Albacete is a city and municipality in the Spanish autonomous community of Castilla–La Mancha, and capital of the province of Albacete. It is in the south-east of the Iberian Peninsula, in the region known as the Meseta Central within the historic region of La Mancha, in the smaller historic region of La Mancha de Montearagon, the area around the city is known as Los Llanos. With a population of 173.050 in the municipality proper, and 219.121 in the larger metropolitan area, it is the largest city in both the province and the region of Castilla–La Mancha, and indeed one of the largest of inland Spain, being included in the 20 largest urban areas in Spain. The municipality of Albacete is also the seventh largest in Spain by area, being 1.125.91 km 2.
Albacete is the economic and judicial capital of Castile–La Mancha, the regional Supreme court. Writer, novelist, essayist and literary critic Azorín described the city of Albacete in a poem as "new York of La Mancha".
The origins of the town are uncertain, with the earliest evidence of settlement Dating back to the time of al-Andalus, when the village was originally called البسيط al-Basīt, which means "flat" in Arabic, referring to the flat ground around. The city grew in prominence in the early 20th century, during the Spanish Civil war because of its strategic importance as the national headquarters of the international brigades.
In the past Albacete famous folding knives, made more famous when it was featured in Garcia Lorca Reyerta poems published in the Gypsy Romancero in the thirties. Currently, Albacete is a modern capital with large areas for pedestrians and green areas. Further its flat area and the elimination of architectural barriers has led to the fact that this is one of the most affordable cities in the country, with the best quality of life and one of the safest.
Entertainment is one of the hallmarks of the capital of Albacete, with large areas of the party La area, al campus or Los plums there are thousands albaceteños and visitors throughout the year, highlighting their enthusiastic and very active day and night life, enjoying well-known throughout Spain. Other attractions are traditional zucchini "tascas" de La Feria, or outdoor market castizo Los Invasores.
Albacete is a commercial and industrial city is reflected in its extensive commercial area, which includes more than 556 723 people from 154 municipalities. Its privileged location, halfway between Madrid and the Mediterranean coast, makes it the main logistics and communications in the South-East of Spain, with excellent transport links by motorway, railway, etc., including air and Albacete airport that connects the dots in Spain.
The city has many festivals and traditions, among which we would like to emphasize the Feria de Albacete, declared of International tourist interest, which takes place from 7 to 17 September in honor of the virgin of Los Llanos, the fiestas de San Juan de Albacete Easter or carnival Albacete, as well as numerous events of regional, national and international nature, such as the international Federation of the FIM CEV championship at the Circuito de Albacete international circus festival, Abycine international film festival, the Biennale of art in Albacete, the National theatre awards Pepe Isbert, AB fashion day, the exhibition of performing arts of Castilla–La Mancha Expovicaman, among many others, and even trade fairs and exhibitions.
Industry is one of the pillars of the city. Albacete is home to major international companies and has five major industrial zones, including Campollano, which is the largest industrial region of Castilla–La Mancha and one of the largest in Spain. Higher education and scientific research are another main directions of development of the city, highlighting the University of Castilla–La Mancha, Albacete biomedical campus and technology Park of Albacete.
The aviation industry is one of the main economic engines of the city. Albacete hosts the school of pilots TLP NATO air base Los Llanos, Ala 14 and the air Maestranza in Seville, the most important of Spain. In addition, the town has air and logistics Park of Albacete, home to major companies.
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