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ⓘ 1790




1790
                                     

ⓘ 1790

1790 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1790th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 790th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 18th century, and the 1st year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1790, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

                                     

1.1. Events January–March

  • March 21 – Thomas Jefferson reports to President George Washington in New York, as the new United States Secretary of State.
  • January 14 – U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton submits his proposed plan for payment of American debts, starting with $12.000.000 to pay the foreign debts of the confederation, followed by $40 million for domestic debts, and $21.5 million for the war debts of the states. The plan was narrowly approved 14-12 in the Senate and 34-28 in the House.
  • March 4 – France is divided into 83 departements, which cut across the former provinces, in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
  • February 4 – Louis XVI of France declares to the National Assembly that he will maintain the constitutional laws.
  • February 1 – In New York City, the Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time.
  • February 25 – North Carolina cedes its western territories modern day Tennessee to the federal government.
  • February 11 – Two Quaker delegates petition the United States Congress for the abolition of slavery.
  • January 26 – Mozarts opera Così fan tutte premieres in Vienna.
  • March 1 – The first United States Census is authorized; it is held later in the year.
  • January 15 – Fletcher Christian & 8 mutineers aboard the Bounty land on Pitcairn.
  • January 30 – The first boat specialized as a rescue lifeboat is tested on the River Tyne in England.
  • January 8 – United States President George Washington gives the first State of the Union address, in New York City.
  • January 11 – The 11 minor states of the Austrian Netherlands, which took part in the Brabant Revolution at the end of 1789, sign a Treaty of Union, creating the United States of Belgium. British Prime Minister William Pitt refuses to recognize the new confederations independence.
  • March 6 – The New York legislature consents to the admission to the Union of a new state, Vermont, formed within the boundaries of New York, contingent upon the successful conclusion of negotiations concerning disputed real-estate claims, and the boundary between the two states.
                                     

1.2. Events April–June

  • May 17–18 – Battle of Andros: An Ottoman–Algerian fleet destroys the fleet of the Greek privateer Lambros Katsonis.
  • June 23 – The alleged London Monster is arrested in London; he later receives 40 years for 10 assaults.
  • May 13 – Battle of Reval: Gustav III of Sweden sends the battlefleet to eliminate the Russian squadron wintering at Reval Estonia, but is defeated; 8 Russians, 51 Swedes are killed, 250 captured, and 2 ships are sunk.
  • June 9 – Royal assent is given to establishment of the port of Milford Haven in Wales.
  • May 26 – Congress passes an act to govern the creation of states from the "Southwest Territory", from which Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi will be formed.
  • April 10 – The United States patent system is established.
  • June 20 – Compromise of 1790: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton come to an agreement: Madison agrees to not be "strenuous" in opposition for the assumption of state debts by the federal government; Hamilton agrees to support the capital site being above the Potomac.
  • May 29 – Rhode Island ratifies the United States Constitution, and becomes the last of the 13 original states to do so.
                                     

1.3. Events July–September

  • September 25 – The Peking Opera is born, when the Four Great Anhui Troupes introduce Anhui opera to Beijing, in honor of the Qianlong Emperors 80th birthday.
  • July 31 – Inventor Samuel Hopkins becomes the first to be issued a U.S. patent for an improved method of making potash.
  • September 30 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor starts to rule.
  • July 10 - The U.S. House of Representatives votes, 32-29 to approve creating the District of Columbia from portions of Maryland and Virginia for the eventual seat of government and national capital.
  • July 26 – Alexander Hamiltons Assumption Bill, giving effect to his First Report on the Public Credit, is passed in the United States Congress, allowing the federal government to assume the consolidated debts of the U.S. states.
  • July 12 – French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed. This completes the destruction of the monastic orders, legislating out of existence all regular and secular chapters for either sex, abbacies and priorships.
  • July – Louis XVI of France accepts a constitutional monarchy.
  • August 4 – A newly passed U.S. tariff act creates the system of cutters for revenue enforcement later named the United States Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the Coast Guard.
  • July 16 – U.S. President George Washington signs the Residence Act into law, establishing a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia and the future site of the capital of the United States. The move comes after the bill is narrowly approved on July 1 by the Senate, 14 to 12, and on July 9 by the House, 32 to 29. At the same time, plans are made to move the national capital from New York to Philadelphia until the Potomac River site can be completed.
  • August 14 – The Treaty of Varala ends the Russo-Swedish War.
  • July 27 – The Convention of Reichenbach is signed between Prussia and Austria.
  • July 14 – French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the unity of the French people and the national reconciliation, in the Fête de la Federation.
  • July 9 – Russo-Swedish War – Second Battle of Svensksund: In a massive Baltic Sea battle of 300 ships, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian galley fleet: 304 Swedes are killed, 3.500 Russians killed and 6.000 captured, 51 Russian galleys and other rowing craft are sunk and 22 are taken.


