ⓘ Iskra


ⓘ Iskra

Iskra was a political newspaper of Russian socialist emigrants established as the official organ of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.


1. History

Due to political repression under Tsar Nicholas II, it was necessary to publish Iskra in exile and smuggle it into Russia. Initially, it was managed by Vladimir Lenin, moving as he moved. The first edition was published in Leipzig, Germany, on December 1, 1900 other sources say Dec. 11. Other editions were published in Munich 1900–1902 and Geneva from 1903. When Lenin was in London 1902–1903 the newspaper was edited from a small office at 37a Clerkenwell Green, EC1, with Henry Quelch arranging the necessary printworks.

Iskra quickly became the most successful underground Russian newspaper in 50 years.

In 1903, following the split of the RSDLP, Lenin left the staff after his initial proposal to reduce the editorial board to three - himself, Julius Martov and Georgi Plekhanov - was vehemently opposed, the newspaper fell under the control of the Mensheviks and was published by Plekhanov until 1905. The average circulation was 8.000.


2. Political viewpoint

Iskra s motto was "Из искры возгорится пламя" "From a spark a fire will flare up" - a line from the reply Alexander Odoevsky wrote to the poem by Alexander Pushkin addressed to the anti-tsar Decembrists imprisoned in Siberia. The editorial line championed the battle for political freedom as well as the cause of socialist revolution. The paper also ran a number of notable polemics against "economists", who argued against political struggle in favour of pure trade-union activity for the workers economic interests, as well as the Socialist Revolutionaries, who advocated terror tactics.

As outlined by Lenin in What Is To Be Done?, Iskra took the place of a central project to cohere the RSDLP nationally.


3. Staff

Initial staff members:

  • Dmitri Ilyich Ulyanov, his younger brother
  • Vera Zasulich
  • Aleksandr Potresov
  • Julius Martov Ilija Cederbaum
  • Pavel Axelrod Pinchas Borutsch
  • Georgi Plekhanov
  • Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov


  • Leon Trotsky Lev Davidovich Bronstein

Some of the staff were later involved in the Bolshevik revolution of October 1917.

Blumenfeld did the printing. Leo Deutsch was the administrator of Iskra, but did not share in the editorial work.

One of the people who financed the paper was Savva Morozov.

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