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ⓘ Tourism in Honduras




Tourism in Honduras
                                     

ⓘ Tourism in Honduras

Honduras is a tourist destination that attracts visitors to its natural environment, white and dark sand beaches, coral reefs, abundant flora and fauna and archaeological sites. Other attractions include the areas customs and traditional foods.

                                     

1. History

The territory of modern Honduras was discovered in the fourth trip of Christopher Columbus between 1502 and 1503, at that time it was called Guaymuras or Hibueras by local Indians, was followed by the conquest of the inhabitants and later the exploration of land, which involves the making both geographic maps, as coastal charts and of navigation.

In 1526 the conquistador Don Hernan Cortes learned through diceres that in the jungle of the Honduran Mosquito Coast was a city of such splendor as Tenochtitlan, called here the Ciudad Blanca in which its buildings were completely white; Cortes undertook the trip to Honduras to find this great city, then in 1544 the Bishop of Comayagua, Fray Cristobal de Pedraza assured having crossed the jungle of the Mosquitia and come to a white city. One of the explorers of Cortes was Captain Don Pedro de Alvarado the advanced was carrying many cartographers and clerks who recounted the exploits and discoveries on their trips, another character was Don Diego Garcia de Palacios while He is exploring the landscapes and mountainous areas between Guatemala and Honduras, across the Motagua River he found the Mayan city of Copan, he made many notes of the vestiges saw, the wonderful stone buildings and bewilderment that produced those remnants of a civilization that was evident in his report written in 1576.

Later John Lloyd Stephen also he narrates his discoveries and adventures in the work that later published "Incidents of Travel in Mexico, Yucatan and Central America." Other characters who collected and recounted his travels by the Honduran territory: Friar Esteban Verdalet, who is considered a martyr because he was killed at the hands of the Indians Tawahkas and Lencas.

Jesuit priest Jose Lino Fabregas he born in San Miguel de Tegucigalpa and who would conduct its studies at the University of Mexico and conducted extensive research on the Aztec civilization in that country, Fabregas was withdrawn of the brotherhood due to his works published for teaching in Italian" EZPLICAZIONES DELLE FIGURE HIEROFICHE DEL CODICE BORGIANO MESSICANO, DEDICATA AL ECCELESTISSIMO E REVERENDISSIMO PRINCIPEIL SIGNORE CARIDINALES BORGIA ”.

The dedication of the Bishop of Honduras at that time Friar Jeronimo de Corella who with his conservative vision take the bishopric of Trujillo Honduras to Comayagua, followed by Bishop Fray Fernando Cardiñanos adventurer who traveled the territory and drafted several reports of censuses for the Spanish crown, so it was possible to give out a how places and parishes existed in Honduras, other of the informants exponents was Don Alejo Conde Garcia who in 1790 he was the first to report the arrival of Galician settlers to Gracias a Dios, while he was Governor of Honduras.

In 1805 Colonel Ramon de Anguiano also reported on population census, the problems of the province and the attack at Trujillo by the British this came the idea of putting more defense in the Fort of Santa Barbara and send to build the Fortress of San Fernando the largest Spanish fortification in Central America; with the arrival of the Abbe Brasseur de Bourboug to the site of Copan in 1864, was impressed by the Mayan remains, also in a note of that year it appears as are and his companions the Mrs. Rob Owen and Osbert Salm taken pictures of the place.

1855 George Eprahim Squir published his notes on Honduras, in the work The States of Honduras and San Salvador. Squir, came to Honduras through the construction of Honduras National Railway.

For 1857 the Spanish Antonio Calvache publishes a brochure about his explorations in Honduras.

in 1881 reached Copan the English archaeologist Alfred Percival Maudslay who makes the deepest studied of this Mayan site, then come other scientists, professionals and scholars who have participated in giving to the world, how is Honduras and many others in the US, Europe and Asia, were perplexed by the stories and details embodied in them, so they started the tourist "boom" to these lands. Another important factor was the arrival in the final decade of the 19th century and beginning of 20th century of the US transnational banana companies like Vaccaro Bros., the Standard Fruit Company, etc. who besides source work, several were the Americans who did so to speak tourism from that country to the Honduran north coast, thus forging a shipping tourist route.

                                     

1.1. History First Honduran tourist route

Since the first decade of 20th century American tourist boats made the following route of the points considered most tourist highlight. Vapors ships departed from New Orleans, roamed the Gulf of Mexico, Tampico, port of Veracruz, around the Yucatan peninsula, arrived at the Honduras coast where their destinations were Puerto Cortes, Tela, La Ceiba and Trujillo, returning by Bay Islands, Caribbean Sea, go through the Havana in Cuba and return to the United States.

                                     

2. Tourist diversity

Honduras is visited by visitors from around the world for several reasons, including the visit of its forests, islands and beaches by cruise ships, aircraft or road, being its main engines eco-tourism, cultural tourism and archaeological tourism.

                                     

2.1. Tourist diversity Ecotourism

Honduras is an ideal place for eco tourism, has many forests, beaches, coral reefs and a variety of protected areas ideal for sightseeing, it is estimated that in Honduras there; about 8.000 plant species, about 250 reptiles and amphibians, more than 700 species of birds and 110 species of mammals, distributed in different ecological regions of Honduras.