                                     

1.4. Events October–December

  • November 24 – Frances Constituent Assembly passes a law requiring all Roman Catholic priests to swear an oath of acceptance of the new French Constitution.
  • December 2 – Holy Roman Empire forces recapture Brussels, bringing an end to the short-lived United States of Belgium and restoring the Austrian Netherlands.
  • December 11 – Russo-Turkish War 1787–92: During Alexander Suvorovs storm of Izmail, 26.000 Turkish soldiers lose their lives.
  • November 27 – U.S. President George Washington and his wife, Martha Washington, arrive in the new temporary U.S. capital, Philadelphia, and take up residence at the Presidents House located at 524 Market Street.
  • October 20 – The Harmar Campaign ends in a defeat of U.S. Army General Josiah Harmar and Colonel John Hardin by the Western Confederacy of Indians, led by Chief Mihsihkinaahkwa of the Miami tribe and Weyapiersenwah of the Shawnee at Kekionga now Fort Wayne, Indiana.
  • October 7 – Commissioners appointed by the New York legislature announce the successful conclusion of negotiations between New York and Vermont, concerning disputed real-estate claims, and the consent of New Yorks legislature to the admission to the Union of the state of Vermont as the 14th State.
  • December 6 – The United States Congress opens its first session in the new temporary U.S. capital in Philadelphia.
  • December 10 – The Hawkesbury and Nepean Wars begin in New South Wales, Australia, as a result of deterioration in relations and increasing colonization.
  • December 22 – The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Alexander Suvorov and his Russian armies.
  • December 17 – The Aztec calendar stone is discovered at El Zocalo, Mexico City.
                                     

2. Births

  • May 20 – Micajah Thomas Hawkins, American politician d. 1858
  • June 1 – Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright d. 1836
  • January 18 – Qi Shan, Manchu Qing official d. 1854
  • January 27 – Juan Alvarez, interim president of Mexico, 1855 d. 1867
  • June 24 – Helena Ekblom, Swedish preacher d. 1859
  • June 13 – Jose Antonio Paez, 19th President of Venezuela d. 1873
  • November 17 – August Ferdinand Mobius, German mathematician, astronomer d. 1868
  • July 13 – Anna Sofia Sevelin, Swedish opera singer d. 1871
  • December 8
  • Friederike Lienig, Latvian entomologist d. 1855
  • November 12 – Letitia Christian Tyler, First Lady of the United States d. 1842
  • May 23 – Jules Dumont dUrville, French explorer d. 1842
  • August Meineke, German Classical scholar d. 1870
  • March 3 – John Austin, English jurist d. 1859
  • January 5 – Melchor Muzquiz, 5th President of Mexico d. 1844
  • March 29 – John Tyler, 10th President of the United States d. 1862
  • October 14 – Thursday October Christian I, Pitcairn Islander and son of Fletcher Christian d. 1831
  • November 21 – Edmund Lyons, 1st Baron Lyons, British admiral d. 1858
  • Richard Carlile, English social reformer, press advocate d. 1843
  • September 6 – John Green Crosse, English surgeon d. 1850
  • April 21 – Manuel Blanco Encalada, Spanish-Chilean admiral and politician, 1st President of Chile d. 1876
  • December 23 – Jean-François Champollion, French Egyptologist d. 1832
  • December 19 – William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer d. 1855
  • date Unknown
  • December 16 – Leopold I of Belgium d. 1865
  • Lone Horn, Miniconjou chief d. 1875
  • December 31 – Antonie Adamberger, Austrian stage actress d. 1867
  • James Moore Wayne, American politician, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States d. 1867
                                     

3. Deaths

  • January 5 – Jacob Christian Schaffer, German inventor, botanist and professor b. 1718
  • February 20
  • Leonard Lispenard, American politician b. 1714
  • February 18 – Elisabeth of Wurttemberg, Archduchess of Austria b. 1767
  • Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor b. 1741
  • January 31 – Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler b. 1718
  • January 20 – John Howard prison reformer, English philanthropist b. 1726
  • February 15– Juan Albano Pereira Marquez, godfather and tutor of Bernardo OHiggins b. 1728
  • January 25 – Meriwether Smith, American Continental Congressman for Virginia b. 1730
  • January 13 – Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral b. 1712
  • February 5 – William Cullen, Scottish physician, chemist b. 1710
  • January 15 – John Landen, English mathematician b. 1719
  • William Grayson, American Continental Congressman and United States Senator for Virginia b. 1740
  • March 12
  • Andras Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general b. 1710
  • March 4 – Henry Wisner, American Continental Congressman for New York b. 1720
  • June 25 – Lovisa Augusti, Swedish opera singer b. 1756
  • William Livingston, Governor of New Jersey 1776-1790 b. 1723
  • May 20 – Nathan Miller, American Continental Congressman for Rhode Island b. 1743
  • April 29 – Charles-Nicolas Cochin, French artist b. 1715
  • July 14 – Ernst Gideon von Laudon, Austrian field marshal b. 1717
  • July 25
  • May 21 – Thomas Warton, English poet b. 1728
  • June 1 – Theodorick Bland, American Continental Congressman and U.S. Representative for Virginia b. 1741
  • May 9 – William Clingan, American Continental Congressman for Pennsylvania b. c.1721
  • July 6 – George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield, British army officer b. 1717
  • May 4 – Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman for Maryland b. 1718
  • May 23 – George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu b. 1712
  • April 17 – Benjamin Franklin, American scientist, statesman b. 1706
  • May 26 – Nathaniel Folsom, American Continental Congressman for New Hampshire and Revolutionary War major general b. 1726
  • July 3 – Jean-Baptiste L. Rome de lIsle, French chemist b. 1736
  • July 7 – François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher b. 1721
  • Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer b. 1723
  • May 16 – Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician b. 1720
  • July 17 – Adam Smith, Scottish economist, philosopher b. 1723
  • May 29 – Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general b. 1718
  • April 6 – Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt b. 1719
  • October 31 – Michael Schlatter, American clergyman b. 1716
  • December 16 – Benjamin Andrew, American Continental Congressman for Georgia and member of the Georgia House of Representatives b. 1713
  • November 2 – Lambert Krahe, German artist b. 1712
  • November 27 – Robert Livingston, American member of the New York colonial assembly 1737-1758 b. 1708
  • December 14 – John Hulse, English clergyman b. 1708
  • October 7 – Antoine Choquet de Lindu, French architect b. 1712
  • October 14 – William Hooper, American signer of the Declaration of Independence and Continental Congressman for North Carolina b. 1742
  • November 16 – Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Continental Congressman and Signer of the U.S. Constitution for Maryland b. 1723
  • November 24 – Sir Hew Dalrymple, 2nd Baronet, Scottish politician and MP for Haddington Burghs on two occasions b. 1712
  • September 28 – Nikolaus I, Prince Esterhazy, Hungarian prince b. 1714
  • August 16 – David Brearley, American Revolutionary War colonel, signer of the U.S. Constitution for New Jersey, and federal judge b. 1745
  • September 2 – Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian, theologian b. 1701
  • November 6 – James Bowdoin, American Governor of Massachusetts b. 1726
  • date unknown - Helen Gloag, Scottish slave, Empress of Morocco b. 1750
  • December 29 – Maria Teresa Cybo-Malaspina, Duchess of Massa, Italian ruler b. 1725
  • October 19 – Lyman Hall, American signer of the Declaration of Independence and Governor of Georgia 1783-1784b. 1724


                                     
  • list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1790 Akwa Akpa Ekpenyong Offiong Okoho, King of Akwa Akpa 1786 1805 Ashanti
  • district in July, 1790 to fill the vacancy left by the death of Theodorick Bland A on June 1, 1790 Giles took his seat December 7, 1790 List of special
  • Browne 1736 8 22 October 1790 was an Irish Member of Parliament. He sat in the House of Commons of Ireland from 1768 to 1790 He was an MP for Jamestown
  • The 1790 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held from April 27 to 29, 1790 to elect six U.S. Representatives to represent
  • Events from the year 1790 in Russia Monarch Catherine II Battle of Kerch Strait 1790 Kokushkin Bridge Russo - Swedish War 1788 90 Treaty of Varala
  • Congress on August 31, 1790 due to the late ratification of the Constitution, just about a month and a half before the October 18, 1790 election for the Second
  • This is a list of members of the Irish House of Commons between 2 July 1790 and 11 July 1797. There were 300 MPs at a time in this period. Part II Parliaments
  • occurred from the summit caldera of Kīlauea volcano in or around November 1790 It has been described as the deadliest volcanic eruption in what is now

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