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ⓘ 1794




1794
                                     

ⓘ 1794

1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1794th year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 794th year of the 2nd millennium, the 94th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1794, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

                                     

1.1. Events January–March

  • March 12 – General Antoni Madalinski, a commander of the National Cavalry in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, disobeys an order from the ruling Russian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia imposing demobilization, advancing his troops from Ostroleka to Krakow.
  • February 4 – French Revolution: The French First Republic abolishes slavery.
  • March 22 – Congress prohibits American ships from supplying slaves to any nation other than the United States, setting a penalty of forfeiture of the ship and a $2.000 fine.
  • January 21 – King George III delivers the speech opening Parliament and recommends a continuation of Britains war with France.
  • March 11 – Canonsburg Academy now Washington & Jefferson College is chartered by the Pennsylvania General Assembly.
  • March 14 – Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
  • The United States Government authorizes the building of the first six United States Navy vessels and Constitution go into service), not to be confused with October 13, 1775, which is observed as the Navys Birthday.
  • March 4 – The Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed by Congress for submission to the states for ratification.
  • March 26 – The U.S. lays a 60-day embargo on all shipping to and from Great Britain.
  • January 13 – The U.S. Congress enacts a law providing for, effective May 1, 1795, a United States flag of 15 stars and 15 stripes, in recognition of the recent admission of Vermont and Kentucky as the 14th and 15th states. A subsequent act restores the number of stripes to 13, but provides for additional stars upon the admission of each additional state.
  • March 24 – Tadeusz Kosciuszko makes his proclamation, starting the Kosciuszko Uprising against the Russian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia, in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Prussian Partition.
  • February 11 – The first session of the United States Senate is open to the public.
  • The U.S. Senate passes a rule ending its policy of closing all of its sessions to the public.
  • March 27 –
                                     

1.2. Events April–June

  • Battle of Mykonos: The British Royal Navy captures French frigate Sibylle.
  • April 17–19 – Kosciuszko Uprising – Warsaw Uprising: The Polish people overthrow the Russian garrison in Warsaw.
  • April 28 – Sardinian Vespers: The people of Cagliari in Sardinia oust the viceroy and his Piedmontese functionaries.
  • April 5 – French Revolution: Reign of Terror – Georges Danton is executed.
  • April 4 – Battle of Raclawice: Polish supporters of the Kosciuszko Uprising defeat forces of the Russian Empire.
  • June 1 - The battle of the Glorious First of June is fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • June 17
  • May 18 – Battle of Tourcoing: French troops defeat British forces.
  • May 8 – French Revolution: Reign of Terror – Chemist Antoine Lavoisier is tried, convicted and executed by guillotine in Paris, on the same day as with 27 co-defendants also associated with the former ferme generale.
  • May 7 – French Revolution: Robespierre establishes the Cult of the Supreme Being as the new state religion of the French First Republic.
  • The Anglo-Corsican Kingdom is established.
  • May 28–June 1 – The Glorious First of June Battle of Ushant: British and French ships battle to a draw.
  • June 4 – British troops capture Port-au-Prince in Haiti.
  • April 29–May 1 – Battle of Boulou: The French defeat the Spanish and Portuguese forces.
  • June 24 – Bowdoin College is founded in Brunswick, Maine.
  • June 26 – Battle of Fleurus: French forces defeat the Austrians and their allies, leading to permanent loss of the Austrian Netherlands and destruction of the Dutch Republic. French use of an observation balloon marks the first participation of an aircraft in battle.
                                     

1.3. Events July–September

  • July 13–September 6 – Kosciuszko Uprising – Siege of Warsaw: The Polish people resist a siege by armies of the Russian Empire and Kingdom of Prussia.
  • July 17 – The sixteen Carmelite Martyrs of Compiegne are executed 10 days prior to the end of the French Revolutions Reign of Terror.
  • July 12 – Horatio Nelson loses the sight in his right eye, in the British Siege of Calvi in Corsica.
  • July 13 – Battle of Trippstadt between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria.
  • August 29 – Stonyhurst College is finally established as a Roman Catholic school in Lancashire, England, having had several European locations.
  • August 20 – Battle of Fallen Timbers in Northwestern Ohio: American troops under the command of General Anthony Wayne nicknamed "Mad Anthony" defeat Native American tribes of the Western Confederacy.
  • September 10 – The University of Tennessee is established at Knoxville.
  • July 27 9 Thermidor – French Revolution – Thermidorian Reaction: Robespierre and Saint-Just are arrested on the orders of the French National Convention; they are executed the next day, ending the French Revolutions Reign of Terror.


