ⓘ Ban (law)

Ban (law)

ⓘ Ban (law)

A ban is a formal or informal prohibition of something. Bans are formed for the prohibition of activities within a certain political territory. Some see this as a negative act and others see it as maintaining the status quo ". Some bans in commerce are referred to as embargoes. Ban is also used as a verb similar in meaning "to prohibit".


1. Etymology

In current English usage, ban is mostly synonymous with prohibition. Historically, Old English gebann is a derivation from the verb bannan "to summon, command, proclaim" from an earlier Common Germanic *bannan "to command, forbid, banish, curse". The modern sense "to prohibit" is influenced by the cognate Old Norse banna "to curse, to prohibit" and also from Old French ban, ultimately a loan from Old Frankish, meaning "outlawry, banishment".

The Indo-European etymology of the Germanic term is from a root *bha- meaning "to speak". Its original meaning was magical, referring to utterances that carried a power to curse.


2. Banned political parties

In many countries political parties or groups are banned. Parties may be banned for many reasons, including extremism and anti-democratic ideologies, on ethnic or religious grounds, and sometimes simply because the group opposes government policies, with the ban sometimes alleging wrongdoing as the cause. Germany, for instance, has a long history behind its modern practice of banning political parties. The Nazi Party was banned in 1923; after the Nazi Party came into power in 1933 opposing parties such as the Social Democrats SPD and Communist Party of Germany KPD were banned, the Nazi Party was again banned and the ban on other parties lifted after the Nazi defeat in 1945, and the Communist Party was again banned from 1956 to 1968.


3. Banning marriages

There have been many bans on marriages, and sometimes other sexual liaisons, between people of different ethnic background or religion, for example between non-Jews and Jews in Nazi Germany, people classified as "white" and non-whites in apartheid South Africa, etc.

For much of the 1800s and 1900s there were bans on marriage between people of different races interracial marriage in many of the United States. However, the ban on interracial marriage was overturned by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1967 in the landmark civil rights case Loving vs. Virginia, in which the Court ruled Virginias miscegenation law an unconstitutional violation of the fundamental right to marriage. Historically child marriage was common, but is now banned in many countries.


4.1. Banned persons Holy Roman Empire

The Imperial ban was a form of outlawry in the Holy Roman Empire. At different times, it could be declared by the Holy Roman Emperor, by courts including the League of the Holy Court German: Vehmgericht, pronounced and the Reichskammergericht, or by the Imperial Diet. People under Imperial ban lost all their rights and possessions, and anyone had the right to rob, injure or kill such persons without legal consequences. The Imperial ban automatically followed the excommunication of a person, and extended to anyone offering help to a person under the imperial ban.


4.2. Banned persons Under apartheid in South Africa

During the apartheid regime in South Africa, the National Party government issued banning orders to individuals seen to be threats to its power - often black politicians or organizations - these banning orders acted as suppression orders. Individuals banned by the Suppression of Communism Act, 1950 which effectively defined "Communism" as opposition to the government could not communicate with more than one person at any time unless at home thus preventing them from engaging in political activities, travel to outside a specific magisterial district without government approval, or leave the country.


5. Censorship

Existing publications may be banned, and new publications prohibited from discussing certain topics or taking certain viewpoints. Censorship is the enacting and enforcing of such bans.

  • still in force. The law does not explicitly declare a ban on symbols of Communism, but Indonesian police frequently use the law to arrest people displaying
  • The International Campaign to Ban Landmines ICBL is a coalition of non - governmental organizations whose stated objective is a world free of anti - personnel
  • Weapons Ban enacted in 1994 expired in 2004. Attempts to renew this ban have failed, as have attempts to pass a new ban such as the Assault Weapons Ban of
  • jurisdictions have enacted ordinances restricting or banning the discharge of firearms, and use zoning laws to impose significant restrictions to the establishment
  • of citizens who are banned from entering Russia, and also allows the government to freeze their assets and investments. The law suspends the activity
  • Shigeru Ban 坂 茂, Ban Shigeru, born 5 August 1957 is a Japanese architect, known for his innovative work with paper, particularly recycled cardboard
  • death, her daughter - in - law nee Ding, gathered her works in the three - volume Collected Works of Ban Zhao, but most have been lost. Ban Zhao crater on Venus

Users also searched: