ⓘ Halulu Lake

Halulu Lake

ⓘ Halulu Lake

Halulu Lake is a lake in the south central region of the island of Niihau. It is the largest natural lake in the Hawaiian Islands and ranks third in size after Hālalii Lake and Keālia Pond which are intermittent bodies of water.

The lake is around 182 hectares 74 hectares in the rainy season. During dry periods in arid Islands, shallow lake is reduced due to the effect of evaporation. Other sources give its dimensions 371 area of 150 hectares.

According to linguists Hawaiian Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel H. Elbert, and Esther T. Mookini, lake to share his name with the division of the land Halulu on the island and probably originated from man-eating bird halulu Hawaiian mythology. Hālalii and Halulu are also the names of important Hawaiian high chiefs alia of the island of Niihau.

Before the attack on pearl Harbor during world war II, the owner of Niihau and the farmer Aylmer Francis Robinson plowed trenches, using mules and tractors in the lakes and nearby land on the island to prevent Japanese planes from landing and using the island as a military airfield. These efforts led to the emergency landing of the Imperial Japanese Navy air service pilot Shigenori Nishikaichi during the incident of Niihau. Many of the furrows are still visible on the island.

The lake is the habitat of natural wetlands for Hawaiian bird species, including oars keokeo Hawaiian coot, AEO Hawaiian stilt and Koloa maoli Hawaiian duck. The lake is also home to the mullet, which, of course, to enter the lake from the sea through a lava tube when they are young. In Ancient Hawaii, Kapu the Hawaiians were forbidden to fish in the lake, except during harvest. Modern day Niihauans the use of lakes and ponds on the island for mullet agriculture, bringing the mullet child PUA from the sea in barrels. The adult fish are then sold on the market on Kauai and Oahu.