                                     

1.4. Events October–December

  • November 14 – The first recorded meeting of the Franklin Literary Society is held at Canonsburg Academy modern-day Washington & Jefferson College.
  • October 22 – Fort Wayne founded in what is now the U.S. state of Indiana.
  • October 10 – Battle of Maciejowice: Forces of the Russian Empire defeat Polish supporters of the Kosciuszko Uprising; Tadeusz Kosciuszko is wounded and captured.
  • November 19 – The United States and Great Britain conclude the Jay Treaty, the basis for ten years of peaceful trade between the two nations.
  • October 4 – In the first and only instance of an incumbent United States president leading men into battle, George Washington arrives at Carlisle, Pennsylvania to guide the U.S. Armys suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion. The rebels soon disperse and the insurrection collapses by the end of the month.
  • October 2 – Battle of Aldenhoven between French forces and those of Austria.
  • December 8 – The Great New Orleans Fire 1794 burns over 200 buildings in the French Quarter.
  • November 20 – Battle of St-Laurent-de-la-Muga fought between French and Spanish forces.
  • November 4 – Battle of Praga: Russian General Alexander Suvorov storms Warsaw, in the war against the Polish Kosciuszko Uprising, and captures Praga, one of its suburbs, killing many civilians.
  • December 23 – In New Orleans, St. Louis Cathedral is dedicated.
                                     

1.5. Events Date unknown

  • Coffee is forbidden by royal decree in Sweden.
  • The Ayrshire Earl of Carricks Own Yeomanry, a British Yeomanry Cavalry Regiment, is formed by the Earl of Cassillis at Culzean Castle, Ayrshire.
  • Colombian Antonio Nariño translates and publishes the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
  • France occupies Aachen.
  • Britain agrees to evacuate border forts in the Northwest Territory roughly the area north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi, and thereby end British support for the Indians.
  • The Oban distillery is built in Scotland.
                                     

2. Births

  • January 7 – Eilhard Mitscherlich, German chemist d. 1863
  • February 11 – Charlotta Eriksson, Swedish actor d. 1862
  • March 5
  • February 20 – William Carleton, Irish novelist d. 1869
  • Robert Cooper Grier, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States d. 1870
  • Joseph Livesey, English temperance movement campaigner d. 1884
  • February 21 – Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican general and President of Mexico d. 1876
  • July 7 – Frances Stackhouse Acton, British botanist, archaeologist, writer and artist d. 1881
  • November 10 – Robert Towns, merchant, founder of Townsville, Queensland, Australia d. 1873
  • July 28 – Charles Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury d. 1868
  • May 27 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur d. 1877
  • September 24 – Jeanne Villepreux-Power, French marine biologist d. 1871
  • July 18 – Feargus OConnor, Irish political radical, Chartist leader d. 1855
  • May 24 – William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science d. 1866
  • April 10 – Matthew Calbraith Perry, American commodore d. 1858
  • November 3 – William Cullen Bryant, American poet d. 1878
  • April 11 – Edward Everett, American politician d. 1865
  • July 5 – Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist, inventor d. 1851
  • May 17 – Anna Brownell Jameson, British writer d. 1860
  • June 16 – Maria Trinidad Sanchez, heroine of the Dominican War of Independence d. 1846


                                     

2.1. Births Date unknown

  • Caroline Howard Gilman, American author d. 1888
  • Francesco Puccinotti, Italian pathologist d. 1872
  • Mirza Shafi Vazeh, Azeri poet d. 1852
  • Gustafva Lindskog, Swedish athlete d. 1851
                                     

