ⓘ Bouffée délirante


ⓘ Bouffee delirante

Bouffee delirante is a culture-bound syndrome in West Africa and Haiti of a sudden outburst of aggression, confusion and psychomotor excitement, possibly including visual or auditory hallucinations and paranoia.


1. History

Bouffee delirante is a French term that was introduced in 1886 by Valentin Magnan meaning short-lived psychosis. He used it to describe transient psychotic or psychosis reactions. Bouffee delirante reactions are sudden attacks of brief duration with paranoid delusions and often concomitant hallucinations, typically precipitated by an intense fear of magical persecution through sorcery or witchcraft.


2. Classification

In the ICD-10, Bouffee deliriante is classified as a subtype of either Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder without symptoms of schizophrenia F23.0 or Acute polymorphic psychotic disorder with symptoms of schizophrenia F23.1. "Bouffee delirante" literally means a "delirious flash".

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