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ⓘ 1791 in music




                                     

ⓘ 1791 in music

  • Mid-July – An emissary of Count Franz von Walsegg commissions a Requiem for the late Countess Anna from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
  • January 1 – Austrian composer Joseph Haydn arrives in England at the invitation of London resident impresario Johann Peter Salomon; here his concerts are huge successes. On March 11, the first of his London symphonies, Symphony No. 96, is premiered at the Hanover Square Rooms. On July 8 he is awarded an honorary doctorate of music at the University of Oxford and probably conducts his Symphony No. 92 in the Sheldonian Theatre as part of the ceremonials.
  • September 30 – Premiere of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts Singspiel opera The Magic Flute Die Zauberflote, K. 620 at the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in suburban Vienna with Mozart conducting, probably from the keyboard, the librettist and theatre proprietor Emanuel Schikaneder playing Papageno and Mozarts sister-in-law Josepha Hofer playing the Queen of the Night.
  • August 24 – Official opening of the Teatro Riccardi opera house in Bergamo, Lombardy, with a production of Pietro Metastasios Didone abbandonata set to music by multiple composers including Ferdinando Bertoni, Giacomo Rampini, Johann Gottlieb Naumann, Giuseppe Gazzaniga and Giovanni Paisiello.
  • September 6 – Premiere of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts opera seria La clemenza di Tito at the Estates Theatre in Prague with Mozart conducting and the castrato Domenico Bedini playing Sesto. It has been written in around 18 days after most of The Magic Flute has been completed to a commission by Domenico Guardasoni to mark the coronation of Leopold II as King of Bohemia, after Salieri had declined the commission.
  • December 5 01:00 – Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, age 35, at his home in Vienna of fever; on a mild and misty December 7, following a funeral service in St. Stephens Cathedral, he is buried in a common grave as customary at this time in St. Marx Cemetery in the presence of Salieri, Sussmayr, van Swieten his patron and two other musicians.
                                     

1. Classical music

  • 3 Piano Trios, Op. 27
  • Piano Sonata, Op. 26
  • Muzio Clementi
  • Symphony No. 94 in G major, The Surprise
  • Symphony No. 95 in C minor
  • Franz Anton Hoffmeister – 3 String Quartets, Op. 14
  • Baryton Trio in D major, Hob.XI:74
  • Symphony No. 96 in D major, The Miracle
  • Joseph Haydn
  • Symphony No. 93 in D major
  • Requiem in D minor K. 626; unfinished
  • Freimaurerkantate: "Laut verkunde unsre Freude" Kleine Freimaurer-Kantate, Little Masonic Cantata"; K. 623
  • Per questa bella mano, K.612
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • Im Fruhlingsanfang, K.597
  • Fantasia in F minor, K.608
  • Horn Concerto No. 1 in D major K. 412
  • Piano Concerto No. 27 in B ♭ major K. 595
  • Leopold Kozeluch – String Quartets, Op. 33
  • Clarinet Concerto in A major K. 622
  • Ave verum corpus, motet in D major K. 618
  • Adagio and Rondo for glass harmonica, flute, oboe, viola and cello K 6. 617 and Adagio in C for Glass Harmonica K 6. 617a
  • 8 Variations on "Ein Weib ist das herrlichste Ding", K.613
  • Das Kinderspiel, K.598
  • Menuets K. 599, 601 & 604
  • Sehnsucht nach dem Fruhling, K.596
  • String Quintet No. 6 in E ♭ major K. 614
  • Symphony in D minor, B.147
  • Maria Hester Park – Keyboard Concerto in E-flat Major, Op. 6
  • 3 Keyboard Trios, B.440–442
  • Johann Christoph Oley – Herr Gott, dich loben alle wir
  • Ignaz Pleyel
  • Symphonie concertante in B-flat major, B.112
  • Symphony in F major, B.140A
  • Franz Xaver Sussmayr – Concerto Movement in D major for basset horn
  • Paul Wranitzky – Symphonies, Op. 16
                                     

2. Opera

  • La clemenza di Tito
  • Marcello Bernardini – Lamore per incanto
  • The Magic Flute
  • Joseph Haydn – LAnima del Filosofo, Hob.XXVIII:13
  • Etienne Mehul – Alonzo et Cora
  • Luigi Cherubini – Lodoïska
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • Andre Ernest Modeste Gretry – Guilliaume Tell
  • William Shield – The Woodman
                                     

3. Methods and theory writings

  • William Jackson – Observations on the Present State of Music in London
  • Daniel Gottlob Turk – Anweisung zum GeneralbaSspielen
  • Johann George Tromlitz – Ausfuhrlicher und grundlicher Unterricht die Flote zu spielen
                                     

4. Births

  • January 6 – Jose Melchor Gomis, Spanish composer died 1836
  • January 28 – Ferdinand Herold, French operatic composer d. 1833
  • February 20
  • February 10 – Henry Hart Milman, librettist and historian died 1868
  • January 20 – Tommaso Grossi, lyricist and poet died 1853
  • Carl Czerny, Austrian composer d. 1857
  • Emile Deschamps, librettist and poet died 1871
  • June 9 – John Howard Payne, librettist and actor died 1852
  • June 10 – Vaclav Hanka, librettist and archivist died 1861
  • May 29 – Pietro Romani, Italian singing teacher d. 1877
  • Francisco Jose Debali, Hungarian-born composer d. 1859
  • Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart, Austrian composer and pianist d. 1844
  • March 9 – Nicolas Levasseur, French operatic bass d. 1871
  • July 26
  • May 11 – Jan Vaclav Voeisek, Bohemian pianist, organist and composer d. 1825
  • August 25 – Christian Karl Josias Bunsen, composer and diplomat died 1860
  • September 5 – Giacomo Meyerbeer, born Jacob Liebmann Beer, German-born operatic composer d. 1864
  • October 31 – Ferdinand Huber, Swiss composer d. 1863
  • December 24 – Eugene Scribe, librettist and dramatist died 1861
  • October 7 – Friedrich Wilhelm Grund, German composer d. 1874


                                     

5. Deaths

  • August 12 – Isabella Young, English operatic mezzo-soprano and organist
  • March 22 – Carlo Besozzi, Italian oboist and composer b. 1738
  • August 25 – Pietro Domenico Paradisi, Italian harpsichordist and composer b. 1707
  • December 5 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer b. 1756
  • January 13 – Antoine Huberty, composer and musician born c. 1722
  • April 4 – Elisabeth Lillstrom, Swedish operatic soprano b. 1717
  • May 9 – Francis Hopkinson, composer and judge born 1737
  • October 25 – Giovanni Battista Ferrandini, Italian composer b. 1710
  • December? – Johann August Just, German composer born c. 1750
  • February 2 – Frantisek Kotzwara, Czech-born double bassist and composer b. 1730 erotic asphyxiation
  • February 5 – John Beard, English operatic tenor and actor-manager b. c. 1716/17
  • May 14 – Francesca Lebrun, German singer and composer b. 1756
  • date unknown – Giuseppe Demachi, composer and violinist born 1732