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ⓘ Verkhoyansk Range




Verkhoyansk Range
                                     

ⓘ Verkhoyansk Range

The Verkhoyansk Range is a mountain range in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is part of the Eastern Siberia Mountains.

The range lies just west of the boundary of the Eurasian and the North American tectonic plates. The mountains were formed by folding, and represent an anticline.

The Verkhoyansk Range was covered by glaciers during the Last Glacial Period and the mountains in the northern section, such as the Orulgan Range, display a typical Alpine relief.

There are coal, silver, lead, tin and zinc deposits in the mountains.

                                     

1. Geography

Rising from the shores of the Buor-Khaya Gulf in the north, it runs southwards spanning roughly 1000 km 600 mi. across Yakutia, east of the Central Yakutian Lowland, and west of the Chersky Range, reaching the Lena Plateau to the south and the Yudoma-Maya Highlands to the southeast. It forms a vast arc between the Lena and Aldan rivers to the west and the Yana River to the east. Its highest point is an unnamed 2.409 metres 7.904 ft high peak in the middle section of the range.

The Verkhoyansk Range has a higher southeastern prolongation, the Suntar-Khayata Range, that is occasionally considered as a separate range system. Thus the highest point of the range in a restricted geographical sense is an unnamed peak in the Orulgan Range. The Skalisty Range Rocky Range, highest point 2.017 metres 6.617 ft, and the Sette-Daban, highest point 2.012 metres 6.601 ft, are located at the SE end and were also considered separate ranges in classical geographic works. The two ranges were surveyed in 1934 by geologist Yuri Bilibin 1901 - 1952 together with mining engineer Evgeny Bobin 1897 - 1941 in the course of an expedition sent by the government of the Soviet Union. After conducting the first topographic survey of the area Bilibin established that the Skalisty and Sette-Daban mountain chains belong to the Verkhoyansk Mountain System. Bilibin and Bobin also explored for the first time the Yudoma-Maya Highlands, directly adjacent to Sette-Daban.

                                     

1.1. Geography Subranges

Besides the Orulgan, the system of the range comprises a number of subranges, including the following:

Northern section - north of the Arctic Circle
  • Tuora Sis, highest point 990 metres 3.250 ft
  • Kharaulakh Range, highest point 1.429 metres 4.688 ft
  • Kuyellyakh Range Кюельляхский хребет
  • Dzhardzhan Range
  • Kular Range, highest point 1.289 metres 4.229 ft
  • Byrandia Range
  • Sietinden Range
Southern section - south of the Arctic Circle northeast
  • Kuchurgin Range, highest point 1.056 metres 3.465 ft
  • Tagindzhin Range, highest point 2.084 metres 6.837 ft
  • Bygyn Range, highest point 1.152 metres 3.780 ft
  • Muosuchan Range, highest point 1.243 metres 4.078 ft
Southern section southeast
  • Kelter Range, highest point 2.002 metres 6.568 ft
  • Muni Range, highest point 1.862 metres 6.109 ft
  • Sorkin Range, highest point 1.250 metres 4.100 ft
  • Sordogin Range, highest point 1.352 metres 4.436 ft, prolongation of the Muni Range
Southern section close to the Lena
  • Chochum Range, highest point 1.363 metres 4.472 ft
  • Ust-Vilyuy Range, highest point 998 metres 3.274 ft
Far southern section
  • Khunkhadin Range, highest point 1.802 metres 5.912 ft
  • Ulakhan Bom, highest point 1.600 metres 5.200 ft, parallel to the Sette-Daban
                                     

2. Climate and flora

The worlds lowest temperatures for inhabited places have been recorded in this region, and there is quite deep snow cover for most of the year.

The mountain range is home to an alpine tundra, supporting various species of mosses and lichens. Some sparsely-wooded forests of mainly larch and dwarf Siberian pine are found on smooth slopes.

                                     
  • the Verkhoyansk Range the Chersky Range and their foothills, as well as by the Alazeya Plateau, and to the east by the western end of the ranges of the
  • is limited by the Chersky Range to the east and by the Suntar - Khayata and the Tas - Kystabyt range of the Verkhoyansk Range to the west, connecting both
  • Plateau is limited by the Nendelgin Range part of the Chersky Range to the northeast and by the Verkhoyansk Range to the southwest, connecting both mountain
  • largest city is Magadan. Verkhoyansk Range Kharaulakh Range Kular Range Orulgan Range Ust - Vilyuy Range Sette - Daban Suntar - Khayata Range Yana - Oymyakon Highlands
  • from the Stanovoy Range and run northeast for some 1500 kilometers before splitting three ways into the Chersky Range Verkhoyansk Mountains, and Gydan
  • Petro - and Geochemistry of the Composite Dikes of the Takalkan Ore - Magmatic Cluster Polousny Synclinorium of the Verkhoyansk - Kolyma Orogenic Area
  • outflow from the mountain lake Amparyndzha, in the south - eastern Verkhoyansk Range It flows generally in a south - westerly direction through a narrow
  • River and the Urals, in the East Siberian Mountains, including the Verkhoyansk Range northeast to the Anadyr Highlands, east to the Kamchatka Peninsula
  • northeastern Siberia. It includes two large mountain systems, the Verkhoyansk Range and the Chersky Range as well as other minor ones. To the east it reaches Cape
  • west by the Skalisty Range and the Sette - Daban subranges of the Verkhoyansk Range and to the north by the Suntar - Khayata Range The highlands reach the
  • participated in exploration of Kara Sea. Doronin was the first to fly over Verkhoyansk Range he has mapped a line from Irkutsk to Ust - Srednekan. In 1934, he took

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