ⓘ Robert May, Baron May of Oxford

Robert May, Baron May of Oxford

ⓘ Robert May, Baron May of Oxford

Robert McCredie May, Baron May of Oxford, HonFAIB is an Australian scientist who was formerly Chief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government, President of the Royal Society, and a professor at the University of Sydney and Princeton University. He now holds joint professorships in University of Oxford and Imperial College London. He was also a crossbench member of the House of Lords from 2001 until his retirement in 2017.

May is a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, and an appointed member of the council of the British Science Association. He is also a member of the advisory council for the Campaign for Science and Engineering.


1. Early life and education

May was born in Sydney and educated at Sydney Boys High School. He then attended the University of Sydney, where he studied chemical engineering and theoretical physics BSc 1956 and received a PhD in theoretical physics in 1959. He is a currently patron of the Sydney High School Old Boys Union.


2.1. Career and research Early career

Early in his career, May developed an interest in animal population dynamics and the relationship between complexity and stability in natural communities. He was able to make major advances in the field of population biology through the application of mathematical techniques. His work played a key role in the development of theoretical ecology through the 1970s and 1980s. He also applied these tools to the study of disease and to the study of biodiversity.

May was Gordon MacKay Lecturer in Applied Mathematics at Harvard University 1959–61 and returned to the University of Sydney 1962 as senior lecturer, reader, and professor 1969–72 in theoretical physics. From 1973 until 1988, he was Class of 1977 Professor of Zoology at Princeton University, serving as chairman of the University Research Board 1977–88. From 1988 until 1995, he held a Royal Society Research Professorship jointly at Imperial College London and the University of Oxford, where became a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford and a Master of Arts. He was Chief Scientific Adviser to HM Government and head of the Office of Science and Technology 1995–2000, and president of the Royal Society 2000–2005.


2.2. Career and research Public life

May has held subsidiary appointments as executive trustee of the Nuffield Foundation, member of the board of the United Kingdom Sports Institute, foundation trustee of the Gates Trust University of Cambridge, chairman of the board of trustees of the Natural History Museum, trustee of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, independent member of the Joint Nature Conservation Committee, trustee of World Wildlife Fund-UK, president of the British Ecological Society, and member of the Committee on Climate Change.

In 1996, May asked Ig Nobel to stop awarding prizes to British scientists because this might lead the public to treat worthwhile research less seriously see Criticism of Ig Nobel.


2.3. Career and research Climate change co-operation

Although an atheist since age 11, May has stated that religion may help society deal with climate change. While referring to what he believes to be a rigid structure of fundamentalist religion, he stated that the co-operational aspects of non-fundamentalist religion may in fact help with climate change. When asked if religious leaders should be doing more to persuade people to combat climate change, he stated that it was absolutely necessary.


2.4. Career and research Awards and honours

May was appointed Knight Bachelor in 1996, and a Companion of the Order of Australia in 1998. In 2001, on the recommendation of the House of Lords Appointments Commission, he was created a life peer. He was one of the first fifteen peers to be elevated in this manner. After his initial preference for "Baron May of Woollahra" failed an objection from the Protocol Office of the Australian Prime Ministers Department, he chose the style and title Baron May of Oxford, of Oxford in the County of Oxfordshire. He was made a member of the Order of Merit in 2002.

He was elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1979, a Corresponding Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science in 1991, a Foreign Member of the United States National Academy of Sciences in 1992, to the Academia Europaea in 1994 and Fellow of the Royal Society of New South Wales in 2010. In 2005, he was appointed an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering. In 2009 Lord May became only the 7th ever Honorary Fellow of the Australian Institute of Building HonFAIB. He has received honorary degrees from universities including Uppsala 1990, Yale 1993, Sydney 1995, Princeton 1996, and the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich 2003. He has been awarded the Weldon Memorial Prize by the University of Oxford 1980, an Award by the MacArthur Foundation 1984, the Medal of the Linnean Society of London 1991, the Marsh Christian Prize 1992, the Frink Medal by the Zoological Society of London 1995, the Crafoord Prize 1996, the Balzan Prize 1998 for Biodiversity and the Copley Medal by the Royal Society 2007 and the Lord Lewis Prize by the Royal Society of Chemistry 2008.


3. Personal life

During his postdoctoral research at the Division of Engineering and Applied Physics at Harvard University as Gordon MacKay Lecturer in Applied Mathematics, between 1959 and 1961, May met his wife, Judith Feiner, a native of Manhattan. The Mays have a daughter, Naomi.

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