christian Baur, German theologian d. 1860
  • April 25 – John Keble, English churchman, poet d. 1866
  • June 15 – John Pascoe Fawkner, pioneer, newspaper publisher in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia d. 1869
  • April 23 – Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer, physicist d. 1882
  • May 18 – Margaret Ann Neve, Guernesiaise supercentenarian d. 1903
  • June 13 – William Austin Burt, American inventor Father of the typewriter, d. 1858
  • April 4 – Thaddeus Stevens, American politician d. 1868
  • May 17 – Anne Isabella Milbanke, English wife of Lord Byron d. 1860
  • April 2 – Francisco de Paula Santander, President of Colombia d. 1840


                                     

2.2. Births Date Unknown

  • Erike Kirstine Kolstad, Norwegian actress d.1830
  • Nodira, Uzbek poet, stateswoman d. 1842
  • Matteo Carcassi, Italian musician, composer d. 1853
                                     

3.1. Deaths January–June

  • February 15 – John Witherspoon, signer of the Declaration of Independence b. 1723
  • February 23 – Sir Joshua Reynolds, British painter b. 1723
  • Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor b. 1747
  • January 17 – George Horne, British academic and Bishop of Norwich b.1730
  • March 1
  • Jean Godin des Odonais, French cartographer and naturalist b. 1713
  • April 14 – Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer b. 1720
  • March 29 – King Gustav III of Sweden assassinated b. 1746
  • May 24 – George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney, British naval officer b. 1718
  • June 4 – John Burgoyne, British general b. 1723
  • May 12 – Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist b. 1710
  • April 30 – John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, English statesman b. 1718
  • May 10 – John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress
  • April 3 – Sir George Pocock, British admiral b. 1706
  • April 4 – James Sykes, American politician b. 1725
  • March 3 – Robert Adam, British architect b. 1728
  • March 10 – John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom b. 1713
  • April 23 – Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian, adventurer b. 1741
  • March 1 – Angelo Emo, Venetian admiral and statesman b. 1731
  • June 22 – Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Arabian Wahhabi preacher b. 1703
                                     

3.2. Deaths July–December

  • September 18 – August Gottlieb Spangenberg, German religious leader b. 1704
  • October 21 – Anders Rudolf du Rietz, Swedish general, count and politician b. 1722
  • Paul Mohring, German physician and scientist b. 1710
  • October 14 – Sophie Charlotte Ackermann, German actress b. 1714
  • September 3 – Marie-Louise, princesse de Lamballe, French princess, friend of Marie Antoinette murdered during the French Revolution b. 1749
  • September 25 – Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman b. 1710
  • September 16 – Nguyễn Hue, Vietnamese emperor b. 1753
  • John Smeaton, English civil engineer b. 1724
  • August 3 – Richard Arkwright, English inventor b. 1732
  • August 25 – Jacques Cazotte, French writer b. 1719
  • August 5 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom b. 1732
  • July 29 – Rene Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France b. 1714
  • October 7 – George Mason, American patriot b. 1725
  • October 28
  • July 18 – John Paul Jones, American naval captain b. 1747
  • September 8 – Charles dAbancour, French statesman b. 1758
  • October 22 – Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer b. 1725
  • July 3 – Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel b. 1721
  • September 29 – George Browne, Russian-Irish field-marshal b. 1698
  • December 8 – Henry Laurens, political leader during the American Revolutionary War, father of John Laurens b. 1724
  • Hugh Pigot Royal Navy officer, born 1722, British Royal Navy admiral b. 1722
  • November – Samuel Hearne, English explorer, fur-trader, author and naturalist b. 1745
  • December 15
  • Joseph Martin Kraus, Swedish composer b. 1756
                                     
  • The 1792 United States presidential election in New York took place between November 2 and December 5, 1792 as part of the 1792 United States presidential
  • The Delaware United States House election for 1792 was held on October 2 1792 The former Continental Congressman John Vining chose not to run for reelection
  • The 1792 United States presidential election in New Jersey took place between November 2 and December 5, 1792 as part of the 1792 United States presidential
  • The French Revolutionary Wars began in April 1792 From 1789 to early 1792 the French Revolution gradually radicalised, breaking with old institutions
  • Apportionment Act of 1792 1 Stat. 253 was the first Apportionment Act passed by the United States Congress on April 10, 1792 and signed into law by
  • The first election for the National Convention of France was held in 1792 It established the nation s first government without a monarch. The election
  • list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1792 Akwa Akpa Old Calabar Ekpenyong Offiong Okoho, King of Akwa Akpa 1786 1805
  • Demonstration of 20 June 1792 10 August - 10 August French Revolution 20 August - Battle of Verdun 1792 2 - 6 September - 1792 French National Convention
  • The Sun was a British newspaper established by John Heriot in 1792 and was discontinued in 1806. The paper was funded by members of the Tory government
  • 1792 election may refer to: 1792 French National Convention election 1792 United States presidential election

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