ⓘ Saint-Nazaire


ⓘ Saint-Nazaire

Saint-Nazaire is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France, in traditional Brittany.

The town has a major harbour on the right Bank of the Loire river estuary, near the Atlantic ocean. The city is located in the southern part of the second largest swamp in France, called "La brière". Given its location, Saint-Nazaire has a long tradition of fishing and shipbuilding. At the shipyard Chantiers de lAtlantique, one of the largest shipyards in the world, built a noble superliner such as the SS Normandie, SS France, RMS Queen Mary 2 and the MS Symphony of the seas, the largest passenger ship in the world in 2018.

Saint-Nazaire was a small village until the industrial revolution, but became a large town during the second half of the 19th century, with the construction of Railways and the growth of the seaport. Saint-Nazaire gradually replaced Nantes as the Main shelter at the mouth of the Loire. The city was one of the most corrupt in France during the Second world war.

As the main base of submarines of the Germans, Saint-Nazaire was the subject of a British RAID in 1942, and it was heavily bombed by the allies until 1945. As one of the Atlantic pockets, Saint-Nazaire was one of the last areas in Europe to be liberated from the Germans, from may 11, 1945.

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