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ⓘ OER Commons




OER Commons
                                     

ⓘ OER Commons

OER Commons is a freely accessible online library that allows teachers and others to search and discover open educational resources and other freely available instructional materials.

                                     

1. History

OER Commons, created by the Institute for the Study of Knowledge Management in Education, was developed to serve curriculum experts and educators in discovering open educational resources OER and collaborating around the use, evaluation, and improvement of those materials. Resources on the site can be searched and filtered using an expanded set of descriptive data, including conditions of use. Teachers, students, and others enrich this "metadata" when they tag, rate, and review materials, and share what works for them.

In 2007, with a grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, OER Commons opened as a digital library and intermediary for openly licensed and freely available content. By aggregating resources and standardizing metadata from OER content providers, the site supports knowledge sharing and access to teaching and learning materials, strategies, and curricula online. Individual educators submit their own contributions which are curated. Materials are reviewed for quality and alignment to standards and shared primarily using Creative Commons licenses.

In a second phase, beginning in 2009, ISKME developed an initiative for teacher professional development program to support educators in finding and using OER supported by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and the Ford Foundation. As part of its teacher training program, ISKME trained educators from over 25 countries to use OER through workshops and summer academies, including ISKMEs Teachers as Makers Academies.

                                     

2. Research

ISKMEs OER research revealed how teachers’ exposure to OER, tools and professional development cultivates collaboration among teachers, as well as new conversations and reflection about teaching practices and roles. Petrides et al., 2011

Furthermore, research conducted on the impact of teachers’ participation in ISKMEs own OER training network revealed that engagement with OER reduced teacher isolation Petrides & Jimes, 2010, as well as expanded the role of teachers in becoming more active innovators as they shared, collaborated and learned from one another Petrides et al., 2011. This work also revealed the role that OER teacher champions play in sharing the benefits of OER with colleagues and supporting the knowledge sharing, collaboration, and use of OER in online OER communities.

ISKMEs OER research also explored OER as a vehicle for disseminating adaptable curricula that support learner-centric approaches to pedagogy. ISKMEs evaluation of the Community College Open Textbook Project revealed that study habits improved when learners were able to interact with open course material, and that students’ use of open textbooks cultivated new, self-directed learning behaviors Petrides et al., 2011.

Finally, ISKMEs research revealed the role that collaboration plays in supporting the creation of open educational resources. Specifically, ISKMEs study of authors who created content within the open repository Connexions revealed how as content creation group size increased beyond one author, the probability that users stayed with Connexions and continued to create content increased with it Petrides et al., 2008.

                                     

3. Technology and design

ISKMEs technology platform, tools, and metadata enhancement in its work with OER Commons are designed to support an open platform that serves as a knowledge base for content providers and platform developers, particularly related to accessibility and inclusive design. Metadata, data that describes a resource, and in the case of open educational resources, includes descriptors such as title, author, material type, and material license. Metadata standards provide a template for OER providers to share their resources with other providers. OER Commons receives feeds of OER in Dublin Core DC, IEEEs Learning Object Metadata LOM, and RSS. OER Commons provide targets to other providers to harvest content in these formats.

Partnered with the Inclusive Design Research Centre since 2010 to incorporate FLOE components into the OER Commons platform, ISKMEs efforts combine OER discovery and enhancement tools and processes with FLOEs personalized network-delivered accessibility standards and tools.

In 2012, ISKME released Open Author, an authoring and remixing environment to support the creation and adaption of multi-media accessible OER and enable collaborative workflows of content reviewers and creators. The authoring environment produces OER that is accessible using a broad range of assistive technology devices such as screen readers.

To support user contributions, in 2010 ISKME released the OER-Connector browser plug-in on GitHub that enables users to add resources to OER Commons.

To support interoperability, OER Commons is an experimental node in the Learning Registry, a joint US Department of Education and US Department of Defense initiative to support educational content and platform interoperability.

The OER Commons contains custom curated resource collections, or microsites. Within a microsite, OER is presented in the context of customized taxonomies to categorize and describe relevant OER. In 2011, ISKME announced the Green Micro-site with Greek partner Agro-Know. It is an aggregation of sustainability-related learning resources and features interdisciplinary lesson plans such as STEAM Science Technology Engineering Art and Math resources.

The OER Commons infrastructure facilitates evaluation of content and alignment to quality rubrics and standards. Starting in 2011, OER Commons provides an embedded Common Core State Standards alignment tool and Achieve OER Rubric to support state-level curriculum committees as well as individual instructors to review content for quality and alignment and to collaboratively address gaps in content collections.



                                     

4. Awards

ISKME was named an Education Laureate by the San Jose Tech Museum of Innovation in 2007 for OER Commons.

In December 2010, ISKME was named a finalist in the Qatar Foundation World Innovation Summit for Education WISE Awards for its OER Commons teacher professional development programs.

In 2011, ISKME won the Award for Bodies which Influence Policy from the Open Educational Quality Initiative OPAL, a consortium that includes UNESCO, the International Council for Open and Distance Education, the European Foundation for Quality in e-Learning, and several European universities.

                                     
  • Open educational resources OER are freely accessible, openly licensed text, media, and other digital assets that are useful for teaching, learning
  • Open Educational Resource OER Universitas is a collaboration of post - secondary educational institutions with the aim of providing opportunities to learn
  • environment Open format Open educational resources OER Recursos educativos abiertos OER in Spanish OER Commons Connexions Open textbooks Open content MIT OpenCourseWare
  • increasingly at the national, state province, and local levels. Creative Commons defines OER policies as legislation, institutional policies, and or funder
  • and programs. Third, ISKME creates open educational resources OERs including OER Commons which provides educators, students, and the general public with
  • materials for primary and secondary institutions. Certain projects like the OER Commons as storage for open educational resources. Open access refers to the
  • is an educational software company offering open educational resources OERs paired with online homework for undergraduate introductory courses in Mathematics
  • draw upon open technologies and high - quality open educational resources OER in order to facilitate collaborative and flexible learning. They may involve
  • University of Cambridge. Aspects of the OER 4Schools project are developed in conjunction with OER Africa. The OER 4Schools programme started in August 2009
  • BenchPrep Chegg CourseSmart Flat World Knowledge Inkling Kno OER open educational resources OER Commons OpenStax College Alspach, Kyle 6 April 2015 Boundless
  • Creative Commons and the Free Software Movement CC Learn Explanations: Remixing OER A guide to License Compatibility PDF Creative Commons CC Learn