ⓘ Coroner's jury


ⓘ Coroners jury

A coroners jury is a body convened to assist a coroner in an inquest, that is, in determining the identity of a deceased person and the cause of death. The laws on its role and function vary by jurisdiction.


1. United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, all inquests were once conducted with a jury. They acted somewhat like a grand jury, determining whether a person should be committed to trial in connection to a death. Such a jury was made up of up to twenty-three men, and required the votes of twelve to render a decision. Similar to a grand jury, a coroners jury merely accused, it did not convict.

Since 1927, coroners juries have rarely been used in England. Under the Coroners Act 1988, a jury is only required to be convened in cases where the death occurred in prison, police custody, or in circumstances which may affect public health or safety. The coroner can actually choose to convene a jury in any investigation, but in practice this is rare. The qualifications to sit on a coroners jury are the same as those to sit on a jury in Crown Court, the High Court, and the County Court.

Additionally, a coroners jury only determines cause of death, its ruling does not commit a person to trial. While grand juries, which did have the power to indict, were abolished in the United Kingdom by 1948 after being effectively stopped in 1933, coroners juries retained those powers until the Criminal Law Act 1977. This change came about after Lord Lucan was charged in 1975 by a coroners jury in the death of Sandra Rivett, his childrens nanny.


2. United States

A coroners jury deemed Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, and their posse guilty in the death of Frank Stilwell in March 1882.

In the aftermath of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, a coroners jury found factory owners Isaac Harris and Max Blanck responsible for the death of Mary Herman, a factory operator.

A coroners jury ruled that the 2018 Hart family crash in Mendocino County, California was deliberate.

  • Because Biggy, a devout Catholic, was considered an unlikely suicide, the Coroner s Jury returned a verdict of accidental death although many people believed
  • such as a horse or a haystack was considered a deodand whenever a coroner s jury decided that it had caused the death of a human being. In theory, deodands
  • Charles Rischbieth Jury 13 September 1893 22 August 1958 generally known by his initials or full name, was a poet and academic in Adelaide, South
  • officials from the Ramsey County coroner s office arrived to conduct an inquest. A doctor examined the body and a coroner s jury was assembled to hear testimony
  • guns to known organized crime figures, Frantzius answered before a coroner s jury that he had assumed the weapons were for the use of the Mexican government
  • One miner, James Bullock, survived the accident. His testimony to the coroner s jury describes the disaster: . We kept going right along but it kept slipping
  • Act 1980 c 38 The Coroners Juries Act 1983 c 31 The Coroners Act 1988 c 13 The Coroners and Justice Act 2009 c 25 The Coroners Ireland Acts 1829
  • before. Without conducting an autopsy or convening a coroner s jury and solely on the basis of Paul s testimony, Doc immediately declared the death to be
  • County Coroner s Office Reserve Deputy Coroner Program was disbanded. As of 2017, Lewis County had a similar program. As of 2017, the coroner offices

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