3. Deaths

  • Louis dElbee, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1752
  • Pierre Bouchet, French physician b. 1752
  • January 4 – Nicolas Luckner, Marshal of France executed b. 1722
  • January 6
  • January 31 – Mariot Arbuthnot, British admiral b. 1711
  • January 16 – Edward Gibbon, English historian b. 1737
  • Fabre dEglantine, French dramatist, revolutionary executed b. 1750
  • Georges Danton, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1759
  • April 5
  • François Joseph Westermann, French Revolutionary leader and general executed b. 1751
  • January 28 – Henri de la Rochejaquelein, French Revolutionary leader b. 1772
  • Marie-Jean Herault de Sechelles, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1759
  • March 28 – Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician, philosopher, and political scientist died in prison b. 1743
  • February 12 – Mahadaji Shinde, Maratha emperor of India 1764–1794
  • January 8 – Justus Moser, German statesman b. 1720
  • March 24 – Jacques Hebert, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1757
  • February 10 – Jacques Roux, French priest b. 1752
  • January 11 – Caroline Townshend, 1st Baroness Greenwich, English peeress b. 1717
  • Camille Desmoulins, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1760
  • Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1763
  • April 13
  • Lucile Duplessis, wife of Camille Desmoulins executed b. 1770
  • April 27
  • James Bruce, Scottish explorer b. 1730
  • April 18 – Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain b. 1714
  • Sir William Jones, British philologist b. 1746
  • April 23 – Guillaume-Chretien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman executed b. 1721
  • May 27 – Mary Palmer, English writer b. 1716
  • May 10 – Elisabeth of France, French princess executed b. 1764
  • June 17 – Marguerite-Elie Guadet, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1753
  • May 17 – Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 9th Baronet b. 1752
  • June 14 – Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland b. 1718
  • James Murray, British military officer, administrator
  • May 8 – Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist executed b. 1743
  • June 18
  • François Buzot, French Revolutionary leader suicide b. 1760
  • Victor de Broglie, French soldier executed b. 1756
  • June 27
  • June 25 – Jean-Olivier Briand, French-born Catholic bishop of Quebec b. 1715
  • Philippe de Noailles, French soldier executed b. 1715
  • June 19 – Richard Henry Lee, 12th President of the Continental Congress b. 1732
  • Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, Austrian statesman b. 1711
  • July 17 – John Roebuck, English inventor b. 1718
  • Andre Chenier, French writer executed b. 1762
  • July 25
  • Joseph Frye, American general b. 1712
  • July 13 – James Lind, British pioneer of naval hygiene in the Royal Navy b. 1716
  • July 23 – Alexandre de Beauharnais, French politician and general executed b. 1760
  • François Hanriot, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1761
  • July 28
  • Augustin Robespierre, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1763
  • Jean-Baptiste de Lavalette, French general executed b. 1753
  • Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1767
  • Maximilien Robespierre, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1758
  • Francis Light, founder of the British colony of Penang b. 1740
  • August 17 – Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste of Sulzbach, politically active Electress of Bavaria b. 1721
  • August 6 – Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician b. 1714
  • September 25 – Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor b. 1718
  • September 16 – Hester Bateman, English silversmith bap. 1708
  • Antoine Petit, French physician b. 1722
  • October 21
  • September 1 – Catherine Theot, French visionary b. 1716
  • September 15 – Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence b. 1725
  • August 14 – Jacoba van den Brande, Dutch culture personality b. 1735
  • September 4 – John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman b. 1724
  • November 9 – Thomas Walker, distinguished Virginia physician, explorer b. 1715
  • John Witherspoon, American signer of the Declaration of Independence b. 1723
  • Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach, German aristocrat b. 1724
  • November 3 – François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal, statesman b. 1715
  • November 15
  • November 22
  • John Alsop, American Continental Congressman b. 1724
  • November 16 – Jean-Baptiste Carrier, French Revolutionary leader executed b. 1756
  • Alison Cockburn, British poet b. 1712
  • Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian army officer b. 1730
  • November 28
  • Sir James Tylney-Long, 7th Baronet, English politician b. 1736
  • December 12 – Meshullam Feivush Heller, Austrian Hasidic author b. c. 1742
  • December 2 – Johann Gottlob Leidenfrost, German physician b. 1715
                                     

4. In fiction

In the graphic adventure game Day of the Tentacle, the character Hoagie is sent "200 years in the past" from 1994. He arrives in Revolutionary America during the writing of the Constitution of the United States.

                                     
  • The Siege of Warsaw of 1794 was a joint Russian and Prussian siege of the capital of the Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth, during the Kosciuszko Uprising
  • The 2nd Battle of Courtrai 10 12 May 1794 occurred during the War of the First Coalition near Kortrijk, Belgium, located about 85 kilometres 53 mi
  • The Warsaw Uprising of 1794 or Warsaw Insurrection Polish: insurekcja warszawska was an armed insurrection by the people of Warsaw early in the Kosciuszko
  • Seine - class frigate of the French Navy, launched in May 1794 The British captured her in October 1794 and she went on to serve with the Royal Navy until she
  • list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1794 Akwa Akpa Old Calabar Ekpenyong Offiong Okoho, King of Akwa Akpa 1786 1805
  • Events from the year 1794 in Great Britain. Monarch George III Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger Tory Parliament 17th 12 March rebuilt
  • Representatives in Pennsylvania for the Fourth Congress were held on October 14, 1794 Thirteen Representatives, 8 Anti - Administration Democratic - Republican
  • The Siege of Roses or Siege of Rosas began on 28 November 1794 and lasted until 4 February 1795 when the Spanish garrison abandoned the port and the
  • The Sunda Strait campaign of January 1794 was a series of manoeuvres and naval actions fought between warships and privateers of the French Republic and

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