Honduras is very popular because of the beauty of the coral reefs in the Bay Islands, the Cochinos Cays and the beautiful beaches in Roatan. Another tourist destination is the Rio Platano Biosphere, among other points of special interest

                                     

2.2. Tourist diversity Museums

Honduras has a variety of museums, among which are the Villa Roy Republican History Museum, the Museum of the Honduran Man, the Museum of Anthropology and History, the Honduran Aviation Museum and Museum of National Identity Honduras, among others.

  • Museum of Anthropology and History Honduras,
  • Museum of Central Bank of Honduras,
  • Pinacoteca of Central Bank of Honduras,
  • Museum of the Honduran Man,
  • Barracks San Francisco Military Museum,
  • Museum of the Casa Presidencial of Honduras,
  • Museum of Banco Atlantida S.A.,
  • Manuel Bonilla National Theatre,
  • National Archives of Honduras
  • National Library of Honduras
  • Honduran Aviation Museum,
  • Museum of National Identity Honduras,
                                     

2.3. Tourist diversity Historical tourism

  • Fort San Cristobal Gracias.
  • Fortress of San Fernando,
  • Fortress of Santa Barbara,
  • Basilica of Suyapa,
  • Historical Mallol Bridge,
  • Metropolitan Cathedral of San Pedro Sula,
                                     

2.4. Tourist diversity Coastal tourism

Honduras has several tourist spots on its coasts, including:

  • Tela
  • Amapala
  • Bay Islands
  • Trujillo
  • Omoa
  • Puerto Cortes
  • Lake Yojoa
  • Cochinos Cays
  • La Ceiba
                                     

2.5. Tourist diversity Tourism to interior of the country

It also has places of interest to visit in the interior of Honduras, in the Honduran territory can be found in their municipalities, examples of the Baroque architecture of the Spanish colonization, churches that hold to the Christian tradition of making its temples in Latin cross, altarpieces, altars and images, evoke the colonial past.

  • Tela,
  • Comayagua,
  • Tegucigalpa and Comayaguela,
  • Catacamas,
  • Santa Rosa de Copan,
  • Danli,
  • Ocotepeque.
  • Siguatepeque,
  • Gracias,
  • Juticalpa,
  • Santa Barbara,
  • Choluteca,
  • San Pedro Sula,
  • La Esperanza,
  • La Ceiba,
                                     

3. Climate

Another major attraction of Honduras is its tropical climate, has average temperatures above 18 degrees Celsius throughout the year, so it never frosts or no snowfall in the region, making it a paradise for tourists from countries of temperate zones.

In Honduras are two seasons, the rainy season between May and November and the dry season, between the months of December to April.

Due to its tropical climate it receives many visits of tourists from North America and Europe during winter between the months of December and March. Also it is visited by tourists from South America, Southern Africa and Australia in its winter months between June and September.

                                     

4. Security

The country has the tourism police of Honduras policia de turismo de Honduras responsible for protecting tourists, also provides security the National Police of Honduras, the main contact number is 911. Also the police often have cooperation with Honduras Army.

  • Places where to go: Public Ministry of Honduras Ministerio Publico de Honduras, National Police of Honduras Policia Nacional de Honduras, Honduran Red Cross Cruz Roja Hondureña, Fire Department of Honduras Cuerpo de Bomberos de Honduras.
                                     

5.1. Infrastructure Transport

Honduras has many means of transport to move nationwide, with several air routes connecting the country through its main airports, several international ports for receiving cruise ships and tourists. It also has broad highways that connect major cities and extensive network of roads connecting the other cities in the country and a railway system.

                                     

5.2. Infrastructure Aerial boom

It was after of World War I where it knew the benefits and versatilities of the aircraft and is as well as countries interested in forming an Air Force, also aeronautical engineers also viewed the ability to move people in such devices and so is designed that larger aircraft and in order to transport. In Honduras after the First Civil War of Honduras or" Revolucion del 19” was the president in functions General Rafael Lopez Gutierrez who would be interested in buying aircraft for Armed Forces and turn that nationals obtain their title of airplane pilot, it happened that opened a flying school and sent to build airstrips, then the country and its main tourist cities had airports for transport of civilians, in the early 1930s opened the air mail and the trade routes, selling airline tickets in 1933 cost about 35 Lempiras.

                                     

5.3. Infrastructure Honduran railway

In the 20th century during the presidential administrations of the conservative Captain General Jose Maria Medina began with the works of National Railroad of Honduras, devised in the foreground both to unite the north coast to the south coast in the Gulf of Fonseca, but this work because of mismanagement and actors lost credibility and it entangled in a tremendous debt, the lines that were installed not become the planned and the project was stalled, so the banana companies it benefited only to transport their produce to Honduran major ports and the train intended for civilians did not carry much tourist clientele, until now that is in bankruptcy.

                                     

5.4. Infrastructure Pan-American Highway

The International or Pan American Highway crosses the country, before it was in the middle of 20th century when it were sent to build the major highways in Honduras, joining the villages to the cities.

                                     

6. Ministry of Tourism

The head of the Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Sports is responsible for ensuring the maintenance of tourism resources of the country, and to give the necessary attention and publicity in foreign countries, promoting and encouraging these resources in stands of international fairs of societies with greater economic acquisition. Similarly project to Honduran culture within social circles of the world, as national athletes who are the representatives of the distinctive and national colors in world sporting events.