★ Tacca


★ Bat lily

The genus Tacca, which includes batflowers and arrowroot, consists of flowering plants in the order of Dioscoreales, native to tropical regions of South America, Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia, and various oceanic Islands. In older texts, the genus in the family Taccaceae, but the 2003 APG II system includes the family dioscoreaceae. APG III and IV to continue to include in Tacca Dioscoreaceae.


1. Taxonomy. (Таксономия)

Earlier classifications placed the genus in the monogeneric family Taccaceae, which in turn was the only family in Taccales order. Dahlgren recognized the similarity to childbirth in Dioscoreales, and included family in that order.


1.1. Taxonomy. Unit. (Блок)

There are at least 16 species

  • Tacca chantrieri andré, 1901 - Indochina, Assam, Bangladesh, Tibet, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Yunnan.
  • Takka ebeltajae Drenth - Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
  • Tacca leontopetaloides L. Kuntze, 1891 - widespread throughout Tropical Africa, Madagascar, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia and various Islands of the Indian and Pacific oceans.
  • Takka celebica Koord. - Sulawesi.
  • Tacca parkeri, I think. - South America.
  • Tacca ankaranensis bard Vauc., 1997 - Madagascar.
  • Takka ampliplacenta L. Zhang & W. D. Lee, Yunnan.
  • Palm Takka Blum - Indonesia, Indochina, Malaysia, The Philippines, New Guinea.
  • Tacca maculata seem., 1866 - Western Australia, Northern Territory, Fiji, Samoa.
  • Tacca plantaginea Hance Drenth, 1972 - Indochina, southern China.
  • Takka subflabellata p. P. Ling & C. T. ting, 1982 - Yunnan.
  • Takka bibracteata Drenth - Sarawak.
  • Takka macadamia integrifolia Ker Gawl., 1812 - Tibet, Bhutan, Assam, Bangladesh, Indochina, India, Pakistan, Java, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.
  • Takka reducta P. C. Boyce & S. Julia - Sarawak, Borneo, almost a year.
  • Tacca borneensis of ridl. - Borneo.
  • Takka palmatifida Baker Sulawesi.
  • Takka lanceolata Spruce - Brazil, Venezuela = Tacca parkeri seems.

2. Growing. (Растет)

Several species are grown as ornamental plants for their bold foliage and large flowers. Well-known T. chantrieri goes by the names black batflower, bat-head Lily, devil Flower or cats whiskers. Takka macadamia integrifolia is known as the purple or white batflower. Other cultivated varieties include the arrowroot, T. leontopetaloides, and T. cristata Aspera.

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