ⓘ Enemy (2013 film)
Enemy is a 2013 Canadian-Spanish psychological thriller film directed by Denis Villeneuve, produced by M. A. Faura and Niv Fichman and written by Javier Gullon, loosely adapted from Jose Saramagos 2002 novel The Double. The film stars Jake Gyllenhaal in a dual role as two men who are physically identical, but different in personality. Melanie Laurent, Sarah Gadon, and Isabella Rossellini co-star. It is internationally co-produced by production companies from Spain and Canada.
The film premiered in the Special Presentation section at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2013. It was then released on March 14, 2014, by A24. It earned $3.4 million at the box office and received positive reviews. The film earned five Canadian Screen Awards, including Best Director for Villeneuve, as well as a Canadian Screen Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role for Gadon and Best Motion Picture. It was named Best Canadian Film of the Year at the Toronto Film Critics Association Awards 2014.
A man attends an erotic show featuring a man and a woman, at an underground club, which culminates with the woman naked and on the verge of crushing a live tarantula under her platform high-heel.
Adam Bell, a college history professor, lives a quiet, monotonous life. He rents a film, Where Theres a Will Theres a Way, on the recommendation of a colleague, and spots an actor who looks strikingly like himself, briefly, in the film as a bellhop. Searching online, Adam identifies the actor as Anthony Claire, whose stage name is Daniel Saint Claire. Adam rents the other two films in which Anthony has appeared and becomes obsessed with the man, who appears to be his physical doppelganger. Immediately afterwards, Adam searches some boxes in his own house and finds a photo of someone who looks like himself, with a womans hand over his shoulder. However, part of the photo is torn out, making the woman impossible to identify.
Adam stalks Anthony, visiting his talent agency - where he is mistaken for Anthony and given a confidential letter. Discovering Anthonys apartment, Adam calls the home, but reaches Anthonys pregnant wife, Helen. She also mistakes Adams voice for Anthonys and assumes its a joke, but Adam insists he is not Anthony. This frightens Helen, and Adam abruptly ends the call.
Helen later confronts Anthony about the phone call and Adams existence, but Anthony insists he knows nothing. Unconvinced, Helen researches Adam, discovers the college where he teaches, and finds him. Helen is visibly stunned at his exact resemblance to her husband, though Adam does not realize who Helen is.
Anthony eventually calls Adam, and they agree to meet in a hotel room, where they discover that they are perfectly identical, even having the same scar. Adam is taken aback by Anthonys direct personality, says the meeting was a mistake, and flees.
The next day, Anthony is now stalking Adam. He sees Adams girlfriend, Mary, whom he finds attractive. Anthony plots to accuse Adam of sleeping with his wife, and shame and manipulate Adam into letting him sleep with Mary to get even. He demands Adams clothes and car keys for a night, after which he promises to disappear forever. Adam complies. Anthony impersonates him and takes Mary to the hotel.
Meanwhile, Adam goes to Anthonys apartment in retaliation, and is let inside. The building concierge desperately asks Anthony to take him back to the underground sex club. Inside the apartment, Adam finds a framed photo on a shelf which looks like the one he had found earlier in his own house, but now the photo is intact, and the woman is revealed to be Helen. Adam tries to act as Anthony in front of Helen, but it appears that she recognizes his nicer demeanor. She pretends not to notice and cuddles with him. Later that night, however, Helen wakes to find Adam crying and apologizing; she tells him she wants him to stay, and they make love, which she initiates.
Back at the hotel, Mary panics during sex when she notices Anthonys marriage-ring mark and asks who he really is. Anthony claims he has always had the mark. She forces Anthony to drive her home; the two get into a fight in the car which results in a high-speed crash, presumably killing them both.
The next day, Adam dresses in Anthonys clothes and finally opens the confidential letter received earlier. He finds the key to the underground sex club, given only to select members. He resolves to go there, and tells Helen that hes going out, but she doesnt respond. As he enters the bedroom, he sees, instead of Helen, a room-sized tarantula cowering against the rear wall. Adam, with a resigned look, sighs.
- Melanie Laurent as Mary
- Darryl Dinn as the video store clerk
- Misha Highstead, Megan Mane, Alexis Uiga as the Ladies in the Dark Room
- Stephen R. Hart as Bouncer uncredited
- Sarah Gadon as Helen Claire
- Jake Gyllenhaal as Adam Bell / Anthony Claire
- Jane Moffat as Eve uncredited
- Tim Post as Anthonys concierge
- Isabella Rossellini as Mother
- Kedar Brown as a security guard
- Joshua Peace as Carl, Adams colleague
A review in Indiewire compared the film to Christopher Nolans Memento, and called it an "engrossing Kafka-eque."
Gyllenhaal says that Enemy is "about a man who is married, his wife is pregnant, and he’s having an affair. He has to figure himself out before he can commit to life as an adult."
Forrest Wickman of Slate points out that the opening line of the film, "Chaos is order yet undeciphered", is from the Jose Saramago novel The Double, on which the film is based. Wickman suggests that Enemy is "a parable about what its like to live under a totalitarian state without knowing it," and adds that the central irony is that even though the main character is an expert on the ways of totalitarian governments, he does not see the web that has overtaken the city until he is already stuck in it. To Wickman, Enemy suggests that this tendency to create totalitarian regimes is part of human nature, that it comes from within us, citing Villeneuve:
"Sometimes you have compulsions that you cant control coming from the subconscious … they are the dictator inside ourselves."
Enemy received generally positive reviews from critics, with many critics comparing the movies style and atmosphere favorably to the works of David Lynch. It has a 71% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 117 reviews, and a rating average of 6.53 out of 10. The sites consensus states: "Thanks to a strong performance from Jake Gyllenhaal and smart direction from Denis Villeneuve, Enemy hits the mark as a tense, uncommonly adventurous thriller." The film also has a score of 61 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on 30 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". A. O. Scott, movie critic for The New York Times, wrote: "In any case, much of the fun in "Enemy," which is tightly constructed and expertly shot, lies in Mr. Gyllenhaal’s playful and subtle performances… Its style is alluring and lurid, a study in hushed tones and yellowy hues, with jolts of anxiety provided by loud, scary music." Enemy was also praised by David Ehrlich of Film.com for having "the scariest ending of any film ever made."
Enemy opened in a single theater in North America and grossed $16.161, later expanding, with the widest release for the film being 120 theaters. It ended up earning $1.008.726 domestically and $2.388.721 internationally for a total of $3.397.447.
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