ⓘ Anticipatory bail


ⓘ Anticipatory bail

Under Indian criminal law, there is a provision for anticipatory bail under Section 438 of the Criminal Procedure Code. Law Commission of India in its 41st report recommended to incorporate this provision in procedure code.This provision allows a person to seek bail in anticipation of an arrest on accusation of having committed a non-bailable offence.

On filing anticipatory bail, the opposing party is notified about the bail application and the opposition can then contest the bail application in court public prosecutor can also be used to do this.

Anticipatory bail is a direction to release a person on bail, issued even before the person is arrested.It is only issued by the Sessions court and High Court.


1. Eligibility

When any person apprehends that there is a move to get him arrested on false or trumped up charges, or due to enmity with someone, or he fears that a false case is likely to be built up against him, he has the right to move the court of Session or the High Court under section 438 of the code of Criminal Procedure for grant of bail in the event of his arrest, and the court may, if it thinks fit, direct that in the event of such arrest, he shall be released on bail. Anticipatory bail can be granted by Sessions Court and High Court.


2. Conditions

The High Court or the court of session may include such conditions in the light of the facts of the particular case, as it may think fit, including:

  • a condition that the person shall make himself available for interrogation by the police officer as and when required;
  • a condition that the person shall not, directly or indirectly, make any inducement, threat or promise to any person acquainted with the facts of the case so as to dissuade him from disclosing such facts to the court or to any police officer;
  • a condition that the person shall not leave India without the previous permission of the court.

If such person is thereafter arrested, and is prepared either at the time of arrest or at any time while in the custody of such officer to give bail, he shall be released on bail and the magistrate taking cognizance of such offence decides that warrant should be issued against that person, he shall issue a bailable warrant in conformity with the direction of the court granting anticipatory bail. Supreme Court while dealing the case of Sidhram Mhetre, held certain conditions imposed by High Court to be not required & contrary to provisions of anticipatory bail.


3. Qualification

The applicant must show by disclosing special facts and events that he or she has reason to believe, that he or she may be arrested for a non-bailable offence so that the court may take care to specify the offence or offences in respect of which alone the order will be effective and it is not a blanket order covering all other offences.


4. Cancellation

An accused is free on bail as long as the same is not cancelled. The High Court or Court of Session may direct that any person who has been released on bail be arrested and commit him to custody on an application moved by the complainant or the prosecution.

  • which declared them absconders in February 2009. They obtained an anticipatory bail from a sessions court, which was revoked by the Gujarat High Court
  • which declared her an absconder in February 2009. She obtained an anticipatory bail from a sessions court, which was revoked by the Gujarat High Court
  • News - South Asia. 2006 - 01 - 31. Retrieved 2013 - 03 - 13. SC dismisses anticipatory bail plea of Maxim editor 2006 - 05 - 22. Retrieved 2013 - 03 - 13
  • Ahmedabad denied the couple anticipatory bail in the case. On 12 February 2015 the Gujarat High Court refused to grant anticipatory bail Later that day the Supreme
  • had quoted Jayalalitha s residence as hers. She earlier filed an anticipatory bail in the trial court, which was rejected on 7 December 1996. There were
  • first two complaints were filed against him. After rejection of his anticipatory bail plea Mane surrendered to the police on 8 April 2013. On 9 April, Mane
  • 21 September 2016. Geetika Sharma suicide: Court rejects Kanda s anticipatory bail plea The Times of India. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2017
  • case. On 12 February 2015, Gujarat High Court rejected Setalvad s anticipatory bail plea regarding the case. However she was given an interim protection

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