ⓘ Willard Boyle

Willard Boyle

ⓘ Willard Boyle

Willard Sterling Boyle, was a Canadian physicist. He was a pioneer in the field of laser technology and co-inventor of the charge-coupled device. As director of Space Science and Exploratory Studies at Bellcomm he helped select lunar landing sites and provided support for the Apollo space program.

On October 6, 2009, it was announced that he would share the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for "the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor, which has become an electronic eye in almost all areas of photography".

He was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada - the awards highest level - on June 30, 2010.


1. Early Life

Born in Amherst, Nova Scotia, on August 19, 1924, Boyle was the son of a medical doctor and moved to Quebec with his father and mother Bernice when he was less than two. He was home schooled by his mother until age fourteen, when he attended Montreals Lower Canada College to complete his secondary education.


2. Education

Boyle attended McGill University, but his education was interrupted in 1943, when he joined the Royal Canadian Navy during World War II. He was loaned to the Royal Navy, where he was learning how to land Spitfires on aircraft carriers as the war ended. He gained a BSc in 1947, an MSc in 1948, and a PhD degree in 1950, all from McGill University.


3.1. Career Bell Labs

In 1953 Boyle joined Bell Labs where he invented the first continuously operating ruby laser with Don Nelson in 1962, and was named on the first patent for a semiconductor injection laser. He was made director of Space Science and Exploratory Studies at the Bell Labs subsidiary Bellcomm in 1962, providing support for the Apollo space program and helping to select lunar landing sites. He returned to Bell Labs in 1964, working on the development of integrated circuits.


3.2. Career Invention of charge-coupled device

In 1969, Boyle and George E. Smith invented the charge-coupled device CCD, for which they have jointly received the Franklin Institutes Stuart Ballantine Medal in 1973, the 1974 IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award, the 2006 Charles Stark Draper Prize, and the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics. The CCD allowed NASA to send clear pictures to Earth back from space. It is also the technology that powers many digital cameras today. Smith said of their invention: "After making the first couple of imaging devices, we knew for certain that chemistry photography was dead." Eugene Gordon and Mike Tompsett, two now-retired colleagues from Bell labs, claim that its application to photography was not invented by Boyle. Boyle was Executive Director of Research for Bell Labs from 1975 until his retirement in 1979.


4. Personal life

In retirement he split his time between Halifax and Wallace, Nova Scotia. In Wallace, he helped launch an art gallery with his wife, Betty, a landscape artist. He was married to Betty since 1946 and had four children, 10 grandchildren and 6 great-grandchildren.

In his later years, Boyle suffered from kidney disease, and due to complications from this disease, died in a hospital in Nova Scotia on May 7, 2011.

  • operation of Corona, the first space - based Earth observation systems 2006: Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith for the invention of the charge - coupled device
  • named in his honor. Joel Eugene Willard a 53 - year - old electrician, died in 1958 after contracting pulmonary anthrax. Willard Place, on Fort Detrick, is named
  • D. Treadwell, Ichabod Tucker, and Joseph Willard The Library was kept at the house of Rev. Joseph Willard of Beverly, till . December, 1781. . His
  • of seven patents, one of which was awarded to him and his colleague Willard S. Boyle This patent helped lead to the development of the semiconductor injection
  • Wilhelm Westphal Wilhelm Wien Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe Willard Boyle Willard Harrison Bennett Willebrord Snellius Willem s Gravesande Willem
  • 1956. OCLC 458626002 De Veer, Elizabeth Boyle Richard J. 1987 Sunlight and shadow: the life and art of Willard L. Metcalf. Abbeville Press. p. 100. Retrieved

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